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9H-Carbazole, 9-ethyl-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas40.56 ± 0.62kcal/molCcbJimenez, Roux, et al., 1990 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid16.9 ± 0.62kcal/molCcbJimenez, Roux, et al., 1990ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-1777.6 ± 0.43kcal/molCcbJimenez, Roux, et al., 1990ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
56.93298.15Jimenez, Roux, et al., 1990DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus344.KN/ALopatinskii, Sirotkina, et al., 1964Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
Tfus341.KN/AAdkins and Coonradt, 1941Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Tfus340.65KN/AVon Auwers and Kraul, 1925Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tfus340.65KN/ABurton and Gibson, 1924Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub23.7 ± 0.07kcal/molVJimenez, Roux, et al., 1990ALS
Deltasub23.7kcal/molN/AJimenez, Roux, et al., 1990DRB
Deltasub23.7 ± 0.07kcal/molMEJimenez, Roux, et al., 1990AC

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
23.5 ± 0.07319.MEJimenez, Roux, et al., 1990Based on data from 310. - 329. K.; AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner SRD/NIST
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin EPA-IR VAPOR PHASE LIBRARY
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-2424
NIST MS number 229740

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Chen, et al., 1971
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 16012
Instrument Cary 11
Melting point 247-248

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedPEG-20M170.2722.Tibor and Anna, 1971N2, Chromosorb W-AW; Column length: 2. m
PackedPEG-20M190.2769.Tibor and Anna, 1971N2, Chromosorb W-AW; Column length: 2. m

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-52313.97Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.3 mm/0.34 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Jimenez, Roux, et al., 1990
Jimenez, P.; Roux, M.V.; Turrion, C., Thermochemical properties of N-heterocyclic compounds. III. Enthalpies of combustion, vapour pressures and enthalpies of sublimation, and enthalpies of formation of 9H-carbazole, 9-methylcarbazole, and 9-ethylcarbazole, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1990, 22, 721-726. [all data]

Lopatinskii, Sirotkina, et al., 1964
Lopatinskii, V.P.; Sirotkina, E.E.; Sukhoroslava, M.M., N-Alkylcarbazoles, Metody Poluch. Khim. Reak. Prep., 1964, 1964, No. 11, 69-72. [all data]

Adkins and Coonradt, 1941
Adkins, H.; Coonradt, H.L., The Selective Hydrogenation of Derivatives of Pyrrole, Indole, Carbazole and Acridine, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1941, 63, 1563-70. [all data]

Von Auwers and Kraul, 1925
Von Auwers, K.; Kraul, R., The Spectrochemistry of Compounds Containing Nitrogen., Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1925, 116, 438. [all data]

Burton and Gibson, 1924
Burton, H.; Gibson, C.S., New method for the preparation of 9-carbazoles, J. Chem. Soc., 1924, 125, 2501. [all data]

Chen, et al., 1971
Chen, H.J., et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1971, 93, 5102. [all data]

Tibor and Anna, 1971
Tibor, T.; Anna, B., Gázkromatográfiás retenció és a kémiai szerkezet, I., Magy. Kem. Foly., 1971, 77, 576-587. [all data]

Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 1979
Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 1979, 51, 6, 768-773, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac50042a043 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References