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Nitric oxide

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Constants of diatomic molecules

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Klaus P. Huber and Gerhard H. Herzberg

Data collected through March, 1977

Symbols used in the table of constants
SymbolMeaning
State electronic state and / or symmetry symbol
Te minimum electronic energy (cm-1)
ωe vibrational constant – first term (cm-1)
ωexe vibrational constant – second term (cm-1)
ωeye vibrational constant – third term (cm-1)
Be rotational constant in equilibrium position (cm-1)
αe rotational constant – first term (cm-1)
γe rotation-vibration interaction constant (cm-1)
De centrifugal distortion constant (cm-1)
βe rotational constant – first term, centrifugal force (cm-1)
re internuclear distance (Å)
Trans. observed transition(s) corresponding to electronic state
ν00 position of 0-0 band (units noted in table)
Diatomic constants for 14N16O
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
For a detailed discussion of the electronic spectrum with particular emphasis on Rydberg ~ Rydberg and Rydberg ~ non-Rydberg interactions see Miescher and Huber, 1976; this review contains references to spectra of four isotopes as well as a short summary of theoretical calculations.
(2Sigma-,2Delta,2Sigma+) 2Broad unresolved peak in the oxygen K shell electron energy loss spectrum at 532.7 eV. 1
Wight and Brion, 1974
Rydberg states converging to the nitrogen K edge at 410.2 (3Pi) and 411.6 (1Pi) eV, observed in X-ray absorption and electron energy loss spectra at 406.3, 407.3, 408.6 eV, ...
Morioka, Nakamura, et al., 1974; Wight and Brion, 1974
(2Sigma-) 4Two very weak bands in the X-ray absorption spectrum at 402.3 and 403.9 eV. 3
Morioka, Nakamura, et al., 1974
(2Delta,2Sigma+,2Sigma-) 5Two very weak bands in the X-ray absorption spectrum at 402.3 and 403.9 eV. 3
Morioka, Nakamura, et al., 1974
(2Sigma-,2Delta,2Sigma+) 7Strong unresolved peak in X-ray absorption and electron energy loss spectra at 399.8 eV.6
Morioka, Nakamura, et al., 1974; Wight and Brion, 1974
Narayana 9Narayana and Price's absorption Rydberg series converging to c 3Pi of NO+:
4sigma5sigma21pi42pi ndlambda nu = 175220 - R/(n+0.05)2, n = 3...7. All bands diffuse.8
missing citation; Sasanuma, Morioka, et al., 1974
4sigma5sigma21pi42pi nplambda nu = 175220 - R/(n-0.70)2, n = 3...6. All bands diffuse.8
missing citation; Sasanuma, Morioka, et al., 1974
Fragments of an additional series Sasanuma, Morioka, et al., 1974. Additional cross sections 700 - 180 Å (143000 - 556000 cm-1).
Gardner, Lynch, et al., 1973; Lee, Carlson, et al., 1973
Tanaka 11Tanaka's absorption Rydberg series converging to A 1Pi(v=0) and b 3Pi(v=0) of NP+:
5sigma1pi42pi nplambda nu approx 147805 - R/(n-0.78)2; gamma series, n=3...11.10 Also fragments of weak series with v'=1.
Tanaka, 1942; missing citation; Edqvist, Lindholm, et al., 1970
5sigma1pi42pi nplambda nu approx 133570 - R/(n-0.70)2; beta series, n=3...15.10 Also fragments of weak series with v'=1.
Tanaka, 1942; missing citation; Edqvist, Lindholm, et al., 1970
1pi32pi nssigma Rydberg series converging to a 3Sigma+, w 3Delta, b 3Sigma-, A 1Sigma-, W 1Delta of NO+. Only the first two or three members of each absorption series have been identified; long upper state progressions. Tables of absorption features 950 - 650 Å (105000 - 154000 cm-1) Tanaka, 1942, Huber, 1961*, Metzger, Cook, et al., 1967*. Absorption coefficients, photoionization and photodissociation yields Reese and Rosenstock, 1966, Metzger, Cook, et al., 1967, Watanabe, Matsunaga, et al., 1967, Bahr, Blake, et al., 1972, Hertz, Jochims, et al., 1974.
Edqvist, Lindholm, et al., 1970
The band structure of the absorption spectrum from 80000 to 105000 cm-1 has not yet been analyzed. Absorption coefficients, photoionization efficiency curves Nicholson, 1963, Reese and Rosenstock, 1966, Watanabe, Matsunaga, et al., 1967; the data of Watanabe, Matsunaga, et al., 1967 are conveiently plotted in Figure 6 of Gardner and Samson, 1973 and Figure 4 of Kleimenov, Chizhov, et al., 1972. Autoionization processes have been studied by photoelectron spectroscopy Collin, Delwiche, et al., 1971, Gardner and Samson, 1973, Caprace, Delwiche, et al., 1976; partial cross-sections for the formation of vibrationally excited NO+ Kleimenov, Chizhov, et al., 1972.
Atlas of the absorption spectrum 1420 - 1250 Å (70400 - 80000 cm-1) Miescher and Alberti, 1976; for a photographic reproduction of the spectrum at longer wavelengths (1920 - 1400 Å) see Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1958. A useful quantitative low-resolution plot of the absorption from 2300 to 1100 Å may be found in Figure 2.1 of Miescher and Huber, 1976, adapted from Marmo, 1953. Absorption coefficients, photoionization efficiency curves Watanabe, Marmo, et al., 1953, Watanabe, Matsunaga, et al., 1967, Killgoar, Leroi, et al., 1973, and Ng, Mahan, et al., 1976 whose supersonic molecular beam technique made it possible to resolve the autoionization strucutre superimposed on the first four vibrational steps due to direct ionization.
Rydberg series converging to v=0...4 of X 1Sigma+ of NO+ and fragments of series with v'=5:
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
nf series 12           nf larrow X 
missing citation; missing citation
nddelta series 13           nddelta larrow X 
missing citation; Miescher and Huber, 1976; missing citation
nppi,sigma series 14           nppi,sigma larrow X 
missing citation; Miescher and Huber, 1976; missing citation
nssigma series 15           nssigma larrow X 
missing citation; Miescher and Huber, 1976; missing citation
Several unnassigned non-Rydberg levels, mixed with Rydberg levels, near the dissociation limit 2D + 3P at 71627 cm-1.
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
6f 71427 2376 H 16.2        6f larrow X 71543
Miescher, 1966; missing citation
71427 2376 H 16.2        6f larrow X 71662.6 H
Miescher, 1966; missing citation
6ddelta (71342) (2397) H (23)  [1.86]      6ddelta larrow X V 71467
Miescher, 1966; missing citation; Miescher, 1976
(71342) (2397) H (23)  [1.86]      6ddelta larrow X V 71586 16 Z
Miescher, 1966; missing citation; Miescher, 1976
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
Z 2Sigma+ 7ssigma 71224 2377 H 16.4  [1.938]      Z larrow X V 71340
Miescher, 1966; missing citation
71224 2377 H 16.4  [1.938]      Z larrow X V 71460 16 Z
Miescher, 1966; missing citation
Y 2Sigma+ 6psigma 70614 2370 15.0  [2.11] 17      Y larrow X V 70728
Dressler and Miescher, 1965; Miescher, 1966; missing citation
            70847 18 Z
Dressler and Miescher, 1965; Miescher, 1966; missing citation
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
W 2Pi 6ppi 70512 2375 15.6 19        W larrow X 70627
Dressler and Miescher, 1965; Miescher, 1966; missing citation
            70747
Dressler and Miescher, 1965; Miescher, 1966; missing citation
5f 70079 2377 H 16.5  [1.988] 20      5f larrow X 70195
Dressler and Miescher, 1965; Miescher, 1966; missing citation
            70315 21
Dressler and Miescher, 1965; Miescher, 1966; missing citation
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
U 2Delta5ddelta (69977) 2371 16.4 22        U larrow X (70090)
Miescher, 1966; missing citation; Miescher, 1976
            (70210)
Miescher, 1966; missing citation; Miescher, 1976
T 2Sigma+6ssigma (69728) 2372 15.7 23        T larrow X V (69841)
Miescher, 1966; missing citation
            (69961)
Miescher, 1966; missing citation
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
R 2Sigma+5psigma (68598)    [2.04] 24 25      R larrow X V 68710.9
Dressler and Miescher, 1965; missing citation
            68830.7 18 Z
Dressler and Miescher, 1965; missing citation
Q 2Pi5ppi 26           Q larrow X 68526
Dressler and Miescher, 1965; missing citation
Q 2Pi5ppi            68646
Dressler and Miescher, 1965; missing citation
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
O' 2Pi 4dpi (67762) 27 (2371) (16)  [2.022] 28      O,O' rarrow D 14702.2
Huber, 1964; missing citation
            14697.9
Huber, 1964; missing citation
O 2Sigma+ 4dsigma (67757) (2371) (16)  [1.990] 28      O,O' rarrow C 15623
Huber, 1964; missing citation
            15619
Huber, 1964; missing citation
           O,O' larrow X 67874.8
Miescher, 1966; missing citation
           O,O' larrow X 67870.5
Miescher, 1966; missing citation
           O,O' larrow X 67994.5 18 Z
Miescher, 1966; missing citation
           O,O' larrow X 67990.3 18 Z
Miescher, 1966; missing citation
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
4f 67596 2381 H 18.5  [1.988] 20     [1.0657] 4f larrow X 67713
Miescher, 1966; missing citation
            67833 21
Miescher, 1966; missing citation
N 2Delta4ddelta 67374 2375 29 15 29  1.969 29 0.026 29     N rarrow C 30 15238 29
Huber, 1964; missing citation
           N lrarrow X V 67489
Dressler and Miescher, 1965; missing citation; missing citation
           N lrarrow X V 67609 29
Dressler and Miescher, 1965; missing citation; missing citation
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
S 2Sigma+5ssigma 66900 2378 Z 16.5  1.980 0.020     S larrow X V 67016
Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1962; Dressler and Miescher, 1965; Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1966
            67136 18 Z
Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1962; Dressler and Miescher, 1965; Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1966
M 2Sigma+4psigma 64437 2352 Z 19.5  2.022 31 0.018     M larrow X V 64540
Barrow and Miescher, 1957; Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1962; Dressler and Miescher, 1965; missing citation; missing citation
           M larrow X V 64660 18 Z
Barrow and Miescher, 1957; Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1962; Dressler and Miescher, 1965; missing citation; missing citation
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
K 2Pi4ppi 34     [1.895] 32 33      K larrow X V 64167
Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1962; Dressler and Miescher, 1965; missing citation
K 2Pi4ppi     [1.895] 32 33      K larrow X V 64287 18 35 Z
Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1962; Dressler and Miescher, 1965; missing citation
I 2Sigma+ (63500) 36          I larrow X R 
Dressler and Miescher, 1965; Miescher, 1976
G 2Sigma- 62913.0 1085.54 Z 11.083 37 -0.1439 1.2523 38 0.0204    1.3427 G larrow X 39 R 62384.7
missing citation; missing citation; Miescher, 1976
            62504.4 40 Z
missing citation; missing citation; Miescher, 1976
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
L 2Pii (62500) 41 42          L larrow X 
Dressler and Miescher, 1965; missing citation
H' 2Pi 3dpi 62485.4 43 2371.3 Z 16.17  2.015 44 0.021    1.0585 H,H rarrow D 45 9426.0
Huber, Huber, et al., 1963; missing citation
            9414.2
Huber, Huber, et al., 1963; missing citation
H 2Sigma+ 3dsigma 62473.4 [2339.4] Z   2.003 44 0.018    1.0617 H,H' rarrow C 45 10348
Huber, Huber, et al., 1963; Huber, 1964; missing citation
            10336
Huber, Huber, et al., 1963; Huber, 1964; missing citation
           H,H' rarrow A 45 18518.2
Huber, Huber, et al., 1963; missing citation
           H,H' rarrow A 45 18506.4
Huber, Huber, et al., 1963; missing citation
           H,H' larrow X 46 62598.6
Huber and Miescher, 1963; Miescher, 1966; missing citation
            62586.8
Huber and Miescher, 1963; Miescher, 1966; missing citation
            62718.4 40 Z
Huber and Miescher, 1963; Miescher, 1966; missing citation
            62706.6 40 Z
Huber and Miescher, 1963; Miescher, 1966; missing citation
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
F 2Delta3ddelta 61800 2394 47 20 47  1.982 47 0.023 47    1.067 F rarrow C 48 45 9670 47
Huber, 1964; missing citation
           F lrarrow X 46 V 61924
Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1962; Dressler and Miescher, 1965; missing citation; missing citation
           F lrarrow X 46 V 62044 49
Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1962; Dressler and Miescher, 1965; missing citation; missing citation
E 2Sigma+4ssigma 60628.8 2375.3 Z 16.43  1.9863 50 0.182  5.6E-6   E rarrow D 45 51 7571.5
Feast, 1950; Heath, 1959
           E rarrow A 45 16663.63 Z
missing citation; missing citation
           E larrow X 52 V 60744.1
Tanaka, Seya, et al., 1951; Ueda, 1955; missing citation; Dressler and Miescher, 1965
            60863.8 40 Z
Tanaka, Seya, et al., 1951; Ueda, 1955; missing citation; Dressler and Miescher, 1965
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
B' 2Deltai 60364.2 53 1217.4 54 15.61 54  1.322 54 0.021 54    1.302 B' rarrow C 55 
Huber, 1964; missing citation
           B' rarrow B 56 52 V 14508.6
Baer and Miescher, 1952; Ogawa, 1953; Ogawa and Shimauchi, 1956; Huber, 1964
            14538.7
Baer and Miescher, 1952; Ogawa, 1953; Ogawa and Shimauchi, 1956; Huber, 1964
           B' lrarrow X 56 57 52 R 59900.7
Baer and Miescher, 1951; Baer and Miescher, 1952; Sutcliffe and Walsh, 1953; Tanaka, 1953; Ueda, 1955; missing citation; Dressler and Miescher, 1965; missing citation; missing citation
            60020.4 40 Z
Baer and Miescher, 1951; Baer and Miescher, 1952; Sutcliffe and Walsh, 1953; Tanaka, 1953; Ueda, 1955; missing citation; Dressler and Miescher, 1965; missing citation; missing citation
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
D 2Sigma+ 3psigma 53084.7 2323.90 Z 22.885 58 0.75 2.0026 59 0.02175  [5.8E-6]  1.0618 D rarrow A 60 45 9092.17 Z
Feast, 1950; Huber, 1964; missing citation; missing citation
           D lrarrow X 60 52 61 V 53172.7
missing citation; missing citation; Gero, Schmid, et al., 1944; Baer and Miescher, 1952; Tanaka, 1953; Ogawa, 1955; Deezsi and Matrai, 1957; missing citation; Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1966; missing citation; Poland and Broida, 1971
            53292.4 40 Z
missing citation; missing citation; Gero, Schmid, et al., 1944; Baer and Miescher, 1952; Tanaka, 1953; Ogawa, 1955; Deezsi and Matrai, 1957; missing citation; Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1966; missing citation; Poland and Broida, 1971
C 2Pir 3ppi 52126 62 2395 63 15 63  2.000 63 64 0.030 63    1.062 C rarrow A 64 65 8172
Heath, 1959; missing citation; missing citation
           C lrarrow X 64 66 67 V 52251
missing citation; Schmid, 1928; missing citation; Gaydon, 1944; Herzberg, Lagerqvist, et al., 1956; missing citation; Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1966; missing citation; Poland and Broida, 1971
            52371
missing citation; Schmid, 1928; missing citation; Gaydon, 1944; Herzberg, Lagerqvist, et al., 1956; missing citation; Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1966; missing citation; Poland and Broida, 1971
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
b (4Sigma-) (48680) 1206 68 H 15        b rarrow a V 10395 68 H
missing citation; missing citation
            10375 68 H
missing citation; missing citation
            10350 68 H
missing citation; missing citation
            10323 68 H
missing citation; missing citation
            10300 68 H
missing citation; missing citation
            10272 68 H
missing citation; missing citation
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
B 2Pir 45942.6 69 1039.8 70 Z 8.32 0.17 1.152 70 0.012  4.9E-6  1.4167 B lrarrow X 71 72 67 R 45392.1 73 Z
missing citation; missing citation; missing citation; Schmid, 1928; Sutcliffe and Walsh, 1953; missing citation; Ogawa, 1955; Ogawa and Shimauchi, 1956; Deezsi and Matrai, 1957; missing citation; missing citation; Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1962; Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1966; Engleman, Rouse, et al., 1970
45913.6 1037.2 70 Z 7.70 0.10 1.092 70 74 0.012  4.9E-6  1.4167  45481.7 73 Z
missing citation; missing citation; missing citation; Schmid, 1928; Sutcliffe and Walsh, 1953; missing citation; Ogawa, 1955; Ogawa and Shimauchi, 1956; Deezsi and Matrai, 1957; missing citation; missing citation; Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1962; Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1966; Engleman, Rouse, et al., 1970
A 2Sigma+ 3ssigma 43965.7 2374.31 Z 10.106 75 -0.0465 1.9965 76 77 78 0.01915 76  5.4E-6  1.06434 A lrarrow X 79 80 81 67 V 44080.5
missing citation; Schmid, 1928; Gero and Schmid, 1948; Ogawa, 1955; Deezsi and Matrai, 1957; Koczkas, 1959; Engleman, Rouse, et al., 1970
            44200.2 82 Z
missing citation; Schmid, 1928; Gero and Schmid, 1948; Ogawa, 1955; Deezsi and Matrai, 1957; Koczkas, 1959; Engleman, Rouse, et al., 1970
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
a (4Pii) (38440) 1017 H 11        (a rarrow X) 83 (38000)
Broida and Peyron, 1960; Frosch and Robinson, 1964
X 2Pir 119.82 84 1904.040 Z 14.100 85  [1.72016] 86 0.0182  [10.23E-6] 86  1.15077 3/2 larrow 1/2 87 119.73 88 Z
Brown, Cole, et al., 1972
0 1904.204 Z 14.075 85  [1.67195] 86 89 0.0171  [0.54E-6] 86  1.15077  
Brown, Cole, et al., 1972
Rotation vibration sp.: 4rarrow2
Horn and Dickey, 1964
Rotation vibration sp.: 4larrow0
Meyer, Haeusler, et al., 1965; Meyer and Haeusler, 1965
Rotation vibration sp.: 3rarrow1
Horn and Dickey, 1964
Rotation vibration sp.: 3larrow0 90 91
Nichols, Hause, et al., 1955; Arcas, Haeusler, et al., 1963; Meyer, Haeusler, et al., 1964; Olman, McNelis, et al., 1964; Meyer, Haeusler, et al., 1965
Rotation vibration sp.: 2larrow1
Guerra, Sanchez, et al., 1977
Rotation vibration sp.: 2lrarrow0 90 91 92
Nichols, Hause, et al., 1955; Horn and Dickey, 1964; Olman, McNelis, et al., 1964; Meyer, Haeusler, et al., 1965
Rotation vibration sp.: 1lrarrow0 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97
Shaw, 1956; Thompson and Green, 1956; missing citation; James and Thibault, 1964; Keck and Hause, 1968; Valentin, Boissy, et al., 1976; Johns, Reid, et al., 1977
Rotation sp. 98
Gallagher and Johnson, 1956; Palik and Rao, 1956; Favero, Mirri, et al., 1959; Hall and Dowling, 1966; Brown, Cole, et al., 1972
Raman sp. 99
Renschler, Hunt, et al., 1969; Shotton and Jones, 1970
EPR sp.
Brown and Radford, 1966; Ashford, Jarke, et al., 1972; Jarke, Ashford, et al., 1976
Hyperfine Lambda doubl. sp. q
Neumann, 1970; Meerts and Dymanus, 1972; Meerts, 1976

Notes

1Excitation of a 1s0 electron to the 2pi orbital.
2Rydberg states converging to the nitrogen K edge at 410.2 (3Pi) and 411.6 (1Pi) eV, observed in X-ray absorption and electron energy loss spectra at 406.3, 407.3, 408.6 eV, ...
3Tentatively interpreted as arising from two-electron excitation from the 1sN and lpi to the 2pi orbital Morioka, Nakamura, et al., 1974. Only one peak (404.7 eV) is observed in the electron energy loss spectrum Wight and Brion, 1974.
4Two very weak bands in the X-ray absorption spectrum at 402.3 and 403.9 eV. 3
5Strong unresolved peak in X-ray absorption and electron energy loss spectra at 399.8 eV.6
6Excitation of a 1sN electron to the 2pi orbital.
7Narayana and Price's absorption Rydberg series converging to c 3Pi of NO+:
8Photoionization yields (NO+, N+, O+) in the region of these Rydberg series Hertz, Jochims, et al., 1974, 2.
9Fragments of an additional series Sasanuma, Morioka, et al., 1974. Additional cross sections 700 - 180 Å (143000 - 556000 cm-1).
10The Rydberg formulae do not accurately reproduce the observed bands owing to the slow variation of the quantum defect with n.
111pi32pi nssigma Rydberg series converging to a 3Sigma+, w 3Delta, b 3Sigma-, A 1Sigma-, W 1Delta of NO+. Only the first two or three members of each absorption series have been identified; long upper state progressions. Tables of absorption features 950 - 650 Å (105000 - 154000 cm-1) Tanaka, 1942, Huber, 1961*, Metzger, Cook, et al., 1967*. Absorption coefficients, photoionization and photodissociation yields Reese and Rosenstock, 1966, Metzger, Cook, et al., 1967, Watanabe, Matsunaga, et al., 1967, Bahr, Blake, et al., 1972, Hertz, Jochims, et al., 1974.
12n = 4...15. Sharp rotational structure.
13Joinging on to F 2Delta(n=3), N 2Delta(n=4), U 2Delta(n=5), and incompletely observed to n=8. Perturbations by stable and unstable states.
14Joining on to C 2Pi, D 2Sigma+(n=3), K 2Pi, M 2Sigma+(n=4), Q 2Pi, R 2Sigma+(n=5), and W 2Pi, Y 2Sigma+(n=6); bands of varying diffuseness have been observed to n=11. The influence of the unstable A' 2Sigma+ state is briefly discussed in Miescher, 1976.
15Joining on to A 2Sigma+(n=3), E 2Sigma+(n=4), S 2Sigma+(n=5), T 2Sigma+(n=6) Z 2Sigma+(n=7). The Be values decrease from 1.997 (n=3) to 1.713 for the highest observed state (n=11) as a consequence of nssigma ~ (n-1)dsigma interactions.28 Sharp rotational structure.
16These band origins refer to N'=0 (non-existent for Lambda neq 0) in the excited state and to the hypothetical level J"=0 of the X 2Pi1/2 ground state, in accordance with definitions adopted in these tables. The corresponding numbers for the X 2Pi3/2 component are obtained by subtracting 119.7 cm-1.
17v=1,2,3 diffuse
18See 16.
19v=0 perturbed by non-Rydberg level; v=1,2,3 very diffuse
20B value of the NO+ core. For details of the analysis and derived core parameters (polarizability, quadrupole moment) see Jungen and Miescher, 1969.
21Energy of the Delta (or L = 2) component relative to the hypothetical level J"=0, calculated using results from the analysis of the 14N18O spectrum; see Jungen and Miescher, 1969.
22Partial rot. Analyses for v=0,1 (15N18O). Perturbations by non-Rydberg levels. V=2,3,4 diffuse to varying degrees.
23v=0 coincides with I(v=6) and E(v=4), strong perturbation. B1 = 1.92.
24The interaction between R 2Sigma+(v=0), I 2Sigma+(v=5?), and the continuous A' 2Sigma+ state has been observed in the spectra of four isotopes; see Figure 2.5 of Miescher and Huber, 1976.
25v=1,2 diffuse
26v=0,1 mixed with non-Rydberg levels, v=2,3,4 diffuse.
27A slight mixing of the ground state into the ndpi components is responsible for the larger than expected spin-orbit coupling in H'(A = +0.96, xi = +0.92) and O'(A = +0.36, xi = +0.34); see Jungen, 1970, also Kovacs, 1963, Suter, 1969, Miescher, 1971.
28Strong l-uncoupling, eta(v=0) = 1.92, 3d and eta(v=0) = 1.88, 4d for 3d and 4d, respectively Miescher, 1971. The magnitude of eta was interpreted in terms of s~d mixing Jungen, 1970; the interaction matrix elements are 910 (4ssigma ~3dsigma) and 430 cm-1 (5ssigma~4dsigma). The non-negligible spin-orbit coupling in ndpi (see 27) gives rise to small perturbations between e levels of the 2Pi F1 and F2 components Huber and Miescher, 1963, Kovacs, 1963, Suter, 1969, Miescher, 1971. Additional perturbations in H,H' by Rydberg and non-Rydberg levels Miescher, 1971. For H,H'(v=3) only Pi- has been observed. The Pi+ and Sigma+ components of 0,0'(v=0) are weakly predissociated for all N, Pi- above N=16 Suter, 1969.
29Approximate deperturbed constants, see 54; v=3 at 74580 cm-1 is very diffuse Miescher, 1976.
30The NrarrowC 0-0 band is strongly mixed with B'rarrowC 7-0; see 55.
31Heterogeneous perturbations by levels of B 2Pi Jungen and Miescher, 1968. Levels having vgeq1 are diffuse to varying degrees.
32A small perturbation by L 2Pi(v=2?) affects the first few rotational levels in v=0; higher vibrational levels (v=1,2,3) are strongly mixed with non-Rydberg states (B 2Pi and L 2Pi).
33Lambda-type doubling, Delta vfe(F1) = +0.034N(N+1).
34v=0...3 observed.
35Deperturbed.
36Five levels (v=4...8?) have been observed for various isotopes in the region 67800 - 72000 cm-1. Erratic behaviour with regard to diffuseness and isotopes shifts on account of interactions with the unstable A' 2Sigma+ state and with npsigma Rydberg states. See also Ben-Aryeh, 1973.
37omegaeye = -0.1439. The levels v=10,11,12 are diffuse and lie above the limit 2D + 3P; v=13 not observed. See also Ben-Aryeh, 1973.
38Small perturbations in isotope spectra.
39Absorption in rare gas matrices Roncin, Damany, et al., 1967,197, in high pressure argon Miladi, le Falher, et al., 1975.
40See 16.
41A ~ -80.
42Fragments of several levels (vibr. Numbering not established) in perturbations with levels of B, C, K. Constants comparable to B Pi.
43See 27.
44See 28.
45For experimental and theoretical f values see Wray, 1969, Groth, Kley, et al., 1971 and Gallusser and Dressler, 1971, respectively.
46Also observed by non-resonant multiphoton ionization spectroscopy Johnson, Berman, et al., 1975.
47Approximate deperturbed constants; see 54.
48Lines of the perturbed FrarrowC 1-1 band are prominent in the NO laser spectrum Miescher, 1974; see 54, 55.
49missing note
50v=3,4 somewhat diffuse, v=5 sharp. Emission observed from vleq2; Huber, 1964 reports an abrupt breaking-off in the ErarrowA 2-2 band for an upper state energy of 68100 cm-1.
51ErarrowC not observed, in agreement with theoretical predictions Gallusser and Dressler, 1971 regarding the dipole transition strengths of ErarrowC and ErarrowD.
52For references to Franck-Condon factor calculations see the review by Ortenberg and Antropov, 1967.
53A0= -2.2 Jungen, 1966, A1= -2.4 Jungen, 1966, ..., A9= -4.9 Jungen, 1966.
54Deperturbed constants; B' 2Delta interacts strongly with F 2Delta (matrix element He~(F 2Delta) ~ 450 cm-1) and N 2Delta (He ~ 400) Felenbok and Lefebvre-Brion, 1966, Jungen, 1966; see also 57. Perturbations by B 2Pi are unobservably small because of unfavorable Franck-Condon factors Field, Gottscho, et al., 1975.
55Fragments of two bands, 4-1 at 9800 cm-1 and 7-0 at 15300 cm-1, both appearing on account of configuration interaction, in the upper state with F 2Delta and N 2Delta, respectively, in the lower state with B 2Pi. Lines of the 4-1 band, together with FrarrowC 1-1, are seen in the NO laser spectrum Huber, 1964, 2, Jungen, Miescher, et al., 1966, Broida and Miescher, 1973, Miescher, 1974.
56Lifetime tau(v=1) = 75 ns Brzozowski, Elander, et al., 1974.
57An experimentally deperturbed spectrum of B'-X is observed in matrix absorption Roncin, Damany, et al., 1967, Roncin, 1968, Boursey, 1976. A gradual deperturbation in the gas phase is induced by increasingly high foreign gas pressures Miladi, le Falher, et al., 1975.
58omegaeze = -0.22, vleq4 Barrow and Miescher, 1957, not including v=5 and v=6 Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1966. The vibrational constants clearly differ from those of other Rydberg 2Sigma states or of the NO+ ground state. It has been suggested [see e.g. Miescher, 1971, also Ben-Aryeh, 1973] that there is an avoided crossing of the potential curves of D 2Sigma+ and A' 2Sigma+ (unstable, arising from 4S+3P).
59From Barrow and Miescher, 1957. Heterogeneous perturbations by B 2Pi; for details see Jungen and Miescher, 1968. According to Huber, 1964 the rotational structure of DrarrowA 1-1, 2-2, 3-3 breaks off abruptly at D state energies of 59270 cm-1 in v=1,2 and 60100 cm-1 in v=3.
60Lifetimes tau(v=0) = 18.4 ns Hesser, 1968, tau(v=0)= 19.0 ns Benoist D'Azy, Lopez-Delgado, et al., 1975, tau(v=0)= 25.7 ns Brzozowski, Elander, et al., 1974; tau(v=1) = 26.4 ns Brzozowski, Elander, et al., 1974.
61f00 = 0.0025 Bethke, 1959, f10 = 0.0046 Bethke, 1959, f20 = 0.0033 Bethke, 1959; from integrated absorption intensities Bethke, 1959. See also Ory, 1964, Callear and Pilling, 1970.
62A0 = +3.0 cm-1 Ackermann and Miescher, 1968.
63Approximate deperturbed constants; strong interaction with B 2Pi, see 70. Lambda-type doubling, Delta vfe(F1) = +0.016N(N+l).
64Weak predissociation in v=0 above N=3 or 4 [see Miescher, 1974, Dingle, Freedman, et al., 1975 and 100]. The predissociation is assumed to occur via the continuum of the a 4Pi state and causes a reduction of the measured lifetimes in v=0 from 20 ns for N ~< 4 to 3 ns for N ~> 4 Benoist D'Azy, Lopez-Delgado, et al., 1975; tau(v=1) leq 0.3 ns. No emission has been observed from levels having vgeq1.
65See 45.
66f00 = 0.0023 Bethke, 1959, Mandelman and Carrington, 1974, higher value in Callear and Pilling, 1970; f10 = 0.0058 Bethke, 1959, f20 = 0.0027 Bethke, 1959. See also Ory, 1964.
67See 52 RKR Franck-Condon factors for the beta bands Jain and Sahni, 1968, Generosa and Harris, 1970, for the gamma bands Jain and Sahni, 1968, Spindler, Isaacson, et al., 1970.
68A different vibrational numbering was suggested by Gilmore, 1965.
69Av = +31.32 + 1.152(v+1/2) + 0.0448(v+1/2)2. The expression represents the data of Engleman, Rouse, et al., 1970 for the first seven levels. Av increases to +77 for v=25; see Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1966.
70Effective constants for v leq5 Callear and Smith, 1965. The reevaluation of the constants by Engleman, Rouse, et al., 1970, based on new measurements of the beta bands and using a modified Hill-Van Vleck expression, gave G(v) = 1037.45(v+1/2) - 7.472(v+1/2)2 + 0.07253~(v+1/2)3, Bv = 1.1250 - 0.0l348(v+1/2) + 0.000125~(v+1/2)2. The highest level observed in emission is v'=7 [mixed with C(v=0)] Deezsi, 1960, Ackermann and Miescher, 1969; vibrational levels as high as v'=29 have been identified in the absorption spectrum Dressler and Miescher, 1965. They are strongly perturbed by interaction with the Rydberg states C 2Pi (matrix element He(C 2Pi) ~1200 cm-1) and K 2Pi (He(K 2Pi) ~800); see Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1958, Felenbok and Lefebvre-Brion, 1966. A complete deperturbation, taking also into account the interaction with L 2Pi, was attempted by Bartholdi, Leoni, et al., 1971; more recent results by Gallusser and Dressler (omegae = 1025.0 Boursey and Roncin, 1975, omegaexe = 4.52 Boursey and Roncin, 1975, omegaeye = -0.0846 Boursey and Roncin, 1975) are quoted by Boursey and Roncin, 1975 who observed the deperturbed spectrum of B 2Pi in matrix absorption Roncin, Damany, et al., 1967, Roncin, 1968. A similar deperturbation is induced by high pressure foreign gases Miladi, le Falher, et al., 1975. Heterogeneous interactions with levels of D 2Sigma+ and M 2Sigma+ are discussed by Jungen and Miescher, 1968.
71Radiative lifetimes tau(v=0) = 1.99 mus Brzozowski, Elander, et al., 1974, tau(v=1)= 1.78 mus Brzozowski, Elander, et al., 1974, tau(v=4)= 1.65 mus Brzozowski, Elander, et al., 1974. Jeunehomme and Duncan, 1964 give somewhat longer lifetimes.
72f00 = 2.5E-8 Hasson and Nicholls, 1971; fv'0 values increase to 4.6E-5 for v'=6 Bethke, 1959, Hasson and Nicholls, 1971, Farmer, Hasson, et al., 1972. Above v'=7 the intensities are governed by the strong interactions with the 3p and 4p Rydberg states; see 70. See also Antropov, Dronov, et al., 1964, Ory, 1964, Marr, 1964, Antropov, 1968.
73Referring to the hypothetical J=0 levels in both upper and lower state.
74Lambda-type doubling Huber, 1964. Delta vfe(v=0)= -0.0064(J+1/2) Huber, 1964.
75 Engleman, Rouse, et al., 1970
76Rotational constants reevaluated from data in Barrow and Miescher, 1957 and Engleman, Rouse, et al., 1970; the equilibrium constants of the latter appear unreliable.
77Spin splitting constant gamma(v=3) = -0.0027650, muel(v=3)=1.10 D. These constants, as well as eqQ and magnetic hf constants, have been recalculated by Woods and Dixon, 1976 from the optical-rf double resonance experiment of Bergeman and Zare, 1974; see also Green, 1972 Walch and Goddard, 1975. Hanle effect German, Zare, et al., 1971, Gouedard, 1972, Weinstock, Zare, et al., 1972.
78According to Gero and Schmid, 1948, Deezsi, 1959 the intensity of the emission bands drops sharply at N'=74,64,52,38 in v'= 0,1,2,3, respectively; bands with v'geq4 have not been observed in emission.
79Radiative lifetimes tau(v=0) = 215 ns Zacharias, Halpern, et al., 1976, tau(v=1) = 203 ns Zacharias, Halpern, et al., 1976,tau(v=2) = 174 ns Zacharias, Halpern, et al., 1976; good agreement with Brzozowski, Elander, et al., 1974 except for v=2 where these authors find tau(v=2) = 195 ns Zacharias, Halpern, et al., 1976. See also Jeunehomme, 1966, Weinstock, Zare, et al., 1972, Benoist D'Azy, Lopez-Delgado, et al., 1975.
80f00 = 0.00038 Weber and Penner, 1957, Bethke, 1959, Pery-Thorne and Banfield, 1970, Farmer, Hasson, et al., 1972, Hasson, Farmer, et al., 1972, f10= 0.00081 Weber and Penner, 1957, Bethke, 1959, Pery-Thorne and Banfield, 1970, Farmer, Hasson, et al., 1972, Hasson, Farmer, et al., 1972, f20= 0.00069 Weber and Penner, 1957, Bethke, 1959, Pery-Thorne and Banfield, 1970, Farmer, Hasson, et al., 1972, Hasson, Farmer, et al., 1972, f30= 0.00030 Weber and Penner, 1957, Bethke, 1959, Pery-Thorne and Banfield, 1970, Farmer, Hasson, et al., 1972, Hasson, Farmer, et al., 1972; weighted average values. Variation of transition moment with r Marr, 1964, Callear, Pilling, et al., 1966, Jeunehomme, 1966, Antropov, Kolesnikov, et al., 1967, Antropov, 1968, Jain and Sahni, 1968, Bubert, 1972; see also Poland and Broida, 1971.
81Also observed in two-photon excitation Bray, Hochstrasser, et al., 1974, Bray, Hochstrasser, et al., 1975, Zacharias, Halpern, et al., 1976 and magnetic rotation spectra Robinson, 1967. 15N16O band head measurements Cisak, Danielak, et al., 1970.
82see 16 .
83Assignment uncertain, only observed in rare gas matrices. Predicted lifetime tau= 0.1 s Lefebvre-Brion and Guerin, 1968. See also Zarur and Chiu, 1973.
84Av = +123.26 - 0.1906(v+1/2) - 0.0108(v+1/2)2; from the analysis of beta and gamma bands having v"leq16 Engleman, Rouse, et al., 1970. Much more precise constants for v=0 and 1 (A eff=123.1393 v=0 and A eff=122.8935 v=1, respectively) and their J dependence have been determined from measurements on the vibration-rotation fundamental and on the pure rotation spectrum Valentin, Boissy, et al., 1976, Johns, Reid, et al., 1977. See also Brown, Cole, et al., 1972, Mizushima, Evenson, et al., 1972.
85omegaeye = 0.0110 (2Pi3/2) James and Thibault, 1964, Meyer, Haeusler, et al., 1965 and omegaeye= 0.0077 (2Pi1/2) James and Thibault, 1964, Meyer, Haeusler, et al., 1965; these are effective vibrational constants obtained from rotation-vibration spectra James and Thibault, 1964, Meyer, Haeusler, et al., 1965. Valentin, Boissy, et al., 1976, Johns, Reid, et al., 1977 have accurately evaluated DeltaG(1/2) = 1875.972 Valentin, Boissy, et al., 1976, Johns, Reid, et al., 1977; see 84. Engleman, Rouse, et al., 1970, see 84, give the following expression, valid for vleql6: G(v) = 1904.405(v+1/2) - 14.1870(v+1/2)2 + 0.02400(v+1/2)3 - 0.00093(v+1/2)4, vleq16. The vibrational levels have been observed to v=23 Brook and Kaplan, 1954.
86Effective rotational constants from rotation Gallagher and Johnson, 1956, Favero, Mirri, et al., 1959, Hall and Dowling, 1966 and rotation-vibration spectra Hakuta and Uehara, 1975, Valentin, Boissy, et al., 1976. Precise B and D values for v=0 and 1 have been calculated by Johns, Reid, et al., 1977, see 84, B0 = 1.696115, B1 = 1.678544; D0 = 5.34E-6, D1 = 5.37E-6; good agreement with Valentin, Boissy, et al., 1976. Engleman, Rouse, et al., 1970, see 84, give the following expression for vleql6: Bv = 1.70427 - 0.01728(v+1/2) - 0.000037(v+1/2)2 Engleman, Rouse, et al., 1970.
87Observed in the electronic-rotational Raman spectrum Rasetti, 1930 Fast, Welsh, et al., 1969, Lepard, 1970, and as magnetic dipole transition in the far IR Brown, Cole, et al., 1972. Laser Zeeman spectrum Mizushima, Evenson, et al., 1972.
88See 73.
89Lambda-type doubling, Delta vfe ~ (+)0.0117(J+1/2). Precise Lambda-doubling constants have been evaluated by Meerts and Dymanus, 1972, Meerts, 1976, Valentin, Boissy, et al., 1976, Johns, Reid, et al., 1977, the variation of p and q with v agrees with the measurements of Guerra, Sanchez, et al., 1977.
90Magnetic rotation Mann and Hause, 1960, Aubel and Hause, 1966, Buckingham and Segal, 1968, Keck and Hause, 1968, 2, Blum, Nill, et al., 1973.
91Integrated band intensities, dipole moment function Schurin and Ellis, 1966, Michels, 1971, Chandraiah and Cho, 1973, Konkov and Vorontsov, 1973; Billingsley, 1975, Billingsley, 1976.
922-O band of 15N18O Griggs and Rao, 1967, 1-0 band of 15N16,18O Fletcher and Begun, 1957, Griggs and Rao, 1967, Keck and Hause, 1968.
93Lambda-doubling, nuclear hfs, and Zeeman splittings Blum, Nill, et al., 1972, Nill, Blum, et al., 1972. 2Pi3/2 laser magnetic resonance spectra Zeiger, Blum, et al., 1973, Hakuta and Uehara, 1975.
94Laser Stark spectrum Hoy, Johns, et al., 1975; muel(2Pi1/2,v=0) = 0.1574 D Hoy, Johns, et al., 1975 (see also 102), muel(2Pi1/2,v=1) = 0.1416 D. For 2Pi3/2 the difference muel(v=1) - muel(v=0) = -0.01735 D was determined.
95From pressure-broadened linewidths Tejwani, Golden, et al., 1976 derive a value of Qm= 2.4E-26 esu cm2 Tejwani, Golden, et al., 1976 for the quadrupole moment of NO. Earlier results are reviewed in this paper.
96Absorption spectrum of CO laser radiation by NO Richton, 1976, Hanson, Monat, et al., 1976, Garside, Ballik, et al., 1977.
97Deltav=1 sequence in emission Mantz, Shafer, et al., 1976. Several laser lines have been observed in the P branches of the 6-5, ..., 11-10 bands Deutsch, 1966.
98Zeeman effect Mizushima, Cox, et al., 1955, Stark effect Burrus and Graybeal, 1958, both in 2Pi1/2.
99See also references in 87.
100From the breaking-off below N'=4 in the CrarrowA 0-0 band emitted during radiative recombination of N and 0 atoms via inverse predissociation Dingle, Freedman, et al., 1975, see also Mandelman, Carrington, et al., 1973; in good agreement with Callear and Pilling, 1970, 2. A very slightly higher value, i.e. 6.4977 leq D00 leq 6.5007 eV Miescher, 1974, is suggested Miescher, 1974 by the failure to detect FrarrowC laser transitions ending on the lowest C level observed in the N + O recombination spectrum.
101Extrapolation of selected rotational lines in the nflarrowX Rydberg series Miescher, 1974, 2, Miescher, 1976, based on the fine structure analysis of the 4f and 5f complexes Jungen and Miescher, 1969.
102muel =0.15872 D, 2Pi1/2(v=0,J=1/2) Neumann, 1970 from Stark effect;

References

Go To: Top, Constants of diatomic molecules, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Miescher and Huber, 1976
Miescher, E.; Huber, K.P., International Review of Science, Physical Chemistry Series Two. Electronic Spectrum of the NO Molecule, Butterworths, London-Boston, 1976, 73. [all data]

Wight and Brion, 1974
Wight, G.R.; Brion, C.E., K-shell excitations in NO and O2 by 2.5 keV electron impact, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1974, 4, 313. [all data]

Morioka, Nakamura, et al., 1974
Morioka, Y.; Nakamura, M.; Ishiguro, E.; Sasanuma, M., K absorption structure of the nitrogen atom in the nitric oxide molecule, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 1426. [all data]

Sasanuma, Morioka, et al., 1974
Sasanuma, M.; Morioka, Y.; Ishiguro, E.; Nakamura, M., Rydberg series in the NO molecule near 600 A, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 327. [all data]

Gardner, Lynch, et al., 1973
Gardner, A.; Lynch, M.; Stewart, D.T.; Watson, W.S., Photoabsorption cross sections of NO in the 380-660 Å region, J. Phys. B:, 1973, 6, 262. [all data]

Lee, Carlson, et al., 1973
Lee, L.C.; Carlson, R.W.; Judge, D.L.; Ogawa, M., The absorption cross sections of N2, O2, CO, NO, CO2, N2O, CH4, C2H4, C2H6 and C4H10 from 180 to 700 Å, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 1973, 13, 1023. [all data]

Tanaka, 1942
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Edqvist, Lindholm, et al., 1970
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Huber, 1961
Huber, K.P., Die Rydberg-Serien im Absorptions-spektrum des NO-Molekuls, Helv. Phys. Acta, 1961, 34, 929. [all data]

Metzger, Cook, et al., 1967
Metzger, P.H.; Cook, G.R.; Ogawa, M., Photoionization and absorption coefficients of NO in the 600 to 950 A region, Can. J. Phys., 1967, 45, 203. [all data]

Reese and Rosenstock, 1966
Reese, R.M.; Rosenstock, H.M., Photoionization mass spectrometry of NO, J. Chem. Phys., 1966, 44, 2007. [all data]

Watanabe, Matsunaga, et al., 1967
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Bahr, Blake, et al., 1972
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Hertz, Jochims, et al., 1974
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Nicholson, 1963
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Gardner and Samson, 1973
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Kleimenov, Chizhov, et al., 1972
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Collin, Delwiche, et al., 1971
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Caprace, Delwiche, et al., 1976
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Miescher and Alberti, 1976
Miescher, E.; Alberti, F., Atlas of the absorption spectrum of nitric oxide (NO) between 1420 and 1250 Å, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1976, 5, 309. [all data]

Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1958
Lagerqvist, A.; Miescher, E., Absorptionsspektrum des NO-Molekuls Feinstruktur-Analyse der «delta»- und «beta»-Banden und homogene Storung C2«PI»--B2«PI», Helv. Phys. Acta, 1958, 31, 221. [all data]

Marmo, 1953
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Watanabe, Marmo, et al., 1953
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Killgoar, Leroi, et al., 1973
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Ng, Mahan, et al., 1976
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Miescher, 1966
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Miescher, 1976
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Dressler and Miescher, 1965
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Huber, 1964
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Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1962
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Lagerqvist and Miescher, 1966
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Barrow and Miescher, 1957
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Ogawa and Shimauchi, 1956
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Sutcliffe and Walsh, 1953
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Gero, Schmid, et al., 1944
Gero, L.; Schmid, R.; Von Szily, F.K., Rotationsanalyse der «epsilon»-banden des NO molekuls, Physica (The Hague), 1944, 11, 144. [all data]

Ogawa, 1955
Ogawa, M., On the emission spectra of the «beta»-, «gamma»- and «SIGMA»-systems of nitric oxide, Sci. Light (Tokyo), 1955, 3, 90. [all data]

Deezsi and Matrai, 1957
Deezsi, I.; Matrai, T., Further bands in the «gamma», «epsilon» and «beta» band systems of the molecular spectrum of nitric oxide, Acta Phys. Acad. Sci. Hung., 1957, 7, 111. [all data]

Poland and Broida, 1971
Poland, H.M.; Broida, H.P., Fluorescence of the «gamma», «epsilon» and «delta» systems of nitric oxide; polarization and use of calculated intensities for spectrometer calibration, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 1971, 11, 1863. [all data]

Schmid, 1928
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Herzberg, Lagerqvist, et al., 1956
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Engleman, Rouse, et al., 1970
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Koczkas, 1959
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Broida and Peyron, 1960
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Frosch and Robinson, 1964
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Callear, A.B.; Pilling, M.J., Fluorescence of nitric oxide. Part 7. Quenching rates of NO C2«PI»(v = O), its rate of radiation to NO A2«SIGMA»+, energy transfer efficiencies, and mechanisms of predissociation, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1970, 66, 1618. [all data]

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Miescher, E., The Rydberg series of the NO molecule converging to the first ionization limit 1340 Å in Vacuum ultraviolet radiation physics, Koch, Haensel, Kunz, ed(s)., Pergamon-Veiweg, Braunschweig, 1974, 61-63. [all data]


Notes

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