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Acetaldehyde

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
CAL - James S. Chickos, William E. Acree, Jr., Joel F. Liebman, Students of Chem 202 (Introduction to the Literature of Chemistry), University of Missouri -- St. Louis

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil293.9 ± 0.8KAVGN/AAverage of 26 out of 28 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus150. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 16 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc466.0KN/ATeja and Anselme, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tc461.KN/AHollmann, 1903Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tc454.7KN/AVan der Waals, 1881Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 6. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc6.49mol/lN/ATeja and Anselme, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap26.12kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap25.7kJ/molN/AWiberg, Crocker, et al., 1991DRB
Deltavap26.9kJ/molEBBull, Seregrennaja, et al., 1963Based on data from 293. - 377. K. See also Verevkin, Krasnykh, et al., 2003.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
25.76293.3N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
26.0308.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 293. - 377. K.; AC
27.6283.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 272. - 294. K. See also Dykyj, 1970.; AC
26.3308.N/AKim and Kim, 1977Based on data from 293. - 345. K.; AC
27.0307.N/AColes and Popper, 1950Based on data from 273. - 307. K.; AC
25.7 ± 0.2294.VColeman and DeVries, 1949ALS

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
293.4 - 377.53.68639822.894-69.899Bull, Seregrennaja, et al., 1963, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
272.9 - 307.65.18831637.08322.317Coles and Popper, 1950Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
2.310149.78Lebedev and Vasil'ev, 1988DH
1.72242.9Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
15.43149.78Lebedev and Vasil'ev, 1988DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
15.42149.8Domalski and Hearing, 1996CAL
7.06242.9

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
1.716242.9liquidliquidLebedev and Vasil'ev, 1988Lambda type transition.; DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
7.35242.9liquidliquidLebedev and Vasil'ev, 1988Lambda; DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Teja and Anselme, 1990
Teja, A.S.; Anselme, M.J., The critical properties of thermally stable and unstable fluids. I. 1985 results, AIChE Symp. Ser., 1990, 86, 279, 115-21. [all data]

Hollmann, 1903
Hollmann, R., Physical and natural equilibria between the modifications of aldehyde, Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1903, 43, 129-59. [all data]

Van der Waals, 1881
Van der Waals, J.D., Continuity of Gas and Liquid Data, 1881,, 1881, Leipzig, p 168. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Wiberg, Crocker, et al., 1991
Wiberg, K.B.; Crocker, L.S.; Morgan, K.M., Thermochemical studies of carbonyl compounds. 5. Enthalpies of reduction of carbonyl groups, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 3447-3450. [all data]

Bull, Seregrennaja, et al., 1963
Bull, S.S.; Seregrennaja, I.I.; Tsherbakora, P.R., Khim. Prom. (Moscow), 1963, 7, 507. [all data]

Verevkin, Krasnykh, et al., 2003
Verevkin, Sergey P.; Krasnykh, Eugen L.; Vasiltsova, Tatiana V.; Koutek, Bohumir; Doubsky, Jan; Heintz, Andreas, Vapor pressures and enthalpies of vaporization of a series of the linear aliphatic aldehydes, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 2003, 206, 1-2, 331-339, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3812(03)00035-9 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Dykyj, 1970
Dykyj, J., Petrochemica, 1970, 10, 2, 51. [all data]

Kim and Kim, 1977
Kim, B.C.; Kim, D.H., Hwahak Kwa Hwahak Kongop, 1977, 20, 232. [all data]

Coles and Popper, 1950
Coles, K.F.; Popper, Felix, Vapor-Liquid Equilibria. Ethylene Oxide - Acetaldehyde and Ethylene Oxide - Water Systems, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1950, 42, 7, 1434-1438, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50487a046 . [all data]

Coleman and DeVries, 1949
Coleman, C.F.; DeVries, T., The heat capacity of organic vapors. V. Acetaldehyde, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 2839-28. [all data]

Bull, Seregrennaja, et al., 1963, 2
Bull, S.Sh.; Seregrennaja, I.I.; Tsherbakora, P.R., Isothermic Equilibrium of Liquid-Steam in System Water-Acetoaldehyde, Khim. Prom. (Moscow), 1963, 7, 507-509. [all data]

Lebedev and Vasil'ev, 1988
Lebedev, B.V.; Vasil'ev, V.G., Thermodynamics of ethanal at 0-300 K, Zhur. Fiz. Khim., 1988, 62, 3099-3102. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]


Notes

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