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2-Butanol

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-293.1kJ/molN/AChao and Rossini, 1965Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -342.7±0.6 kj/mol from Chao and Rossini, 1965 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 49.6 kj/mol from Skinner and Snelson, 1960.; DRB
Deltafgas-293. ± 1.5kJ/molCcbSkinner and Snelson, 1960ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas355.37J/mol*KN/AChao J., 1986p=1 bar. Other third-law value of entropy at 298.15 K is 357.2 J/mol*K [ Andon R.J.L., 1971]. The value of S(298.15 K)=358.5 J/mol*K was obtained from equilibrium studies [ Buckley E., 1965].; GT

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
41.8750.Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997p=1 bar. Calculated entropy at 298.15 K is 4.1 J/mol*K higher than the third-law value. Authors [ Chao J., 1986] believe that this is greater than the expected experimental uncertainty and reflects the approximations made in the calculated value. However, it should be noted that other experimental values of S(298.15 K), 357.2 [ Andon R.J.L., 1971] and 358.5 J/mol*K [ Buckley E., 1965], are in better agreement with calculated value. Selected S(T) and Cp(T) values agree with other statistically calculated values [62BER/MCC] within 1 J/mol*K. Values calculated by [ Rodionov P.P., 1969] are up to 9 and 11 J/mol*K lower than selected ones fo Cp(T) and S(T) values, respectively. Please also see Chao J., 1986.; GT
59.06100.
74.17150.
86.94200.
105.90273.15
112.74 ± 0.17298.15
113.25300.
140.74400.
165.63500.
186.83600.
204.82700.
220.27800.
233.65900.
245.301000.
255.451100.
264.301200.
272.031300.
278.771400.
284.661500.
296.41750.
304.92000.
311.22250.
315.92500.
319.42750.
322.13000.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
131.71 ± 0.40365.15Stromsoe E., 1970Ideal gas heat capacities are given by [ Stromsoe E., 1970] as a linear function Cp=f1*(a+bT). This expression approximates the experimental values with the average deviation of 0.67 J/mol*K. The accuracy of the experimental heat capacities [ Stromsoe E., 1970] is estimated as less than 0.3%. Please also see Berman N.S., 1962.; GT
137.87 ± 0.67380.95
136.52 ± 0.41383.15
139.10 ± 0.67386.25
140.85 ± 0.67393.75
141.46 ± 0.42401.15
143.50 ± 0.67405.15
143.74 ± 0.67406.15
146.32 ± 0.67417.25
146.23 ± 0.44419.15
150.96 ± 0.45437.15
151.79 ± 0.67440.75
155.64 ± 0.47455.15
158.81 ± 0.67470.85
169.31 ± 0.67515.95
179.65 ± 0.67560.35
184.89 ± 0.67582.85

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-342.7 ± 0.59kJ/molCcbChao and Rossini, 1965see Rossini, 1934; ALS
Deltafliquid-342.6 ± 0.92kJ/molCcbSkinner and Snelson, 1960ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-2660.6 ± 0.54kJ/molCcbChao and Rossini, 1965see Rossini, 1934; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -342.6 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-2660.6 ± 0.92kJ/molCcbSkinner and Snelson, 1960Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -342.5 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid213.1J/mol*KN/AAndon, Connett, et al., 1971DH
liquid214.7J/mol*KN/AAndon, Connett, et al., 1971DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
197.1298.15N/ADH
198.03298.15Okano, Ogawa, et al., 1988DH
196.67298.15Piekarski and Somsen, 1988DH
199.2298.Conti, Gianni, et al., 1976DH
197.4298.15Andon, Connett, et al., 1971T = 11 to 350 K.; DH
196.8298.15Andon, Connett, et al., 1971T = 11 to 350 K.; DH
184.9281.7Parks, Thomas, et al., 1936T = 103 to 282 K. Glass at lower temperature. Unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil372. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 70 out of 72 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus158.45KN/AAnonymous, 1968TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple184.73KN/AWilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
Ttriple184.70KN/AAndon, Connett, et al., 1971, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc536. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc42.0 ± 0.2barAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.269l/molN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc3.72 ± 0.02mol/lN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
rhoc3.72mol/lN/ATeja, Lee, et al., 1989TRC
rhoc3.717mol/lN/AAmbrose and Townsend, 1963TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap48. ± 5.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
40.75372.7N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
48.8330.EBGierycz, Kosowski, et al., 2009Based on data from 315. - 371. K.; AC
46.2335.N/AMartínez, Lladosa, et al., 2009Based on data from 320. - 379. K.; AC
47.7321.N/ADejoz, Cruz Burguet, et al., 1995Based on data from 306. - 373. K.; AC
49.3318.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 303. - 403. K.; AC
43.2370.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 359. - 381. K.; AC
47.9387.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 372. - 524. K.; AC
57.5225.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 210. - 303. K.; AC
43.2369.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 359. - 380. K.; AC
42.383.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 368. - 404. K.; AC
39.6410.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 395. - 485. K.; AC
35.491.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 476. - 536. K.; AC
44.7355.EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 340. - 379. K. See also Berman and McKetta, 1962 and Ambrose, Counsell, et al., 1970.; AC
47.8322.N/ASachek, Peshchenko, et al., 1982Based on data from 307. - 373. K.; AC
53.2308.N/ADi Cave, Chianese, et al., 1978Based on data from 293. - 380. K.; AC
44.1334.N/ABrazhnikov, Andreevskii, et al., 1975Based on data from 319. - 372. K.; AC
50.2295.N/ACabani, Conti, et al., 1975Based on data from 280. - 314. K.; AC
48.1313.N/AWilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973Based on data from 298. - 393. K.; AC
46.3338.N/ABrown, Fock, et al., 1969Based on data from 323. - 373. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
44.1360.EBBiddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963Based on data from 345. - 381. K.; AC
45.3 ± 0.1340.CBerman and McKetta, 1962AC
43.3 ± 0.1355.CBerman and McKetta, 1962AC
41.9 ± 0.1365.CBerman and McKetta, 1962AC
40.8 ± 0.1372.CBerman and McKetta, 1962AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-αTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) 298. - 372.
A (kJ/mol) 52.6
alpha -1.462
beta 1.0701
Tc (K) 536.
ReferenceMajer and Svoboda, 1985

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
422.11 - 535.94.198271094.254-111.603Ambrose and Townsend, 1963, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
345.54 - 380.304.329431158.672-104.683Biddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
6.000177.38Andon, Connett, et al., 1971DH
5.970184.70Andon, Connett, et al., 1971DH
5.97184.7Andon, Connett, et al., 1971, 3AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
33.83177.38Andon, Connett, et al., 1971DH
32.32184.70Andon, Connett, et al., 1971DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C4H9O- + Hydrogen cation = 2-Butanol

By formula: C4H9O- + H+ = C4H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1565. ± 8.4kJ/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1566. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSTaft, 1987gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1565. ± 12.kJ/molG+TSBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1538. ± 8.8kJ/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1538. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRETaft, 1987gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1538. ± 11.kJ/molCIDCBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Hydrogen + 2-Butanone = 2-Butanol

By formula: H2 + C4H8O = C4H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-54.18kJ/molEqkBuckley and Herington, 1965gas phase; ALS
Deltar-54.3 ± 0.4kJ/molChydDolliver, Gresham, et al., 1938gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -55.2 ± 0.4 kJ/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

2-Butanol = Hydrogen + 2-Butanone

By formula: C4H10O = H2 + C4H8O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar54.22kJ/molEqkCubberley and Mueller, 1946gas phase; ALS
Deltar57.170kJ/molEqkKolb and Burwell, 1945gas phase; ALS

1-Propene, 2-methyl- + 2-Butanol = 2-(tert-butoxy)butane

By formula: C4H8 + C4H10O = C8H18O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-37.7 ± 2.4kJ/molEqkSharonov, Mishentseva, et al., 1991liquid phase; ALS

Ketene + 2-Butanol = sec-Butyl acetate

By formula: C2H2O + C4H10O = C6H12O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-144.5kJ/molCmRice and Greenberg, 1934liquid phase; ALS

Sodium ion (1+) + 2-Butanol = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 2-Butanol)

By formula: Na+ + C4H10O = (Na+ bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar117. ± 5.0kJ/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 1999RCD

Lithium ion (1+) + 2-Butanol = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet 2-Butanol)

By formula: Li+ + C4H10O = (Li+ bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar174. ± 9.2kJ/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
110.7300.MN/A
97. MButler, Ramchandani, et al., 1935
97. VButler, Ramchandani, et al., 1935

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.88 ± 0.03eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)815.kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity784.6kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.88 ± 0.03PIPECOShao, Baer, et al., 1988LL
9.88 ± 0.07EIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM
9.88EIHolmes, Burgers, et al., 1982LBLHLM
9.88EIHolmes, Fingas, et al., 1981LLK
10.23PEBenoit and Harrison, 1977Vertical value; LLK
10.35 ± 0.03PEPeel and Willett, 1975Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CH3O+12.2 ± 0.1C2H4+CH3EIBurgers and Holmes, 1982LBLHLM
CH3O+12.40?EIHolmes, Rye, et al., 1979LLK
CH3O+12.5?EIHarrison, Ivko, et al., 1966RDSH
C2H4O+10.05 ± 0.02C2H6PIPECOShao, Baer, et al., 1988LL
C2H4O+10.12C2H6EIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM
C2H4O+10.12C2H6EIHolmes, Burgers, et al., 1982LBLHLM
C2H5O+10.20 ± 0.02C2H5PIPECOShao, Baer, et al., 1988LL
C2H5O+10.22C2H5EIHolmes, Lossing, et al., 1988LL
C2H5O+10.22 ± 0.08C2H5EIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM
C2H5O+10.18C2H5EIHolmes, Burgers, et al., 1982LBLHLM
C2H5O+10.22C2H5EILossing, 1977LLK
C2H5O+10.4C2H5EIHarrison, Ivko, et al., 1966RDSH
C3H5+12.0 ± 0.1CH3+H2OEIBurgers and Holmes, 1982LBLHLM
C3H6O+10.22CH4EIHolmes, Burgers, et al., 1982LBLHLM
C3H7O+10.14 ± 0.02CH3PIPECOShao, Baer, et al., 1988LL
C3H7O+10.18 ± 0.08CH3EIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM
C3H7O+10.24CH3EIHolmes, Burgers, et al., 1982LBLHLM
C3H7O+10.18CH3EILossing, 1977LLK
C3H7O+10.7CH3EIHarrison, Ivko, et al., 1966RDSH
C3H8O+10.22CH4EIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM

De-protonation reactions

C4H9O- + Hydrogen cation = 2-Butanol

By formula: C4H9O- + H+ = C4H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1565. ± 8.4kJ/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1566. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSTaft, 1987gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1565. ± 12.kJ/molG+TSBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1538. ± 8.8kJ/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1538. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRETaft, 1987gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1538. ± 11.kJ/molCIDCBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Lithium ion (1+) + 2-Butanol = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet 2-Butanol)

By formula: Li+ + C4H10O = (Li+ bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar174. ± 9.2kJ/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000 

Sodium ion (1+) + 2-Butanol = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 2-Butanol)

By formula: Na+ + C4H10O = (Na+ bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar117. ± 5.0kJ/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 1999 

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin R.A.FRIEDEL BUREAU OF MINES U.S.DEPT.OF INT.BRUCETON PA U.S.A.
NIST MS number 19165

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-3060.605.Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989 
CapillarySE-3080.577.Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989 
PackedSqualane80.555.Fernández-Sánchez, García-Domínguez, et al., 1987H2
CapillarySE-3060.605.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3080.577.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3060.605.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3080.577.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
PackedSE-30150.585.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30100.586.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
PackedPorapack Q200.569.Goebel, 1982N2
PackedSE-30150.570.Haken, Nguyen, et al., 1979Celatom AW silanized; Column length: 3.7 m
PackedApiezon L120.565.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.565.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L70.563.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
PackedSE-30100.586.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30120.584.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30140.586.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedApiezon M130.571.Golovnya and Garbuzov, 1974N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.1 m
PackedApiezon L100.582.Wagaman and Smith, 1971CH4; Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane50.567.Mira and Sanchez, 1970Chromosorb G
PackedSE-30100.590.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m
PackedApiezon L130.553.von Kováts, 1958Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis)
PackedApiezon L70.563.von Kováts, 1958Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis)

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-1576.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-54612.Rembold, Wallner, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 12. min, 12. K/min; Tend: 250. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-351100.1048.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35160.1038.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35180.1036.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351100.1048.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35160.1038.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35180.1036.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M75.1057.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedPEG-2000120.1022.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000150.1020.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000152.1055.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000179.1038.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000180.992.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000200.1031.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1014.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000100.1041.Bonastre and Grenier, 1968Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000120.1022.Bonastre and Grenier, 1968Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000140.1015.Bonastre and Grenier, 1968Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 400080.1036.Bonastre and Grenier, 1968Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-201024.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1030.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1030.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1037.Umano, Shoji, et al., 1986N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-5603.Engel and Ratel, 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS602.Elmore, Cooper, et al., 20050. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS591.Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH600.6Censullo, Jones, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH602.2Censullo, Jones, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB565.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-5603.0Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-1586.Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 13. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB565.Pino and Marbot, 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillarySPB-5606.Verdier-Metz., Coulon, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-1585.Bartelt, 199730. m/0.32 mm/5. «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 270. C
CapillarySE-30594.Korhonen, 19846. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 50. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1585.Place, Imhof, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 10C/min => 45C (5min) => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
PackedSE-30587.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax1022.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1030.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1021.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-3511000.Bonvehí, 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101022.Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1044.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1053.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1019.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 1.8 K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCarbowax1039.4Censullo, Jones, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryAT-Wax992.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax994.Pino and Marbot, 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101027.Chung, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101027.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1027.Cha, Kim, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryFFAP1049.Ott, Fay, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1041.Shimoda, Peralta, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1022.Shimoda, Wu, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1009.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101034.Chung and Cadwallader, 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1016.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1019.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1000.Schwab, Mahr, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-3511015.Korhonen, 19846. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101031.Bianchi, Cantoni, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 220C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101035.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101039.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101031.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101029.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1012.Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax1016.Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 200160. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (1min) => 3C/min => 170C => 4C/min => 200C (20min)
CapillaryFFAP1015.Yasuhara, 198750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C (5min) => 2C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 210C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30100.586.Zhou and Wu, 2007Column length: 1. m
PackedSynachrom150.570.Dufka, Malinsky, et al., 1971Helium, Synachrom (60-80 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m
PackedSynachrom150.572.Dufka, Malinsky, et al., 1971Helium, Synachrom (60-80 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB593.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryPetrocol DH595.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryVF-5 MS596.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS598.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillarySPB-5605.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5598.Isidorov, Purzynska, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5609.0Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryMDN-5601.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryOV-101587.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone587.64Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-101591.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1596.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101603.del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984He, 0. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillarySE-30628.Alves and Jennings, 1979Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5610.Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (2 min) 2 0Cmin -> 60 0C 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 20 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (10 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone586.Chen and Feng, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone586.Kou, Zhang, et al., 2006Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5597.Thierry, Maillard, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone586.Fu and Wang, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30591.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5602.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane582.Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane589.Spanier, Shahidi, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-1613.Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes596.Zenkevich, 1998Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1585.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryDB-5608.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillarySPB-1585.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1624.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB601.Weller and Wolf, 198940. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 120 0C
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.586.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax60.1045.Shimadzu, 2003, 250. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-FFAP1029.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 999925. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryAT-Wax1019.Kiss, Csoka, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1028.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1027.Beck, Higbee, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1032.Beck, Higbee, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1020.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1022.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1022.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryStabilwax998.Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryStabilwax998.Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2005, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryInnowax1017.Joichi, Yomogida, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1045.Qian and Wang, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 235. C @ 30. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1022.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1030.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1030.Yanagimoto, Ochi, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1046.Alves and Franco, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-FFAP1029.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax988.Fu, Yoon, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1000.Osorio, Duque, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax980.Osorio, Duque, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-FFAP1000.Qian and Reineccius, 200225. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 60. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1022.Suhardi, Suzuki, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1022.Umano, Hagi, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1026.Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1001.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1000.Hwan and Chou, 199950. m/0.32 mm/0.22 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 190. C @ 21. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1031.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1012.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1013.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Wax 52 CB1048.Povolo, Cabassi, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax1031.Xiao, Dai, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1047.Kadar, Juan-Borras, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 190 0C (11 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (8 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101044.Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200950. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1019.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1019.Beck, Higbee, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1025.Beck, Higbee, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax 101044.Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101035.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101039.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1025.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1000.Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 200150. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 220C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1005.Luning, de Rijk, et al., 199450. m/0.32 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1031.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1014.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Biddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963, 2
Biddiscombe, D.P.; Collerson, R.R.; Handley, R.; Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F.; Sprake, C.H.S., Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Oxygen Compounds. Part 8. Purification and Vapor Pressures of the Propyl and Butyl Alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 1954-1957, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630001954 . [all data]

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Lossing, 1977
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Fernández-Sánchez, García-Domínguez, et al., 1987
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Haken and Korhonen, 1985
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Winskowski, 1983
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Goebel, 1982
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Pías and Gascó, 1975
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Wagaman and Smith, 1971
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Notes

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