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Silane, trimethyl-


Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil282.KN/APCR Inc., 1990BS
Tboil283.KN/ATaylor and Walten, 1944Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C3H9Si- + Hydrogen cation = Silane, trimethyl-

By formula: C3H9Si- + H+ = C3H10Si

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1614. ± 9.2kJ/molD-EAWetzel, Salomon, et al., 1989gas phase
Deltar1607. ± 17.kJ/molG+TSDamrauer, Kass, et al., 1988gas phase; Between furan and methanol.
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1584. ± 9.6kJ/molH-TSWetzel, Salomon, et al., 1989gas phase
Deltar1577. ± 17.kJ/molIMRBDamrauer, Kass, et al., 1988gas phase; Between furan and methanol.
Deltar1565. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBGrimm and Bartmess, 1992gas phase
Deltar>1569. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBWetzel, Salomon, et al., 1989gas phase

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.9PEPotzinger, Ritter, et al., 1975LLK
10.11PIConnor, Haszeldine, et al., 1967RDSH
9.8 ± 0.3EIHobrock and Kiser, 1962Personal communication from R.M. Reese and V.H. Dibeler; RDSH
10.8PERoberge, Sandorfy, et al., 1978Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CHSi+11.7 ± 0.5?EIHobrock and Kiser, 1962Personal communication from R.M. Reese and V.H. Dibeler; RDSH
CH2Si+10.6 ± 0.3?EIHobrock and Kiser, 1962Personal communication from R.M. Reese and V.H. Dibeler; RDSH
CH3+14.8 ± 0.5?EIHobrock and Kiser, 1962Personal communication from R.M. Reese and V.H. Dibeler; RDSH
CH3Si+13.40 ± 0.10?EIPotzinger and Lampe, 1970RDSH
CH3Si+12.4 ± 0.3?EIHobrock and Kiser, 1962Personal communication from R.M. Reese and V.H. Dibeler; RDSH
CH4Si+11.0 ± 0.3?EIHobrock and Kiser, 1962Personal communication from R.M. Reese and V.H. Dibeler; RDSH
CH5Si+12.8 ± 0.5?EIHobrock and Kiser, 1962Personal communication from R.M. Reese and V.H. Dibeler; RDSH
C2H3+15.3 ± 0.5?EIHobrock and Kiser, 1962Personal communication from R.M. Reese and V.H. Dibeler; RDSH
C2H6Si+10.03 ± 0.05CH4PIShin, Corderman, et al., 1990LL
C2H6Si+10.5 ± 0.1CH4EIPotzinger, Ritter, et al., 1975LLK
C2H6Si+10.50 ± 0.05?EIPotzinger and Lampe, 1970RDSH
C2H6Si+10.3 ± 0.2?EIHobrock and Kiser, 1962Personal communication from R.M. Reese and V.H. Dibeler; RDSH
C2H7Si+10.71 ± 0.05CH3PIShin, Corderman, et al., 1990LL
C2H7Si+10.9 ± 0.1CH3EIPotzinger, Ritter, et al., 1975LLK
C2H7Si+10.91 ± 0.05CH3EIPotzinger and Lampe, 1970RDSH
C2H7Si+11.70 ± 0.06CH3EIHess, Lampe, et al., 1965RDSH
C3H9Si+10.24 ± 0.05HPIShin, Corderman, et al., 1990LL
C3H9Si+10.5 ± 0.1HEIPotzinger, Ritter, et al., 1975LLK
C3H9Si+10.52 ± 0.05HEIPotzinger and Lampe, 1970RDSH
C3H9Si+10.6 ± 0.1HEIBand, Davidson, et al., Commun. 1967RDSH
C3H9Si+10.7 ± 0.1HEIConnor, Finney, et al., 1966RDSH
C3H9Si+10.78 ± 0.07HEIHess, Lampe, et al., 1964RDSH
SiH+14.2 ± 0.2?EIHobrock and Kiser, 1962Personal communication from R.M. Reese and V.H. Dibeler; RDSH
SiH3+14.3 ± 0.5?EIHobrock and Kiser, 1962Personal communication from R.M. Reese and V.H. Dibeler; RDSH
Si+13.7 ± 0.3?EIHobrock and Kiser, 1962Personal communication from R.M. Reese and V.H. Dibeler; RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C3H9Si- + Hydrogen cation = Silane, trimethyl-

By formula: C3H9Si- + H+ = C3H10Si

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1614. ± 9.2kJ/molD-EAWetzel, Salomon, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar1607. ± 17.kJ/molG+TSDamrauer, Kass, et al., 1988gas phase; Between furan and methanol.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1584. ± 9.6kJ/molH-TSWetzel, Salomon, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar1577. ± 17.kJ/molIMRBDamrauer, Kass, et al., 1988gas phase; Between furan and methanol.; B
Deltar1565. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBGrimm and Bartmess, 1992gas phase; B
Deltar>1569. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBWetzel, Salomon, et al., 1989gas phase; B

Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin R.W.CRAWFORD UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA, LIVERMORE, CALIFORNIA, USA
NIST MS number 19189

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101408.Zenkevich, 200525. m/0.20 mm/0.10 «mu»m, N2/He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySqualane377.Szekely, Nefedov, et al., 1967Nitrogen, 5. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

PCR Inc., 1990
PCR Inc., Research Chemicals Catalog 1990-1991, PCR Inc., Gainesville, FL, 1990, 1. [all data]

Taylor and Walten, 1944
Taylor, A.G.; Walten, B.V.D.G., Trimethyl silane and trimethyl silicon chloride, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1944, 66, 842-843. [all data]

Wetzel, Salomon, et al., 1989
Wetzel, D.M.; Salomon, K.E.; Berger, S.; Brauman, J.I., Gas-Phase Acidities of Organosilanes and Electron Affinities of Organosilyl Radicals, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 11, 3835, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00193a013 . [all data]

Damrauer, Kass, et al., 1988
Damrauer, R.; Kass, S.R.; DePuy, C.H., Gas-Phase Acidities of Methylsilanes: C-H versus Si-H, Organomet., 1988, 7, 3, 637, https://doi.org/10.1021/om00093a011 . [all data]

Grimm and Bartmess, 1992
Grimm, D.T.; Bartmess, J.E., The Intrinsic (Gas Phase) Basicity of some Anions Commonly Used in Condensed-Phase Synthesis, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1992, 114, 4, 1227, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00030a016 . [all data]

Potzinger, Ritter, et al., 1975
Potzinger, P.; Ritter, A.; Krause, J., Massenspektrometrische Bestimmung von Bindungsenergien in siliciumorganischen Verbindungen, Z. Naturforsch. A:, 1975, 30, 347. [all data]

Connor, Haszeldine, et al., 1967
Connor, J.A.; Haszeldine, R.N.; Leigh, G.J.; Sedgwick, R.D., Organosilicon chemistry. Part II. The thermal decomposition of hexamethyldisilane, the Me3Si-SiMe3 bond dissociation energy, and the ionisation potential of the trimethylsilyl radical, J. Chem. Soc. A, 1967, 768. [all data]

Hobrock and Kiser, 1962
Hobrock, B.G.; Kiser, R.W., Electron impact spectroscopy of tetramethylgermanium, trimethylsilane, and dimethylmercury, J. Phys. Chem., 1962, 66, 155. [all data]

Roberge, Sandorfy, et al., 1978
Roberge, R.; Sandorfy, C.; Matthews, J.I.; Strausz, O.P., The far ultraviolet HeI photoelectron spectra of alkyl and fluorine substituted silane derivatives, J. Chem. Phys., 1978, 69, 5105. [all data]

Potzinger and Lampe, 1970
Potzinger, P.; Lampe, F.W., Thermochemistry of simple alkylsilanes, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 719. [all data]

Shin, Corderman, et al., 1990
Shin, S.K.; Corderman, R.R.; Beauchamp, J.L., Photoionization mass spectrometric studies of the methylsilanes Si(CH3)nH4-n (n = 0-3), Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Processes, 1990, 101, 257. [all data]

Hess, Lampe, et al., 1965
Hess, G.G.; Lampe, F.W.; Sommer, L.H., An electron impact study of ionization and dissociation of trimethylsilanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1965, 87, 5327. [all data]

Band, Davidson, et al., Commun. 1967
Band, S.J.; Davidson, I.M.T.; Lambert, C.A.; Stephenson, I.L., Bond dissociation energies and heats of formation of trimethylsilyl compounds, Chem., Commun. 1967, 723. [all data]

Connor, Finney, et al., 1966
Connor, J.A.; Finney, G.; Leigh, G.J.; Haszeldine, R.N.; Robinson, P.J.; Sedgwick, R.D.; Simmons, R.F., Bond dissociation energies in organosilicon compounds, Chem. Commun., 1966, 178. [all data]

Hess, Lampe, et al., 1964
Hess, G.G.; Lampe, F.W.; Sommer, L.H., Bond dissociation energies and ion energetics in organosilicon compounds by electron impact, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1964, 86, 3174. [all data]

Zenkevich, 2005
Zenkevich, I.G., Experimentally measured retention indices., 2005. [all data]

Szekely, Nefedov, et al., 1967
Szekely, T.; Nefedov, O.M.; Garzo, G.; Shiryayav, V.I.; Fritz, D., Gas chromatographic investigation of the thermal decomposition of polydimethylsilylene, Acta Chim. Acad. Sci. Hung., 1967, 54, 3-4, 241-254. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References