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Benzene, (1-methylethyl)-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas0.94 ± 0.26kcal/molCcbProsen, Gilmont, et al., 1945Hf by Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas92.383cal/mol*KN/AKishimoto K., 1973GT

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-9.85 ± 0.26kcal/molCcbProsen, Gilmont, et al., 1945Hf by Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-1246.52 ± 0.23kcal/molCcbProsen, Gilmont, et al., 1945Hf by Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -9.83 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-1247.3kcal/molCcbRichards and Barry, 1915At 291 K; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -9.08 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid66.341cal/mol*KN/AKishimoto, Suga, et al., 1973DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
51.24295.96Andolenko and Grigor'ev, 1979T = 296 to 413 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum given as 1.784 kJ/kg*K.; DH
51.482298.15Kishimoto, Suga, et al., 1973T = 14 to 314 K. Glass, 14 to 126 K.; DH
50.050299.8Schlinger and Sage, 1952T = 300 to 366 K.; DH
50.91298.Kurbatov, 1947T = 16 to 153°C, mean Cp, four temperatures.; DH
47.49302.0de Kolossowsky and Udowenko, 1934DH
47.49302.0Kolosovskii and Udovenko, 1934DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
CAL - James S. Chickos, William E. Acree, Jr., Joel F. Liebman, Students of Chem 202 (Introduction to the Literature of Chemistry), University of Missouri -- St. Louis

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil425. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 58 out of 64 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus177.0 ± 0.7KAVGN/AAverage of 13 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple177.13KN/AKishimoto, Suga, et al., 1973, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc631.0 ± 0.5KN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
Tc631.1KN/AAmbrose and Grant, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
Tc624.55KN/AGlaser and Ruland, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tc635.9KN/AAltschul, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc31.7 ± 0.4atmN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
Pc31.67atmN/AAmbrose, Broderick, et al., 1967Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.06 atm; TRC
Pc27.5000atmN/AGlaser and Ruland, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5000 atm; TRC
Pc31.19atmN/AAltschul, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.0580 atm; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc2.32mol/lN/AHales and Townsend, 1972Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.008 mol/l; from fit of obs data to 490 K to Rideal's equation; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap11. ± 1.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
9.85364.N/ACepeda, Gonzalez, et al., 1989Based on data from 349. - 426. K.; AC
10.1354.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 339. - 433. K.; AC
10.0358.MMForziati, Norris, et al., 1949Based on data from 343. - 426. K. See also Willingham, Taylor, et al., 1945.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference
343.17 - 426.524.048481455.811-65.948Williamham, Taylor, et al., 1945

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
1.751177.13Kishimoto, Suga, et al., 1973DH
1.75177.1Kishimoto, Suga, et al., 1973AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
9.885177.13Kishimoto, Suga, et al., 1973DH
9.888177.1Kishimoto, Suga, et al., 1973, 2CAL

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C9H11- + Hydrogen cation = Benzene, (1-methylethyl)-

By formula: C9H11- + H+ = C9H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar378.9 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar372.9 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Nitric oxide anion + Benzene, (1-methylethyl)- = (Nitric oxide anion bullet Benzene, (1-methylethyl)-)

By formula: NO- + C9H12 = (NO- bullet C9H12)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.1kcal/molICRReents and Freiser, 1981gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(NO+)C2H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Farid and McMahon, 1978; M

Chlorine anion + Benzene, (1-methylethyl)- = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzene, (1-methylethyl)-)

By formula: Cl- + C9H12 = (Cl- bullet C9H12)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.50kcal/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
5.0300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

Hydrogen + α-Methylstyrene = Benzene, (1-methylethyl)-

By formula: H2 + C9H10 = C9H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-26.60 ± 0.50kcal/molChydAbboud, Jimenez, et al., 1995liquid phase; solvent: Hyrocarbon; Like gas phase; ALS

Benzene, 1-chloro-2-(1-methylethyl)- + Benzene = Benzene, chloro- + Benzene, (1-methylethyl)-

By formula: C9H11Cl + C6H6 = C6H5Cl + C9H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-0.14 ± 0.10kcal/molEqkNesterova, Rozhnov, et al., 1985liquid phase; ALS

Benzene, 1-methyl-3-(1-methylethyl)- + Benzene = Toluene + Benzene, (1-methylethyl)-

By formula: C10H14 + C6H6 = C7H8 + C9H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.0 ± 0.1kcal/molEqkTsvetkov, Rozhnov, et al., 1985liquid phase; ALS

2Benzene, (1-methylethyl)- = Benzene, 1,4-bis(1-methylethyl)- + Benzene

By formula: 2C9H12 = C12H18 + C6H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.37 ± 0.15kcal/molEqkPopov, Rozhnov, et al., 1974gas phase; ALS

2Benzene, (1-methylethyl)- = Benzene + Benzene, 1,3-bis(1-methylethyl)-

By formula: 2C9H12 = C6H6 + C12H18

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.37 ± 0.14kcal/molEqkPopov, Rozhnov, et al., 1974gas phase; ALS

3Hydrogen + Benzene, (1-methylethyl)- = Cyclohexane, (1-methylethyl)-

By formula: 3H2 + C9H12 = C9H18

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-49.8kcal/molEqkMiki, 1975gas phase; GC; ALS

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
0.0873200.XN/A 
0.068 QN/ASeveral references are given in the list of Henry's law constants but not assigned to specific species.
0.068 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
0.78 LN/A 
0.068 VN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C9H12+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.73 ± 0.02eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)189.2kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity182.6kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.72EIMcLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1979LLK
8.725 ± 0.008EQLias and Ausloos, 1978LLK
8.69 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, 1957RDSH
~8.76SHammond, Price, et al., 1950RDSH
8.71PEHowell, Goncalves, et al., 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.75PEShudo, Kobayashi, et al., 1977Vertical value; LLK
8.98PEBruckmann and Klessinger, 1974Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C7H7+9.91C2H5EIMcLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1979LLK
C8H9+10.02CH3EIMcLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1979LLK
C8H9+10.65CH3EIHowe and Williams, 1969RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C9H11- + Hydrogen cation = Benzene, (1-methylethyl)-

By formula: C9H11- + H+ = C9H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar378.9 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar372.9 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Chlorine anion + Benzene, (1-methylethyl)- = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzene, (1-methylethyl)-)

By formula: Cl- + C9H12 = (Cl- bullet C9H12)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.50kcal/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
5.0300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

Nitric oxide anion + Benzene, (1-methylethyl)- = (Nitric oxide anion bullet Benzene, (1-methylethyl)-)

By formula: NO- + C9H12 = (NO- bullet C9H12)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.1kcal/molICRReents and Freiser, 1981gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(NO+)C2H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Farid and McMahon, 1978; M

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 114201

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Kuskov, et al., 1963
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 20005
Instrument unknown
Boiling point 152.4

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-10160.909.1Chen, Liang, et al., 2001He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryHP-10160.909.82Garay, 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryOV-1150.930.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.930.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-101150.935.1Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101180.942.5Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
PackedSqualane100.908.Hongwei and Zhide, 1992H2, Silanized white support (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
CapillaryHP-160.909.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.909.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.919.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.919.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-1100.919.5Matisová and Kurán, 199052. m/0.25 mm/0.38 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1100.919.2Matisová and Kurán, 199052. m/0.25 mm/0.38 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryPONA100.920.1Matisová and Kurán, 199050. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryOV-190.920.7Maurer, Engewald, et al., 1990Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.919.Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.920.Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillarySqualane50.892.9Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillarySqualane70.898.2Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.920.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.920.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.920.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.920.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.920.Engewald, Topalova, et al., 1987Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.919.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.920.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.919.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101110.922.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-10190.916.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillarySqualane106.907.Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983He; Column length: 100. m
CapillarySqualane96.905.Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983He; Column length: 100. m
CapillaryDB-160.909.3Lubeck and Sutton, 1983Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.264 mm
CapillaryDB-160.909.8Lubeck and Sutton, 198360. m/0.259 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillarySE-3070.911.3Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-30100.921.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
CapillarySE-30130.929.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3080.915.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.920.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.926.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.932.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillarySqualane86.904.1Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.906.7Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.920.4Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.925.6Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.931.8Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySE-3080.915.5Albaigés and Guardino, 1980He; Column length: 64. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane80.900.3Albaigés and Guardino, 1980He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane100.907.Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980He, Chromaton N-AW-HMDS; Column length: 1. m
CapillarySqualane86.903.4Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.903.9Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.904.1Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.904.1Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.906.7Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.908.Engewald and Wennrich, 1976N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
PackedSqualane100.939.Evans and Newton, 1976N2, Chromosorb G; Column length: 2. m
PackedSqualane100.939.Evans and Newton, 1976N2, Chromosorb G; Column length: 2. m
PackedSqualane100.939.Evans and Newton, 1976N2, Chromosorb G; Column length: 2. m
CapillarySqualane100.902.Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.902.Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane80.901.00Soják and Rijks, 1976H2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-30110.922.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
PackedSE-30120.927.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
PackedSE-30130.930.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
PackedSE-30140.932.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
CapillarySE-30130.929.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 6.1 m; Column diameter: 3.18 mm
CapillarySE-30140.932.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 6.1 m; Column diameter: 3.18 mm
CapillarySE-30150.935.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 6.1 m; Column diameter: 3.18 mm
CapillarySE-30160.937.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 6.1 m; Column diameter: 3.18 mm
CapillarySE-30170.940.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 6.1 m; Column diameter: 3.18 mm
CapillarySE-3065.910.1Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.910.1Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.910.1Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.910.1Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.910.1Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.910.1Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySqualane100.908.0Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974He; Column length: 10.5 m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)35.905.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)45.908.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)50.911.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)58.913.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)68.916.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
PackedApiezon L100.915.Wagaman and Smith, 1971CH4; Column length: 3. m
CapillarySqualane80.903.1Wallaert, 1971Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane115.910.8Soják and Bucinská, 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySqualane86.903.5Soják and Bucinská, 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
PackedApiezon L100.932.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L120.940.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L140.947.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L80.924.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedSqualane120.909.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedSqualane140.915.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5932.Buchin, Salmon, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-5925.1Wang, Fingas, et al., 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-54917.Rembold, Wallner, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 12. min, 12. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101909.Hayes and Pitzer, 1982110. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryApiezon L927.Louis, 1971N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-1911.Borse, Jagan Mohan Rao, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 2C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 220C (7min)
CapillaryPetrocol DH-100912.2Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)
CapillaryDB-1912.Hoekman, 199360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He; Program: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min
CapillarySqualane910.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M150.1158.Egazaryants and Maximov, 1998He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryPEG-20M70.1176.9Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M115.1202.1Ellis and Still, 1979Chromosorb G
PackedCarbowax 20M115.1203.6Ellis and Still, 1979Chromosorb G
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.1169.8Engewald and Wennrich, 1976N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1154.9Döring, Estel, et al., 1974Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
PackedPEG-2000152.1232.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000179.1236.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000100.1198.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000120.1205.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000140.1213.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 400080.1191.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS927.Elmore, Cooper, et al., 20050. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH914.3Censullo, Jones, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5919.4Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5922.2Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5923.6Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-1906.9Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryDB-5930.3Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5929.Couladis, Tsortanidou, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 380. C
CapillaryHP-5926.Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryOV-101910.8Yin, Liu, et al., 2001N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 130. C
CapillarySE-54928.7Kivi-Etelätalo, Kostiainen, et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryPONA907.2Martos, Saraullo, et al., 199750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 0.5 min, 1. K/min, 220. C @ 8. min
CapillaryPONA907.9Martos, Saraullo, et al., 199750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 0.5 min, 1. K/min, 220. C @ 8. min
CapillaryDB-5919.4Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5922.2Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5923.6Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-1913.Peng, Hua, et al., 199230. m/0.32 mm/1.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 4. min, 8. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH909.43White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH909.62White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH910.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryUltra-2934.3Akporhonor, le Vent, et al., 199025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 15. K/min; Tstart: 60.01 C
CapillaryUltra-2929.2Akporhonor, le Vent, et al., 199025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60.01 C
CapillaryUltra-2931.6Akporhonor, le Vent, et al., 199025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 7. K/min; Tstart: 60.01 C
CapillaryUltra-2946.5Akporhonor, le Vent, et al., 199025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 15. K/min; Tstart: 120.01 C
CapillaryUltra-2941.6Akporhonor, le Vent, et al., 199025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 120.01 C
CapillaryUltra-2944.9Akporhonor, le Vent, et al., 199025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 7. K/min; Tstart: 120.01 C
CapillaryDB-5920.Morinaga, Hara, et al., 199015. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 90. C
CapillarySE-54914.9Shapi and Hesso, 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 15. min
CapillaryUltra-1909.07Steward and Pitzer, 198850. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-1910.7Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1906.Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1905.1Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 30. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySE-30911.3Krupcík, Repka, et al., 198760. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 1. K/min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryOV-101909.Hayes and Pitzer, 1981108. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB925.Oruna-Concha, Bakker, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone936.10Hassoun, Pilling, et al., 199950. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -50C(2min) => 49.9C/min => 35C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C(2min) => 40C/min => 240C(30min)
CapillaryDB-1910.Mattinen, Tuominen, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 210C(30min)
PackedSE-30923.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1161.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySupelcowax-101182.Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCarbowax1192.3Censullo, Jones, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101177.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1181.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1166.Peng, Hua, et al., 199230. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 4. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.932.Chen and Feng, 2006 
CapillaryOV-101100.918.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 199550. m/0.30 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryOV-101100.919.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 199550. m/0.30 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryOV-101100.920.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 199550. m/0.30 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryOV-101100.920.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 199550. m/0.30 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryOV-101100.920.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 199550. m/0.30 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryOV-101100.920.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.920.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.925.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.926.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-10132.903.Blazso, Ujszaszi, et al., 1980Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillaryOV-10180.917.Blazso, Ujszaszi, et al., 1980Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillarySqualane95.4903.Sojak and Vigdergauz, 1978H2
CapillarySqualane110.910.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedDC-400150.950.Anderson, 1968Helium, Gas-Pak (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3.0 m
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane110.925.Ferrand, 1962 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB916.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryHP-5 MS922.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH912.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryVF-5 MS923.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS926.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryPONA915.Zhang, Ding, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-5929.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryRSL-200932.Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1915.Palá-Paúl, Velasco-Negueruela, et al., 200450. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5923.Tellez, Khan, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5956.Bos, Koulman, et al., 200230. m/0.249 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-5MS954.Damon, Hernández, et al., 2002He, 50. C @ 2. min, 15. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryHP-5925.Isidorov and Jdanova, 20023. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5927.Kobaisy, Tellez, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySPB-5926.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryBP-1919.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1956.Koulman, 199925. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryOV-1912.Orav, Kailas, et al., 19992. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryOV-101908.Orav, Kailas, et al., 1999, 250. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 6. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 100. C
CapillaryHP-5930.7Wang and Fingas, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillarySP-2100926.Fischer and Kusch, 1993He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-1916.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB906.Hartgers, Damste, et al., 199225. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 320. C @ 10. min
CapillaryOV-101938.Zenkevich and Ventura, 1991Helium, 50. C @ 0. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 0. min; Column length: 54. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm
CapillaryDB-1961.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-30910.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
PackedApiezon L915.Dahlmann, Köser, et al., 1979Chromosorb G-AW-DMCS, 10. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 25. C
CapillarySF-96916.Donetzhuber, Johansson, et al., 1976Nitrogen, 3. K/min, 130. C @ 40. min; Column length: 111. m; Column diameter: 0.76 mm; Initial hold: 8. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS914.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups924.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups927.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS931.Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (0.75 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C 30 0C/min -> 245 0C (1.25 min)
CapillaryDB-5919.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5919.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5919.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5919.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5919.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5919.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5919.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5919.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5920.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5922.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5922.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5923.Pellicer, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone920.Blunden, Aneja, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
CapillaryOV-101920.Zhu and Wang, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1909.Zhu and Wang, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone914.Zenkevich, 1999Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1925.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone914.Zenkevich and Tsibulskaya, 1997Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1923.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)
CapillarySE-30911.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30920.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5919.Sorimachi, Tanabe, et al., 1995He; Column length: 30. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone914.Zenkevich, 1995Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1908.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101919.Dimov, Osman, et al., 1994Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1908.Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 199360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
CapillaryDB-1912.Hathcock and Bertsch, 1993100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1925.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1905.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySqualane907.5Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52933.van Langenhove and Schamp, 1986Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.906.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.913.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.915.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.921.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1905.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone919.Bonchev, Mekenjan, et al., 1979Program: not specified
PackedSE-30929.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 6.1 m; Program: 50C910min) => 20C/min => 90(6min) => 10C/min => 150C(hold)
PackedSqualane904.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m; Program: 25C(5min) => 2C/min => 35 => 4C/min => 95C(hold)
PackedSE-30929.Robinson and Odell, 1971, 2Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m; Program: 50C(10min) => 20C/min(2min) => 90C(6min) => 10C/min(6min) => (hold at 150C)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPEG-40M100.1186.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M100.1189.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M120.1200.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M140.1211.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M160.1225.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M60.1169.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M80.1179.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1155.Sutter, Peterson, et al., 1997 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1168.Feng, Zhuang, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryBP-201185.Rawat, Gulati, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1168.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1172.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1150.Herain, MRAVEC, et al., 199170. C @ 21. min, 5. K/min, 150. C @ 999. min

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1171.Feng, Zhuang, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryInnowax FSC1183.Baser K.H.C., Ozek G., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1155.Ivanciuc, Ivanciuc, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1182.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 4 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min)
CapillaryPEG-20M1177.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1182.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1164.Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.1161.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1162.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5134.Shao, Wang, et al., 200630. m/0.3 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Chen, Liang, et al., 2001
Chen, J.P.; Liang, X.M.; Zhang, Q.; Zhang, L.F., Prediction of GC retention values under various column temperature conditions from temperature programmed data, Chromatographia, 2001, 53, 9/10, 539-547, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02491619 . [all data]

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Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 3, 160-165, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02271041 . [all data]

Bredael, 1982
Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1982, 5, 6, 325-328, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240050610 . [all data]

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Soják and Rijks, 1976
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Notes

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