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2-Butene, 2,3-dimethyl-

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
CAL - James S. Chickos, William E. Acree, Jr., Joel F. Liebman, Students of Chem 202 (Introduction to the Literature of Chemistry), University of Missouri -- St. Louis
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil346.3 ± 0.4KAVGN/AAverage of 28 out of 30 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus198.8 ± 0.3KAVGN/AAverage of 13 out of 15 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple198.92KN/AScott, Finke, et al., 1955Crystal phase 1 phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
Ttriple198.900KN/AWaddington, 1951Crystal phase 1 phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Ttriple198.920KN/AWaddington, 1951Crystal phase 1 phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Ttriple198.5KN/AParks, Todd, et al., 1936Crystal phase 1 phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc524.KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap32.67kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap32.5kJ/molN/AReid, 1972AC
Deltavap32.6kJ/molVCamin and Rossini, 1956ALS
Deltavap32.6kJ/molN/ACamin and Rossini, 1956, 2Based on data from 289. - 347. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
29.64346.4N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
32.1328.N/AUusi-Kyyny, Pokki, et al., 2004Based on data from 313. - 346. K.; AC
33.1297.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 282. - 348. K. See also Bevan, Malkin, et al., 1955.; AC
32.7304.N/AFried, Baghdoyan, et al., 1971Based on data from 289. - 347. K.; AC
32.9 ± 0.1292.CScott, Finke, et al., 1955, 2AC
32.0 ± 0.1308.CScott, Finke, et al., 1955, 2AC
30.9 ± 0.1326.CScott, Finke, et al., 1955, 2AC
29.7 ± 0.1346.CScott, Finke, et al., 1955, 2AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kJ/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
292. - 346.48.290.2801524.Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
289.48 - 347.003.704681021.564-70.242Baghdoyan, Malik, et al., 1971Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
302.18 - 346.364.095871224.926-46.812Scott, Finke, et al., 1955, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
6.44198.9Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
17.94196.8Domalski and Hearing, 1996CAL
32.39198.9

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
3.531196.82crystaline, IIcrystaline, IScott, Finke, et al., 1955, 2DH
6.452198.92crystaline, IliquidScott, Finke, et al., 1955, 2Enthalpies of transition and fusion calculated from total enthalpy change 196.82 to 198.92 K and assumed Cp of 150 J/mol*K for c,I.; DH
4.577196.6crystaline, IIcrystaline, IParks, Todd, et al., 1936, 2DH
5.460198.5crystaline, IliquidParks, Todd, et al., 1936, 2DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
17.94196.82crystaline, IIcrystaline, IScott, Finke, et al., 1955, 2DH
32.44198.92crystaline, IliquidScott, Finke, et al., 1955, 2Enthalpies; DH
23.28196.6crystaline, IIcrystaline, IParks, Todd, et al., 1936, 2DH
27.51198.5crystaline, IliquidParks, Todd, et al., 1936, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Scott, Finke, et al., 1955
Scott, D.W.; Finke, H.L.; McCullough, J.P.; Gross, M.E.; Messerly, J.F.; Pennington, R.E.; Waddington, G., 2,3-dimethyl-2-butene: thermodynamic properties in the solid, liquid, and vapor states., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1955, 77, 4993. [all data]

Waddington, 1951
Waddington, G., Personal Commun., U. S. Bur. Mines, Bartlesville, OK, 1951. [all data]

Parks, Todd, et al., 1936
Parks, G.S.; Todd, S.S.; Shomate, C.H., Thermal data on organic compounds. XVII. Some heat capacity, entropy and free energy data for five higher olefins, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 2505. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Reid, 1972
Reid, Robert C., Handbook on vapor pressure and heats of vaporization of hydrocarbons and related compounds, R. C. Wilhort and B. J. Zwolinski, Texas A Research Foundation. College Station, Texas(1971). 329 pages.$10.00, AIChE J., 1972, 18, 6, 1278-1278, https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.690180637 . [all data]

Camin and Rossini, 1956
Camin, D.L.; Rossini, F.D., Physical properties of the 17 isomeric hexenes of the API research series, J. Phys. Chem., 1956, 60, 1446. [all data]

Camin and Rossini, 1956, 2
Camin, David L.; Rossini, Frederick D., Physical Properties of the 17 Isomeric Hexenes.of the API Research Series, J. Phys. Chem., 1956, 60, 10, 1446-1451, https://doi.org/10.1021/j150544a029 . [all data]

Uusi-Kyyny, Pokki, et al., 2004
Uusi-Kyyny, Petri; Pokki, Juha-Pekka; Kim, Younghun; Aittamaa, Juhani, Isobaric Vapor Liquid Equilibrium for 2,3-Dimethyl-2-butene + Methanol, + Ethanol, + 2-Propanol, or + 2-Butanol at Atmospheric Pressure, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2004, 49, 2, 251-255, https://doi.org/10.1021/je034106w . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Bevan, Malkin, et al., 1955
Bevan, T.H.; Malkin, T.; Smith, D.B.; Davey, W.; Gwilt, J.R.; Cooper, W.; Kertes, S.; Roberts, J.J.; Ross, W.C.J.; Wilson, Walter; Cummings, G.A.McD.; McLaughlin, E., Notes, J. Chem. Soc., 1955, 1383, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9550001383 . [all data]

Fried, Baghdoyan, et al., 1971
Fried, Vojtech.; Baghdoyan, Armen.; Malik, Jana., Vapor pressures and densities of 2,3-dimethyl-2-butene and 3,3-dimethyl-1-butene, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1971, 16, 1, 96-97, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60048a009 . [all data]

Scott, Finke, et al., 1955, 2
Scott, D.W.; Finke, H.L.; McCullough, J.P.; Gross, M.E.; Messerly, J.F.; Pennington, R.E.; Waddington, G., 2,3-Dimethyl-2-butene: Thermodynamic properties in the solid, liquid and vapor states, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1955, 77, 4993-4998. [all data]

Baghdoyan, Malik, et al., 1971
Baghdoyan, A.; Malik, J.; Fried, V., Vapor Pressures and Densities of 2,3-Dimethyl-2-butene and 3,3-Dimethyl-1-butene, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1971, 16, 1, 96-97, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60048a009 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Parks, Todd, et al., 1936, 2
Parks, G.S.; Todd, S.S.; Shomate, C.H., Thermal data on organic compounds. XVII. Some heat capacity, entropy and free energy data for five higher olefins, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 2505-2508. [all data]


Notes

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