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barium oxide, obtained by calcining witherite


Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-123.85kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1974
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar235.45J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1974

Gas Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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View table.

Temperature (K) 5000. - 6000.
A -1251.230
B 506.9240
C -68.96210
D 3.194891
E 2905.900
F 2971.970
G 616.0870
H -123.8460
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1974

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Constants of diatomic molecules, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-491.63kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1974
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid,1 bar96.54J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1974
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-548.10kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1974
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid72.05J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1974

Liquid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 2286. - 5000.
A 66.94400
B 0.000002
C -3.301011×10-7
D 1.464401×10-8
E 0.000004
F -525.6580
G 156.3120
H -491.6270
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1974

Solid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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View table.

Temperature (K) 298. - 2286.
A 47.42730
B 13.13620
C -3.796501
D 0.725938
E -0.336757
F -563.9310
G 123.7920
H -548.1040
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1974

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Constants of diatomic molecules, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to BaO+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)6.46 ± 0.07eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)1215.4kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity1187.6kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
6.91EIKoitabashi, 1994LL
6.5 ± 0.15EVALBelyaev, Gotkis, et al., 1990LL
6.46 ± 0.07PEDyke, Feher, et al., 1987LBLHLM
6.8 ± 0.2EIMurad, 1981LLK
6.9 ± 0.1EIRauh and Ackermann, 1976LLK
6.5 ± 0.2EIHilpert, Naoumidis, et al., 1975LLK
7. ± 1.EIFarber and Srivastava, 1975LLK
6.97 ± 0.12EIPanchenkov, Gusarov, et al., 1973LLK
6.8 ± 0.5EIPupp, Yamdagni, et al., 1969RDSH
6.5 ± 0.3EIMesnard, Uzan, et al., 1963RDSH
6.89 ± 0.03PEDyke, Feher, et al., 1987Vertical value; LBLHLM

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
Ba+~11.OEIKoitabashi, 1994LL
Ba+10.95 ± 0.18OEIPanchenkov, Gusarov, et al., 1973LLK
Ba+13.7 ± 0.5OEIMesnard, Uzan, et al., 1966RDSH
Ba+13.2 ± 0.2OEIMesnard, Uzan, et al., 1963RDSH

Constants of diatomic molecules

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Klaus P. Huber and Gerhard H. Herzberg

Data collected through September, 1976

Symbols used in the table of constants
SymbolMeaning
State electronic state and / or symmetry symbol
Te minimum electronic energy (cm-1)
ωe vibrational constant – first term (cm-1)
ωexe vibrational constant – second term (cm-1)
ωeye vibrational constant – third term (cm-1)
Be rotational constant in equilibrium position (cm-1)
αe rotational constant – first term (cm-1)
γe rotation-vibration interaction constant (cm-1)
De centrifugal distortion constant (cm-1)
βe rotational constant – first term, centrifugal force (cm-1)
re internuclear distance (Å)
Trans. observed transition(s) corresponding to electronic state
ν00 position of 0-0 band (units noted in table)
Diatomic constants for 138Ba16O
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
[36490-38620] 1           
Field, Capelle, et al., 1975
B (1Pi) 32866.4 488 H 3.6        B lrarrow X R 32775 H
missing citation
A' 1Pi 17691 2 443 H 1.66  0.2252 3 0.00130  (0.00000023)  2.285 A' lrarrow X 4 R 17578 H
Hsu, Krugh, et al., 1974; Pruett and Zare, 1975; missing citation; Engelke, Sander, et al., 1976
a 3Pi0+ 17586.5 2 449.0 5 2.5  0.22544 5 0.00138      
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
a 3Pi1 17442 2 [445] 5 (4.5)  [0.2254] 5     2.289  
a 3Pi2 17393 2 5   5       
A 1Sigma+ 16807.2 499.7 6 Z 1.64  0.25832 6 0.001070  0.00000028  2.1338 A lrarrow X R 7 8 16722.25 Z
missing citation; missing citation; missing citation; Sakurai, Johnson, et al., 1970; Dagdigian, Cruse, et al., 1974
Microwave optical double resonance
Field, Bradford, et al., 1972; Field, Bradford, et al., 1972, 2; Field, English, et al., 1973
X 1Sigma+ 0 669.76 9 Z 2.028 10 -0.0035 0.3126140 9 0.0013921 -0.00000433 2.724E-07  1.939692 11 12  
Wharton and Klemperer, 1963; Hoeft, Lovas, et al., 1970; Tiemann, Bojaschewsky, et al., 1974
Mol. beam electric 13 and magn. reson. 14
Wharton, Kaufman, et al., 1962; Brooks and Kaufman, 1965

Notes

1Nineteen 1Sigma+ vibronic levels belonging to two or more perturbed electronic states. 17
23Pi2, 3Pi1, 3Pi0, and 1Pi, [see Field, 1974] correspond to Q, Z, Y, and X, respectively, of Lagerqvist, Lind, et al., 1949, Kovacs and Lagerqvist, 1950.
3Only v=12,17,18 have been rotationally analyzed Pruett and Zare, 1975. In addition, constants for v=2,3,4 have been derived Lagerqvist, Lind, et al., 1949, Kovacs and Lagerqvist, 1950 from perturbations Field, 1974 in v=3,4,5, respectively, of A 1Sigma+. Sigma+
4Radiative lifetime tau(v=13...17)= 9 mus Pruett and Zare, 1975. Similar lifetimes observed by Sakurai, Johnson, et al., 1970,2O can be attributed to either A' 1Pi or a 3Pii; see Field, Jones, et al., 1974.
5From perturbations in A 1Sigma+ Lagerqvist, Lind, et al., 1949, Kovacs and Lagerqvist, 1950, Field, 1974. Field, 1974 has adopted the following constants a 3Pii; Te = 17483 Field, 1974, a 3Pii; A= -105 Field, 1974, a 3Pii; omegae= 448.3 Field, 1974, a 3Pii; omegaexe=2.39 Field, 1974, a 3Pii; Be=0.2244 Field, 1974, a 3Pii alphae=0.0014 Field, 1974.
6Partially deperturbed constants. Numerous interactions with levels of a 3Pii and A' 1Pi, except in v=0 which is unperturbed Lagerqvist, Lind, et al., 1949, Kovacs and Lagerqvist, 1950, Field, 1974. Potential curve Singh and Rai, 1966, Tawde and Tulasigeri, 1975.
7Radiative lifetime tau(v=0) = 0.356 mus; f00(AlarrowX) = 0.00026 Johnson, 1972. Slight variation of tau with v.
8Relative intensities Vaidya, Desai, et al., 1964, Walvekar and Korwar, 1969, Degen, Brown, et al., 1971, Best and Hoffman, 1973; Franck-Condon factors Ortenberg, Glasko, et al., 1964, Wentink and Spindler, 1972, Tawde and Tulasigeri, 1975.
9The ground state constants have been derived Field, Capelle, et al., 1975 from a combination of microwave rotational constants Hoeft, Lovas, et al., 1970, Tiemann, Bojaschewsky, et al., 1974, electronic band origins Lagerqvist, Lind, et al., 1949, and data on higher vibrational levels (v leq 34) obtained by optical-optical double resonance photoluminescence spectroscopy. They were used for the construction of the RKR potential curve up to v=40 Field, Capelle, et al., 1975.
10omegaeze = -6.3E-5.
11From the Dunham corrected microwave Be value in Tiemann, Bojaschewsky, et al., 1974.
12Microwave sp. 18
13muel (v)=[7.934 + 0.042(v+1/2)] D.
14gJ = (-)0.103.
15By extrapolation of the highest observed ground state levels (v=0,J) populated in the reaction Ba+CO2 under single-collision conditions Dagdigian, Cruse, et al., 1974. Compatible with lower bounds obtained from the short-wavelength limits of the Ba+NO2 Ottinger and Zare, 1970, Jonah, Zare, et al., 1972 and Ba+ClO2 Engelke, Sander, et al., 1976 chemiluminescence spectra. Flame photometric values 16,27,36, if corrected to a 1Sigma ground state, are near 5.69 eV. Earlier measurements reviewed in Schofield, 1967, Gaydon, 1968.
16Electron impact appearance potential Panchenkov, Gusarov, et al., 1973, Rauh and Ackermann, 1976.
17Optical-optical double resonance laser spectroscopy.
18Values of eqQ(135,137Ba) in Hoeft, Lovas, et al., 1970, Tiemann, Bojaschewsky, et al., 1974.

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Constants of diatomic molecules, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chase, 1998
Chase, M.W., Jr., NIST-JANAF Themochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph 9, 1998, 1-1951. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Koitabashi, 1994
Koitabashi, M., Mass spectrum of barium oxide vapor, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 1994, 33, 5995. [all data]

Belyaev, Gotkis, et al., 1990
Belyaev, V.N.; Gotkis, I.S.; Lebedeva, N.L.; Krasnov, K.S., Ionization potentials of MX molecules (M = Ca, Sr, Ba; X = F, Cl, Br, I, OH, O), Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 1990, 64, 773. [all data]

Dyke, Feher, et al., 1987
Dyke, J.M.; Feher, M.; Gravenor, B.W.J.; Morris, A., High-temperature photoelectron spectroscopy: A study of the alkaline earth oxides SrO and BaO, J. Phys. Chem., 1987, 91, 4476. [all data]

Murad, 1981
Murad, E., Thermochemical properties of the gaseous alkaline earth monohydroxides, J. Chem. Phys., 1981, 75, 4080. [all data]

Rauh and Ackermann, 1976
Rauh, E.G.; Ackermann, R.J., Erratum: First ionization potentials of some refractory oxide vapors, J. Chem. Phys., 1976, 64, 1862. [all data]

Hilpert, Naoumidis, et al., 1975
Hilpert, K.; Naoumidis, A.; Wolff, G., Mass spectrometric study of the evaporation of BaAl2O4, High Temp. Sci., 1975, 7, 1. [all data]

Farber and Srivastava, 1975
Farber, M.; Srivastava, R.D., The dissociation energy of barium oxide, High Temp. Sci., 1975, 7, 74. [all data]

Panchenkov, Gusarov, et al., 1973
Panchenkov, I.G.; Gusarov, A.V.; Gorokhov, L.N., Dissociation energy of the barium oxide molecule, Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 1973, 47, 55. [all data]

Pupp, Yamdagni, et al., 1969
Pupp, C.; Yamdagni, R.; Porter, R.F., Mass spectrometric study of the evaporation of BaMoO4 and BaWO4, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 1969, 31, 2021. [all data]

Mesnard, Uzan, et al., 1963
Mesnard, G.; Uzan, R.; Cabaud, B., Potentiels d'apparition des ions obtenus dans un spectrometre de masse a partir d'oxydes alcalino-terreux, Cahiers Phys., 1963, 17, 333. [all data]

Mesnard, Uzan, et al., 1966
Mesnard, G.; Uzan, R.; Cabaud, B., Etude au spectrometre de masse des produits d'evaporation du bioxyde de titane et du titanate de baryum, Rev. Phys. Appl., 1966, 1, 123. [all data]

Field, Capelle, et al., 1975
Field, R.W.; Capelle, G.A.; Revelli, M.A., Optical-optical double resonance laser spectroscopy of BaO, J. Chem. Phys., 1975, 63, 3228. [all data]

Hsu, Krugh, et al., 1974
Hsu, C.J.; Krugh, W.D.; Palmer, H.B.; Obenauf, R.H.; Aten, C.F., A new electronic band system of BaO, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1974, 53, 273. [all data]

Pruett and Zare, 1975
Pruett, J.G.; Zare, R.N., Lifetime-separated spectroscopy: observation and rotational analysis of the BaO A'1«PI» state, J. Chem. Phys., 1975, 62, 2050. [all data]

Engelke, Sander, et al., 1976
Engelke, F.; Sander, R.K.; Zare, R.N., Crossed-beam chemiluminescent studies of alkaline earth atoms with ClO2, J. Chem. Phys., 1976, 65, 1146. [all data]

Sakurai, Johnson, et al., 1970
Sakurai, K.; Johnson, S.E.; Broida, H.P., Laser-induced fluoroscence of BaO, J. Chem. Phys., 1970, 52, 1625. [all data]

Dagdigian, Cruse, et al., 1974
Dagdigian, P.J.; Cruse, H.W.; Schultz, A.; Zare, R.N., Product state analysis of BaO from the reactions Ba + CO2 and Ba + O2, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 4450. [all data]

Field, Bradford, et al., 1972
Field, R.W.; Bradford, R.S.; Harris, D.O.; Broida, H.P., Microwave optical double resonance spectroscopy of BaO, J. Chem. Phys., 1972, 56, 4712. [all data]

Field, Bradford, et al., 1972, 2
Field, R.W.; Bradford, R.S.; Broida, H.P.; Harris, D.O., Excited state microwave spectroscopy of the A1«SIGMA» state of BaO, J. Chem. Phys., 1972, 57, 2209. [all data]

Field, English, et al., 1973
Field, R.W.; English, A.D.; Tanaka, T.; Harris, D.O.; Jennings, D.A., Microwave optical double resonance spectroscopy with a cw dye laser: BaO X1«SIGMA» and A1«SIGMA», J. Chem. Phys., 1973, 59, 2191. [all data]

Wharton and Klemperer, 1963
Wharton, L.; Klemperer, W., Microwave spectrum of BaO, J. Chem. Phys., 1963, 38, 2705. [all data]

Hoeft, Lovas, et al., 1970
Hoeft, J.; Lovas, F.J.; Tiemann, E.; Torring, T., Microwave spectrum of BaO, Z. Naturforsch. A, 1970, 25, 1750. [all data]

Tiemann, Bojaschewsky, et al., 1974
Tiemann, E.; Bojaschewsky, M.; Sauter-Servaes, C.; Torring, T., Rotationsspektrum von BaO, Z. Naturforsch. A, 1974, 29, 1692. [all data]

Wharton, Kaufman, et al., 1962
Wharton, L.; Kaufman, M.; Klemperer, W., Electric resonance spectrum and dipole moment of BaO, J. Chem. Phys., 1962, 37, 621. [all data]

Brooks and Kaufman, 1965
Brooks, R.; Kaufman, M., Rotational magnetic moment of BaO, J. Chem. Phys., 1965, 43, 3406. [all data]

Field, 1974
Field, R.W., Assignment of the lowest 3«PI» and 1«PI» states of CaO, SrO, and BaO, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 2400. [all data]

Lagerqvist, Lind, et al., 1949
Lagerqvist, A.; Lind, E.; Barrow, R.F., Band-spectrum of barium oxide, Nature (London), 1949, 164, 923. [all data]

Kovacs and Lagerqvist, 1950
Kovacs, I.; Lagerqvist, A., Perturbations in the BaO spectrum, J. Chem. Phys., 1950, 18, 1683. [all data]

Field, Jones, et al., 1974
Field, R.W.; Jones, C.R.; Broida, H.P., Gas-phase reaction of Ba with N2O. II. Mechanism of reaction, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 4377. [all data]

Singh and Rai, 1966
Singh, R.B.; Rai, D.K., Potential curves for some diatomic molecules: P2, PN, SiN, NBr, BaO, BeF, SiF & SnF, Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys., 1966, 4, 102. [all data]

Tawde and Tulasigeri, 1975
Tawde, N.R.; Tulasigeri, V.G., Franck-Condon factors, r-centroids and electronic transition moment variation with internuclear distance of the A1«SIGMA»-X1«SIGMA» band system of BaO using RKR potentials, Acta Phys. Acad. Sci. Hung., 1975, 38, 299. [all data]

Johnson, 1972
Johnson, S.E., Measured radiative lifetimes and electronic quenching cross sections of BaO(A1«SIGMA»), J. Chem. Phys., 1972, 56, 149. [all data]

Vaidya, Desai, et al., 1964
Vaidya, W.M.; Desai, D.D.; Bidaye, R.G., Intensity distribution in the A1«SIGMA»-X1«SIGMA» system of BaO, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 1964, 4, 353. [all data]

Walvekar and Korwar, 1969
Walvekar, A.P.; Korwar, V.M., Vibrational transition probabilities of the bands of the BaO (A1«SIGMA»-X1«SIGMA») system, J. Phys. B:, 1969, 2, 115. [all data]

Degen, Brown, et al., 1971
Degen, V.; Brown, N.; Romick, G.J., Rotational and vibrational temperatures of BaO from a barium release at 170 km, and the synthetic spectrum of BaO in the region 4700 Å to 15,500 Å, Planet. Space Sci., 1971, 19, 1625. [all data]

Best and Hoffman, 1973
Best, G.T.; Hoffman, H.S., The electronic transition moment of the A1«SIGMA»-X1«SIGMA» band system of BaO, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 1973, 13, 69. [all data]

Ortenberg, Glasko, et al., 1964
Ortenberg, F.S.; Glasko, V.B.; Dmitriev, A.I., Vibrational transition probabilities for band systems of some diatomic oxides. II., Sov. Astron. Engl. Transl., 1964, 8, 258, In original 332. [all data]

Wentink and Spindler, 1972
Wentink, T., Jr.; Spindler, R.J., Jr., Franck-Condon factors, r-centroids and oscillator strength of BaO (A1«SIGMA»-X1«SIGMA»), J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 1972, 12, 129. [all data]

Ottinger and Zare, 1970
Ottinger, Ch.; Zare, R.N., Crossed beam chemiluminescence, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1970, 5, 243. [all data]

Jonah, Zare, et al., 1972
Jonah, C.D.; Zare, R.N.; Ottinger, Ch., Crossed-beam chemiluminescence studies of some group IIa metal oxides, J. Chem. Phys., 1972, 56, 263. [all data]

Schofield, 1967
Schofield, K., The bond dissociation energies of group IIA diatomic oxides, Chem. Rev., 1967, 67, 707. [all data]

Gaydon, 1968
Gaydon, A.G., Dissociation energies and spectra of diatomic molecules, Chapman and Hall, Ltd., 3rd Edition, London, 1968, 1. [all data]


Notes

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