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Phenol

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-96.36 ± 0.59kJ/molCcbCox, 1961ALS
Deltafgas-96.44 ± 0.63kJ/molCcbAndon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960ALS
Deltafgas-94.2kJ/molN/AParks, Manchester, et al., 1954Value computed using «DELTA»fHsolid° value of -162.8±1.0 kj/mol from Parks, Manchester, et al., 1954 and «DELTA»subH° value of 68.6 kj/mol from Cox, 1961.; DRB
Deltafgas-95.3kJ/molN/ABadoche, 1941Value computed using «DELTA»fHsolid° value of -163.9 kj/mol from Badoche, 1941 and «DELTA»subH° value of 68.6 kj/mol from Cox, 1961.; DRB

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
33.9150.Kudchadker S.A., 1978Recommended S(T) and Cp(T) values are in close agreement with statistical values calculated by [ Evans J.C., 1960, Green J.H.S., 1961]. Entropy value calculated by [ Sarin V.N., 1973] agrees well with the third-law entropy at 298.15 K but not at 400 K. Statistical values calculated by [ Ramaswamy V., 1970] seem to be erroneous.; GT
41.38100.
54.19150.
69.65200.
94.61273.15
103.22298.15
103.86300.
135.79400.
161.91500.
182.48600.
198.84700.
212.14800.
223.19900.
232.491000.
240.411100.
247.201200.
253.061300.
258.121400.
262.521500.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-165.0kJ/molCcbCox, 1961ALS
Deltafsolid-165.1 ± 1.3kJ/molCcbAndon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960ALS
Deltafsolid-162.8 ± 1.0kJ/molCcbParks, Manchester, et al., 1954ALS
Deltafsolid-163.9kJ/molCcbBadoche, 1941Author's hf298_condensed=-41.49 kcal/mol; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-3058. ± 10.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid,1 bar144.01J/mol*KN/AAndon, Counsell, et al., 1963DH
solid,1 bar142.7J/mol*KN/AParks, Huffman, et al., 1933Extrapolation below 90 K, 49.04 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
127.21298.15Nichols and Wads, 1975DH
199.8313.Rastorguev and Ganiev, 1967T = 313 to 373 K.; DH
127.44298.15Andon, Counsell, et al., 1963T = 13 to 336 K.; DH
93.7293.Campbell and Campbell, 1940DH
103.8229.3Aoyama and Kanda, 1935T = 78 to 229 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
133.09295.8Parks, Huffman, et al., 1933T = 93 to 296 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
CAL - James S. Chickos, William E. Acree, Jr., Joel F. Liebman, Students of Chem 202 (Introduction to the Literature of Chemistry), University of Missouri -- St. Louis

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil455.0 ± 0.6KAVGN/AAverage of 26 out of 28 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus314. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 61 out of 62 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple314.06KN/AAndon, Counsell, et al., 1963, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc694.3KN/ADelaunois, 1968Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tc694.25KN/AAmbrose, 1963Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
Tc692.4KN/ARadice, 1899Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc59.30barN/ADelaunois, 1968Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7845 bar; TRC
Pc61.3016barN/AHerz and Neukirch, 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.8106 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap58.8kJ/molCGCChickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995Based on data from 393. - 433. K.; AC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub69.7 ± 0.9kJ/molMEParsons, Rochester, et al., 1971Based on data from 230. - 273. K.; AC
Deltasub68.6kJ/molN/ACox, 1961DRB
Deltasub68.66 ± 0.50kJ/molVAndon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960ALS
Deltasub68.7kJ/molN/AAndon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960DRB

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
53.2378.EBChylinski, Fras, et al., 2001Based on data from 363. - 391. K.; AC
49.5470.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 455. - 655. K.; AC
57.4329.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 314. - 395. K.; AC
50.9402.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 387. - 456. K.; AC
46.8464.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 449. - 526. K.; AC
43.8535.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 520. - 625. K.; AC
51.3398.EB,GSStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 383. - 473. K. See also Andon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960, 2 and Dykyj, 1972.; AC
51.4395.N/ADreisbach and Shrader, 1949Based on data from 380. - 455. K. See also Dreisbach and Martin, 1949 and Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
48.1434.N/AGoldblum, Martin, et al., 1947Based on data from 414. - 454. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
380.30 - 454.904.246881509.677-98.949Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
65.3 ± 3.3280.HSAChickos, 1975Based on data from 263. - 298. K.; AC
68.7 ± 0.5282. - 313.GSAndon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960, 2See also Cox and Pilcher, 1970.; AC
68.2293.MESklyarenko, Markin, et al., 1958Based on data from 283. - 303. K.; AC
68.1292.N/ANitta and Seki, 1948Based on data from 270. - 313. K.; AC
67.8278. - 305.TEBalson, 1947See also Jones, 1960.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
11.514314.06Andon, Counsell, et al., 1963DH
12.125314.13Mastrangelo, 1957DH
11.51314.Inozemtsev, Liakumovich, et al., 1972See also Domalski and Hearing, 1996.; AC
10.581312.7Eykman, 1889DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
36.66314.06Andon, Counsell, et al., 1963DH
33.3314.Bret-Dibat and Lichanot, 1989CAL
33.8312.7Eykman, 1889DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
MS - José A. Martinho Simões

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

phenoxide anion + Hydrogen cation = Phenol

By formula: C6H5O- + H+ = C6H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1462. ± 10.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 out of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1432. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; Shiner, Vorner, et al., 1986: tautomer acidities «DELTA»Hacid(ortho) = 343.9±3.1 kcal, para = 340.1±2 kcal. However, Capponi, Gut, et al., 1999 based on aq. soln. results, imply 18 and 14 kcal/mol difference.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1426. ± 7.9kJ/molCIDCAngel and Ervin, 2004gas phase; B
Deltar1437. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B
Deltar>1429. ± 7.5kJ/molH-TSRichardson, Stephenson, et al., 1975gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Phenol = (Chlorine anion bullet Phenol)

By formula: Cl- + C6H6O = (Cl- bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B,M
Deltar109. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B
Deltar115.kJ/molPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Deltar111.kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar81.2 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109.J/mol*KPHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M
Deltar100.J/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar64.9J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar80.3 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B
Deltar77.4 ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B
Deltar61.9 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
66.5423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Fluorine anion + Phenol = (Fluorine anion bullet Phenol)

By formula: F- + C6H6O = (F- bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar173. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; These relative affinities are ca. 10 kcal/mol weaker than threshold values (see Wenthold and Squires, 1995) for donors greater than ca. 27 kcal/mol in free energy. This discrepancy has not yet been resolved, though the stronger value appears preferable.; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; switching reaction(F-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar140. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; These relative affinities are ca. 10 kcal/mol weaker than threshold values (see Wenthold and Squires, 1995) for donors greater than ca. 27 kcal/mol in free energy. This discrepancy has not yet been resolved, though the stronger value appears preferable.; B,M

Bromine anion + Phenol = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol)

By formula: Br- + C6H6O = (Br- bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar87.0 ± 7.5kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Deltar82.0kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.4 ± 4.2kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
46.4423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
46.4423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Iodide + Phenol = (Iodide bullet Phenol)

By formula: I- + C6H6O = (I- bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.4 ± 7.5kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar88.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar35. ± 4.2kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
35.423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

MeCO2 anion + Phenol = (MeCO2 anion bullet Phenol)

By formula: C2H3O2- + C6H6O = (C2H3O2- bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109. ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar79.1 ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

Sodium ion (1+) + Phenol = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Phenol)

By formula: Na+ + C6H6O = (Na+ bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar102. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD
Deltar98. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTArmentrout and Rodgers, 2000RCD

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
69.9298.IMREMcMahon and Ohanessian, 2000Anchor alanine=39.89; RCD

Phenol + Phenol, 2,4-bis(1-methylethyl)- = Phenol, 2-(1-methylethyl)- + p-Cumenol

By formula: C6H6O + C12H18O = C9H12O + C9H12O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-0.7 ± 1.0kJ/molEqkNesterova, Pimerzin, et al., 1989liquid phase; Isomerization; ALS
Deltar-0.7 ± 1.0kJ/molEqkNesterova, Pilyshchikov, et al., 1983liquid phase; GC; ALS

C22H20O2Ti (cr) + 2(Hydrogen chloride bullet 5.55Water) (solution) = 2Phenol (cr) + Titanocene dichloride (cr)

By formula: C22H20O2Ti (cr) + 2(HCl bullet 5.55H2O) (solution) = 2C6H6O (cr) + C10H10Cl2Ti (cr)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-5.8 ± 2.5kJ/molRSCDias, Salema, et al., 1981Please also see Calhorda, Carrondo, et al., 1986.; MS

Phenol (solution) + C5H11BrMg (solution) = C6H5BrMgO (solution) + Pentane (solution)

By formula: C6H6O (solution) + C5H11BrMg (solution) = C6H5BrMgO (solution) + C5H12 (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-202.5 ± 4.2kJ/molRSCHolm, 1983solvent: Diethyl ether; MS

C20H32Zr (solution) + Phenol (solution) = C26H36OZr (solution) + Hydrogen (g)

By formula: C20H32Zr (solution) + C6H6O (solution) = C26H36OZr (solution) + H2 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-132.6 ± 1.7kJ/molRSCSchock and Marks, 1988solvent: Toluene; MS

C26H36OZr (solution) + Phenol (solution) = C32H40O2Zr (solution) + Hydrogen (g)

By formula: C26H36OZr (solution) + C6H6O (solution) = C32H40O2Zr (solution) + H2 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-86.6 ± 2.9kJ/molRSCSchock and Marks, 1988solvent: Toluene; MS

Acetic acid, phenyl ester + Water = Phenol + Acetic acid

By formula: C8H8O2 + H2O = C6H6O + C2H4O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-28.7 ± 0.2kJ/molCmWadso, 1960liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

Phenol + Phenol, 2,5-bis(1-methylpropyl)- = Phenol, 3-(1-methylpropyl)- + Phenol, 2-(1-methylpropyl)-

By formula: C6H6O + C14H22O = C10H14O + C10H14O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-2.6 ± 1.1kJ/molEqkNesterova, Pimerzin, et al., 1989liquid phase; Isomerization; ALS

Phenol + C18H30O = Phenol, 2,4-bis(1-methylpropyl)- + Phenol, 2-(1-methylpropyl)-

By formula: C6H6O + C18H30O = C14H22O + C10H14O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.7 ± 1.5kJ/molEqkNesterova, Pimerzin, et al., 1989liquid phase; Isomerization; ALS

Phenol + Phenol, 2,4-bis(1-methylpropyl)- = Phenol, 2-(1-methylpropyl)- + Phenol, 4-(1-methylpropyl)-

By formula: C6H6O + C14H22O = C10H14O + C10H14O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-3.2 ± 1.9kJ/molEqkNesterova, Pimerzin, et al., 1989liquid phase; Isomerization; ALS

Phenol + 3,5-Bis(2-butyl)phenol = 2Phenol, 3-(1-methylpropyl)-

By formula: C6H6O + C14H22O = 2C10H14O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.3 ± 2.1kJ/molEqkNesterova, Pimerzin, et al., 1989liquid phase; Isomerization; ALS

C6H5NaO (cr) + (Hydrogen chloride bullet 552Water) (solution) = Phenol (cr) + sodium chloride (cr)

By formula: C6H5NaO (cr) + (HCl bullet 552H2O) (solution) = C6H6O (cr) + ClNa (cr)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-78.0 ± 5.7kJ/molRSCLeal, Pires de Matos, et al., 1991MS

Phenol + Phenol, 3,5-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)- = Phenol, m-tert-butyl- + Phenol, p-tert-butyl-

By formula: C6H6O + C14H22O = C10H14O + C10H14O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.08 ± 0.71kJ/molEqkPil'shchikov, Nesterova, et al., 1981liquid phase; ALS

Phenol + 2,4-Di-tert-butylphenol = Phenol, 2-(1,1-dimethylethyl)- + Phenol, p-tert-butyl-

By formula: C6H6O + C14H22O = C10H14O + C10H14O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-0. ± 4.kJ/molEqkPil'shchikov, Nesterova, et al., 1981liquid phase; ALS

(Lithium ion (1+) bullet Phenol) + Phenol = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet 2Phenol)

By formula: (Li+ bullet C6H6O) + C6H6O = (Li+ bullet 2C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar115. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

(Sodium ion (1+) bullet Phenol) + Phenol = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 2Phenol)

By formula: (Na+ bullet C6H6O) + C6H6O = (Na+ bullet 2C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

(Cesium ion (1+) bullet Phenol) + Phenol = (Cesium ion (1+) bullet 2Phenol)

By formula: (Cs+ bullet C6H6O) + C6H6O = (Cs+ bullet 2C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar61. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

(Rubidium ion (1+) bullet Phenol) + Phenol = (Rubidium ion (1+) bullet 2Phenol)

By formula: (Rb+ bullet C6H6O) + C6H6O = (Rb+ bullet 2C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar64. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Phenol) + Phenol = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Phenol)

By formula: (K+ bullet C6H6O) + C6H6O = (K+ bullet 2C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar68. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Phenol (cr) + C10H11ClZr (cr) = C16H15ClOZr (cr) + Hydrogen (g)

By formula: C6H6O (cr) + C10H11ClZr (cr) = C16H15ClOZr (cr) + H2 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-77.7 ± 4.2kJ/molRSCDiogo, Simoni, et al., 1993MS

Phenol + Phenol, 2,6-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)- = 2Phenol, 2-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-

By formula: C6H6O + C14H22O = 2C10H14O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-12.8 ± 0.54kJ/molEqkPil'shchikov, Nesterova, et al., 1981liquid phase; ALS

Phenol + Phenol, 2,5-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)- = Phenol, m-tert-butyl- + Phenol, 2-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-

By formula: C6H6O + C14H22O = C10H14O + C10H14O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.0kJ/molEqkPil'shchikov, Nesterova, et al., 1981liquid phase; ALS

C6H5NaO (cr) + Water (l) = Phenol (cr) + Sodium hydroxide (cr)

By formula: C6H5NaO (cr) + H2O (l) = C6H6O (cr) + HNaO (cr)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.4 ± 3.6kJ/molRSCLeal, Pires de Matos, et al., 1991MS

Lithium ion (1+) + Phenol = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Phenol)

By formula: Li+ + C6H6O = (Li+ bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar178. ± 17.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Cesium ion (1+) + Phenol = (Cesium ion (1+) bullet Phenol)

By formula: Cs+ + C6H6O = (Cs+ bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar66. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Rubidium ion (1+) + Phenol = (Rubidium ion (1+) bullet Phenol)

By formula: Rb+ + C6H6O = (Rb+ bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Phenol = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Phenol)

By formula: K+ + C6H6O = (K+ bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Phenol, 2-(1-methylpropyl)- = 1-Butene + Phenol

By formula: C10H14O = C4H8 + C6H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77.8kJ/molCmKukui, Potolovskii, et al., 1973liquid phase; ALS

Phenol, 4-(1-methylpropyl)- = 1-Butene + Phenol

By formula: C10H14O = C4H8 + C6H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.8kJ/molCmKukui, Potolovskii, et al., 1973liquid phase; ALS

Phenol, p-tert-butyl- = Phenol + 1-Propene, 2-methyl-

By formula: C10H14O = C6H6O + C4H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar71.0 ± 2.1kJ/molEqkVerevkin, 1982gas phase; ALS

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
3000. XN/A 
0.078 XHowe, Mullins, et al., 1987Value given here as quoted by missing citation.
190.3600.XN/A 
3000. XN/AValue given here as quoted by missing citation.
1900.7300.XN/A 
2900.6800.MN/AIt is assumed here that the thermodynamic data in missing citation refers to the units [mol/dm3] and [atm] as standard states.
490. RN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C6H6O+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.49 ± 0.02eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)817.3kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity786.3kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.508 ± 0.001PILipert and Colson, 1990LL
8.506 ± 0.001PIFuke, Yoshiuchi, et al., 1984LBLHLM
8.49PEFuke, Yoshiuchi, et al., 1984LBLHLM
8. ± 0.PIPECOFraser-Monteiro, Fraser-Monteiro, et al., 1984LBLHLM
~8.21PEKlasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983LBLHLM
8.55PEBehan, Johnstone, et al., 1976LLK
8.47 ± 0.02PEMaier and Turner, 1973LLK
9.1 ± 0.1EIHenion and Kingston, 1973LLK
8.37PEDebies and Rabalais, 1973LLK
8.50EICooks, Bertrand, et al., 1973LLK
8.69EIJohnstone, Mellon, et al., 1971LLK
8.48 ± 0.05PEEland, 1969RDSH
8.52PEDewar and Worley, 1969RDSH
8.50 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, 1957RDSH
8.52 ± 0.02PIVilesov and Terenin, 1957RDSH
8.75PEBallard, Jones, et al., 1987Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.61PEKlasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.70PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981Vertical value; LLK
8.56PEPalmer, Moyes, et al., 1979Vertical value; LLK
8.69PEKobayashi, 1978Vertical value; LLK
8.73PEKobayashi and Nagakura, 1974Vertical value; LLK
8.67PEDewar, Ernstbrunner, et al., 1974Vertical value; LLK
8.56PEDebies and Rabalais, 1973Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C5H5+12.96 ± 0.10CO+HDERFraser-Monteiro, Fraser-Monteiro, et al., 1984LBLHLM
C5H5+14.2 ± 0.2CO+HEITajima and Tsuchiya, 1973LLK
C5H5+14.25CO+HEIOccolowitz and White, 1968RDSH
C5H6+11.4 ± 0.1COTRPILifshitz and Malinovich, 1984LBLHLM
C5H6+12.5 ± 0.1COEIHenion and Kingston, 1973LLK
C5H6+11.67COEIHowe and Williams, 1969RDSH
C5H6+[c-C5H6]11.59 ± 0.10COPIPECOFraser-Monteiro, Fraser-Monteiro, et al., 1984T = 0K; LBLHLM

De-protonation reactions

phenoxide anion + Hydrogen cation = Phenol

By formula: C6H5O- + H+ = C6H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1462. ± 10.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 out of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1432. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; Shiner, Vorner, et al., 1986: tautomer acidities «DELTA»Hacid(ortho) = 343.9±3.1 kcal, para = 340.1±2 kcal. However, Capponi, Gut, et al., 1999 based on aq. soln. results, imply 18 and 14 kcal/mol difference.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1426. ± 7.9kJ/molCIDCAngel and Ervin, 2004gas phase; B
Deltar1437. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B
Deltar>1429. ± 7.5kJ/molH-TSRichardson, Stephenson, et al., 1975gas phase; B

Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Bromine anion + Phenol = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol)

By formula: Br- + C6H6O = (Br- bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar87.0 ± 7.5kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Deltar82.0kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.4 ± 4.2kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
46.4423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
46.4423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

MeCO2 anion + Phenol = (MeCO2 anion bullet Phenol)

By formula: C2H3O2- + C6H6O = (C2H3O2- bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109. ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar79.1 ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Phenol = (Chlorine anion bullet Phenol)

By formula: Cl- + C6H6O = (Cl- bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B,M
Deltar109. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B
Deltar115.kJ/molPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Deltar111.kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar81.2 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109.J/mol*KPHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M
Deltar100.J/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar64.9J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar80.3 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B
Deltar77.4 ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B
Deltar61.9 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
66.5423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Cesium ion (1+) + Phenol = (Cesium ion (1+) bullet Phenol)

By formula: Cs+ + C6H6O = (Cs+ bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar66. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

(Cesium ion (1+) bullet Phenol) + Phenol = (Cesium ion (1+) bullet 2Phenol)

By formula: (Cs+ bullet C6H6O) + C6H6O = (Cs+ bullet 2C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar61. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Fluorine anion + Phenol = (Fluorine anion bullet Phenol)

By formula: F- + C6H6O = (F- bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar173. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; These relative affinities are ca. 10 kcal/mol weaker than threshold values (see Wenthold and Squires, 1995) for donors greater than ca. 27 kcal/mol in free energy. This discrepancy has not yet been resolved, though the stronger value appears preferable.; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; switching reaction(F-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar140. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; These relative affinities are ca. 10 kcal/mol weaker than threshold values (see Wenthold and Squires, 1995) for donors greater than ca. 27 kcal/mol in free energy. This discrepancy has not yet been resolved, though the stronger value appears preferable.; B,M

Iodide + Phenol = (Iodide bullet Phenol)

By formula: I- + C6H6O = (I- bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.4 ± 7.5kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar88.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar35. ± 4.2kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
35.423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Phenol = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Phenol)

By formula: K+ + C6H6O = (K+ bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Phenol) + Phenol = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Phenol)

By formula: (K+ bullet C6H6O) + C6H6O = (K+ bullet 2C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar68. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Lithium ion (1+) + Phenol = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Phenol)

By formula: Li+ + C6H6O = (Li+ bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar178. ± 17.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

(Lithium ion (1+) bullet Phenol) + Phenol = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet 2Phenol)

By formula: (Li+ bullet C6H6O) + C6H6O = (Li+ bullet 2C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar115. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Sodium ion (1+) + Phenol = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Phenol)

By formula: Na+ + C6H6O = (Na+ bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar102. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD
Deltar98. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTArmentrout and Rodgers, 2000RCD

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
69.9298.IMREMcMahon and Ohanessian, 2000Anchor alanine=39.89; RCD

(Sodium ion (1+) bullet Phenol) + Phenol = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 2Phenol)

By formula: (Na+ bullet C6H6O) + C6H6O = (Na+ bullet 2C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Rubidium ion (1+) + Phenol = (Rubidium ion (1+) bullet Phenol)

By formula: Rb+ + C6H6O = (Rb+ bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

(Rubidium ion (1+) bullet Phenol) + Phenol = (Rubidium ion (1+) bullet 2Phenol)

By formula: (Rb+ bullet C6H6O) + C6H6O = (Rb+ bullet 2C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar64. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1994
NIST MS number 133909

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Martynoff, 1949
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 5027
Instrument n.i.g.
Melting point 40.9
Boiling point 181.8

Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.950.Berezkin, Popova, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-1150.950.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.950.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.950.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1160.974.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
PackedOV-101100.950.2Righezza, Hassani, et al., 1996N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
PackedOV-101110.950.7Righezza, Hassani, et al., 1996N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
PackedOV-10180.944.7Righezza, Hassani, et al., 1996N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
PackedOV-10190.945.2Righezza, Hassani, et al., 1996N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
PackedOV-101120.952.5Hassani and Meklati, 1992N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
CapillaryHP-160.943.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.944.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.952.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.954.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillarySE-30160.929.Evans and Haken, 1989Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-30160.964.Evans and Haken, 1989Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryPS-255150.952.Engewald, Billing, et al., 198850. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillarySE-30180.953.Shakirov, Tsypysheva, et al., 1988Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySE-30160.964.Korhonen and Knuutinen, 1984N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySE-30180.924.Korhonen and Knuutinen, 1984N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySE-30140.943.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillarySE-30160.929.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillarySE-30180.932.Korhonen, 1984 
PackedSE-30150.965.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30100.926.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
PackedOV-101130.951.Zygmunt, Wardencki, et al., 1983Ar, Gas-Chrom Q; Column length: 1.5 m
PackedOV-101130.954.Zygmunt, Wardencki, et al., 1983Ar, Gas-Chrom Q; Column length: 1.5 m
PackedApiezon L180.955.Vernon and Edwards, 1975N2, Celite; Column length: 1. m
CapillaryApiezon L120.966.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane120.942.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane86.933.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
PackedSE-30204.950.Mitchell and Vernon, 1972 
PackedApiezon L204.960.Mitchell and Vernon, 1972 
PackedSE-52204.961.Mitchell and Vernon, 1972 
PackedSE-30150.964.Tibor and Anna, 1971N2, Chromosorb W-AW; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30170.973.Tibor and Anna, 1971N2, Chromosorb W-AW; Column length: 2. m
PackedApiezon L100.923.Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968N2, DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.3 m
PackedDC-200120.950.Reymond, Mueggler-Chavan, et al., 1966Celite; Column length: 4. m
PackedSE-30180.970.Viani, Müggler-Chavan, et al., 1965He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30967.Medvedovskaya, Tikhomirova, et al., 19977. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 320. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP160.2000.Evans and Haken, 1989Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.35 mm
CapillaryFFAP160.2000.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillaryFFAP180.1971.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillaryFFAP200.1957.Korhonen, 1984 
PackedPEG-20M200.1947.0Still and Whitehead, 1977N2, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-20M200.1947.0Still and Whitehead, 1977N2, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000200.2030.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-20M170.2037.Tibor and Anna, 1971N2, Chromosorb W-AW; Column length: 2. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-5981.4Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS992.Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5MS981.Lalel, Singh, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 310. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-1959.6Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryDB-5978.8Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB956.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-1961.Kim, 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySPB-Sulfur954.1de Lacy Costello, Evans, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, 40. C @ 12.5 min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-54978.16Yin, Xiu, et al., 200135. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm
CapillarySE-54979.62Yin, Xiu, et al., 200135. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB977.Chevance and Farmer, 199960. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-1955.0Helmig, Klinger, et al., 199960. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, -50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 175. C
CapillarySPB-5977.Verdier-Metz., Coulon, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-1954.DeMilo, Lee, et al., 199630. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1959.DeMilo, Lee, et al., 199630. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1958.5Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-1954.9Helmig, Pollock, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: -50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-5979.9Helmig, Pollock, et al., 199660. m/0.33 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: -50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-1959.Coen, Engel, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 150. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-1957.Coen, Engel, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 150. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-1975.Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 0. min, 10. K/min
CapillaryDB-1978.Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 0. min, 5. K/min
CapillarySPB-1959.Lee, DeMilo, et al., 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101947.6Ferchichi and Messadi, 19944. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101965.4Ferchichi and Messadi, 19944. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1952.Kaiser and Siegl, 199460. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, -50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-1969.Wu, Kuo, et al., 199150. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySE-54980.8Shapi and Hesso, 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 15. min
CapillarySE-54980.8Shapi and Hesso, 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-1983.Tang, Zhang, et al., 199050. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryRSL-150962.Sagrero-Nieves, de Pooter, et al., 198930. m/0.53 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-1966.Tan, Wilkins, et al., 1989H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 75. min; Column length: 12. m
PackedSE-30962.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988He, Supelcoport and Chromosorb, 40. C @ 4. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Column length: 3.05 m
CapillaryDB-5998.Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
PackedSE-30962.Buchman, Cao, et al., 1984He, Chromosorb AW, 40. C @ 10. min, 10. K/min, 210. C @ 30. min; Column length: 3.05 m
CapillarySE-30942.Korhonen and Knuutinen, 1984N2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 100. C
CapillarySE-30933.Korhonen and Knuutinen, 1984N2, 14. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 100. C
CapillarySE-30933.Korhonen and Knuutinen, 1984N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 100. C
CapillarySE-30945.Korhonen, 198410. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillarySE-30944.Korhonen, 19842. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillarySE-30946.Korhonen, 19846. K/min; Tstart: 100. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS992.Varlet, Serot, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C => 5C/min => 85C(1min) => 3C/min => 165C => 10C/min => 280C(3min)
CapillaryVF-5MS1004.1Mjøs, Meier, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 30C/min => 100C => 1C/min =>
CapillaryVF-5MS995.5Mjøs, Meier, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 30C/min => 100C => 2C/min =>
CapillaryVF-5MS986.8Mjøs, Meier, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 30C/min => 100C => 4C/min =>
CapillaryDB-5MS992.Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 80C(1min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 280C (4min)
CapillaryDB-5MS992.Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 80C(1min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 280C (4min)
CapillaryDB-1955.Place, Imhof, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 10C/min => 45C (5min) => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-1953.Whetstine, Parker, et al., 20033. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He; Program: -20C(6min) => 8C/min =60C => 6C/min => 220C(5min)
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane980.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199725. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone962.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-FFAP2008.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2008.Pozo-Bayon M.A., Ruiz-Rodriguez A., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1992.Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101962.Chung, Fung, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 195. C @ 60. min
CapillaryStabilwax2019.Cros, Lignot, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryInnowax2028.Lee, Lee, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryOV-3511956.Bonvehi and Coll, 200350. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1987.Chyau, Ko, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryStabilwax2019.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102014.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax2032.Adamiec, Rossner, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2032.Adamiec, Rossner, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102014.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2004.Kim, 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2006.Shimoda, Yoshimura, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1987.Wirth, Guo, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2000.Bureau, Baumes, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102015.Chung, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB2000.Chevance and Farmer, 199960. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB2000.Chevance and Farmer, 1999, 260. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB2000.Chevance and Farmer, 1999, 240. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySupelcowax-102015.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102015.Chung, 1999, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1956.Ollé, Baumes, et al., 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2010.Coen, Engel, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2023.76Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 10. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2018.23Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2024.04Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 10. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2015.92Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2004.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2015.Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102008.Chung and Cadwallader, 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1996.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1992He, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1965.Humpf and Schreier, 199130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1978.Krammer, Winterhalter, et al., 199130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 58CB1977.Pabst, Barron, et al., 199130. m/0.25 mm/0.22 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1965.Suárez, Duque, et al., 199130. m/0.259 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1973.Suárez, Duque, et al., 199130. m/0.259 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1965.Suárez, Duque, et al., 199130. m/0.259 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1973.Suárez, Duque, et al., 199130. m/0.259 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1973.Frohlich and Schreier, 199030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1975.Schwab, Mahr, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102012.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102014.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1997.Baltes and Mevissen, 1988He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1984.5Wang and Sun, 198725. m/0.26 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1983.4Wang and Sun, 198725. m/0.26 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedCarbowax 20M1967.Buchman, Cao, et al., 1984He, Supelcoport, 40. C @ 10. min, 10. K/min, 210. C @ 30. min; Column length: 3.05 m
CapillaryFFAP1962.Korhonen, 198410. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryFFAP1950.Korhonen, 19842. K/min; Tstart: 100. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryStabilwax2026.Natali N., Chinnici F., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 3C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 240C(10min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB2015.Verzera, Ziino, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1996.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1996.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1984.Cantergiani, Brevard, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 20C(30s) => fast => 60C => 4C/min => 220C (20min)
CapillarySupelcowax-102003.Baek and Cadwallader, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C => (6C/min) => 80C(6min) => (15C/min) => 200C(10min)
CapillaryFFAP2028.Yasuhara, 198750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C (5min) => 2C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 210C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1990.Whitfield, Shea, et al., 1981Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedApieson L140.956.Hedin, Minyard, et al., 1967Nitrogen, Chromosorb W HMDS (60-80 mesh); Column length: 1.8 m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS989.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 999930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOptima-5 MS983.Goeminne, Vandendriessche, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 3. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryTR-1962.Gruzdev, Kuzivanov, et al., 201230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryTR-1962.Gruzdev, Kuzivanov, et al., 2012, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS994.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS984.Nawrath, Mgode, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS987.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS989.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-5981.Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-5 MS994.Majcher, Lawrowski, et al., 201025. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS978.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS972.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryZB-5986.Harrison and Priest, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 9. min
CapillaryRTX-5979.Pham, Schilling, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 20. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS968.Bozi, Czagany, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 300. C @ 4. min
CapillaryElite-5MS978.Tava, Pecetti, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-5983.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5980.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-1951.Castel, Fernandez, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-1954.Castel, Fernandez, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-5980.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-1957.Lee, Lee, et al., 2005, 260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-1963.Lee, Lee, et al., 2005, 260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryMDN-5980.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-1957.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-1961.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-1963.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-1964.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryHP-5992.Zenkevich, Moeder, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-5974.Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryHP-5989.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 2. min, 15. K/min, 280. C @ 11.4 min
CapillaryBP-1961.Hayes R.A., Richardson B.J., et al., 200225. m/0.2 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryAT-1986.Kelling, 2001He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySPB-5978.Poligné, Collignan, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryBP-1951.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryUltra-2977.Quiroz, Fuentes-Contreras, et al., 199940. C @ 4. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryBPX-5986.D'Arcy, Rintoul, et al., 199750. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1973.Lu, Yu, et al., 199760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-1951.Robacker and Bartelt, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1981.Yu and Ho, 199560. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-1964.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1957.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB5-30W984.Schwab and Schreier, 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-54988.Harland, Cumming, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-1954.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1948.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101969.Stern, Flath, et al., 198550. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-101953.Spiteller and Spiteller, 1979He, 75. C @ 7. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Tend: 280. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS982.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS982.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups979.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups995.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-5 MS987.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryRTX-5 MS980.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryZB-5983.de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 270 0C (21 min)
CapillaryNonpolar969.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryNonpolar976.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryNonpolar976.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryNonpolar976.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryNonpolar976.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryNonpolar977.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5986.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5989.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS974.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS976.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillaryHP-5984.Dou, Li, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 110 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 170 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (2 min) 10 0C/min -> 260 0C (5 min)
CapillaryOV-101952.Ebrahimi and Hadjmohammadi, 2006Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-5980.Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-5980.Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301002.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5977.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB961.Counet, Callemien, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C=3C/min => 250C(30min)
CapillaryDB-5MS973.Fu, Yoon, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl phenyl siloxane (not specified)976.Poligne, Collignan, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS995.Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS984.Luo and Agnew, 200130. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5987.Ansorena, Astiasarán, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB956.Guyot, Scheirman, et al., 1999He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 30C => 55C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB962.Guyot, Bouseta, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C => 55C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-5985.Mateo, Aguirrezábal, et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5982.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5983.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-1962.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)
CapillaryRSL-1501002.Buchbauer, Nikiforov, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30c (1.5min) => 20C/min => 55C => 6C/min => 200C(10min)
CapillaryDB-1964.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1961.Hathcock and Bertsch, 1993100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-54982.Um, Bailey, et al., 1992He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-1961.Kawai, Ishida, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1964.Kawai, Ishida, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups973.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups987.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1959.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.926.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
OtherMethyl Silicone981.Ardrey and Moffat, 1981Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-FFAP2035.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 999925. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-FFAP2039.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 999925. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-FFAP2039.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 999925. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2012.Puvipirom and Chaisei, 201215. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryAT-Wax2007.Kiss, Csoka, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryFFAP1995.Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP-Wax1989.Mo, Fan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2030.Moon and Shibamoto, 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 70. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2008.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryInnowax2020.Kaypak and Avsar, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax2011.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101994.Vichi, Romero, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 10. min, 8. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryStabilwax2019.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRTX-Wax1993.Prososki, Etzel, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2007.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2007.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2007.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2015.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr2023.Perestrelo, Fernandes, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2035.Wierda R.L., Fletcher G., et al., 200660. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2017.de la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 30. min
CapillaryTC-FFAP2015.Kurose and Yatagai, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2039.Qian and Wang, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 235. C @ 30. min
CapillaryPEG-20M2020.Yao, Guo, et al., 200560. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 30. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1969.López, Ezpeleta, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2045.Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2012.Yanagimoto, Ochi, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryStabilwax2019.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryTC-Wax2011.Miyazawa and Okuno, 2003He, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1946.Saura, LAencina, et al., 2003Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.70 mm; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2007.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2009.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101995.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-FFAP2039.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-FFAP2039.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-FFAP2035.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1955.Fu, Yoon, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryFFAP1949.Lecanu, Ducruet, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1973.Osorio, Duque, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1984.Osorio, Duque, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryEC-10002015.Bendall, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1951.Lee and Shibamoto, 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2005.Paniandy, Chane-Ming, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1950.Parada, Duque, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1989.Parada, Duque, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1983.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2000.Umano, Nakahara, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax1990.Näf and Velluz, 1998He, 5. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2004.Sekiwa, Kubota, et al., 1997He, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1958.Kubota, Matsujage, et al., 199650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryTC-Wax2028.Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 199680. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1956.Kawakami, Ganguly, et al., 199560. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1957.Kawakami, Kobayashi, et al., 1993He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1969.Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1953.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1988.Kubota, Nakamoto, et al., 1991N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1996.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102014.Hsieh, Williams, et al., 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 175. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2004.Andersen J.F., Mikolajczak K.L., et al., 1987Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1973.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1978.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax2002.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax2037.Xiao, Dai, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)
CapillarySupelko CO Wax2022.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelko CO Wax2020.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-FFAP1996.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1998.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-101978.de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 270 0C (21 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2007.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1989.Tao, Wenlai, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 20 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryPEG 20M2004.Zhang, Zhang, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax2007.Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 44 0C 3 0C/min -> 170 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1984.Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax2000.Tian, Zhang, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-102020.Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryPEG-20M2004.Zhang C., Zhang H., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 5C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1993.Krings, Zelena, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1996.Lee, Lee, et al., 2005, 260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(4min) => 2C/min => 170C(25min) => 10C/min => 210C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2000.Lee, Lee, et al., 2005, 260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(4min) => 2C/min => 170C(25min) => 10C/min => 210C(10min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax2014.Piasenzotto, Gracco, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(4min) => 10C/min => 230C(10min) => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1996.Mayorga, Knapp, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(4min) => 4C/min => 130C => 1C/min => 190C => 4C/min => 220C(20min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2009.Mayorga, Knapp, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(4min) => 4C/min => 130C => 1C/min => 190C => 4C/min => 220C(20min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1979.Caldentey, Daria Fumi, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 25C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1995.Lizárraga-Guerra, Guth, et al., 1997He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1954.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 4 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1955.Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1954.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991, 2Program: not specified
CapillarySuperox 0.6; Carbowax 20M1961.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.1967.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5151.4Wang, Hou, et al., 200730. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5151.6Shao, Wang, et al., 200630. m/0.3 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-5156.32Williams and Horne, 1995He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-5154.7Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 285. C @ 29.5 min
CapillaryDB-5156.32Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5152.2Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007Column length: 60. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5MS150.4Aracil, Font, et al., 2005Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone156.32Eckel, Ross, et al., 1993Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone158.08Eckel, Ross, et al., 1993Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Kebarle, 1977
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Verevkin, 1982
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Henion and Kingston, 1973
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Debies and Rabalais, 1973
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Cooks, Bertrand, et al., 1973
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Kimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981
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Palmer, Moyes, et al., 1979
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Kobayashi, 1978
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Kobayashi and Nagakura, 1974
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Dewar, Ernstbrunner, et al., 1974
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Tajima and Tsuchiya, 1973
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Notes

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