Species with data from:

Callender, C.L.; Hackett, P.A.; Rayner, D.M., First-ionization potential of ruthenium, rhodium, and palladium by double-resonance ionization spectroscopy, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 1988, 5, 614.

3 matching species were found.

For each matching species the following will be displayed:

Click on the name to see more data.

  1. palladium (Pd)
  2. rhodium (Rh)
  3. ruthenium (Ru)