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Benzene, fluoro-

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil358.0 ± 0.3KAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus230.96KN/AGoates, Ott, et al., 1976Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.06 K; TRC
Tfus231.25KN/ATimmermans, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tfus231.3KN/ATimmermans, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tfus231.25KN/ATimmermans, 1934Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple230.92KN/AScott, McCullough, et al., 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.08 K; by extrapolation of 1/f to 0.0; TRC
Ttriple230.94KN/AScott, McCullough, et al., 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Ttriple231.1KN/AStull, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc560.1KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tc560.1KN/AAmbrose, Cox, et al., 1960Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; Visual, PRT, IPTS-48; TRC
Tc560.070KN/ADouslin, Moore, et al., 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
Tc559.7KN/AYoung, 1889Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; by visual observation of meniscus; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc45.505barN/ADouslin, Moore, et al., 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.0506 bar; TRC
Pc45.2123barN/AYoung, 1889Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3999 bar; vapor pressure at critical temperature; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.269l/molN/ADouslin, Moore, et al., 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.008 l/mol; TRC
Vc0.462l/molN/AYoung, 1889Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.004 l/mol; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap34.68kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap34.5kJ/molN/ABoublik, Fried, et al., 1984Based on data from 255. - 360. K. See also Basarová and Svoboda, 1991.; AC
Deltavap34.53kJ/molVFindlay, 1969ALS
Deltavap34.6kJ/molVScott, McCullough, et al., 1956, 2ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
31.19357.9N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
31.9373.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 358. - 530. K.; AC
31.8388.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 373. - 419. K.; AC
31.0429.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 414. - 501. K.; AC
30.9512.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 497. - 561. K.; AC
33.6327.EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 312. - 394. K. See also Scott, McCullough, et al., 1956, 3.; AC
33.5 ± 0.1318.CScott, McCullough, et al., 1956, 3AC
32.4 ± 0.1337.CScott, McCullough, et al., 1956, 3AC
31.2 ± 0.1358.CScott, McCullough, et al., 1956, 3AC
29.7 ± 0.1382.CScott, McCullough, et al., 1956, 3AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kJ/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
318. - 382.49.80.2823560.1Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
255.30 - 357.004.362251409.848-34.792Young, 1889, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
11.305230.94Scott, McCullough, et al., 1956, 3DH
11.31230.9Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
10.397231.10Stull, 1937, 2DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
48.95230.94Scott, McCullough, et al., 1956, 3DH
44.99231.10Stull, 1937, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Goates, Ott, et al., 1976
Goates, J.R.; Ott, J.B.; Moellmer, J.F., Solid + Liquid Phase Equilibria and Solid-compound Formation in Halobenzenes + Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1976, 8, 217. [all data]

Timmermans, 1952
Timmermans, J., Freezing points of organic compounds. VVI New determinations., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1952, 61, 393. [all data]

Timmermans, 1935
Timmermans, J., Researches in Stoichiometry. I. The Heat of Fusion of Organic Compounds., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1935, 44, 17-40. [all data]

Timmermans, 1934
Timmermans, J., Theory of Concentrated Solutions XII., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1934, 43, 626. [all data]

Scott, McCullough, et al., 1956
Scott, D.W.; McCullough, J.P.; Good, W.D.; Messerly, J.F.; Pennington, R.E.; Kincheloe, T.C.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Douslin, D.R.; Waddington, G., Fluorobenzene: Thermodynamic Properties in the Solid, Liquid and Vapor States; A Revised Vibrational Assignment, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1956, 78, 5457-63. [all data]

Stull, 1937
Stull, D.R., A Semi-micro Calorimeter for Measuring Heat Capacities at Low Temp., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 2726. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Ambrose, Cox, et al., 1960
Ambrose, D.; Cox, J.D.; Townsend, R., The critical temperatures of forty organic compounds, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1960, 56, 1452. [all data]

Douslin, Moore, et al., 1958
Douslin, D.R.; Moore, R.T.; Dawson, J.P.; Waddington, G., Pressure-Volume-Temperature Properties of Fluorobenzene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1958, 80, 2031. [all data]

Young, 1889
Young, S., On the Vapor Pressures and SPecific Volumes of Similar Compounds of Elements in Relation to the Position of Those Elements in the Periodic Table, J. Chem. Soc., Trans., 1889, 55, 486. [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Basarová and Svoboda, 1991
Basarová, Pavlína; Svoboda, Václav, Calculation of heats of vaporization of halogenated hydrocarbons from saturated vapour pressure data, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1991, 68, 13-34, https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-3812(91)85008-I . [all data]

Findlay, 1969
Findlay, T.J.V., Vapor pressures of fluorobenzenes from 5° to 50°C, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1969, 14, 229. [all data]

Scott, McCullough, et al., 1956, 2
Scott, D.W.; McCullough, J.P.; Good, W.D.; Messerly, J.F.; Pennington, R.E.; Kincheloe, T.C.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Douslin, D.R.; Waddington, G., Fluorobenzene: Thermodynamic properties in the solid, liquid and vapor states; a revised vibrational assignment, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1956, 78, 5457-54. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Scott, McCullough, et al., 1956, 3
Scott, D.W.; McCullough, J.P.; Good, W.D.; Messerly, J.F.; Pennington, R.E.; Kincheloe, T.C.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Douslin, D.R.; Waddington, G., Fluorobenzene: Thermodynamic properties in the solid, liquid and vapor states, a revised vibrational assignment, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1956, 78, 5457-5463. [all data]

Young, 1889, 2
Young, S., On the Vapour-Pressures and Specific Volumes of Similar Compounds of Elements in Relation to the Position of those Elements in the Periodic Table, J. Chem. Soc., 1889, 55, 486-521, https://doi.org/10.1039/ct8895500486 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Stull, 1937, 2
Stull, D.R., A semi-micro calorimeter for measuring heat capacities at low temperatures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 2726-2733. [all data]


Notes

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