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Ethylbenzene

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas7.12 ± 0.20kcal/molCcbProsen, Gilmont, et al., 1945Hf by Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946; ALS
Deltafgas11.7 ± 0.96kcal/molCcbN/AValue computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° from missing citation and «DELTA»vapH° value of 10.1 kcal/mol from missing citation. recalculated with modern CO2,H2O thermo; estimated uncertainty (NOTE all values in source also have wrong sign); DRB
Deltafgas16.6kcal/molN/AMoureu and Andre, 1914Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of 27.0 kj/mol from Moureu and Andre, 1914 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 42.3 kj/mol from Prosen, Gilmont, et al., 1945.; DRB
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas86.2 ± 0.1cal/mol*KN/AMiller A., 1978S(298.16 K)=361.5 J/mol*K was obtained from earlier experimental data [ Guttman L., 1943].; GT

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.6050.Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997Recommended values are in good agreement with other statistically calculated data [ Miller A., 1978, Taylor W.J., 1946].; GT
13.80100.
17.29150.
21.16200.
27.935273.15
30.449298.15
30.638300.
40.619400.
49.374500.
56.585600.
62.502700.
67.419800.
71.551900.
75.0571000.
78.0501100.
80.6091200.
82.8111300.
84.7061400.
86.3461500.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
38.06 ± 0.19373.15Hossenlopp I.A., 1981Heat capacities determined from acoustical measurements [ Colgate S.O., 1990] (124.98, 138.21, 158.84, and 173.88 J/mol*K at 298.15, 323.15, 373.15, and 408.15 K, respectively) are slightly lower than calorimetric ones. Please also see Scott R.B., 1945.; GT
39.257 ± 0.079385.65
40.452 ± 0.081398.15
42.772 ± 0.086423.15
45.000 ± 0.091448.15
47.168 ± 0.093473.15
49.221 ± 0.098498.15
51.15 ± 0.10523.15

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-2.98 ± 0.20kcal/molCcbProsen, Gilmont, et al., 1945Hf by Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946; ALS
Deltafliquid1.6 ± 0.96kcal/molCcbN/Arecalculated with modern CO2,H2O thermo; estimated uncertainty (NOTE all values in source also have wrong sign); DRB
Deltafliquid6.5kcal/molCcbMoureu and Andre, 1914ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-1092. ± 4.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid60.949cal/mol*KN/AGuthrie, Spitzer, et al., 1944DH
liquid61.21cal/mol*KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1930Extrapolation below 90 K, 61.09 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
44.17293.31Andolenko and Grigor'ev, 1979T = 293 to 393 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum given as 1.741 kJ/kg*K.; DH
44.3528298.15Fortier and Benson, 1979DH
44.3497298.15Fortier and Benson, 1977DH
44.402298.15Fortier, Benson, et al., 1976DH
38.5295.Tschamler, 1948DH
44.41298.Kurbatov, 1947T = 15 to 18 C, mean Cp, four temperatures.; DH
44.465298.15Scott and Brickwedde, 1945T = 15 to 300 K.; DH
44.410298.15Guthrie, Spitzer, et al., 1944T = 13 to 305 K.; DH
42.71302.8de Kolossowsky and Udowenko, 1934DH
42.71302.7Kolosovskii and Udovenko, 1934DH
44.60298.15Blacet, Leighton, et al., 1931T = 286 to 368 K. Heat capacity reported as 0.420 cal g-1 K-1 at 25 C.; DH
43.91298.5Smith and Andrews, 1931T = 102 to 299 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
43.40297.4Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930T = 93 to 305 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
43.40303.Willams and Daniels, 1924T = 303 to 343 K. Equation only.; DH
44.10298.von Reis, 1881T = 292 to 425 K.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil409.3 ± 0.3KAVGN/AAverage of 78 out of 97 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus179. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 16 out of 17 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple178.15KN/AScott and Brickwedde, 1945, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Ttriple178.KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1930, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc617. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 10 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc35.9 ± 0.9atmAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.374l/molN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc2.68 ± 0.010mol/lN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
rhoc2.670mol/lN/ASimon, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.04 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap10. ± 1.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
8.501409.3N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
10.155294.01N/AScott and Brickwedde, 1945DH
9.99313.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 298. - 420. K.; AC
8.84424.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 409. - 459. K.; AC
8.56472.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 457. - 554. K.; AC
8.48564.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 549. - 617. K.; AC
9.70335.N/APaul, Krug, et al., 1986Based on data from 320. - 400. K.; AC
9.68 ± 0.02328.CSvoboda, Charvátová, et al., 1982AC
9.44 ± 0.02343.CSvoboda, Charvátová, et al., 1982AC
9.23 ± 0.02358.CSvoboda, Charvátová, et al., 1982AC
9.56345.MMWillingham, Taylor, et al., 1945Based on data from 330. - 410. K. See also Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kcal/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kcal/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
295. - 437.13.940.2823617.1Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Entropy of vaporization

DeltavapS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
34.54294.01Scott and Brickwedde, 1945DH

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
420.00 - 600.004.399651695.026-23.698Ambrose, Broderick, et al., 1967Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
329.74 - 410.274.069171419.315-60.539Williamham, Taylor, et al., 1945 

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
2.1945178.15Scott and Brickwedde, 1945DH
2.190178.17Guthrie, Spitzer, et al., 1944DH
2.19178.2Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
2.190178.0Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
12.32178.15Scott and Brickwedde, 1945DH
12.29178.17Guthrie, Spitzer, et al., 1944DH
12.30178.0Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C8H9- + Hydrogen cation = Ethylbenzene

By formula: C8H9- + H+ = C8H10

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar406.0 ± 4.6kcal/molCIDTGraul and Squires, 1990gas phase; From decarboxylation threshold. Stable form probably the spiro[2.5]octadienide Maas and van Keelen, 1989; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar397.7 ± 4.7kcal/molH-TSGraul and Squires, 1990gas phase; From decarboxylation threshold. Stable form probably the spiro[2.5]octadienide Maas and van Keelen, 1989; B

C8H9- + Hydrogen cation = Ethylbenzene

By formula: C8H9- + H+ = C8H10

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar379.7 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar373.3 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

2Hydrogen + Phenylethyne = Ethylbenzene

By formula: 2H2 + C8H6 = C8H10

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-66.12 ± 0.06kcal/molChydDavis, Allinger, et al., 1985liquid phase; solvent: Hexane; ALS
Deltar-64.7 ± 0.9kcal/molChydRogers and McLafferty, 1971liquid phase; solvent: Hydrocarbon; ALS
Deltar-70.7 ± 1.0kcal/molChydFlitcroft and Skinner, 1958liquid phase; ALS

Nitric oxide anion + Ethylbenzene = (Nitric oxide anion bullet Ethylbenzene)

By formula: NO- + C8H10 = (NO- bullet C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.5kcal/molICRReents and Freiser, 1981gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(NO+)C2H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Farid and McMahon, 1978; M

Ethylbenzene + 3Hydrogen = Cyclohexane, ethyl-

By formula: C8H10 + 3H2 = C8H16

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-48.18 ± 0.10kcal/molChydDolliver, Gresham, et al., 1937gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -48.9 ± 0.1 kcal/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

Chlorine anion + Ethylbenzene = (Chlorine anion bullet Ethylbenzene)

By formula: Cl- + C8H10 = (Cl- bullet C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.00kcal/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
5.0300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

Ethylbenzene + Benzene, bromo- = C8H9Br + Benzene

By formula: C8H10 + C6H5Br = C8H9Br + C6H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-0.14 ± 0.0050kcal/molCmMerdzhanov, Alenin, et al., 1982gas phase; Heat of isomerization at 349 K; ALS

Styrene + Hydrogen = Ethylbenzene

By formula: C8H8 + H2 = C8H10

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-28.01 ± 0.41kcal/molChydAbboud, Jimenez, et al., 1995liquid phase; solvent: Hydrocarbon; Like gas phase; ALS

Ethylbenzene = Styrene + Hydrogen

By formula: C8H10 = C8H8 + H2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.840kcal/molEqkGhosh, Ram Das Guha, et al., 1945gas phase; ALS

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
0.125100.LN/A 
0.154600.MN/A 
0.11 QN/ASeveral references are given in the list of Henry's law constants but not assigned to specific species.
0.134600.MN/A 
0.12 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
0.115500.XN/A 
0.125000.XN/A 
0.161700.XN/A 
0.13 LN/A 
0.145500.XN/A 
0.12 MMackay, Shiu, et al., 1979 
0.11 TMackay, Shiu, et al., 1979 
0.12 VN/A 
0.176100.MN/A 
0.15 VBohon and Claussen, 1951 

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
MM - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner)
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C8H10+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.77 ± 0.01eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)188.3kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity181.7kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Proton affinity at 298K

Proton affinity (kcal/mol) Reference Comment
188.8Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Gas basicity at 298K

Gas basicity (review) (kcal/mol) Reference Comment
181.7Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.77PEHowell, Goncalves, et al., 1984LBLHLM
8.61PEKlasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983LBLHLM
8.65 ± 0.10EISelim and Helal, 1982LBLHLM
8.76EIMcLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1979LLK
8.768 ± 0.008EQLias and Ausloos, 1978LLK
8.75 ± 0.05PIAkopyan and Vilesov, 1966RDSH
8.76 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
8.77 ± 0.01SHammond, Price, et al., 1950RDSH
8.77PEHowell, Goncalves, et al., 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.73PEKlasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983Vertical value; LBLHLM
9.38PEDeshmukh, Dutta, et al., 1982Vertical value; LBLHLM

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C5H5+16.2 ± 0.2C2H2+CH3EITajima and Tsuchiya, 1973LLK
C6H6+11.0 ± 0.1C2H4?PIAkopyan and Vilesov, 1966RDSH
C7H7+9.9 ± 0.1CH3TRPILifshitz and Malinovich, 1984LBLHLM
C7H7+10.15 ± 0.10CH3EISelim and Helal, 1982LBLHLM
C7H7+10.06CH3EIMcLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1979LLK
C7H7+10.9 ± 0.1CH3PIAkopyan and Vilesov, 1966RDSH
C8H9+10.60HEIMcLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1979LLK
C8H9+12.1 ± 0.1HPIAkopyan and Vilesov, 1966RDSH
C8H9+11.4 ± 0.1HEIMeyer, Haynes, et al., 1965RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C8H9- + Hydrogen cation = Ethylbenzene

By formula: C8H9- + H+ = C8H10

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar406.0 ± 4.6kcal/molCIDTGraul and Squires, 1990gas phase; From decarboxylation threshold. Stable form probably the spiro[2.5]octadienide Maas and van Keelen, 1989; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar397.7 ± 4.7kcal/molH-TSGraul and Squires, 1990gas phase; From decarboxylation threshold. Stable form probably the spiro[2.5]octadienide Maas and van Keelen, 1989; B

C8H9- + Hydrogen cation = Ethylbenzene

By formula: C8H9- + H+ = C8H10

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar379.7 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar373.3 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Chlorine anion + Ethylbenzene = (Chlorine anion bullet Ethylbenzene)

By formula: Cl- + C8H10 = (Cl- bullet C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.00kcal/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
5.0300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

Nitric oxide anion + Ethylbenzene = (Nitric oxide anion bullet Ethylbenzene)

By formula: NO- + C8H10 = (NO- bullet C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.5kcal/molICRReents and Freiser, 1981gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(NO+)C2H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Farid and McMahon, 1978; M

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Data compiled by: Pamela M. Chu, Franklin R. Guenther, George C. Rhoderick, and Walter J. Lafferty


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 114918

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-10.850.6Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-110.844.5Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-120.846.8Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-130.843.4Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-140.841.8Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-150.843.5Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-160.848.1Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone150.866.85Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2002He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm
CapillaryZB-5120.879.95Lebrón-Aguilar, Eduardo Quintanilla-López, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10160.847.3Chen, Liang, et al., 2001He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.875.4Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000He; Column length: 3.3 m
CapillaryHP-10160.848.34Garay, 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryHP-10160.848.34Garay, 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryOV-1100.859.2Zhu, Zhang, et al., 1999Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-1140.861.Beens, Tijssen, et al., 199810. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-160.847.Beens, Tijssen, et al., 199810. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-160.850.Dewulf, Van Langenhove, et al., 199730. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, He
CapillaryCP Sil 260.848.0Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995100. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryCP Sil 280.854.8Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995100. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-101150.871.1Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101180.880.0Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryDB-160.847.8Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryPONA60.848.1Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryPONA60.848.1Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-160.848.2Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 1. «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10160.847.6Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.2 «mu»m
PackedSqualane100.849.Hongwei and Zhide, 1992H2, Silanized white support (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.874.0Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 3.3 m
CapillaryHP-160.848.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.848.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.859.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.859.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillarySPB-160.848.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm
PackedApolane130.875.Dutoit, 1991Column length: 3.7 m
CapillaryOV-1100.858.4Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-1120.863.3Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-190.857.3Maurer, Engewald, et al., 1990Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.857.Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-145.844.6Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-165.849.7Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane50.834.6Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198950. m/0.22 mm/0.21 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane70.839.8Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198950. m/0.22 mm/0.21 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101100.858.Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
PackedSqualane70.840.Safina, Poznyak, et al., 1989He, Risorb (0.2-0.3 mm); Column length: 2. m
CapillaryHP-160.859.Bangjie, Yijian, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.860.Bangjie, Yijian, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillarySqualane50.832.8Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillarySqualane70.838.5Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.857.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.858.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.859.Engewald, Topalova, et al., 1987Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillarySqualane100.849.Nabivach and Vasiliev, 1987 
CapillarySqualane50.833.3Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-30150.870.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
CapillaryOV-101100.857.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.859.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.857.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101110.860.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-10190.854.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillarySqualane106.848.Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983He; Column length: 100. m
CapillarySqualane96.845.Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983He; Column length: 100. m
CapillaryDB-160.847.8Lubeck and Sutton, 1983Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.264 mm
CapillaryDB-160.848.2Lubeck and Sutton, 198360. m/0.259 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillarySE-3070.851.4Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-30100.859.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
CapillarySE-30130.867.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3080.854.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.859.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.864.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.870.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
PackedPorapack Q200.821.Goebel, 1982N2
CapillarySqualane86.845.3Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.847.7Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.858.9Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.864.2Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.870.1Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
PackedSqualane100.846.Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980He, Chromaton N-AW-HMDS; Column length: 1. m
CapillarySqualane50.834.1Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.839.5Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane86.844.6Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.844.6Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.844.8Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.845.3Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane70.839.4Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane70.840.6Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane70.839.Drozd, Novák, et al., 1978Column length: 10. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.839.2Drozd, Novák, et al., 1978Column length: 10. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane86.845.3Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.847.7Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.850.Engewald and Wennrich, 1976N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillarySqualane100.844.Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.844.Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedApolane70.855.2Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976He, Chromosorb; Column length: 2.4 m
CapillarySqualane60.837.Ryba, 1976Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane60.839.Ryba, 1976Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane80.841.56Soják and Rijks, 1976H2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-30110.864.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
PackedSE-30120.866.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
PackedSE-30130.870.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
PackedSE-30140.873.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
CapillarySE-30130.868.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 6.1 m; Column diameter: 3.18 mm
CapillarySE-30140.872.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 6.1 m; Column diameter: 3.18 mm
CapillarySE-30150.875.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 6.1 m; Column diameter: 3.18 mm
CapillarySE-30160.877.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 6.1 m; Column diameter: 3.18 mm
CapillarySE-30170.880.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 6.1 m; Column diameter: 3.18 mm
CapillarySqualane100.850.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySqualane50.835.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.840.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySE-3065.849.1Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.849.1Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.849.1Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.849.1Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.849.1Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.849.1Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySqualane100.847.7Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974He; Column length: 10.5 m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane120.848.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySqualane86.843.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)35.846.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)45.850.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)50.852.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)58.855.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)68.859.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillarySqualane70.834.Dimov and Schopov, 1971Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane100.848.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m
CapillarySqualane80.844.2Wallaert, 1971Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane115.851.3Soják and Bucinská, 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySqualane86.844.3Soják and Bucinská, 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
PackedApiezon L100.879.Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968N2, DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.3 m
PackedSqualane27.830.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane49.836.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane67.841.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane86.846.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedApiezon L100.876.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L120.884.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L140.892.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L80.868.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedSqualane100.847.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedSqualane120.853.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedSqualane140.859.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedSqualane80.843.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
CapillarySqualane70.840.Schomburg, 1966 

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1844.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1848.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5864.1Wang, Fingas, et al., 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySPB-1844.Wong and Tie, 1993He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillarySE-54853.Rembold, Wallner, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 12. min, 12. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101858.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101843.Hayes and Pitzer, 1982110. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-30850.Greenberg, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-30851.Greenberg, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryOV-101855.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101857.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryApiezon L868.Louis, 1971N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPetrocol DH-100855.6Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)
CapillaryDB-1850.Hoekman, 199360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He; Program: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min
CapillarySqualane850.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M150.1100.Egazaryants and Maximov, 1998He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M150.1105.Egazaryants and Maximov, 1998He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySupelcowax-1060.1138.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm
CapillaryPEG-20M70.1131.9Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M110.1158.9Vernon and Suratman, 1983He, A silanized white support; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M120.1164.3Vernon and Suratman, 1983He, A silanized white support; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M130.1169.8Vernon and Suratman, 1983He, A silanized white support; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M140.1175.2Vernon and Suratman, 1983He, A silanized white support; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M75.1136.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M150.1160.9Ellis and Still, 1979Chromosorb W, AW-DMCS
PackedCarbowax 20M115.1158.4Ellis and Still, 1979Chromosorb G
PackedCarbowax 20M115.1159.4Ellis and Still, 1979Chromosorb G
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.1127.1Engewald and Wennrich, 1976N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1111.1Döring, Estel, et al., 1974Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
PackedPEG-2000152.1178.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000100.1154.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000120.1162.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000140.1169.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 400080.1147.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1126.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1128.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1098.Nishimura, Yamaguchi, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1122.Umano and Shibamoto, 1987He, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-5866.Engel and Ratel, 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS862.Elmore, Cooper, et al., 20050. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane879.Estevez, Ventanas, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5871.Insausti, Goñi, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 15. min, 8. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5MS868.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5869.Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 200525. m/0.2 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryPONA854.Vendeuvre, Bertoncini, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS864.Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5864.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-5893.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH850.8Censullo, Jones, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB876.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-5856.3Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5855.5Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5853.2Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5856.3Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5857.2Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-1839.8Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryDB-5868.3Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryBPX-5872.Bredie, Mottram, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB860.Oruna-Concha, Ames, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5857.Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryBPX-5865.Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-5866.Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-5865.Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-5866.Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB856.Pino and Marbot, 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryOV-101847.0Yin, Liu, et al., 2001N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 130. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB855.Chevance and Farmer, 199960. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB849.Yassaa, Meklati, et al., 199925. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1834.Beens, Tijssen, et al., 199810. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillarySE-54860.9Kivi-Etelätalo, Kostiainen, et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryPONA836.1Martos, Saraullo, et al., 199750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 0.5 min, 1. K/min, 220. C @ 8. min
CapillaryPONA841.7Martos, Saraullo, et al., 199750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 0.5 min, 1. K/min, 220. C @ 8. min
CapillaryOV-1846.1Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-1846.4Helmig, Pollock, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: -50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-5861.5Helmig, Pollock, et al., 199660. m/0.33 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: -50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-5853.2Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5856.3Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5857.2Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5856.3Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5855.5Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH844.19Subramaniam, Bochniak, et al., 1994100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH844.47Subramaniam, Bochniak, et al., 1994100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1858.Yu, Lin, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryUltra-1845.Olson, Sinkevitch, et al., 19924. K/min; Tstart: -40. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-1858.Peng, Hua, et al., 199230. m/0.32 mm/1.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 4. min, 8. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH844.5White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH844.74White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH845.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
PackedSE-30864.Fischer and Kusch, 1990Chromosorb W AW (80-100 mesh), 5. K/min; Column length: 1.5 m; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5855.Morinaga, Hara, et al., 199015. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 90. C
CapillarySE-54848.3Shapi and Hesso, 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 15. min
CapillarySE-54856.2Shapi and Hesso, 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 15. min
CapillarySE-54848.3Shapi and Hesso, 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 15. min
CapillarySE-54848.3Shapi and Hesso, 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 15. min
CapillarySE-54856.2Shapi and Hesso, 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 15. min
CapillaryUltra-1845.17Steward and Pitzer, 198850. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-1845.49Steward and Pitzer, 198850. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-1848.7Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1844.8Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1844.6Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 30. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillaryUltra-1841.26Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-1844.05Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-1845.90Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2857.33Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2860.40Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2862.45Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101843.Hayes and Pitzer, 1981108. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedOV-101877.Nixon, Wong, et al., 1979Gas-Chrom Q, 2. K/min; Column length: 2.5 m; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5858.Engel, Baty, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 5C(5min) => 3C/min => 20C => 5C/min => 100C 15C/min => 150C (5min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB863.Oruna-Concha, Bakker, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB865.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryDB-1846.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 200(1min) => 5C/min => 300C(25min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone870.79Hassoun, Pilling, et al., 199950. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -50C(2min) => 49.9C/min => 35C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C(2min) => 40C/min => 240C(30min)
CapillaryDB-1845.Mattinen, Tuominen, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 210C(30min)
PackedSE-30858.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1116.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1120.Alasalvar, Taylor, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 203. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101134.Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCarbowax1146.1Censullo, Jones, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1123.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101129.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101129.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1131.Le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1127.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1138.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1115.Chevance and Farmer, 199960. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1115.Chevance and Farmer, 1999, 260. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySupelcowax-101130.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1118.Cha, Kim, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryFFAP1133.Ott, Fay, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1168.Shimoda, Peralta, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1138.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1125.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1125.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1124.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1994He, 60. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1138.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1125.Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101123.Chung and Cadwallader, 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1125.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1129.Peng, Hua, et al., 199230. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 4. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1122.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1130.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1116.Frohlich and Schreier, 199030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101128.Matiella and Hsieh, 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1122.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1123.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101130.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101132.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1107.Baltes and Mevissen, 1988He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Tend: 210. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101133.Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101135.Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101125.Bianchi, Cantoni, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 220C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101125.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101121.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101125.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101125.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101122.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryStabilwax1129.Natali N., Chinnici F., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 3C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 240C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1132.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1132.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane105.859.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane75.852.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane90.855.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone100.858.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.864.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone140.869.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone80.853.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.859.Chen and Feng, 2006 
CapillaryDB-160.847.Shimadzu, 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101100.857.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 199550. m/0.30 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryOV-101100.858.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 199550. m/0.30 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryOV-101100.858.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 199550. m/0.30 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryOV-101100.859.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 199550. m/0.30 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryOV-101100.859.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 199550. m/0.30 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillarySqualane100.847.Berezkin, 1993 
CapillarySqualane100.850.Berezkin, 1993 
CapillaryOV-101100.858.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.859.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.863.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.864.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101102.843.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillaryOV-101106.843.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillaryOV-101110.844.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillaryOV-101114.844.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillaryOV-10194.842.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillaryOV-10198.842.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillaryOV-10198.842.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillarySE-5470.852.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillarySE-5474.852.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillarySE-5474.852.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillarySE-5478.852.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillarySE-5482.852.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillarySE-5486.852.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillarySE-5490.853.Wang, Deng, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 23. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillaryMethyl Silicone50.835.N/AN2; Column length: 74.6 m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillarySqualane100.847.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 2Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane40.831.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 2Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.838.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 2Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-10150.845.Wu and Lu, 1984 
CapillaryOV-10170.849.Wu and Lu, 1984 
CapillaryOV-10132.842.Blazso, Ujszaszi, et al., 1980Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillaryOV-10180.856.Blazso, Ujszaszi, et al., 1980Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillarySqualane95.4836.Sojak and Vigdergauz, 1978H2
CapillarySqualane110.850.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane110.859.Ferrand, 1962 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB852.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryHP-5 MS857.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH849.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryVF-5 MS858.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS864.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryDB-5845.Pattiram, Lasekan, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryZB-5863.Harrison and Priest, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 9. min
CapillaryPONA851.Zhang, Ding, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryVF-5MS851.Ghiasvand, Setkova, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySPB-5866.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-1845.Castel, Fernandez, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryBPX-5861.Fons, Rapior, et al., 200625. m/0.20 mm/0.13 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryHP-1846.Fernandez, Lizzani-Cuvelier, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 60. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5863.3Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryDB-5868.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillarySPB-1829.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryBP-1846.Hayes R.A., Richardson B.J., et al., 200225. m/0.2 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min; Tend: 250. C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane886.Hussam, Alauddin, et al., 200215. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-5859.Isidorov and Jdanova, 20023. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-5866.Kim and Lee, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-5860.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-5865.Poligné, Collignan, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5878.Tellez, Schrader, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryBP-1855.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5MS849.Shoenmakers, Oomen, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone847.66Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-1851.Orav, Kailas, et al., 19992. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryOV-101847.Orav, Kailas, et al., 1999, 250. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 6. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 100. C
CapillaryHP-5868.1Wang and Fingas, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillarySP-2100843.Fischer and Kusch, 1993He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-1846.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1850.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1852.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1838.Guan, Zheng, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, H2, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryOV-1841.Guan, Zheng, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB842.Hartgers, Damste, et al., 199225. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 320. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5856.Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 199160. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5869.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryDB-1843.Shiota, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1850.Shiota, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101848.Zenkevich and Ventura, 1991Helium, 50. C @ 0. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 0. min; Column length: 54. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm
CapillaryDB-1844.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-1844.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-1844.Binder, Turner, et al., 1990, 24. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-5868.Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990H2, 16. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101846.Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101850.Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySqualane835.3Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19860.1 K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane837.6Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19860.2 K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane840.8Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19860.4 K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane843.3Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19860.6 K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane845.3Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19860.8 K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane847.0Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19861. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane835.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 20.1 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySqualane837.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 20.2 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySqualane840.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 20.4 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySqualane843.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 20.6 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySqualane845.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 20.8 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySqualane846.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 21.0 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1842.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101841.del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984He, 0. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillarySE-30845.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
PackedApiezon L842.Dahlmann, Köser, et al., 1979Chromosorb G-AW-DMCS, 10. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 25. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS860.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-5 MS850.Nadaf, Halimi, et al., 201215. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C 10 0C/min -> 280 0C (3 min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups864.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups866.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1852.Delort and Jaquier, 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 120 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min) 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (20 min)
CapillarySqualane840.Chen, 2008Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS867.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS857.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5868.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5851.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS870.Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (0.75 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C 30 0C/min -> 245 0C (1.25 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS869.Liu, Xu, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (12 min)
CapillaryHP-5850.Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007He; Program: 50C => 3C/min => 200C(10min) => 10C/min => 290C(10min)
CapillaryBPX-5871.van Ruth, Floris, et al., 200660. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone855.Blunden, Aneja, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups893.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS855.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-5868.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5868.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryPolymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000)851.Cornwell and Cordano, 2003Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5859.Lee and Kim, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 200 0C 8 0C/min -> 240 0C (5 min)
CapillaryMethyl phenyl siloxane (not specified)866.Poligne, Collignan, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS851.Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryBP-1839.30Cooke, Hassoun, et al., 200150. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -50C => 49.9C/min => 5C(3min) => 3C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 220C(20 min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB869.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS879.Luo and Agnew, 200130. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101858.Zhu and Wang, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1848.Zhu and Wang, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-5868.Madruga, Arruda, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 20 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone853.Spieksma, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1846.Zhu and He, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1848.Zhu and He, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone854.Zenkevich, 1998Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1861.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone854.Zenkevich and Tsibulskaya, 1997Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5872.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-1858.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)
CapillarySE-30851.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30858.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes854.Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes854.Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5863.Sorimachi, Tanabe, et al., 1995He; Column length: 30. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1846.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1854.Schuberth, 199430. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 10C/min => 200C => 50C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1846.Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 199360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
CapillaryDB-1847.Hathcock and Bertsch, 1993100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1861.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1860.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1859.1Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 4C/min 60-120C 2)2nd 30m column isothermal 100C
CapillaryOV-1863.3Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 4C/min 60-120C. 2) 2nd 30m column isothermal 120C.
CapillaryOV-1862.8Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 6C/min 60-120C. 2) 2nd 30m column isothermal 120C.
CapillaryOV-1862.6Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1)1st 30m column temp ramp 3C/min 60-120 2)2nd 30m column isothermal 120C
CapillarySqualane847.5Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB867.Weller and Wolf, 198940. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 120 0C
CapillarySE-30844.Ibrahim and Suffet, 1988N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 50C(8min) => 3C/min => 150C => 35C/min => 275C (10min)
CapillarySE-52870.van Langenhove and Schamp, 1986Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1846.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.830.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.840.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.846.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.846.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.848.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1849.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified
PackedSE-30864.Robinson and Odell, 1971, 2Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m; Program: 50C(10min) => 20C/min(2min) => 90C(6min) => 10C/min(6min) => (hold at 150C)
PackedSqualane843.Robinson and Odell, 1971, 2Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m; Program: 25C(5min) => 2C/min(5min) => 4C/min(15min) => (hold at 95C)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.1157.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M120.1168.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M140.1180.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M60.1135.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M80.1146.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryDB-Wax60.1145.Shimadzu, 200350. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryPEG-40M100.1144.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M100.1146.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M120.1157.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M140.1166.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M60.1125.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M80.1135.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1111.Sutter, Peterson, et al., 1997 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1146.Shimadzu, 201230. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1130.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryRTX-Wax1130.Prososki, Etzel, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBP-201142.Rawat, Gulati, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1139.Wierda R.L., Fletcher G., et al., 200660. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1130.Fernandez, Lizzani-Cuvelier, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 60. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1116.de la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1161.Chida, Sone, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1104.Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1122.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1122.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101119.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101114.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1118.Duque, Bonilla, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 25. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101141.Girard and Durance, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1108.Xue, Ye, et al., 2000He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 190. C @ 20. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySupelcowax-101147.Campeanu, Burcea, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1116.Horiuchi, Umano, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1126.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1135.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 199360. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1125.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1109.Herain, MRAVEC, et al., 199170. C @ 21. min, 5. K/min, 150. C @ 999. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1126.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1124.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1124.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1134.Binder, Turner, et al., 1990, 24. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1139.Cajka, Riddellova, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (1 min) 5 oC/min -> 170 0C 10 0C/min -> 260 0C (1 min)
CapillarySupelko CO Wax1127.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillarySupelko CO Wax1122.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelko CO Wax1119.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-201161.Rodrigues, Caldera, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (2 min) 1.7 0C/min -> 180 0C (1 min) 25 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelcowax 101130.Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
CapillaryPEG 20M1161.Zhang, Zhang, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillarySupelcowax-101121.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101125.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101127.Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1125.Viegas and Bassoli, 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1138.Viegas and Bassoli, 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPEG-20M1161.Zhang C., Zhang H., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 5C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101109.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1132.Cornwell and Cordano, 2003Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-101129.Kim and Lee, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (7min) => 4C/min => 150C => 8C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1111.Ivanciuc, Ivanciuc, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1131.Piveteau, le Guen, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(6min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 240C (15min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1129.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 4 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min)
CapillaryPEG-20M1132.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1129.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1117.Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Program: not specified
CapillarySuperox 0.6; Carbowax 20M1110.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.1110.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.1117.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1120.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5118.8Wang, Hou, et al., 200730. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5118.3Shao, Wang, et al., 200630. m/0.3 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-5134.54Williams and Horne, 1995He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tend: 270. C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS118.9Aracil, Font, et al., 2005Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS129.41Cheng, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 230 0C

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930, 2
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Notes

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