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Piperidine

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil379.2 ± 0.5KAVGN/AAverage of 16 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus262. ± 5.KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple262.100KN/AMesserly, Todd, et al., 1988Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.03 K; TRC
Ttriple262.120KN/AMesserly, Todd, et al., 1988Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Ttriple262.12KN/AAnonymous, 1960Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; measured by Project 52c at Bartlesville OK; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc594.1KN/AAmbrose, 1963Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Tc594.KN/ACheng, McCoubrey, et al., 1962Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; Visual (5-cm 2-mm bore tubes) in nitrate-nitrite bath, TE or TH cal. vs NPL thermometer J.C.McCoubrey, A.R.Ubbelohde Trans. Faraday Soc. 1960,56,114; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc46.5588barN/AGuye and Mallet, 1902Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2.0265 bar; rapid decomposition at critical temp.; TRC
Pc46.4575barN/AGuye and Mallet, 1902Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2.0265 bar; rapid decomposition at critical temp.; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap39.3kJ/molN/AGood, 1972DRB
Deltavap39.3 ± 0.2kJ/molVBedford, Beezer, et al., 1963ALS
Deltavap41.0kJ/molN/ABedford, Beezer, et al., 1963DRB

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (bar) Reference Comment
290.90.027Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
36.6338.N/AHossenlopp and Archer, 1988AC
35.3357.N/AHossenlopp and Archer, 1988AC
37.6330.A,EB,IPStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 315. - 417. K. See also Osborn and Douslin, 1968.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference
315.51 - 416.763.981891239.577-67.622Osborn and Douslin, 1968

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
14.85369262.124Messerly, Todd, et al., 1988, 2DH
14.8479262.124Messerly, Todd, et al., 1987DH
14.85262.1Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
56.67262.124Messerly, Todd, et al., 1988, 2DH
56.64262.124Messerly, Todd, et al., 1987DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Messerly, Todd, et al., 1988
Messerly, J.F.; Todd, s.S.; Finke, H.L.; Good, W.D.; Gammon, B.E., Condensed-phase heat-capacity studies and derived thermodynamic properties for six cyclic nitrogen compounds, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1988, 20, 209. [all data]

Anonymous, 1960
Anonymous, R., , Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), Tech. News Bull. 44, 1960. [all data]

Ambrose, 1963
Ambrose, D., Critical Temperatures of Some Phenols and Other Organic Compounds, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1963, 59, 1988. [all data]

Cheng, McCoubrey, et al., 1962
Cheng, D.C.H.; McCoubrey, J.C.; Phillips, D.G., Critical Temperatures of Some Organic Cyclic Compounds, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1962, 58, 224. [all data]

Guye and Mallet, 1902
Guye, P.A.; Mallet, E., Measurement of Critical Constants, Arch. Sci. Phys. Nat., 1902, 13, 274-296. [all data]

Good, 1972
Good, W.D., Enthalpies of combustion of nine organic nitrogen compounds related to petroleum, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1972, 17, 28-31. [all data]

Bedford, Beezer, et al., 1963
Bedford, A.F.; Beezer, A.E.; Mortimer, C.T., Heats of formation and bond energies. Part X. 1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine, piperidine, and piperazine, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 2039-2043. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Hossenlopp and Archer, 1988
Hossenlopp, I.A.; Archer, D.G., Enthalpies of vaporization of piperidine and 1,2-dimethylbenzene; gas-phase isobaric heat capacities of piperidine, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1988, 20, 9, 1061-1068, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(88)90112-7 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Osborn and Douslin, 1968
Osborn, Ann G.; Douslin, Donald R., Vapor pressure relations of 13 nitrogen compounds related to petroleum, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1968, 13, 4, 534-537, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60039a024 . [all data]

Messerly, Todd, et al., 1988, 2
Messerly, J.F.; Todd, S.S.; Finke, H.L.; Good, W.D.; Gammon, B.E., Condensed-phase heat-capacity studies and derived thermodynamic properties for six cyclic nitrogen compounds, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1988, 20, 209-224. [all data]

Messerly, Todd, et al., 1987
Messerly, J.F.; Todd, S.S.; Finke, H.L.; Gammon, B.E., Thermodynamic properties of organic nitrogen compounds that occur in shale oil and heavy petroleum-topical report, NIPER Report, 1987, 83, 37p. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]


Notes

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