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Biphenyl

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas43.1 ± 0.7kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
12.0350.Dorofeeva O.V., 1997None of the statistically calculated values of S(T) known from literature [ Trevissoi C., 1955, Katon J.E., 1959, Aleman H., 1973, Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997] is in full accord with experimental data (see also discussion in [ Chirico R.D., 1989]). Recommended values agree with experimental values within their uncertainties except for temperature range 340-460 K where discrepancies amount to 0.4-0.6 J/mol*K.; GT
15.49100.
20.14150.
26.030200.
36.202273.15
39.84 ± 0.24298.15
40.105300.
53.903400.
65.397500.
74.517600.
81.773700.
87.655800.
92.512900.
96.5731000.
100.001100.
102.931200.
105.431300.
107.571400.
109.431500.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid23.5 ± 0.60kcal/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient high-quality literature values to make a good evaluation with a high degree of confidence. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (0.5 to 2.5) kJ/mol.; DRB
Deltafsolid23.12 ± 0.62kcal/molCcbMontgomery, Rossini, et al., 1978ALS
Deltafsolid24.02 ± 0.36kcal/molCcbColeman and Pilcher, 1966ALS
Deltafsolid23.14 ± 0.96kcal/molCcbMackle and O'Hare, 1963ALS
Deltafsolid23.24 ± 0.39kcal/molCcbParks and Vaughan, 1951Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = 23.10 kcal/mol; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-1494. ± 5.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid,1 bar50.043cal/mol*KN/AChirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1989DH
solid,1 bar49.952cal/mol*KN/ASaito, Atake, et al., 1988DH
solid,1 bar49.21cal/mol*KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1930Extrapolation below 90 K, 65.4 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
68.19370.Walker, Brooks, et al., 1958T = 200 to 600°F.; DH
71.99422.McEwen, March 31 1956T = 300 to 600°C.; DH
71.70370.Kurbatov, 1950T = 98 to 255°C. Mp 70.8°C.; DH
62.91350.8Forrest, Brugmann, et al., 1931T = 350 to 620 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
62.032298.Newton, Kaura, et al., 1931T = 100 to 300°C, equation only, in t°C. Cp(liq) = 0.388 + 0.00057t cal/g*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
47.416298.15Chirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1989T = 5 to 700 K.; DH
47.364298.15Saito, Atake, et al., 1988T = 3 to 300 K.; DH
47.25298.15O'Rourke and Mraw, 1983T = 220 to 475 K. Cp = 0.7143 (T/K) - 15.3 (220 to 342.2 K) J/mol*K.; DH
45.4300.Wasicki, Radomska, et al., 1982T = 180 to 350 K. Data given graphically. Value estimated from graph.; DH
45.60298.15Ueberreiter and Orthmann, 1950T = 293 to 368 K. Equation only.; DH
47.30298.1Schmidt, 1941T = 20 to 200°C, equations only, in t°C. Cp(c) = 0.2745 + 0.001235t cal/g*K (20 to 69°C); Cp(liq) = 0.3917 + 0.0005206t cal/g*K (69 to 200°C).; DH
47.30303.Spaght, Thomas, et al., 1932T = 30 to 100°C.; DH
46.39294.4Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930T = 93 to 295 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
CAL - James S. Chickos, William E. Acree, Jr., Joel F. Liebman, Students of Chem 202 (Introduction to the Literature of Chemistry), University of Missouri -- St. Louis

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil527. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 40 out of 42 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus343. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 285 out of 294 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple342.090KN/AChirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1989, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
Ttriple341.8KN/AParks and Huffman, 1931Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc780. ± 20.KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc34. ± 6.atmAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.497l/molN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc2.0 ± 0.1mol/lN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
rhoc2.01mol/lN/AEllard and Yanko, 1963Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.065 mol/l; TRC
rhoc2.09mol/lN/AReiter, 1963Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.065 mol/l; TRC
rhoc1.99mol/lN/AMandel and Ewbank, 1960Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.097 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap15. ± 3.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub19.5 ± 0.7kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 10 values; Individual data points

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (atm) Reference Comment
418.20.029Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS
418.0.029Buckingham and Donaghy, 1982BS
343. - 351.0.0003Buckingham and Donaghy, 1982BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
12.2510.DSCBack, Grzyll, et al., 1996Based on data from 495. - 688. K.; AC
13.7400.EBChirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1989Based on data from 350. - 578. K.; AC
14.4360.EBChirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1989Based on data from 350. - 578. K.; AC
12.0500.EBChirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1989Based on data from 350. - 578. K.; AC
14.2363.GSSakoguchi, Iwai, et al., 1989Based on data from 348. - 453. K.; AC
14.4363.N/ASasse, N'guimbi, et al., 1989Based on data from 333. - 393. K.; AC
13.7405.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 390. - 563. K.; AC
13.1417.GSNasir, Hwang, et al., 1980Based on data from 396. - 437. K.; AC
11.5647.N/AGlaser and Rüland, 1957Based on data from 528. - 766. K.; AC
14.2357.N/ACunningham, 1930Based on data from 342. - 544. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
342.3 - 544.34.351141987.623-71.556Cunningham, 1930, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
19.484298.15N/AChirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1989DH
19.6383.GSNass, Lenoir, et al., 1995Based on data from 313. - 453. K.; AC
19.9311.EMSasse, N'guimbi, et al., 1989Based on data from 283. - 338. K.; AC
18.2 ± 0.96273. - 313.HSAChickos, 1975AC
19.2 ± 0.38319.TSGCClark, Knox, et al., 1975Based on data from 306. - 332. K.; AC
18.0298. - 318.MEPribilová and Pouchlý, 1974AC
19.98 ± 0.59283.VRadchenko and Kitaigorodskii, 1974ALS
18.12 ± 0.14342.5VAihara, 1959ALS
18.1 ± 0.1289.N/AAihara, 1955Based on data from 279. - 299. K.; AC
19.5 ± 0.41301.N/ABradley and Cleasby, 1953Based on data from 288. - 314. K.; AC
19.500288.05VBradley and Cleasby, 1953, 2ALS
17.9 ± 0.41297.N/ASeki and Suzuki, 1953Based on data from 287. - 307. K.; AC
16.4 ± 0.2292.QFWolf and Weghofer, 1938AC
16.4 ± 0.2295.VWolf and Weghofer, 1938, 2ALS

Entropy of sublimation

DeltasubS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
65.349298.15Chirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1989DH

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
4.43977342.098N/AChirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1989DH
4.4407342.2N/AO'Rourke and Mraw, 1983DH
4.4933344.1N/ASmith, 1979DH
4.4570341.5N/ASpaght, Thomas, et al., 1932DH
4.71342.3DSCKhimeche and Dahmani, 2006AC
4.606344.34DSCBenkhennouf, Kamel, et al., 2004AC
4.460341.5N/ADomalski and Hearing, 1996AC
4.4395343.N/AUeberreiter and Orthmann, 1950DH
4.4441342.N/ASchmidt, 1941DH
4.5280314.3N/AEykman, 1889DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
12.978342.098Chirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1989DH
13.0342.2O'Rourke and Mraw, 1983DH
13.0344.1Smith, 1979DH
13.0341.5Spaght, Thomas, et al., 1932DH
13.10341.5Domalski and Hearing, 1996CAL
13.0343.Ueberreiter and Orthmann, 1950DH
13.0342.Schmidt, 1941DH
14.4314.3Eykman, 1889DH

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.00003616.8crystaline, IIIcrystaline, IISaito, Atake, et al., 1988DH
0.0012040.4crystaline, IIcrystaline, ISaito, Atake, et al., 1988Twist transition.; DH
0.00003616.8crystaline, IIIcrystaline, IIAtake, Saito, et al., 1983Anomalous region: 15.3 to 18.3 K.; DH
0.0012040.4crystaline, IIcrystaline, IAtake, Saito, et al., 1983Anomalous region: 30 to 47 K.; DH
0.00007011.0crystaline, IIIcrystaline, IIAtaki and Chihara, 1980DH
0.0012040.4crystaline, IIcrystaline, IAtaki and Chihara, 1980DH
4.7562343.3crystaline, IliquidWasicki, Radomska, et al., 1982DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.00216.8crystaline, III, Lockcrystaline, II, in transitionSaito, Atake, et al., 1988DH
0.030840.4crystaline, IIcrystaline, ISaito, Atake, et al., 1988Twist; DH
0.00216.8crystaline, IIIcrystaline, IIAtake, Saito, et al., 1983Anomalous; DH
0.030840.4crystaline, IIcrystaline, IAtake, Saito, et al., 1983Anomalous; DH
0.006011.0crystaline, IIIcrystaline, IIAtaki and Chihara, 1980DH
0.030840.4crystaline, IIcrystaline, IAtaki and Chihara, 1980DH
13.9343.3crystaline, IliquidWasicki, Radomska, et al., 1982DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
MS - José A. Martinho Simões
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C10H8+ + Biphenyl = (C10H8+ bullet Biphenyl)

By formula: C10H8+ + C12H10 = (C10H8+ bullet C12H10)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
5.2297.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C12H8+ + Biphenyl = (C12H8+ bullet Biphenyl)

By formula: C12H8+ + C12H10 = (C12H8+ bullet C12H10)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
5.5279.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C17H24F3N3O3RuS (solution) + Biphenyl (solution) = C23H25F3O3RuS (solution) + 3Acetonitrile (solution)

By formula: C17H24F3N3O3RuS (solution) + C12H10 (solution) = C23H25F3O3RuS (solution) + 3C2H3N (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-3.61 ± 0.1kcal/molRSCNolan, Martin, et al., 1992solvent: Tetrahydrofuran; MS

3Hydrogen + Biphenyl = Benzene, cyclohexyl-

By formula: 3H2 + C12H10 = C12H16

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-54.kcal/molEqkFrye, 1962liquid phase; ALS

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
1.2 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
3.6 LN/A 
3.3 MN/A 
2.5 MMackay, Shiu, et al., 1979 
1.2 VBohon and Claussen, 1951 

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
MM - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner)
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to C12H10+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.16 ± 0.13eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)194.5kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity187.1kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
<0.130 ± 0.035ECDWojnarovits and Foldiak, 1981EA is an upper limit: Chen and Wentworth, 1989. G3MP2B3 calculations indicate an EA of ca. -0.02 eV, anion unbound.; B

Proton affinity at 298K

Proton affinity (kcal/mol) Reference Comment
193.3Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Gas basicity at 298K

Gas basicity (review) (kcal/mol) Reference Comment
186.6Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.80 ± 0.05EILoudon and Mazengo, 1974LLK
8.9EIKoppel, Schwarz, et al., 1974LLK
7.95 ± 0.02PEMaier and Turner, 1972LLK
8.23 ± 0.01PEDewar, Haselbach, et al., 1970RDSH
8.20 ± 0.05PEEland and Danby, 1968RDSH
8.46CTSSlifkin and Allison, 1967RDSH
8.22 ± 0.15EIEland, Shepherd, et al., 1966RDSH
8.27 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
8.64CTSKinoshita, 1962RDSH
8.35CTSBriegleb, Czekalla, et al., 1961RDSH
8.4CTSBriegleb and Czekalla, 1959RDSH
8.39PEAkiyama, Li, et al., 1979Vertical value; LLK
8.34PERuscic, Kovac, et al., 1978Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C6H4+18.1 ± 0.3?EINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH
C6H5+18.2 ± 0.5?EINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH
C7H5+20.9 ± 0.2?EINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH
C8H6+18.10 ± 0.05?EINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH
C9H7+16.08 ± 0.05?EINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH
C10H8+14.81 ± 0.05?EINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH
C11H7+14.8 ± 0.2CH3EILoudon and Mazengo, 1974LLK
C12H8+16.89 ± 0.08?EINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH
C12H9+13.6 ± 0.2HEILoudon and Mazengo, 1974LLK
C12H9+14.36HEINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH
C12H82+22.0 ± 1.0?EINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH

Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

C10H8+ + Biphenyl = (C10H8+ bullet Biphenyl)

By formula: C10H8+ + C12H10 = (C10H8+ bullet C12H10)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
5.2297.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated

C12H8+ + Biphenyl = (C12H8+ bullet Biphenyl)

By formula: C12H8+ + C12H10 = (C12H8+ bullet C12H10)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
5.5279.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 114218

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Almasy and Laemmel, 1950
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 604
Instrument Hilger E2
Melting point 69
Boiling point 256.1

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1150.1369.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1369.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1370.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1160.1378.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySE-33120.1353.Juvancz, Cserháti, et al., 199410. m/0.20 mm/0.15 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryHP-1100.1340.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.1340.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillarySE-54120.1382.Juvancz, Pulsipher, et al., 198910. m/0.20 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He
CapillaryMethyl Silicone125.1351.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone125.1351.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone125.1351.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone125.1352.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone125.1352.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone125.1352.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone125.1352.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone125.1352.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone125.1352.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone125.1352.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone125.1354.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillarySE-30180.1387.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30130.1359.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.1366.3Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101160.1377.9Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
PackedOV-101200.1396.Albro, Haseman, et al., 1977Chromosorb W HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30150.1373.Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975 
PackedSE-30200.1405.Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975 
PackedPolymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000)50.1398.7Ainshtein and Shulyatieva, 1972He, Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30130.1354.Antheaume and Guiochon, 1965 
PackedSE-30170.1380.Antheaume and Guiochon, 1965 
PackedSE-30184.1399.Antheaume and Guiochon, 1965 
PackedMethyl Silicone130.1354.Antheaume and Guiochon, 1965 

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11345.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11346.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11349.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryOV-1011350.Hayes and Pitzer, 1982110. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-301389.Ramsey, Lee, et al., 1980He, Chromosorb G HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySP-1000200.2029.Kríz, Popl, et al., 1974N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51377.3Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51375.4Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51368.5Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51377.3Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51381.8Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-11338.4Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryOV-11392.2Zhang, Shen, et al., 200025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1387.Nahir, 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 10. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51368.5Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51377.3Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51381.8Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51375.4Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51381.Gómez, Ledbetter, et al., 1993He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySP-21001375.78Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillarySP-21001377.20Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillarySP-21001377.91Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 6. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillarySP-21001396.81Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillarySP-21001392.Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillarySP-21001392.64Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 6. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1390.72Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillaryDB-51384.Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-301374.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-301378.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tstart: 140. C; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1349.Kozloski, 1985He, 5. K/min; Column length: 10. m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryOV-1011350.Hayes and Pitzer, 1981108. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-521364.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 33.3 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521373.Carugno and Rossi, 1967N2, 1.8 K/min; Column length: 65. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-521362.Cantuti, Cartoni, et al., 1965N2, 2.5 K/min; Column length: 50. m; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 300. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51397.Havenga and Rohwer, 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C 7 0C/min -> 130 0C 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 6 0C/min -> 260 0C 20 0C/min -> 320 0C (4 min)
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1371.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199725. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
PackedSE-301375.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101996.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax2016.Adamiec, Rossner, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101996.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101120.1366.Nabivach and Gerasimenko, 1996 
CapillaryPolidimethyl siloxane130.1360.Nabivach and Gerasimenko, 1996 
CapillaryPolidimethyl siloxane130.1360.Nabivach and Gerasimenko, 1996 
CapillarySE-30200.1408.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane147.1368.Ferrand, 1962 
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane183.1396.Ferrand, 1962 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1384.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-51385.3Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryHP-51379.Zenkevich, Moeder, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillaryBP-11388.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-51380.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51380.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51381.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51381.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51381.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51382.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51385.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51385.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryUltra-11354.Elizalde-González, Hutfliess, et al., 199650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryPB-11356.Andersson and Weis, 199450. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51356.Andersson and Weis, 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryUltra-11342.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryOV-1011358.Zenkevich and Tsibulskaya, 1989Helium, 75. C @ 0. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 0. min; Column length: 54. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm
CapillaryOV-1011366.Zenkevich and Tsibulskaya, 1989Helium, 75. C @ 0. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 0. min; Column length: 54. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm
CapillarySE-301345.Ibrahim and Suffet, 1988N2, 50. C @ 8. min, 5. K/min, 275. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySLB-5 MS1380.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1391.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1385.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1394.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301369.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11375.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1356.Zenkevich, 1994Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups1384.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups1384.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301368.Ibrahim and Suffet, 1988N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 50C(8min) => 3C/min => 150C => 35C/min => 275C (10min)
CapillaryOV-1011369.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryApolane1362.Bush, Murphy, et al., 1985He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 70 0C (2 min) 10 0C/min (6 min) 2 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryApolane1362.Bush, Murphy, et al., 1985He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 70 0C (2 min) 10 0C/min (6 min) 2 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryOV-11348.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1342.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1343.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1349.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1350.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1389.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
OtherMethyl Silicone1389.Ardrey and Moffat, 1981Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPEG-40M180.2030.Roshchupkina, Pimerzin, et al., 1987 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1981.Morales, Albarracín, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1967.Morales, Albarracín, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-102012.Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1981.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1974.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 4 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1974.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1981.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5245.8Wang, Hou, et al., 200730. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5237.7Shao, Wang, et al., 200630. m/0.3 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5236.39Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5236.39Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5MS236.34Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryPTE-5235.88Wang, Jia, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 1.5 min, 8. K/min, 300. C @ 12.5 min
CapillaryHP-5236.15Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5236.19Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5236.26Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5236.32Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5236.87Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5236.92Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5237.02Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5237.04Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5236.28Piao, Chu, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5236.48Piao, Chu, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5231.1Durlak, Biswas, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 15. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5235.6Durlak, Biswas, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 15. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-52233.57Wang, Peng, et al., 19974. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-54234.13Chen, 19964. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5235.55Williams and Horne, 1995He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryPB-1233.78Andersson and Weis, 199450. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5233.46Andersson and Weis, 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5236.40Wang, Fingas, et al., 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySPB-5236.2Knobloch and Engewald, 199340. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB236.0Bundt, Herbel, et al., 199150. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-54235.63Guillén, Blanco, et al., 198920. m/0.22 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5232.74Sye, Lin, et al., 198830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 80. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-5236.39Wise, Benner, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillarySE-52233.96Boenke and Ballschmiter, 1987Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Column length: 12. m; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 285. C
CapillaryDB-5236.59Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5234.05Tong, Centen, et al., 1985He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 90. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryDB-5230.795Tong, Shore, et al., 1984He, 80. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-5229.8Viau, Studak, et al., 1984Helium, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 90. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-52236.44Vassilaros, Kong, et al., 198220. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 265. C
CapillarySE-52233.96Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.3 mm/0.34 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5236.6Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007Column length: 60. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS236.56Wang, Li, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 258C => 2C/min => 300C(4min)
CapillaryHP-5MS236.39Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS236.56Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5MS235.5Aracil, Font, et al., 2005Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS240.35Cheng, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryLM-5229.33Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C (10min)
CapillaryUltra-1235.0Sremac, Skrbic, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 40-100 0C 3-15 0C/min -> 290 0C
CapillaryDB-5235.0Lundstedt, Haglund, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryLM-5229.21Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C(5min)
CapillaryHP-5235.74Reckendorf, 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.11 «mu»m, He; Program: 106C(0.2min) => 40C/min => 120C => 3C/min => 310C(10min)
CapillarySE-52233.96Wang, Peng, et al., 1997Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-54233.96Chen, 1996Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-54235.51Guillen, Iglesias, et al., 1992Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5237.3Paschke, Herbel, et al., 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 100 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB235.6Bundt, Herbel, et al., 199150. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB236.4Bundt, Herbel, et al., 199150. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5232.86Naikwadi, Charbonneau, et al., 1987Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5232.96Naikwadi, Charbonneau, et al., 1987Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101236.2Tucminen, Wickstrom, et al., 1986Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5233.96Tong, Centen, et al., 1985He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified

Lee's RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax228.73Andersson and Weis, 199430. m/0.2 mm/0.15 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Tucminen, A.; Wickstrom, K.; Pyysalo, H., Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds by GLC-Selected Ion Monitoring (SIM) Technique, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 8, 469-471, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090813 . [all data]


Notes

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