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tin sulphide

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Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Constants of diatomic molecules, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.7 ± 0.5EIColin and Drowart, 1962RDSH
9.42PEWhite, Rosenberg, et al., 1979Vertical value; LLK
10.20PEWu and Fehlner, 1976Vertical value; LLK
9.7 ± 0.5EIWu and Fehlner, 1976Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
S+16.5 ± 2.0SnEIColin and Drowart, 1962RDSH
Sn+12.5 ± 0.5SEIColin and Drowart, 1962RDSH

Constants of diatomic molecules

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Klaus P. Huber and Gerhard H. Herzberg

Data collected through August, 1977

Symbols used in the table of constants
SymbolMeaning
State electronic state and / or symmetry symbol
Te minimum electronic energy (cm-1)
ωe vibrational constant – first term (cm-1)
ωexe vibrational constant – second term (cm-1)
ωeye vibrational constant – third term (cm-1)
Be rotational constant in equilibrium position (cm-1)
αe rotational constant – first term (cm-1)
γe rotation-vibration interaction constant (cm-1)
De centrifugal distortion constant (cm-1)
βe rotational constant – first term, centrifugal force (cm-1)
re internuclear distance (Å)
Trans. observed transition(s) corresponding to electronic state
ν00 position of 0-0 band (units noted in table)
Diatomic constants for 120Sn32S
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
Continuous absorption from 56470 to 56887 cm-1.
Barrow, Drummond, et al., 1953
G 2 [56171] 1          G larrow X R 55928 H
Barrow, Drummond, et al., 1953
F 2 (52257) (408) H (4.5)        F larrow X R 52217 H
Barrow, Drummond, et al., 1953
E 1Sigma+ 33037.0 294.25 H 1.15        E lrarrow X R 32941 H
missing citation; Barrow, Drummond, et al., 1953; Douglas, Howe, et al., 1961
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
D 1Pi 28336.60 331.35 Z 1.265  0.12023 3 4 0.00070    2.3569 D lrarrow X R 28258.67 Z
missing citation; Douglas, Howe, et al., 1961
The spectrum in the visible and near UV region is very complex, both in absorption and in emission Rochester, 1935 Douglas, Howe, et al., 1961 Yamdagni and Joshi, 1966; partial analysis by Douglas, Howe, et al., 1961:
C' 1 [23950.3] 5    [0.1075]     [2.493] C' lrarrow X R 23707.0 Z
Douglas, Howe, et al., 1961
B 1 (23589.8) [366.60] 6 Z   [0.1214] 7    [2.345] B lrarrow X R 23529.82 Z
Douglas, Howe, et al., 1961
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
A 0+ [22915.97] 8    [0.1184]     [2.375] A lrarrow X R 22672.68 Z
Douglas, Howe, et al., 1961
a 9           a rarrow X (18300)
Smith and Meyer, 1968
X 1Sigma+ 0 487.26 Z 1.358  0.13686139 4 0.00050563 10  4.24E-8  2.209026 11  
Marino, Guerin, et al., 1974
Microwave sp. 6
Barrow, Fry, et al., 1963

Notes

1v=0 only.
2p and q of Barrow, Drummond, et al., 1953.
3Perturbations.
4RKR potential functions Nair, Singh, et al., 1965.
5Only one level 13 analyzed.
6The two levels x and w of Douglas, Howe, et al., 1961 are believed Barrow, Fry, et al., 1963 to belong to the same electronic state; v numbering uncertain. Rotational perturbations in both observed levels.
7B1 = 0.1218; see 6.
8Only one level 14 analyzed.
9fluorescence bands in rare gas matrices, 18300 - 14300 cm-1.
10alphav= -1.87E-7(v+1/2)2 - 4E-9(v+1/2)3.
11IR Spectrum 15
12Thermochemical value Colin and Drowart, 1962; agrees fairly well with values derived from the continuous absorption (D00 leq 4.84 ev) and from a short extrapolation of the vibrational levels of the E state (D00 = 4.81 eV) if dissociation into 1D + 1D and 3P1 + 3P1, respectively, is assumed.
13Ca1led z by Douglas, Howe, et al., 1961 and renamed C' by Barrow, Fry, et al., 1963; v numbering uncertain. Low J lines (J < 29) are weak or absent causing the headless appearance of the bands.
14Called y by Douglas, Howe, et al., 1961,renamed A by Barrow, Fry, et al., 1963; v numbering uncertain.
15In argon matrix.
16muel = 3.17 + 0.022(v+1/2) D Hoeft, Lovas, et al., 1969, Hoeft, Lovas, et al., 1970; see also Murty and Curl, 1969. 33S hf structure Hoeft, Lovas, et al., 1970.

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Constants of diatomic molecules, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Colin and Drowart, 1962
Colin, R.; Drowart, J., Thermodynamic study of tin sulfide and lead sulfide using a mass spectrometer, J. Chem. Phys., 1962, 37, 1120. [all data]

White, Rosenberg, et al., 1979
White, M.G.; Rosenberg, R.A.; Lee, S.T.; Shirley, D.A., The He(I) photoelectron spectroscopy of heavy group IV-VI diatomics, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1979, 17, 323. [all data]

Wu and Fehlner, 1976
Wu, M.; Fehlner, T.P., Valence level photoelectron spectra of some heavy group 4-6 diatomic molecules, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1976, 98, 7578. [all data]

Barrow, Drummond, et al., 1953
Barrow, R.F.; Drummond, G.; Rowlinson, H.C., The absorption spectrum of SnS vapour in the ultra-violet and Schumann regions, Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sect. A, 1953, 66, 885. [all data]

Douglas, Howe, et al., 1961
Douglas, A.E.; Howe, L.L.; Morton, J.R., The spectrum of the SnS molecule, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1961, 7, 161. [all data]

Rochester, 1935
Rochester, G.D., The absorption spectrum of stannous sulphide, Proc. R. Soc. London A, 1935, 150, 668. [all data]

Yamdagni and Joshi, 1966
Yamdagni, R.; Joshi, M.M., The visible absorption spectrum of the SnS molecule, Indian J. Phys., 1966, 40, 495. [all data]

Smith and Meyer, 1968
Smith, J.J.; Meyer, B., The absorption and fluorescence spectrum of SnS and SnO: matrix-induced intersystem crossing, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1968, 27, 304. [all data]

Marino, Guerin, et al., 1974
Marino, C.P.; Guerin, J.D.; Nixon, E.R., Infrared spectra of some matrix-isolated germanium, tin, and lead chalcogenides, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1974, 51, 160. [all data]

Barrow, Fry, et al., 1963
Barrow, R.F.; Fry, P.W.; Le Bargy, R.C., Rotational analysis of bands of the absorption spectrum of PbS, Proc. Phys. Soc. London, 1963, 81, 697. [all data]

Nair, Singh, et al., 1965
Nair, K.P.R.; Singh, R.B.; Rai, D.K., Potential-energy curves and dissociation energies of oxides and sulfides of group IV A elements, J. Chem. Phys., 1965, 43, 3570. [all data]

Hoeft, Lovas, et al., 1969
Hoeft, J.; Lovas, F.J.; Tiemann, E.; Tischer, R.; Torring, T., Elektrisches Dipolmoment und Mikrowellenrotationsspektrum von SnO, SnS, PbO und PbS, Z. Naturforsch. A, 1969, 24, 1222. [all data]

Hoeft, Lovas, et al., 1970
Hoeft, J.; Lovas, J.; Tiemann, E.; Torring, T., Dipole moments and hyperfine structure of the group IV/VI diatomic molecules, J. Chem. Phys., 1970, 53, 2736. [all data]

Murty and Curl, 1969
Murty, A.N.; Curl, R.F., Jr., Dipole moments of the sulfides of Pb, Sn, and Si from Stark effect measurements, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1969, 30, 102. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Constants of diatomic molecules, References