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Toluene

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas12.0 ± 0.26kcal/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient high-quality literature values to make a good evaluation with a high degree of confidence. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (0.5 to 2.5) kJ/mol.; DRB
Deltafgas11.95 ± 0.15kcal/molCcbProsen, Gilmont, et al., 1945Hf by Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946; ALS
Deltafgas11.5kcal/molN/ASchmidlin, 1906Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of 10.0 kj/mol from Schmidlin, 1906 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 38.0 kj/mol from Prosen, Gilmont, et al., 1945.; DRB

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
16.69200.Draeger, 1985Recommended values agree better with experimental heat capacities than results of calculation [ Chao J., 1984]. All other statistically calculated values [ Pitzer K.S., 1943, Taylor W.J., 1946, Scott D.W., 1962] are in close agreement with selected ones, except for high temperatures.; GT
22.63273.15
24.78 ± 0.1298.15
24.95300.
33.44400.
40.82500.
46.89600.
51.86700.
56.00800.
59.49900.
62.431000.
64.961100.
67.111200.
68.951300.
70.551400.
71.941500.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
31.090 ± 0.062371.20Scott D.W., 1962Please also see Montgomery J.B., 1942, Pitzer K.S., 1943, Taylor W.J., 1946.; GT
33.51390.
32.80 ± 0.30393.
33.191 ± 0.065396.20
34.99410.
35.650 ± 0.072427.20
35.70 ± 0.40428.
38.320 ± 0.076462.20
38.00 ± 0.40463.
40.980 ± 0.081500.20

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid2.9 ± 0.26kcal/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient high-quality literature values to make a good evaluation with a high degree of confidence. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (0.5 to 2.5) kJ/mol.; DRB
Deltafliquid2.87 ± 0.15kcal/molCcbProsen, Gilmont, et al., 1945Hf by Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946; ALS
Deltafliquid  CcbSchmidlin, 1906uncertain value: 2.4 kcal/mol; Undetermine error; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-937. ± 5.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 5 out of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid52.811cal/mol*KN/AScott, Guthrie, et al., 1962DH
liquid52.39cal/mol*KN/AKelley, 1929DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
37.545298.15Grolier, Roux-Desgranges, et al., 1993DH
37.275298.15Shiohama, Ogawa, et al., 1988DH
38.22303.15Reddy, 1986T = 303.15, 313.15 K.; DH
37.543298.15Roux-Dexgranges, Grolier, et al., 1986DH
37.930298.15Tardajos, Aicart, et al., 1986DH
37.93298.15Stephens and Olson, 1984T = 266 to 318 K. Cp given as 0.4117 cal g-1 C-1.; DH
37.52298.15Grolier, Inglese, et al., 1982DH
37.560298.15Wilhelm, Faradjzadeh, et al., 1982DH
37.28293.15Atalla, El-Sharkawy, et al., 1981DH
37.52294.71Andolenko and Grigor'ev, 1979T = 293 to 373 K. Unsoothed experimental datum given as 1.704 KJ/kg*K.; DH
37.5375298.15Fortier and Benson, 1979DH
37.5433298.15Fortier and Benson, 1977DH
37.510298.15Wilhelm, Grolier, et al., 1977DH
37.5301298.15Fortier and Benson, 1976DH
37.522298.15Holzhauer and Ziegler, 1975T = 165 to 312 K. Cp = 187.43814 - 0.73026493T + 0.0029613602T2 - 2.8661704x10-6T3 J/mol*K.; DH
37.86298.15Pedersen, Kay, et al., 1975T = 298 to 348 K. Cp(liq) = 154.73 + 0.0981(T/K-273.15) + 0.001949(T/K-273.15)2 J/mol*K (298 to 348 K).; DH
37.48298.15Rajagopal and Subrahmanyam, 1974T = 298.15 to 323.15 K.; DH
37.40298.Deshpande and Bhatagadde, 1971T = 298 to 318 K.; DH
37.91293.Rastorguev and Ganiev, 1967T = 293 to 373 K.; DH
37.603298.711Hwa and Ziegler, 1966T = 181 to 304 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
37.579298.15Scott, Guthrie, et al., 1962T = 10 to 360 K.; DH
39.89324.Swietoslawski and Zielenkiewicz, 1958Mean value 21 to 81 C.; DH
33.5295.Tschamler, 1948DH
37.91298.Kurbatov, 1947T = -76 to 60 C, mean Cp, four temperatures.; DH
37.50298.1Zhdanov, 1941T = 5 to 47 C.; DH
37.541298.2Burlew, 1940T = 281 to 383 K.; DH
37.40298.Vold, 1937DH
34.11227.8Aoyama and Kanda, 1935T = 78 to 228 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
37.40298.1Richards and Wallace, 1932T = 293 to 333 K.; DH
38.70298.15Smith and Andrews, 1931T = 102 to 299 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
36.58928.444Kelley, 1929T = 14 to 284 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
36.09293.2Williams and Daniels, 1925T = 20 to 60 C.; DH
36.71303.Willams and Daniels, 1924T = 303 to 343 K. Equation only.; DH
37.81298.von Reis, 1881T = 292 to 390 K.; DH

Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C7H7- + Hydrogen cation = Toluene

By formula: C7H7- + H+ = C7H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar382.33 ± 0.45kcal/molD-EAGunion, Gilles, et al., 1992gas phase; Kim, Wenthold, et al., 1999, with LN2 cooling of the ion, gives the same EA; B
Deltar380.8 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar379.2 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSGal, Decouzon, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Deltar377.0 ± 3.5kcal/molCIDTGraul and Squires, 1990gas phase; B
Deltar384.5 ± 7.1kcal/molG+TSBohme and Young, 1971gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar373.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar372.1 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREGal, Decouzon, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Deltar377.4 ± 7.0kcal/molIMRBBohme and Young, 1971gas phase; B

C3H9Si+ + Toluene = (C3H9Si+ bullet Toluene)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C7H8 = (C3H9Si+ bullet C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.4kcal/molPHPMSStone and Stone, 1991gas phase; forms pi complex; M
Deltar31.3kcal/molPHPMSStone and Stone, 1991gas phase; toluene D8, forms pi complex; M
Deltar26.6kcal/molPHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)C6H6, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34.9cal/mol*KN/AWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)C6H6, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
10.3468.PHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)C6H6, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Toluene = (Bromine anion bullet Toluene)

By formula: Br- + C7H8 = (Br- bullet C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.6 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff measured at 303 K, corrected to 423 K, «DELTA»Saff taken as that of PhNO2..Br-; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.1 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff measured at 303 K, corrected to 423 K, «DELTA»Saff taken as that of PhNO2..Br-; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
0.1423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C4H9+ + Toluene = (C4H9+ bullet Toluene)

By formula: C4H9+ + C7H8 = (C4H9+ bullet C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.6kcal/molPHPMSStone and Stone, 1991gas phase; toluene D8, forms protonated t-butyltoluene; M
Deltar29.1kcal/molPHPMSStone and Stone, 1991gas phase; forms protomated t-butyltoluene; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar54.5cal/mol*KPHPMSStone and Stone, 1991gas phase; toluene D8, forms protonated t-butyltoluene; M
Deltar54.6cal/mol*KPHPMSStone and Stone, 1991gas phase; forms protomated t-butyltoluene; M

C7H8+ + Toluene = (C7H8+ bullet Toluene)

By formula: C7H8+ + C7H8 = (C7H8+ bullet C7H8)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.5kcal/molMPIErnstberger, Krause, et al., 1990gas phase; M
Deltar5.4kcal/molPIRuhl, Bisling, et al., 1986gas phase; from vIP of perpendicular dimer; M
Deltar16.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; M

C6H7N+ + Toluene = (C6H7N+ bullet Toluene)

By formula: C6H7N+ + C7H8 = (C6H7N+ bullet C7H8)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.7kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; M

C9H12+ + Toluene = (C9H12+ bullet Toluene)

By formula: C9H12+ + C7H8 = (C9H12+ bullet C7H8)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; M

Nitric oxide anion + Toluene = (Nitric oxide anion bullet Toluene)

By formula: NO- + C7H8 = (NO- bullet C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.2kcal/molICRReents and Freiser, 1981gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(NO+)C2H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Farid and McMahon, 1978; M

Hydrogen bromide + Benzene, (bromomethyl)- = Toluene + Bromine

By formula: HBr + C7H7Br = C7H8 + Br2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.1 ± 1.0kcal/molEqkBenson and Buss, 1957gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = 8.0 ± 0.9 kcal/mol; ALS

Chlorine anion + Toluene = (Chlorine anion bullet Toluene)

By formula: Cl- + C7H8 = (Cl- bullet C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.00kcal/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
4.0300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

Hydrogen iodide + Benzene, (iodomethyl)- = Toluene + Iodine

By formula: HI + C7H7I = C7H8 + I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-7.8 ± 1.1kcal/molCmGraham, Nichol, et al., 1955liquid phase; solvent: p-Xylene; ALS

Benzene, (bromomethyl)- + 0.5Hydrogen = Toluene + 0.5Bromine

By formula: C7H7Br + 0.5H2 = C7H8 + 0.5Br2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-0.9 ± 0.5kcal/molChydAshcroft, Carson, et al., 1963liquid phase; ALS

Iodide + Toluene = (Iodide bullet Toluene)

By formula: I- + C7H8 = (I- bullet C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.0 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsCaldwell, Masucci, et al., 1989gas phase; B,M

5-Methylene 1,3-cyclohexadiene = Toluene

By formula: C7H8 = C7H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-24. ± 3.kcal/molCmBartmess and Griffith, 1990gas phase; Gas phase acidity; ALS

Benzene, (iodomethyl)- = Toluene + 0.5Iodine

By formula: C7H7I = C7H8 + 0.5I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-9.7 ± 0.4kcal/molChydAshcroft, Carson, et al., 1963liquid phase; ALS

(Lithium ion (1+) bullet Toluene) + Toluene = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet 2Toluene)

By formula: (Li+ bullet C7H8) + C7H8 = (Li+ bullet 2C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.8 ± 0.7kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

(Sodium ion (1+) bullet Toluene) + Toluene = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 2Toluene)

By formula: (Na+ bullet C7H8) + C7H8 = (Na+ bullet 2C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.7 ± 0.5kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

(Cesium ion (1+) bullet Toluene) + Toluene = (Cesium ion (1+) bullet 2Toluene)

By formula: (Cs+ bullet C7H8) + C7H8 = (Cs+ bullet 2C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.7 ± 1.0kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

(Rubidium ion (1+) bullet Toluene) + Toluene = (Rubidium ion (1+) bullet 2Toluene)

By formula: (Rb+ bullet C7H8) + C7H8 = (Rb+ bullet 2C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.2 ± 1.0kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Toluene) + Toluene = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Toluene)

By formula: (K+ bullet C7H8) + C7H8 = (K+ bullet 2C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.9 ± 1.1kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet Toluene) + Toluene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2Toluene)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet C7H8) + C7H8 = (Cr+ bullet 2C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar53.1 ± 9.1kcal/molRAKLin and Dunbar, 1997RCD

Benzene, 1-methyl-3-(1-methylethyl)- + Benzene = Toluene + Benzene, (1-methylethyl)-

By formula: C10H14 + C6H6 = C7H8 + C9H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.0 ± 0.1kcal/molEqkTsvetkov, Rozhnov, et al., 1985liquid phase; ALS

Lithium ion (1+) + Toluene = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Toluene)

By formula: Li+ + C7H8 = (Li+ bullet C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.7 ± 4.0kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Sodium ion (1+) + Toluene = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Toluene)

By formula: Na+ + C7H8 = (Na+ bullet C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.8 ± 0.8kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Cesium ion (1+) + Toluene = (Cesium ion (1+) bullet Toluene)

By formula: Cs+ + C7H8 = (Cs+ bullet C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.3 ± 1.1kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Rubidium ion (1+) + Toluene = (Rubidium ion (1+) bullet Toluene)

By formula: Rb+ + C7H8 = (Rb+ bullet C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.0 ± 1.0kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Toluene = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Toluene)

By formula: K+ + C7H8 = (K+ bullet C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.1 ± 1.2kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Toluene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Toluene)

By formula: Cr+ + C7H8 = (Cr+ bullet C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.1 ± 3.3kcal/molRAKLin and Dunbar, 1997RCD

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Roux, Temprado, et al., 2008
Roux, M.V.; Temprado, M.; Chickos, J.S.; Nagano, Y., Critically Evaluated Thermochemical Properties of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2008, 37, 4, 1855-1996. [all data]

Prosen, Gilmont, et al., 1945
Prosen, E.J.; Gilmont, R.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion of benzene, toluene, ethyl-benzene, o-xylene, m-xylene, p-xylene, n-propylbenzene, and styrene, J. Res. NBS, 1945, 34, 65-70. [all data]

Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946
Prosen, E.J.; Johnson, W.H.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion and formation at 25°C of the alkylbenzenes through C10H14, and of the higher normal monoalkylbenzenes, J. Res. NBS, 1946, 36, 455-461. [all data]

Schmidlin, 1906
Schmidlin, M.J., Recherches chimiques et thermochimiques sur la constitution des rosanilines, Ann. Chim. Phys., 1906, 1, 195-256. [all data]

Draeger, 1985
Draeger, J.A., The methylbenzenes II. Fundamental vibrational shifts, statistical thermodynamic functions, and properties of formation, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1985, 17, 263-275. [all data]

Chao J., 1984
Chao J., Chemical thermodynamic properties of toluene, o-, m- and p-xylenes, Thermochim. Acta, 1984, 72, 323-334. [all data]

Pitzer K.S., 1943
Pitzer K.S., The thermodynamics and molecular structure of benzene and its methyl derivatives, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1943, 65, 803-829. [all data]

Taylor W.J., 1946
Taylor W.J., Heats, equilibrium constants, and free energies of formation of the alkylbenzenes, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand., 1946, 37, 95-122. [all data]

Scott D.W., 1962
Scott D.W., Toluene: thermodynamic properties, molecular vibrations, and internal rotation, J. Phys. Chem., 1962, 66, 911-914. [all data]

Montgomery J.B., 1942
Montgomery J.B., The heat capacity of organic vapors. IV. Benzene, fluorobenzene, toluene, cyclohexane, methylcyclohexane and cyclohexene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1942, 64, 2375-2377. [all data]

Scott, Guthrie, et al., 1962
Scott, D.W.; Guthrie, G.B.; Messerly, J.F.; Todd, S.S.; Berg, W.T.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; McCullough, J.P., Toluene: thermodynamic properties, molecular vibrations, and internal rotation, J. Phys. Chem., 1962, 66, 911-914. [all data]

Kelley, 1929
Kelley, K.K., The heat capacity of toluene from 14K to 298K. The entropy and the free energy of formation, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1929, 51, 2738-2741. [all data]

Grolier, Roux-Desgranges, et al., 1993
Grolier, J.-P.E.; Roux-Desgranges, G.; Berkane, M.; Jimenez, E.; Wilhelm, E., Heat capacities and densities of mixtures of very polar substances 2. Mixtures containing N,N-dimethylformamide, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1993, 25(1), 41-50. [all data]

Shiohama, Ogawa, et al., 1988
Shiohama, Y.; Ogawa, H.; Murakami, S.; Fujihara, I., Excess molar isobaric heat capacities and isentropic compressibilities of (cis- or trans-decalin + benzene or toluene or iso-octane or n-heptane) at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1988, 20, 1183-1189. [all data]

Reddy, 1986
Reddy, K.S., Isentropic compressibilities of binary liquid mixtures at 303.15 and 313.15 K, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1986, 31, 238-240. [all data]

Roux-Dexgranges, Grolier, et al., 1986
Roux-Dexgranges, G.; Grolier, J.-P.E.; Villamanan, M.A.; Casanova, C., Role of alcohol in microemulsions. III. Volumes and heat capacities in the continuious phase water-n-butanol-toluene of reverse micelles, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1986, 25, 209-230. [all data]

Tardajos, Aicart, et al., 1986
Tardajos, G.; Aicart, E.; Costas, M.; Patterson, D., Liquid structure and second-order mixing functions for benzene, toluene, and p-xylene with n-alkanes, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans., 1986, 1 82, 2977-2987. [all data]

Stephens and Olson, 1984
Stephens, M.; Olson, J.D., Measurement of excess heat capacities by differential scanning calorimetry, Thermochim. Acta, 1984, 76, 79-85. [all data]

Grolier, Inglese, et al., 1982
Grolier, J.-P.E.; Inglese, A.; Wilhelm, E., Excess volumes and excess heat capacities of tetrachloroethene + cyclohexane, + methylcyclohexane, + benzene, and + toluene at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1982, 14, 523-529. [all data]

Wilhelm, Faradjzadeh, et al., 1982
Wilhelm, E.; Faradjzadeh, A.; Grolier, J.-P.E., Excess volumes and excess heat capacities of 2,3-dimethylbutane + butane and + toluene, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1982, 14, 1199-1200. [all data]

Atalla, El-Sharkawy, et al., 1981
Atalla, S.R.; El-Sharkawy, A.A.; Gasser, F.A., Measurement of thermal properties of liquids with an AC heated-wire technique, Inter. J. Thermophys., 1981, 2(2), 155-162. [all data]

Andolenko and Grigor'ev, 1979
Andolenko, R.A.; Grigor'ev, B.A., Investigation of isobaric heat capacity of aromatic hydrocarbons at atmospheric pressure, Iaz. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved., Neft i Gaz (11), 1979, 78, 90. [all data]

Fortier and Benson, 1979
Fortier, J.-L.; Benson, G.C., Heat capacities of some binary aromatic hydrocarbon mixtures containing benzene or toluene, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1979, 24(1), 34-37. [all data]

Fortier and Benson, 1977
Fortier, J.-L.; Benson, G.C., Excess heat capacities of binary mixtures of tetrachloromethane witlh some aromatic liquids at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1977, 9, 1181-1188. [all data]

Wilhelm, Grolier, et al., 1977
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Notes

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