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Maleic anhydride

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
83.94273.15Caminati W., 1985Other statistically calculated values are: S(298.15 K)=300.75 J/mol*K and Cp(298.15 K)=88.87 J/mol*K [ Joshi R.M., 1970].
90.04298.15
128.54500.
159.65800.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-470.41 ± 0.71kJ/molCcbWilhoit and Shiao, 1964ALS
Deltafsolid-469.6 ± 0.3kJ/molCcbParks, Mosley, et al., 1950ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-1389.5 ± 0.67kJ/molCcbWilhoit and Shiao, 1964Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -470.41 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacsolid-1390.3 ± 0.71kJ/molCcbParks, Mosley, et al., 1950Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -469.57 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
119.9300.DeWit, DeKruif, et al., 1983T = 90 to 350 K. Linearly extrapolated.; DH
123.2310.DeWit, Offringa, et al., 1983T = 300 to 450 K.; DH
67.4298.15Marchidan and Ciopec, 1978T = 298 to 480 K.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil473.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus326.0 ± 0.9KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple325.72KN/ADe Wit, De Kruif, et al., 1983Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub70.kJ/molN/AVilcu, Perisanu, et al., 1978AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
49.1351.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 336. - 475. K.; AC
54.8325.8VWinstrom and Kulp, 1949ALS
54.8326. - 350.N/AWinstrom and Kulp, 1949, 2AC
56.7332.N/AStull, 1947Based on data from 317. - 475. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
317. - 475.3.799161431.009-101.093Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
85.4317.N/AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 308. - 326. K.; AC
68.8258.TE,MEDe Wit, Van Miltenburg, et al., 1983AC
71.5 ± 5.0308. - 325.N/AWinstrom and Kulp, 1949, 2See also Cox and Pilcher, 1970.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
13.550325.72DeWit, DeKruif, et al., 1983DH
13.648326.00Mastrangelo, 1957DH
13.600325.3DeWit, Offringa, et al., 1983DH
12.26325.7Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
12.930325.Spengler and Tamplin, 1952DH
12.260325.64Marchidan and Ciopec, 1978DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
41.6325.72DeWit, DeKruif, et al., 1983DH
41.8325.3DeWit, Offringa, et al., 1983DH
39.8325.Spengler and Tamplin, 1952DH
37.6325.64Marchidan and Ciopec, 1978DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Maleic anhydride + 1,3-Cyclopentadiene = Carbic anhydride

By formula: C4H2O3 + C5H6 = C9H8O3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-104. ± 2.kJ/molCmBreslauer and Kabakoff, 1974liquid phase; solvent: Dioxane
Deltar-107.9kJ/molCmRogers and Quan, 1973liquid phase; Gas phase Diels-Alder

Maleic anhydride + Anthracene = Anthracene-maleic anhydride Diels-Alder adduct

By formula: C4H2O3 + C14H10 = C18H12O3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-93. ± 2.kJ/molCmKiselev, Mavrin, et al., 1982liquid phase; solvent: Benzene
Deltar-93.7kJ/molEqkLenz, Hegedus, et al., 1982liquid phase; solvent: 1,2,4-C6H3Cl3

Maleic anhydride + Furan, 2-methyl- = 7-Oxabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride, 1-methyl-, exo

By formula: C4H2O3 + C5H6O = C9H8O4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-58.5kJ/molCmBalbi, 1991liquid phase; solvent: Dioxane
Deltar-60.kJ/molCmSparks and Poling, 1983solid phase; solvent: Dioxane

Maleic anhydride + Water = Maleic acid

By formula: C4H2O3 + H2O = C4H4O4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-34.9 ± 0.8kJ/molCmConn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1942liquid phase; Heat of hydroysis at 303 K

Maleic anhydride + Anthracene, 9-phenyl- = C24H16O3

By formula: C4H2O3 + C20H14 = C24H16O3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-427.2kJ/molEqkLenz, Hegedus, et al., 1982liquid phase; solvent: 1,2,4-C6H3Cl3

1,3-Isobenzofurandione, 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- = 1,3-Butadiene + Maleic anhydride

By formula: C8H8O3 = C4H6 + C4H2O3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar283.62 ± 0.96kJ/molCmGhitau, Ciopec, et al., 1983solid phase; At 65 to 90°C

Maleic anhydride + 1-Butanol = 2-Butenedioic acid (Z)-, monobutyl ester

By formula: C4H2O3 + C4H10O = C8H12O4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-39.kJ/molKinMerca, Poraicu, et al., 1978solid phase; solvent: n-Butanol; DTA

1,3-Butadiene + Maleic anhydride = 1,3-Isobenzofurandione, 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-

By formula: C4H6 + C4H2O3 = C8H8O3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-283.62kJ/molCmGhitau, Ciopec, et al., 1983liquid phase

Maleic anhydride + 1-Propanol = propyl hydrogen maleate

By formula: C4H2O3 + C3H8O = propyl hydrogen maleate

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-35.kJ/molKinTribunescu, Poraicu, et al., 1978liquid phase

Benzenamine, 4-bromo- + Maleic anhydride = 2-Butenoic acid, 4-[(4-bromophenyl)amino]-4-oxo, (Z)-

By formula: C6H6BrN + C4H2O3 = C10H8BrNO3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.kJ/molCmSrivastava, 1979solid phase

p-Chloroaniline + Maleic anhydride = Maleanilic acid, 4' chloro-

By formula: C6H6ClN + C4H2O3 = C10H8ClNO3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.kJ/molCmSrivastava, 1979solid phase

Chlorendic anhydride = Maleic anhydride + Hexachlorocyclopentadiene

By formula: C9H2Cl6O3 = C4H2O3 + C5Cl6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar315.kJ/molIonVijayakumar and Fink, 1983solid phase

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
B - John E. Bartmess

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
1.440 ± 0.087TDEqPaul and Kebarle, 1989«DELTA»Gea(423 K) = -32.8±1 kcal/mol, «DELTA»S = -1±3 eu.; B
1.440 ± 0.048IMREFukuda and McIver, 1985«DELTA»Gea(355 K) = -32.7 kcal/mol; «DELTA»Sea =-1.3, est. from data in Paul and Kebarle, 1989; B
1.40 ± 0.20NBIECompton, Reinhardt, et al., 1974Lifetime: Cooper and Compton, 1973; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
11.07PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981Vertical value; LLK
11.11 ± 0.05PEGalasso, Colonna, et al., 1977Vertical value; LLK
11.1PEAlmemark, Backvall, et al., 1974Vertical value; LLK
11.45PEBain and Frost, 1973Vertical value; LLK

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-1870
NIST MS number 227705

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Boule and Lemaire, 1977
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 17664
Instrument unknown
Melting point 52.8
Boiling point 202

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS827.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryMDN-5830.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
Capillary 833.Brandi, Bar, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1791.Delort and Jaquier, 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 120 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min) 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (20 min)
CapillaryHP-1790.Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 250C

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Caminati W., 1985
Caminati W., A study of the ring-bending and ring-twisting motions in maleic anhydride by rotational analysis of the corresponding vibrational satellites, Spectrochim. Acta, 1985, A41, 937-941. [all data]

Joshi R.M., 1970
Joshi R.M., Thermodynamic properties of some monomeric compounds in the standard ideal gas state, J. Polym. Sci., Part A-2, 1970, 8, 679-687. [all data]

Wilhoit and Shiao, 1964
Wilhoit, R.C.; Shiao, D., Thermochemistry of biologically important compounds. Heats of combustion of solid organic acids., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1964, 9, 595-599. [all data]

Parks, Mosley, et al., 1950
Parks, G.S.; Mosley, J.R.; Peterson, P.V., Jr., Heats of combustion and formation of some organic compounds containing oxygen, J. Chem. Phys., 1950, 18, 152. [all data]

DeWit, DeKruif, et al., 1983
DeWit, H.G.M.; DeKruif, C.G.; Van Miltenburg, J.C., Thermodynamic properties of molecular organic crystals containing organic crystals containing nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur. II. Molar heat capacities of eight compounds by adiabatic calorimetry, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1983, 15, 891-902. [all data]

DeWit, Offringa, et al., 1983
DeWit, H.G.M.; Offringa, J.C.A.; De Kruif, C.G.; Van Miltenburg, J.C., Thermodynamic properties of molecular organic crystals containing nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur. III. Molar heat capacities measured by differential scanning calorimetry, Thermochim. Acta, 1983, 65, 43-51. [all data]

Marchidan and Ciopec, 1978
Marchidan, D.I.; Ciopec, M., Thermodynamic properties of maleic, trimellitic and pyromellitic anhydrides, Rev. Roum. Chim., 1978, 23, 19-29. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

De Wit, De Kruif, et al., 1983
De Wit, H.G.M.; De Kruif, C.G.; Van Miltenburg, J.C., Thermodynamic properties of molecular organic crystals containing nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur II. Molar heat capacities of eight compounds by adiabatic calorimetry, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1983, 15, 9, 891, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(83)90095-2 . [all data]

Vilcu, Perisanu, et al., 1978
Vilcu, R.; Perisanu, S.; Ciocazanu, I., The thermochemical properties of some organic anhydrides, Bull. Inst. Politeh. Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, Bucur., Ser. Chim.-Metal., 1978, 40, 2, 9. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Winstrom and Kulp, 1949
Winstrom, L.O.; Kulp, L., Vapor pressure of maleic anhydride, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 1584-25. [all data]

Winstrom and Kulp, 1949, 2
Winstrom, Leon O.; Kulp, Laurence, Vapor Pressure of Maleic Anhydride - Temperature Range from 35° to 77°, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 11, 2584-2586, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50479a044 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

De Wit, Van Miltenburg, et al., 1983
De Wit, H.G.M.; Van Miltenburg, J.C.; De Kruif, C.G., Thermodynamic properties of molecular organic crystals containing nitrogen, oxygen, and sulphur 1. Vapour pressures and enthalpies of sublimation, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1983, 15, 7, 651-663, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(83)90079-4 . [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press Inc., London, 1970, 643. [all data]

Mastrangelo, 1957
Mastrangelo, S.V.R., Adiabatic calorimeter for determination of cryoscopic data, Anal. Chem., 1957, 29(5), 841-845. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Spengler and Tamplin, 1952
Spengler, H.T.; Tamplin, W.S., Procedures in ice calorimetry, Anal. Chem., 1952, 24, 941-944. [all data]

Breslauer and Kabakoff, 1974
Breslauer, K.J.; Kabakoff, D.S., Enthalpy of the Diels-Alder reaction of cyclopentadiene and maleic anhydride, J. Org. Chem., 1974, 39, 721-722. [all data]

Rogers and Quan, 1973
Rogers, F.E.; Quan, S.W., Thermochemistry of the Diels-Alder reaction. III. Heat of addition of cyclopentadience to maleic anhydride, J. Phys. Chem., 1973, 77, 828-831. [all data]

Kiselev, Mavrin, et al., 1982
Kiselev, V.D.; Mavrin, G.V.; Konovalov, A.I., Thermodynamic principles of the occurrence of a Diels-Alder reaction in the presence of a Lewis acid, Zh. Org. Khim., 1982, 18, 2505-2510. [all data]

Lenz, Hegedus, et al., 1982
Lenz, T.G.; Hegedus, L.S.; Vaughan, J.D., Liquid phase thermochemical energy conversion systems - an application of Diels-Alder chemistry, Int. J. Energy Res., 1982, 6, 357-365. [all data]

Balbi, 1991
Balbi, N., Dynamic calorimetry in the study of Diels-Alder reaction, Calorim. Anal. Therm., 1991, 22, 299-304. [all data]

Sparks and Poling, 1983
Sparks, B.G.; Poling, B.E., Energy storage capacity of reversible liquid-phase Diels Alder reaction between maleic anhydride and 2-methyl furan, Am. Inst. Chem. Eng. Symp. Ser. (AIChE Symp. Ser.), 1983, 29, 534-537. [all data]

Conn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1942
Conn, J.B.; Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Roberts, R.M.; Smith, E.A., Heats of organic reactions. XIII. Heats of hydrolysis of some acid anhydrides, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1942, 64, 1747-17. [all data]

Ghitau, Ciopec, et al., 1983
Ghitau, M.; Ciopec, M.; Pintea, O., Study on Diels-Alder reaction for the synthesis of tetrahydrophthalic anhydride, Rev. Chim. (Bucharest), 1983, 34, 299-305. [all data]

Merca, Poraicu, et al., 1978
Merca, E.; Poraicu, M.; Tribunescu, P., Kinetics of maleic monoester formation with n-butanol, Bull. Stiint. Teh. Inst. Politeh. "Traian Vuia" Timisoara, Ser. Chim., 1978, 23, 160-163. [all data]

Tribunescu, Poraicu, et al., 1978
Tribunescu, P.; Poraicu, M.; Merca, E.; Facsko, O., Kinetics of mono-N-propylmaleate synthesis, Bull. Stiint. Teh. Inst. Politeh. "Traian Vuia" Timisoara, Ser. Chim., 1978, 23, 147-151. [all data]

Srivastava, 1979
Srivastava, A.K., Solid-state reactions between maleic anhydride and substituted aromactic amines, Z. Phys. Chem. (Leipzig), 1979, 260, 630-640. [all data]

Vijayakumar and Fink, 1983
Vijayakumar, C.T.; Fink, J.K., Heat of formation of the Diels-Alder adduct of hexachlorocyclopentadiene and maleic anhydride by appearance-energy measurements, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1983, 18, 134. [all data]

Paul and Kebarle, 1989
Paul, G.; Kebarle, P., Electron Affinities of Cyclic Unsaturated Dicarbonyls: Maleic Anhydrides, Maleimides, and Cyclopentendione, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 2, 464, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00184a009 . [all data]

Fukuda and McIver, 1985
Fukuda, E.K.; McIver, R.T., Jr., Relative electron affinities of substituted benzophenones, nitrobenzenes, and quinones. [Anchored to EA(SO2) from 74CEL/BEN], J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 2291. [all data]

Compton, Reinhardt, et al., 1974
Compton, R.N.; Reinhardt, P.W.; Cooper, C.D., Mass spectrometry utilizing collisional ionization of cesium: Maleic anhydride and succinic anhydride, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 2953. [all data]

Cooper and Compton, 1973
Cooper, C.D.; Compton, R.N., Electron attachment and cesium collisional ionization studies of tetrafluorosuccinic and hexafluoroglutaric anhydrides: Molecular electron affinities, J. Chem. Phys., 1973, 59, 3550. [all data]

Kimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981
Kimura, K.; Katsumata, S.; Achiba, Y.; Yamazaki, T.; Iwata, S., Ionization energies, Ab initio assignments, and valence electronic structure for 200 molecules in Handbook of HeI Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds, Japan Scientific Soc. Press, Tokyo, 1981. [all data]

Galasso, Colonna, et al., 1977
Galasso, V.; Colonna, F.P.; Distefano, G., Photoelectron spectra of 1,2-indandione, 1,3-indandione and heterocyclic analogues, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1977, 10, 227. [all data]

Almemark, Backvall, et al., 1974
Almemark, M.; Backvall, J.E.; Moberg, C.A.; Akermark, B.; Asbrink, L.; Roos, B., Ab initio calculations and assignment of photoelectron spectra of maleic and succinic anhydride, Tetrahedron, 1974, 30, 2503. [all data]

Bain and Frost, 1973
Bain, A.D.; Frost, D.C., Studies of the carbonyl group in some five-membered ring compounds by photoelectron spectroscopy, Can. J. Chem., 1973, 51, 1245. [all data]

Boule and Lemaire, 1977
Boule, P.; Lemaire, J., Compt. rend., 1977, 285, 305. [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096168 . [all data]

van Loon, Linssen, et al., 2005
van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 2005, 90, 3, 417-425, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.005 . [all data]

Brandi, Bar, et al., 2011
Brandi, F.; Bar, E.; Mourgues, F.; Horvath, G.; Turcsi, E.; Giuliano, G.; Liverani, A.; Tartarini, S.; Lewinsohn, E.; Rosati, C., Study of Redhaven peach and its white-fleshed mutant suggests a key role of CCD4 carotenoid dioxygenase in carotenoid and norisoprenoid volatile metabolism, BMC Plant Biol., 2011, 11, 24, 1-14. [all data]

Delort and Jaquier, 2009
Delort, E.; Jaquier, A., Novel terpenyl esters from Australian finger lime (Citrus australasica) peel extract, Flav. Fragr. J., 2009, 24, 3, 123-132, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1922 . [all data]

Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 2001
Teai, T.; Claude-Lafontaine, A.; Schippa, C.; Cozzolino, F., Volatile compounds in fresh pulp of pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) from French Polynesia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2001, 13, 5, 314-318, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2001.9712222 . [all data]


Notes

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