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Butyrolactone

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil477.7KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Tboil479.20KN/AVasil'eva, Naumova, et al., 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus229.0KN/AAnonymous, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple229.78KN/ALebedev and Yevstropov, 1983Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Ttriple229.78KN/AEvstropov, Lebedev, et al., 1980Crystal phase 1 phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
Ttriple229.78KN/AEvstropov, Lebedev, et al., 1979Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc731.0KN/AWilson, Wilson, et al., 1996Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc51.31barN/AWilson, Wilson, et al., 1996Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.40 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap53. ± 5.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 16 values; Individual data points

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (bar) Reference Comment
362.20.016Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
49.5 ± 0.1392.EBWiberg and Waldron, 1991Based on data from 378. - 406. K.; AC
51.8 ± 0.6357.MMWiberg and Waldron, 1991Based on data from 345. - 370. K.; AC
48.2407.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 392. - 474. K.; AC
45.2 ± 0.4349.VYevstropov, Lebedev, et al., 1980ALS

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
9.570229.78Lebedev and Yevstropov, 1983, 2DH
9.570229.78Yevstropov, Lebedev, et al., 1980, 2DH
9.57230.Acree, 1991AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
41.56229.78Lebedev and Yevstropov, 1983, 2DH
41.56229.78Yevstropov, Lebedev, et al., 1980, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Vasil'eva, Naumova, et al., 1990
Vasil'eva, I.I.; Naumova, A.A.; Polyakov, A.A.; Tyvina, T.N.; Kozlova, N.V., Vapor pressure and molar volume of liquid tetrahydrofuran, «gamma»- butyrolactone, and dibutyl maleinate at elevated temperatures and pressures, Zh. Prikl. Khim. (Leningrad), 1990, 63, 1879-81. [all data]

Anonymous, 1954
Anonymous, R., , Am. Pet. Inst. Res. Proj. 45, Tech. Rep. 13, Ohio State Univ., 1954. [all data]

Lebedev and Yevstropov, 1983
Lebedev, B.V.; Yevstropov, A.A. (see evstro aa), Thermodynamics of «beta»-propiolactone, «gamma»-butyrolactone, «delta»- valerolactone, and «epsilon»-caprolactone from 13.8 to 340 K, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1983, 15, 115. [all data]

Evstropov, Lebedev, et al., 1980
Evstropov, A.A.; Lebedev, B.V.; Kiparisova, Ye.G.; Alekseev, V.A.; Stashina, G.A., Thermodynamic parameters of transformation of «tau»-butyrolactone into poly-«tau»-butryrolactone at normal pressure in the range of 0 to 400 K, Vysokomol. Soedin, Ser. A, 1980, 22, 2450-2456. [all data]

Evstropov, Lebedev, et al., 1979
Evstropov, A.A.; Lebedev, B.V.; Kiparisova, E.G.; Prusakova, I.L., Heat capacity and thermodynamic properties of gamma-butyrolactone in the O-330 K range., Termodin. Org. Soedin., 1979, No. 8, 14. [all data]

Wilson, Wilson, et al., 1996
Wilson, L.C.; Wilson, H.L.; Wilding, W.V.; Wilson, G.M., Critical Point Measurements for Fourteen Compounds by a Static Method and a Flow Method, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1996, 41, 1252-4. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Wiberg and Waldron, 1991
Wiberg, K.B.; Waldron, R.F., Lactones. 2. Enthalpies of hydrolysis, reduction, and formation of the C4-C13 monocyclic lactones. strain energies and conformations, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 7697-7705. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Yevstropov, Lebedev, et al., 1980
Yevstropov, A.A.; Lebedev, B.V.; Kiparisova, Ye.G.; Alekseyev, V.A.; Stashina, G.A., Thermodynamic parameters of transformation of «gamma»-butyrolactone into poly-«gamma»-butyrolactone at normal pressure in the range of 0-400°K, Polym. Sci. USSR, 1980, 22, 2685-2692. [all data]

Lebedev and Yevstropov, 1983, 2
Lebedev, B.V.; Yevstropov, A.A., Thermodynamics of «beta»-propiolactone, t-butyrolactone, d-valerolactone, and e-caprolactone from 13.8 to 340 K, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1983, 15, 115-128. [all data]

Yevstropov, Lebedev, et al., 1980, 2
Yevstropov, A.A.; Lebedev, B.V.; Kiparisova, Ye.G.; Alekseyev, V.A.; Stashina, G.A., Thermodynamic parameters of transformation of t-butyrolactone into poly-t-butyrolactone at normal pressure in the range of 0 to 400 K, Vysokomol. Soedin, Ser., 1980, A 22(11), 2450-2456. [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]


Notes

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