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Benzene, 1,2-difluoro-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-67.65 ± 0.22kcal/molCcrGood, Lacina, et al., 1962Corrected for CODATA value of «DELTA»fH

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-76.30 ± 0.22kcal/molCcrGood, Lacina, et al., 1962Corrected for CODATA value of «DELTA»fH; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-707.62 ± 0.13kcal/molCcrGood, Lacina, et al., 1962Corrected for CODATA value of «DELTA»fH; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid53.200cal/mol*KN/AScott, Messerly, et al., 1963DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
38.009298.15Scott, Messerly, et al., 1963T = 14 to 357 K.; DH
38.10298.15Good, Lacina, et al., 1962DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil365.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Tboil364. - 365.KN/APCR Inc., 1990BS
Tboil367.1KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple226.010KN/AScott, Messerly, et al., 1963, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc557.3KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap8.662kcal/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap8.65kcal/molN/ABoublik, Fried, et al., 1984Based on data from 300. - 400. K. See also Basarová and Svoboda, 1991.; AC
Deltavap8.65kcal/molVScott, Messerly, et al., 1963, 3hfusion=2.64kcal/mol; ALS
Deltavap8.65 ± 0.02kcal/molVGood, Lacina, et al., 1962Corrected for CODATA value of «DELTA»fH; ALS

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (atm) Reference Comment
364.70.988Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
7.698367.1N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
8.48319.EBScott, Messerly, et al., 1963, 3Based on data from 304. - 403. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
8.27 ± 0.02327.CScott, Messerly, et al., 1963, 3AC
8.01 ± 0.02345.CScott, Messerly, et al., 1963, 3AC
7.70 ± 0.02367.CScott, Messerly, et al., 1963, 3AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kcal/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kcal/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
298. - 367.12.270.2691557.3Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
304.31 - 403.404.139501310.271-50.563Scott, Messerly, et al., 1963Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
2.6401226.01Scott, Messerly, et al., 1963DH
2.641226.Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
11.68226.01Scott, Messerly, et al., 1963DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C6H3F2- + Hydrogen cation = Benzene, 1,2-difluoro-

By formula: C6H3F2- + H+ = C6H4F2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar377.7 ± 2.2kcal/molG+TSBuker, Nibbering, et al., 1997gas phase; B
Deltar378.0 ± 3.1kcal/molG+TSBriscese and Riveros, 1975gas phase; Between EtO-, iPrO-; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar369.5 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREBuker, Nibbering, et al., 1997gas phase; B
Deltar369.8 ± 3.0kcal/molIMRBBriscese and Riveros, 1975gas phase; Between EtO-, iPrO-; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

C6H6+ + Benzene, 1,2-difluoro- = (C6H6+ bullet Benzene, 1,2-difluoro-)

By formula: C6H6+ + C6H4F2 = (C6H6+ bullet C6H4F2)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
6.3330.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Chlorine anion + Benzene, 1,2-difluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzene, 1,2-difluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H4F2 = (Cl- bullet C6H4F2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.3 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.6cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)ClCOOCH3, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.8 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Chromium ion (1+) + Benzene, 1,2-difluoro- = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Benzene, 1,2-difluoro-)

By formula: Cr+ + C6H4F2 = (Cr+ bullet C6H4F2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.9kcal/molRAKRyzhov, 1999RCD

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-9256
NIST MS number 230727

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Good, Lacina, et al., 1962
Good, W.D.; Lacina, J.L.; Scott, D.W.; McCullough, J.P., Combustion calorimetry of organic fluorine compounds. The heats of combustion and formation of the difluorobenzenes, 4-fluorotoluene and m-trifluorotoluic acid, J. Phys. Chem., 1962, 66, 1529-1532. [all data]

Scott, Messerly, et al., 1963
Scott, D.W.; Messerly, J.F.; Todd, S.S.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Osborn, A.; McCullough, J.P., 1,2-Difluorobenzene: Chemical thermodynamic properties and vibrational assignment, J. Chem. Phys., 1963, 38, 532-539. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

PCR Inc., 1990
PCR Inc., Research Chemicals Catalog 1990-1991, PCR Inc., Gainesville, FL, 1990, 1. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Scott, Messerly, et al., 1963, 2
Scott, D.W.; Messerly, J.F.; Todd, S.S.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Osborn, A.G.; McCullough, J.P., 1,2-difluorobenzene: chemical thermodynamic properties and vibrational assignment, J. Chem. Phys., 1963, 38, 532-9. [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Basarová and Svoboda, 1991
Basarová, Pavlína; Svoboda, Václav, Calculation of heats of vaporization of halogenated hydrocarbons from saturated vapour pressure data, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1991, 68, 13-34, https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-3812(91)85008-I . [all data]

Scott, Messerly, et al., 1963, 3
Scott, D.W.; Messerly, J.F.; Todd, S.S.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Osborn, A.; McCullough, J.P., 1,2-Difluorobenzene: Chemical thermodynamic properties and vibrationnal assignment, J. Chem. Phys., 1963, 38, 532. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Buker, Nibbering, et al., 1997
Buker, H.H.; Nibbering, N.M.M.; Espinosa, D.; Mongin, F.; Schlosser, M., Additivity of substituent effects in the fluoroarene series: Equilibrium acidity in the gas phase and deprotonation rates in ethereal solution, Tetrahed. Lett., 1997, 38, 49, 8519-8522, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-4039(97)10303-3 . [all data]

Briscese and Riveros, 1975
Briscese, S.M.J.; Riveros, J.M., Gas phase nucleophilic reactions of aromatic systems, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1975, 97, 230. [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M.; Hamlet, P.; Hunter, E.P.; Field, F.H., Bonding Energies in Association Ions of Aromatic Molecules. Correlations with Ionization Energies, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1978, 100, 17, 5466, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00485a034 . [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Hydrogen bonding in gas phase anions. An experimental investigation of the interaction between chloride ion and bronsted acids from ICR chloride exchange equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 517. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Gas phase negative ion chemistry of alkylchloroformates, Can. J. Chem., 1984, 62, 675. [all data]

Ryzhov, 1999
Ryzhov, V., Binding Energies of Chromium Cations with Fluorobenzenes from Radiative Association Kinetics, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 1999, 185/186/187, 913. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References