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C5


Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Marilyn E. Jacox

State:   C


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 42030 T gas Boguslavskiy and Maier, 2006
To = 41967 ± 35 T Ne C-X 220 240 Forney, Freivogel, et al., 1996
To = 44228 T Ar C-X 211 226 Szczepanski and Vala, 1991


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

1813 Ar AB Szczepanski and Vala, 1991
695 ± 40 Ne AB Forney, Freivogel, et al., 1996
654 Ar AB Szczepanski and Vala, 1991

State:   B


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 22470 gas B-X 410 450 Boguslavskiy and Maier, 2006

State:   A


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 19566.3 ± 0.2 gas A-X 493 511 Motylewski, Vaizert, et al., 1999
Boguslavskiy and Maier, 2006
To = 19599 ± 8 Ne A-X 490 510 Forney, Freivogel, et al., 1996


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

675 gas CR Motylewski, Vaizert, et al., 1999
697 ± 10 Ne AB Forney, Freivogel, et al., 1996
Sigmag+ 2 Sym. stretch 530 gas CR MPI Motylewski, Vaizert, et al., 1999
Boguslavskiy and Maier, 2006
2 Sym. stretch 542 ± 10 Ne AB Forney, Freivogel, et al., 1996
Piu 7 Bend 139 H gas CR MPI Motylewski, Vaizert, et al., 1999
Boguslavskiy and Maier, 2006
7 Bend 143 ± 5 H Ne AB Forney, Freivogel, et al., 1996

State:   a


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

Txx = 16060 ± 80 gas Kohno, Suzuki, et al., 1999

State:   X


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

Sigmag+ 1 Sym. stretch 1946 T Ar IR Gonzalez, Rittby, et al., 2011
2 Sym. stretch 779 ± 10 gas TPE Kitsopoulos, Chick, et al., 1991
Arnold, Bradforth, et al., 1991
2 Sym. stretch 776 T Ar IR Szczepanski, Ekern, et al., 1996
Sigmau+ 3 Asym. stretch 2169.441 gas IR DL Bernath, Hinkle, et al., 1989
Moazzen-Ahmadi, McKellar, et al., 1989
Heath, Cooksy, et al., 1989
Moazzen-Ahmadi, McKellar, et al., 1989, 2
3 Asym. stretch 2166.4 Ne IR Dismuke and Weltner, 1976
Smith, Agreiter, et al., 1994
Forney, Freivogel, et al., 1996
Tam, Macler, et al., 1997
Wu, Chen, et al., 2009
3 Asym. stretch 2164 Ar IR Thompson, DeKock, et al., 1971
Dismuke and Weltner, 1976
Vala, Chandrasekhar, et al., 1989
3 Asym. stretch 2157.0 Kr IR Szczepanski, Ekern, et al., 1996
3 Asym. stretch 2164.5 H2 IR Miki, Wakabayashi, et al., 1996
4 Asym. stretch 1444.3 Ne IR Smith, Agreiter, et al., 1994
Tam, Macler, et al., 1997
4 Asym. stretch 1446.6 Ar IR Kranze and Graham, 1992
4 Asym. stretch 1443.2 Kr IR Szczepanski, Ekern, et al., 1996
Pig 5 Bend 218 ± 13 T gas DL TPE Moazzen-Ahmadi, McKellar, et al., 1989, 2
Kitsopoulos, Chick, et al., 1991
Arnold, Bradforth, et al., 1991
Piu 6 Bend 535 ± 10 gas TPE Kitsopoulos, Chick, et al., 1991
Arnold, Bradforth, et al., 1991
7 Bend 118 ± 3 gas DL TPE Moazzen-Ahmadi, McKellar, et al., 1989, 2
Kitsopoulos, Chick, et al., 1991
Arnold, Bradforth, et al., 1991
Gakwaya, Abusara, et al., 2004

Additional references: Jacox, 1994, page 277; Jacox, 1998, page 292; Jacox, 2003, page 280

Notes

H(1/2)(2nu)
TTentative assignment or approximate value
oEnergy separation between the v = 0 levels of the excited and electronic ground states.
xxEnergy separation between the band maxima of both the excited state and the ground state of a molecular cation, derived from a photoelectron spectrum.

References

Go To: Top, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Boguslavskiy and Maier, 2006
Boguslavskiy, A.; Maier, J.P., Gas phase electronic spectra of the carbon chains C[sub 5], C[sub 6], C[sub 8], and C[sub 9], J. Chem. Phys., 2006, 125, 9, 094308, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2276848 . [all data]

Forney, Freivogel, et al., 1996
Forney, D.; Freivogel, P.; Grutter, M.; Maier, J.P., Electronic absorption spectra of linear carbon chains in neon matrices. IV. C2n+1 n=2--7, J. Chem. Phys., 1996, 104, 13, 4954, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.471127 . [all data]

Szczepanski and Vala, 1991
Szczepanski, J.; Vala, M., Correlation of infrared and UV-visible bands of matrix-isolated carbon clusters, J. Phys. Chem., 1991, 95, 7, 2792, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100160a030 . [all data]

Motylewski, Vaizert, et al., 1999
Motylewski, T.; Vaizert, O.; Giesen, T.F.; Linnartz, H.; Maier, J.P., The [sup 1]«PI»[sub u]<-- X [sup 1]«SIGMA»[sub g][sup +] electronic spectrum of C[sub 5] in the gas phase, J. Chem. Phys., 1999, 111, 14, 6161, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.479918 . [all data]

Kohno, Suzuki, et al., 1999
Kohno, M.; Suzuki, S.; Shiromaru, H.; Achiba, Y., Characterization of the lowest triplet states of linear form C[sub 2n+1] by anion photoelectron spectroscopy, J. Chem. Phys., 1999, 110, 8, 3781, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.478269 . [all data]

Gonzalez, Rittby, et al., 2011
Gonzalez, E.; Rittby, C.M.L.; Graham, W.R.M., Isotopic Study of New Fundamentals and Combination Bands of Linear C, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2011, 115, 12, 2533, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp111974d . [all data]

Kitsopoulos, Chick, et al., 1991
Kitsopoulos, T.N.; Chick, C.J.; Zhao, Y.; Neumark, D.M., Threshold Photodetachment Spectroscopy of C-5(-), J. Chem. Phys., 1991, 95, 7, 5479, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.461664 . [all data]

Arnold, Bradforth, et al., 1991
Arnold, D.W.; Bradforth, S.E.; Kitsopoulos, T.N.; Neumark, D.M., Vibrationally Resolved Spectra of C2-C11 by Anion Photoelectron Spectroscopy, J. Chem. Phys., 1991, 95, 12, 8753, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.461211 . [all data]

Szczepanski, Ekern, et al., 1996
Szczepanski, J.; Ekern, S.; Chapo, C.; Vala, M., Infrared spectroscopy of matrix-isolated carbon clusters, with emphasis on C8 and C9, Chem. Phys., 1996, 211, 1-3, 359, https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(96)00212-1 . [all data]

Bernath, Hinkle, et al., 1989
Bernath, P.F.; Hinkle, K.H.; Keady, J.J., Detection of C5 in the Circumstellar Shell of IRC+10216, Science, 1989, 244, 4904, 562, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.244.4904.562 . [all data]

Moazzen-Ahmadi, McKellar, et al., 1989
Moazzen-Ahmadi, N.; McKellar, A.R.W.; Amano, T., Laboratory observation of the rotation-vibration spectrum of gas-phase C5, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1989, 157, 1-2, 1, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(89)87196-9 . [all data]

Heath, Cooksy, et al., 1989
Heath, J.R.; Cooksy, A.L.; Gruebele, M.H.W.; Schmuttenmaer, C.A.; Saykally, R.J., Diode-laser absorption spectroscopy of supersonic carbon cluster beams: the nu 3 spectrum of C5, Science, 1989, 244, 4904, 564, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.11539817 . [all data]

Moazzen-Ahmadi, McKellar, et al., 1989, 2
Moazzen-Ahmadi, N.; McKellar, A.R.W.; Amano, T., Diode laser spectroscopy of gas phase C5: The «nu»3 fundamental and associated hot bands, J. Chem. Phys., 1989, 91, 4, 2140, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.457073 . [all data]

Dismuke and Weltner, 1976
Dismuke, W.R.M. Graham.K.I.; Weltner, W., Jr., The c4 Molecule, Astrophys. J., 1976, 204, 301, https://doi.org/10.1086/154172 . [all data]

Smith, Agreiter, et al., 1994
Smith, A.M.; Agreiter, J.; Hartle, M.; Engel, C.; Bondybey, V.E., Rare gas matrix studies of absorption and fluorescence of reactive intermediates formed in discharges through acetylene, Chem. Phys., 1994, 189, 2, 315, https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(94)00299-1 . [all data]

Tam, Macler, et al., 1997
Tam, S.; Macler, M.; Fajardo, M.E., Matrix isolation spectroscopy of laser ablated carbon species in Ne, D[sub 2], and H[sub 2] matrices, J. Chem. Phys., 1997, 106, 22, 8955, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.474028 . [all data]

Wu, Chen, et al., 2009
Wu, Y.-J.; Chen, H.-F.; Camacho, C.; Sitek, H.A.; Hsu, S.-C.; Lin, M.-Y.; Chou, S.-L.; Ogilvie, J.F.; Cheng, B.-M., FORMATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF INTERSTELLAR MOLECULE LINEAR C, Astrophys. J., 2009, 701, 1, 8, https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/701/1/8 . [all data]

Thompson, DeKock, et al., 1971
Thompson, K.R.; DeKock, R.L.; Weltner, W., Jr., Spectroscopy of carbon molecules. IV. C4, C5, C6 (and C9), J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1971, 93, 19, 4688, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00748a007 . [all data]

Vala, Chandrasekhar, et al., 1989
Vala, M.; Chandrasekhar, T.M.; Szczepanski, J.; Van Zee, R.; Weltner, W., Jr., C5 molecule: Structure and infrared frequencies, J. Chem. Phys., 1989, 90, 1, 595, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.456458 . [all data]

Miki, Wakabayashi, et al., 1996
Miki, M.; Wakabayashi, T.; Momose, T.; Shida, T., Infrared Spectroscopic Studies of Carbon Clusters Trapped in Solid Parahydrogen, J. Phys. Chem., 1996, 100, 30, 12135, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp961214z . [all data]

Kranze and Graham, 1992
Kranze, R.H.; Graham, W.R.M., Fourier-transform infrared observation of the «nu»4 stretching mode of C5 in Ar at 10 K, J. Chem. Phys., 1992, 96, 4, 2517, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.462003 . [all data]

Gakwaya, Abusara, et al., 2004
Gakwaya, S.; Abusara, Z.; Moazzen-Ahmadi, N., Vibrational hot bands of linear C4 and C5 arising from a bending vibration with two quanta in the lowest bend: the («nu»3+2«nu»5)-2«nu»5 band of C4 and the («nu»3+2«nu»7)-2«nu»7 band of C5, Chem. Phys. Lett., 2004, 398, 4-6, 564, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2004.09.130 . [all data]

Jacox, 1994
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1994, 464. [all data]

Jacox, 1998
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules: supplement A, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 2, 115-393, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556017 . [all data]

Jacox, 2003
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules: supplement B, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2003, 32, 1, 1-441, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1497629 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, References