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Carbon monoxide

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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to CO+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)14.014 ± 0.0003eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)594.kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998at C; HL
Proton affinity (review)426.3kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998at O; HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity562.8kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998at C; HL
Gas basicity402.2kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998at O; HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltaf(+) ion1241.kJ/molN/AN/A 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
DeltafH(+) ion,0K1238.kJ/molN/AN/A 

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
1.32608R-ARefaey and Franklin, 1976G3MP2B3 calculations indicate an EA of ca.-1.6 eV, anion unbound; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
14.0142 ± 0.0003LSErman, Karawajczyk, et al., 1993LL
14.1PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981LLK
14.014SFock, Gurtler, et al., 1980LLK
14.07 ± 0.05EIHille and Mark, 1978LLK
14.0PIRabalais, Debies, et al., 1974LLK
14.01PENatalis, 1973LLK
14.0139SOgawa and Ogawa, 1972LLK
14.01PEHotop and Niehaus, 1970RDSH
14.01PECollin and Natalis, 1969RDSH
14.00PETurner and May, 1966RDSH
14.013 ± 0.004SKrupenie, 1966RDSH
13.985PICook, Metzger, et al., 1965RDSH
14.01PEPotts and Williams, 1974Vertical value; LLK
14.01PEKatrib, Debies, et al., 1973Vertical value; LLK
14.0PEThomas, 1970Vertical value; RDSH

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C+20.94 ± 0.02O-PIOertel, Schenk, et al., 1980LLK
C+20.89O-(2P)EISmyth, Schiavone, et al., 1974LLK
C+20.88 ± 0.02O-EILocht and Momigny, 1971LLK
C+22.45 ± 0.10OEIHierl and Franklin, 1967RDSH
C+20.82 ± 0.05O-EIHierl and Franklin, 1967RDSH
C+22.57 ± 0.20OEIFineman and Petrocelli, 1961RDSH
C+20.89 ± 0.09O-EIFineman and Petrocelli, 1961RDSH
CO+19.5 ± 0.2O-?PIWeissler, Samson, et al., 1959RDSH
O+23.44C-EISmyth, Schiavone, et al., 1974LLK
O+23.20 ± 0.05C-EIHierl and Franklin, 1967RDSH
O+24.65 ± 0.05CEIHierl and Franklin, 1967RDSH
O+23.41 ± 0.17C-EIFineman and Petrocelli, 1961RDSH
O+24.78 ± 0.23CEIFineman and Petrocelli, 1961RDSH


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Refaey and Franklin, 1976
Refaey, K.M.A.; Franklin, J.L., Endoergic ion-molecule-collision processes of negative ions. III. Collisions of I- on O2, CO and CO2, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1976, 20, 19. [all data]

Erman, Karawajczyk, et al., 1993
Erman, P.; Karawajczyk, A.; Rachlew-Kallne, E.; Stromholm, C.; Larsson, J.; Persson, A.; Zerne, R., Direct determination of the ionization potential of CO by resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization mass spectrometry, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1993, 215, 173. [all data]

Kimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981
Kimura, K.; Katsumata, S.; Achiba, Y.; Yamazaki, T.; Iwata, S., Ionization energies, Ab initio assignments, and valence electronic structure for 200 molecules in Handbook of HeI Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds, Japan Scientific Soc. Press, Tokyo, 1981. [all data]

Fock, Gurtler, et al., 1980
Fock, J.-H.; Gurtler, P.; Koch, E.E., Molecular Rydberg transitions in carbon monoxide: term value/ionization energy correlation of BF, CO and N2., Chem. Phys., 1980, 47, 87. [all data]

Hille and Mark, 1978
Hille, E.; Mark, T.D., Cross section for single and double ionization of carbon monoxide by electron impact from threshold up to 180 eV, J. Chem. Phys., 1978, 69, 4600. [all data]

Rabalais, Debies, et al., 1974
Rabalais, J.W.; Debies, T.P.; Berkosky, J.L.; Huang, J.-T.J.; Ellison, F.O., Calculated photoionization cross sections relative experimental photoionization intensities for a selection of small molecules, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 516. [all data]

Natalis, 1973
Natalis, P., Contribution a la spectroscopie photoelectronique. Effets de l'autoionisation dans less spectres photoelectroniques de molecules diatomiques et triatomiques, Acad. R. Belg. Mem. Cl. Sci. Collect. 8, 1973, 41, 1. [all data]

Ogawa and Ogawa, 1972
Ogawa, M.; Ogawa, S., Absorption spectrum of CO in the Hopfield helium continuum region, 600-1020 A, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1972, 41, 393. [all data]

Hotop and Niehaus, 1970
Hotop, H.; Niehaus, A., Reactions of excited atoms and molecules with atoms and molecules. V.Comparison of Penning electron and photoelectron spectra of H2, N2 and CO, Intern. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1970, 5, 415. [all data]

Collin and Natalis, 1969
Collin, J.E.; Natalis, P., Ionic states and photon impact-enhanced vibrational excitation in diatomic molecules by photoelectron spectroscopy. Photoelectron spectra of N2, CO and O2, Intern. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1969, 2, 231. [all data]

Turner and May, 1966
Turner, D.W.; May, D.P., Franck-Condon factors in ionization: experimental measurement using molecular photoelectron spectroscopy, J. Chem. Phys., 1966, 45, 471. [all data]

Krupenie, 1966
Krupenie, P.H., The band spectrum of carbon monoxide, Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., Natl. Bur. Stand. NSRDS-NBS, 1966, 5. [all data]

Cook, Metzger, et al., 1965
Cook, G.R.; Metzger, P.H.; Ogawa, M., Photoionization and absorption coefficients of CO in the 600 to 1000 A region, Can. J. Phys., 1965, 43, 1706. [all data]

Potts and Williams, 1974
Potts, A.W.; Williams, T.A., The observation of "forbidden" transitions in He II photoelectron spectra, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1974, 3, 3. [all data]

Katrib, Debies, et al., 1973
Katrib, A.; Debies, T.P.; Colton, R.J.; Lee, T.H.; Rabalais, J.W., The use of differential photoionization cross sections as a function of excitation energy in assigning photoelectron spectra, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1973, 22, 196. [all data]

Thomas, 1970
Thomas, T.D., X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of carbon monoxide, J. Chem. Phys., 1970, 53, 1744. [all data]

Oertel, Schenk, et al., 1980
Oertel, H.; Schenk, H.; Baumgartel, H., Ion pair formation from photon irradiation of O2, NO and CO in 17-30 eV, Chem. Phys., 1980, 46, 251. [all data]

Smyth, Schiavone, et al., 1974
Smyth, K.C.; Schiavone, J.A.; Freund, R.S., Dissociative excitation of CO by electron impact: Translational spectroscopy of long-lived high-Rydberg fragment atoms, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 1358. [all data]

Locht and Momigny, 1971
Locht, R.; Momigny, J., Mass spectrometric study of ion-pair processes in diatomic molecules: H2, CO, NO and O2, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1971, 7, 121. [all data]

Hierl and Franklin, 1967
Hierl, P.M.; Franklin, J.L., Appearance potentials and kinetic energies of ions from N2, CO, and NO, J. Chem. Phys., 1967, 47, 3154. [all data]

Fineman and Petrocelli, 1961
Fineman, M.A.; Petrocelli, A.W., Molecular studies with a Lozier electron impact apparatus, Planetary Space Sci., 1961, 3, 187. [all data]

Weissler, Samson, et al., 1959
Weissler, G.L.; Samson, J.A.R.; Ogawa, M.; Cook, G.R., Photoionization analysis by mass spectroscopy, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 1959, 49, 338. [all data]


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