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1-Butene

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-0.63 ± 0.79kJ/molCmProsen, Maron, et al., 1951ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacgas-2716.8 ± 0.75kJ/molCmProsen, Maron, et al., 1951Corresponding «DELTA»fgas = -0.54 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
41.0550.Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997p=1 bar. Calculated values of the thermodynamic functions [ Aston J.D., 1946, Kilpatrick J.E., 1946, Durig J.R., 1980, Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997] show some disagreement between authors as well as with experimental data [ Aston J.D., 1946, 2, Wacker P.F., 1947] (up to 3-4 J/mol*K). More reliable experimental data are required to solve available inconsistency.; GT
48.05100.
56.41150.
65.19200.
80.03273.15
85.56298.15
85.98300.
108.48400.
129.06500.
146.75600.
161.88700.
174.91800.
186.21900.
196.021000.
204.551100.
211.961200.
218.411300.
224.021400.
228.911500.
238.641750.
245.702000.
250.922250.
254.852500.
257.852750.
260.163000.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
89.58 ± 0.06313.55Wacker P.F., 1947GT
101.21 ± 0.07363.25

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid229.06J/mol*KN/ATakeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991 
liquid227.0J/mol*KN/AChao, Hall, et al., 1983 
liquid213.84J/mol*KN/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946 

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
128.96298.15Takeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991T = 5 to 300 K.
118.298.15Chao, Hall, et al., 1983T = 12 to 360 K.
128.6294.Schlinger and Sage, 1949T = 294 to 378 K. Cp given as 0.548 Btu/lb*R at 70°F at bubble point.
119.45260.Aston, Fink, et al., 1946T = 11.5 to 260 K.
119.16253.4Todd and Parks, 1936T = 81 to 253 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil266.8 ± 0.5KAVGN/AAverage of 15 out of 17 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple87.800KN/ATakeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.005 K; TRC
Ttriple87.82KN/AChao, Hall, et al., 1983, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Ttriple87.8KN/AAston, Finke, et al., 1946Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Ttriple87.83KN/AAston, Finke, et al., 1946Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc419.5 ± 0.5KN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Tc419.6KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tc417.15KN/ACoffin and Maass, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc40.2 ± 0.5barN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.2408l/molN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc4.15 ± 0.05mol/lN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap20.88kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap20.1kJ/molN/AReid, 1972AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
21.866266.91N/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946P = 101.325 kPa; DH
22.07266.9N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
23.3259.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 200. - 274. K.; AC
28.3177.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 126. - 192. K.; AC
22.8282.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 267. - 345. K.; AC
22.0357.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 342. - 411. K.; AC
22.5282.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 267. - 411. K.; AC
23.701202.CAston, Fink, et al., 1946ALS
25.3202.N/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946AC
24.5219.N/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946AC
23.3242.N/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946AC
21.9267.N/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946AC
23.2258.N/ALamb and Roper, 1940Based on data from 216. - 273. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-αTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) 203. - 378.
A (kJ/mol) 32.51
alpha 0.0052
beta 0.38
Tc (K) 419.6
ReferenceMajer and Svoboda, 1985

Entropy of vaporization

DeltavapS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
81.92266.91Aston, Fink, et al., 1946P; DH

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
195.7 - 269.44.246961099.207-8.256Coffin and Maass, 1928, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
3.958687.81Takeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991DH
3.84887.82Chao, Hall, et al., 1983DH
3.84987.82Aston, Fink, et al., 1946DH
3.8587.8Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
45.0987.81Takeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991DH
43.887.82Chao, Hall, et al., 1983DH
43.8387.82Aston, Fink, et al., 1946DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
B - John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

1-Butene = 2-Butene, (E)-

By formula: C4H8 = C4H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-12.6 ± 0.84kJ/molEqkMeyer and Stroz, 1972gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -11.0 kJ/mol; At 300 K; ALS
Deltar-12.4 ± 1.7kJ/molEqkHappel, Hnatow, et al., 1971gas phase; ALS
Deltar-12.7kJ/molEqkMaccoll and Ross, 1965gas phase; GC; ALS
Deltar-11.7 ± 0.84kJ/molEqkGolden, Egger, et al., 1964gas phase; ALS
Deltar-11.5kJ/molCisoLevanova and Andreevskii, 1964gas phase; At 420.3 K; ALS

C4H7- + Hydrogen cation = 1-Butene

By formula: C4H7- + H+ = C4H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1724. ± 8.4kJ/molBranDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar1729. ± 20.kJ/molBranPeerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1690. ± 8.8kJ/molH-TSDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar1695. ± 21.kJ/molH-TSPeerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992gas phase; B

1-Butene + Bromine = Butane, 1,2-dibromo-

By formula: C4H8 + Br2 = C4H8Br2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-120.9kJ/molCmLister, 1941gas phase; Heat of bromination at 300 K; ALS
Deltar-123.2 ± 0.84kJ/molCmConn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1938gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -123.8 ± 0.84 kJ/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

Hydrogen bromide + 1-Butene = Butane, 2-bromo-

By formula: HBr + C4H8 = C4H9Br

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-83.85 ± 0.50kJ/molCmLacher, Billings, et al., 1952gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -84.3 ± 7.5 kJ/mol; Heat of hydrobromination at 367 K; ALS

C4H7- + Hydrogen cation = 1-Butene

By formula: C4H7- + H+ = C4H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1707. ± 15.kJ/molCIDTGraul and Squires, 1990gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1674. ± 15.kJ/molH-TSGraul and Squires, 1990gas phase; B

1-Butene = 2-Butene, (Z)-

By formula: C4H8 = C4H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-10.6 ± 2.1kJ/molEqkHappel, Hnatow, et al., 1971gas phase; ALS
Deltar-8.16kJ/molCisoLevanova and Andreevskii, 1964gas phase; At 420.3 K; ALS

1,2-Diiodobutane = 1-Butene + Iodine

By formula: C4H8I2 = C4H8 + I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.2 ± 6.3kJ/molCmCline and Kistiakowsky, 1937gas phase; Heat of formation derived by Cox and Pilcher, 1970; ALS

1-Butene + Hydrogen = Butane

By formula: C4H8 + H2 = C4H10

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-125.9 ± 0.42kJ/molChydKistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1935gas phase; At 355 °K; ALS

Butane, 2-chloro- = 1-Butene + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: C4H9Cl = C4H8 + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar75.31kJ/molEqkLevanova and Andreevskii, 1964gas phase; At 420 K; ALS

1-Butene + Iodine = 1,2-Diiodobutane

By formula: C4H8 + I2 = C4H8I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-50.2 ± 6.3kJ/molCmCline and Kistiakowsky, 1937gas phase; ALS

Phenol, 2-(1-methylpropyl)- = 1-Butene + Phenol

By formula: C10H14O = C4H8 + C6H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77.8kJ/molCmKukui, Potolovskii, et al., 1973liquid phase; ALS

Phenol, 4-(1-methylpropyl)- = 1-Butene + Phenol

By formula: C10H14O = C4H8 + C6H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.8kJ/molCmKukui, Potolovskii, et al., 1973liquid phase; ALS

Henry's Law data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
0.0040 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
0.0014 LN/A 
0.0136400.LN/A 
0.0040 VN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C4H8+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.55 ± 0.06eVN/AN/AL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.55 ± 0.06PIPECOVan der Meij, Van Eck, et al., 1989LL
9.57PITraeger, 1986LBLHLM
9.58PITraeger, 1984LBLHLM
9.62 ± 0.05EIHolmes and Lossing, 1983LBLHLM
9.59 ± 0.02PIWood and Taylor, 1979LLK
9.63 ± 0.02PEBieri, Burger, et al., 1977LLK
9.625 ± 0.003PEMasclet, Grosjean, et al., 1973LLK
9.58EILossing, 1972LLK
9.59PEDewar and Worley, 1969RDSH
9.62CICermak, 1968RDSH
9.61 ± 0.02PISteiner, Giese, et al., 1961RDSH
9.58 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, 1957RDSH
9.77 ± 0.01PEKrause, Taylor, et al., 1978Vertical value; LLK
10.0PEWhite, Carlson, et al., 1974Vertical value; LLK
9.72PEMollere, Bock, et al., 1972Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CH3+14.1C3H5EISenSharma and Franklin, 1973LLK
C2H3+13.6?EIOmura, 1962RDSH
C2H4+11.65 ± 0.06C2H4PIPECOVan der Meij, Van Eck, et al., 1989LL
C2H4+11.7 ± 0.2?EIMeisels, Park, et al., 1970RDSH
C2H5+14.22 ± 0.06C2H3PIPECOVan der Meij, Van Eck, et al., 1989LL
C3H3+14.07 ± 0.10H2+CH3PIPECOVan der Meij, Van Eck, et al., 1989LL
C3H3+13.82?EIOmura, 1961RDSH
C3H5+11.36 ± 0.06CH3PIPECOVan der Meij, Van Eck, et al., 1989LL
C3H5+11.20CH3PITraeger, 1984LBLHLM
C3H5+11.8CH3EISenSharma and Franklin, 1973LLK
C3H5+11.28CH3EILossing, 1971LLK
C4H5+14.33 ± 0.07H2+HPIPECOVan der Meij, Van Eck, et al., 1989LL
C4H7+11.17 ± 0.06HPIPECOVan der Meij, Van Eck, et al., 1989LL
C4H7+11.13HPITraeger, 1986LBLHLM
C4H7+11.26HEILossing, 1972LLK

De-protonation reactions

C4H7- + Hydrogen cation = 1-Butene

By formula: C4H7- + H+ = C4H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1724. ± 8.4kJ/molBranDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar1729. ± 20.kJ/molBranPeerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1690. ± 8.8kJ/molH-TSDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar1695. ± 21.kJ/molH-TSPeerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992gas phase; B

C4H7- + Hydrogen cation = 1-Butene

By formula: C4H7- + H+ = C4H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1707. ± 15.kJ/molCIDTGraul and Squires, 1990gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1674. ± 15.kJ/molH-TSGraul and Squires, 1990gas phase; B

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
NIST MS number 18918

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Samson, Marmo, et al., 1962
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 20
Instrument n.i.g.
Melting point -185.3
Boiling point -6.2

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Prosen, Maron, et al., 1951
Prosen, E.J.; Maron, F.W.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion, formation, and insomerization of ten C4 hydrocarbons, J. Res. NBS, 1951, 46, 106-112. [all data]

Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997
Thermodynamics Research Center, Selected Values of Properties of Chemical Compounds., Thermodynamics Research Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1997. [all data]

Aston J.D., 1946
Aston J.D., Thermodynamic properties of gaseous 1,3-butadiene and normal butenes above 25 C. Equilibria in the system 1,3-butadiene, n-butenes, and n-butane, J. Chem. Phys., 1946, 14, 67-79. [all data]

Kilpatrick J.E., 1946
Kilpatrick J.E., Heat content, free energy function, entropy, and heat capacity of ethylene, propylene, and the four butenes to 1500 K, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand, 1946, 37, 163-171. [all data]

Durig J.R., 1980
Durig J.R., Spectroscopic and thermodynamic study of conformational properties and torsional potential functions of 1-butene, J. Phys. Chem., 1980, 84, 773-781. [all data]

Aston J.D., 1946, 2
Aston J.D., The heat capacity and entropy, heats of fusion and vaporization and the vapor pressure of butene-1. The zero point entropy of the glass. The entropy of the gas from molecular data, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1946, 68, 52-57. [all data]

Wacker P.F., 1947
Wacker P.F., Heat capacities of gaseous oxygen, isobutane, and 1-butene from -30 to +90 C, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand., 1947, 38, 651-659. [all data]

Takeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991
Takeda, K.; Yamamuro, O.; Suga, H., Thermodynamic study of 1-butene. Exothermic and endothermic enthalpy relaxations near the glass transition, J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 1991, 22, 607-615. [all data]

Chao, Hall, et al., 1983
Chao, J.; Hall, K.R.; Yao, J.M., Thermodynamic properties of simple alkenes, Thermochim. Acta, 1983, 64(3), 285-303. [all data]

Aston, Fink, et al., 1946
Aston, J.G.; Fink, H.L.; Bestul, A.B.; Pace, E.L.; Szasz, G.J., The heat capacity and entropy, heats of fusion and vaporization and the vapor pressure of butene-1. The zero point entropy of the glass. The entropy of the gas from molecular data, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1946, 68, 52-57. [all data]

Schlinger and Sage, 1949
Schlinger, W.G.; Sage, B.H., Isobaric heat capacity of 1-butene and 1-pentene at bubble point, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 1779-1782. [all data]

Todd and Parks, 1936
Todd, S.S.; Parks, G.S., Thermal data on organic compounds. XV. Some heat capacity, entropy and free energy data for the isomeric butenes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 134-137. [all data]

Takeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991, 2
Takeda, K.; Yamamuro, O.; Suga, H., Thermodynamic study of 1-butene. Exothermic and endothermic enthalpy relaxations near the glass transition, J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 1991, 52, 607. [all data]

Chao, Hall, et al., 1983, 2
Chao, J.; Hall, K.R.; Yao, J.M., Thermodynamic Properties of Simple Alkenes, Thermochim. Acta, 1983, 64, 285. [all data]

Aston, Finke, et al., 1946
Aston, J.G.; Finke, H.L.; Bestul, A.B.; Pace, E.L.; Szasz, G.J., The Heat Capacity and Entropy, Heats of Fusion and Vaporization and the Vapor Pressure of Butene-1. The Zero Point Entropy of the Glass. The Entropy of the Gas from Molecular Data, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1946, 68, 52. [all data]

Tsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996
Tsonopoulos, C.; Ambrose, D., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 6. Unsaturated Aliphatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1996, 41, 645-656. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
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Notes

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