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Ethyl formate

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-86.45kcal/molN/AFrolova and Petrov, 1991Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -394.2±0.8 kj/mol from Frolova and Petrov, 1991 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 32.5 kj/mol from Hine and Klueppet, 1974.; DRB
Deltafgas-95.2kcal/molCmHine and Klueppet, 1974ALS

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-94.2 ± 0.2kcal/molEqkFrolova and Petrov, 1991ALS
Deltafliquid-102.9kcal/molCmHine and Klueppet, 1974ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
34.49298.15Fuchs, 1979DH
37.81290.Kurnakov and Voskresenskaya, 1936DH
35.40294.7Kolosovskii and Udovenko, 1934DH
35.40294.7de Kolossowsky and Udowenko, 1933DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil327. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 33 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus193.55KN/ATimmermans, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tfus193.KN/ATimmermans, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tfus193.75KN/ATimmermans, 1934Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tfus192.65KN/ATimmermans, 1911Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc508. ± 5.KAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc46.76atmN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.99995 atm; TRC
Pc46.751atmN/AYoung and Thomas, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.39 atm; TRC
Pc49.16atmN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2.0000 atm; TRC
Pc48.66atmN/ASajots, 1879Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2.0000 atm; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc4.363mol/lN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 mol/l; TRC
rhoc4.363mol/lN/AYoung and Thomas, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 mol/l; TRC
rhoc4.25mol/lN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.08 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap7.674kcal/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap7.69kcal/molVHine and Klueppet, 1974ALS
Deltavap7.77kcal/molN/AHine and Klueppet, 1974DRB
Deltavap7.20 ± 0.003kcal/molVMathews, 1926ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
7.149327.5N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
7.50313.N/AFárková and Wichterle, 1993Based on data from 300. - 326. K.; AC
7.15342.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 327. - 498. K.; AC
8.56228.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 213. - 336. K. See also Dykyj, 1970.; AC
7.55 ± 0.02304.CCihlár, Hynek, et al., 1976AC
7.39 ± 0.02313.CCihlár, Hynek, et al., 1976AC
7.12 ± 0.02328.CCihlár, Hynek, et al., 1976AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kcal/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kcal/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
304. - 343.12.210.3191508.4Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C3H7O2+ + Ethyl formate = (C3H7O2+ bullet Ethyl formate)

By formula: C3H7O2+ + C3H6O2 = (C3H7O2+ bullet C3H6O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.0kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.9cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.8kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

C4H9O2+ + Ethyl formate = (C4H9O2+ bullet Ethyl formate)

By formula: C4H9O2+ + C3H6O2 = (C4H9O2+ bullet C3H6O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.5kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.9cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.6kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

thiophenoxide anion + Ethyl formate = (thiophenoxide anion bullet Ethyl formate)

By formula: C6H5S- + C3H6O2 = (C6H5S- bullet C3H6O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.0kcal/molPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.6cal/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M

Iodide + Ethyl formate = (Iodide bullet Ethyl formate)

By formula: I- + C3H6O2 = (I- bullet C3H6O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.6kcal/molPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.4cal/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; M

N-Formylimidazole diethyl acetal + Water = Ethyl formate + 1H-Imidazole + Ethanol

By formula: C8H14N2O2 + H2O = C3H6O2 + C3H4N2 + C2H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-8.28 ± 0.42kcal/molCmGuthrie and Pike, 1987liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

Ethyl orthoformate + Water = Ethyl formate + 2Ethanol

By formula: C7H16O3 + H2O = C3H6O2 + 2C2H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-3.17 ± 0.19kcal/molCmHine and Klueppet, 1974liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

Ethane, 1,1,1-trimethoxy- + Water = Ethyl formate + 2Methyl Alcohol

By formula: C5H12O3 + H2O = C3H6O2 + 2CH4O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-6.29 ± 0.65kcal/molCmHine and Klueppet, 1974liquid phase; ALS

Henry's Law data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
0.14 QN/ASeveral references are given in the list of Henry's law constants but not assigned to specific species.
3.6 VN/A 
0.204300.MN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard

View reactions leading to C3H6O2+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)10.61 ± 0.01eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)191.1kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity183.7kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.61 ± 0.05PIPECOZha, Nishimura, et al., 1992LL
10.61 ± 0.05PEBenoit, Harrison, et al., 1977LLK
10.62PESweigart and Turner, 1972LLK
10.61 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
10.61PEBenoit and Harrison, 1977Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CHO+12.7H2O+C2H3EIHolmes, Mommers, et al., 1985LBLHLM
CHO+11.39 ± 0.01?EIBrion and Dunning, 1963RDSH
CH3+11.07 ± 0.04?EIBrion and Dunning, 1963RDSH
CH3O+11.89 ± 0.07CH3+COPIPECOZha, Nishimura, et al., 1992LL
CH3O+12.0 ± 0.1?EIVanRaalte and Harrison, 1963RDSH
CH3O2+11.37 ± 0.08C2H3PIPECOZha, Nishimura, et al., 1992LL
CH3O2+11.02 ± 0.05C2H3EIHolmes and Lossing, 1984LBLHLM
CH3O2+10.9 ± 0.05C2H3EIBenoit, Harrison, et al., 1977LLK
CH3O2+11.3 ± 0.1?EIMunson and Franklin, 1964RDSH
CH3O2+11.6 ± 0.1?EIVanRaalte and Harrison, 1963RDSH
C2H2+14.9?EIKing and Long, 1958RDSH
C2H3+15.0?EIKing and Long, 1958RDSH
C2H3O+12.2?EIKing and Long, 1958RDSH
C2H3O2+11.60 ± 0.16CH3PIPECOZha, Nishimura, et al., 1992LL
C2H3O2+11.5 ± 0.1CH3EIGodbole and Kebarle, 1962RDSH
C2H4+10.89 ± 0.05CH2O2PIPECOZha, Nishimura, et al., 1992LL
C2H4+11.2?EIKing and Long, 1958RDSH
C2H5+11.28 ± 0.25HCO2PIPECOZha, Nishimura, et al., 1992LL
C2H5+12.0?EIKing and Long, 1958RDSH
C2H5O+11.40 ± 0.08CHOPIPECOZha, Nishimura, et al., 1992LL
C2H5O+11.34CHO?EIHaney and Franklin, 1969RDSH
C3H4O+10.79 ± 0.05H2OPIPECOZha, Nishimura, et al., 1992LL
C3H5O2+11.1 ± 0.1HEIGodbole and Kebarle, 1962RDSH
H3O+11.8C2H3+COEIHolmes, Mommers, et al., 1985LBLHLM

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

C3H7O2+ + Ethyl formate = (C3H7O2+ bullet Ethyl formate)

By formula: C3H7O2+ + C3H6O2 = (C3H7O2+ bullet C3H6O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.0kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.9cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.8kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986

C4H9O2+ + Ethyl formate = (C4H9O2+ bullet Ethyl formate)

By formula: C4H9O2+ + C3H6O2 = (C4H9O2+ bullet C3H6O2)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.5kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.9cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.6kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986

thiophenoxide anion + Ethyl formate = (thiophenoxide anion bullet Ethyl formate)

By formula: C6H5S- + C3H6O2 = (C6H5S- bullet C3H6O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.0kcal/molPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.6cal/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase

Iodide + Ethyl formate = (Iodide bullet Ethyl formate)

By formula: I- + C3H6O2 = (I- bullet C3H6O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.6kcal/molPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.4cal/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 118854

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References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Frolova and Petrov, 1991
Frolova, E.I.; Petrov, A.A., Chemical equilibrium in the system formic acid-ethanol-ethyl formate-water, J. Appl. Chem. USSR, 1991, 64, 2361-2365. [all data]

Hine and Klueppet, 1974
Hine, J.; Klueppet, A.W., Structural effects on rates and equilibria. XVIII. Thermodynamic stability of ortho esters, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1974, 96, 2924-2929. [all data]

Fuchs, 1979
Fuchs, R., Heat capacities of some liquid aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic esters at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1979, 11, 959-961. [all data]

Kurnakov and Voskresenskaya, 1936
Kurnakov, N.S.; Voskresenskaya, N.K., Calorimetry of liquid binary systems, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Otdel. Mat. i Estestv. Nauk. Ser. Khim, 1936, 1936, 439-461. [all data]

Kolosovskii and Udovenko, 1934
Kolosovskii, N.A.; Udovenko, W.W., Specific heat of liquids. II., Zhur. Obshchei Khim., 1934, 4, 1027-1033. [all data]

de Kolossowsky and Udowenko, 1933
de Kolossowsky, N.A.; Udowenko, W.W., Mesure des chaleurs specifique moleculaires de quelques liquides, Compt. rend., 1933, 197, 519-520. [all data]

Timmermans, 1952
Timmermans, J., Freezing points of organic compounds. VVI New determinations., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1952, 61, 393. [all data]

Timmermans, 1935
Timmermans, J., Researches in Stoichiometry. I. The Heat of Fusion of Organic Compounds., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1935, 44, 17-40. [all data]

Timmermans, 1934
Timmermans, J., Theory of Concentrated Solutions XII., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1934, 43, 626. [all data]

Timmermans, 1911
Timmermans, J., Researches on the freezing point of organic liquid compounds, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1911, 25, 300. [all data]

Young, 1910
Young, S., The Internal Heat of Vaporization constants of thirty pure substances, Sci. Proc. R. Dublin Soc., 1910, 12, 374. [all data]

Young and Thomas, 1893
Young, S.; Thomas, G.L., The vapour pressures, molecular volumes, and critical constants of ten of the lower esters, J. Chem. Soc., 1893, 63, 1191. [all data]

Nadezhdin, 1887
Nadezhdin, A., Rep. Phys., 1887, 23, 708. [all data]

Sajots, 1879
Sajots, W., Vapor Pressures of Saturated Vapors at High Temperatures., Beibl. Ann. Phys., 1879, 3, 741-3. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Mathews, 1926
Mathews, J.H., The accurate measurement of heats of vaporization of liquids, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 562-576. [all data]

Fárková and Wichterle, 1993
Fárková, J.; Wichterle, I., Vapour pressures of some ethyl and propyl esters of fatty acids, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1993, 90, 1, 143-148, https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-3812(93)85009-B . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Dykyj, 1970
Dykyj, J., Petrochemica, 1970, 10, 2, 51. [all data]

Cihlár, Hynek, et al., 1976
Cihlár, J.; Hynek, V.; Svoboda, V.; Holub, R., Heats of vaporization of alkyl esters of formic acid, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1976, 41, 1, 1-6, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19760001 . [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1982
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Formation, Thermochemistry, and Relative Stabilities of Proton - Bound dimers of Oxygen n - Donor Bases from Ion Cyclotron Resonance Solvent - Exchange Equilibria Measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1982, 104, 23, 6255, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00387a016 . [all data]

Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973
Grimsrud, E.P.; Kebarle, P., Gas Phase Ion Equilibria Studies of the Solvation of the Hydrogen Ion by Methanol, Dimethyl Ether and Water. Effect of Hydrogen Bonding, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1973, 95, 24, 7939, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00805a002 . [all data]

Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984
Lias, S.G.; Liebman, J.F.; Levin, R.D., Evaluated gas phase basicities and proton affinities of molecules heats of formation of protonated molecules, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1984, 13, 695. [all data]

Keesee and Castleman, 1986
Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., Thermochemical data on Ggs-phase ion-molecule association and clustering reactions, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1986, 15, 1011. [all data]

Sieck and Meot-ner, 1989
Sieck, L.W.; Meot-ner, M., Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 8. RS-..HOR Bond Strengths. Correlation with Acidities., J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 4, 1586, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100341a079 . [all data]

Caldwell and Kebarle, 1984
Caldwell, G.; Kebarle, P., Binding energies and structural effects in halide anion-ROH and -RCOOH complexes from gas phase equilibria measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 967. [all data]

Guthrie and Pike, 1987
Guthrie, J.P.; Pike, D.C., Hydration of acylimidazoles: tetrahedral intermediates in acylimidazole hydrolysis and nucleophilic attack by imidazole on esters. The question of concerted mechanisms for acyl transfers, Can. J. Chem., 1987, 65, 1951-1969. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
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Benoit, Harrison, et al., 1977
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Sweigart and Turner, 1972
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Watanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962
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Benoit and Harrison, 1977
Benoit, F.M.; Harrison, A.G., Predictive value of proton affinity. Ionization energy correlations involving oxygenated molecules, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 3980. [all data]

Holmes, Mommers, et al., 1985
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Brion, C.E.; Dunning, W.J., Electron impact studies of simple carboxylic esters, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1963, 59, 647. [all data]

VanRaalte and Harrison, 1963
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Holmes and Lossing, 1984
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Godbole, E.W.; Kebarle, P., Ionization and dissociation of deuterated ethyl and isopropyl acetates and ethyl formate under electron impact, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1962, 58, 1897. [all data]

Haney and Franklin, 1969
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Notes

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