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Carbon Tetrachloride

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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
B - John E. Bartmess

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)11.47 ± 0.01eVN/AN/AL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
0.80 ± 0.34IMRBStaneke, Groothuis, et al., 1995EA > EA(CH2S-.), and Cl-A(CCl3.) < Cl-A(CCl4); B
2.00 ± 0.20NBIELacmann, Maneira, et al., 1983B
2.00 ± 0.20NBIEDispert and Lacmann, 1978B
2.12 ± 0.10SIGaines, Kay, et al., 1966The Magnetron method, lacking mass analysis, is not considered reliable.; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
11.5 ± 0.1EIKime, Driscoll, et al., 1987LBLHLM
11.3PEVon Niessen, Asbrink, et al., 1982LBLHLM
11.47 ± 0.08PEBassett and Lloyd, 1971LLK
11.47PEDewar and Worley, 1969RDSH
11.47 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, 1957RDSH
11.0 ± 1.0EIBaker and Tate, 1938RDSH
11.69PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981Vertical value; LLK
11.69PEDixon, Murrell, et al., 1971Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C+24. ± 1.4ClPIBurton, Chan, et al., 1994LL
C+23.5 ± 0.24ClEIBaker and Tate, 1938RDSH
CCl+17. ± 1.3ClPIBurton, Chan, et al., 1994LL
CCl+19.35 ± 0.05Cl2+Cl?EIReed and Snedden, 1958RDSH
CCl+19.4 ± 0.1Cl2+Cl?EIBlanchard and LeGoff, 1957RDSH
CCl+17.1 ± 0.23ClEIBaker and Tate, 1938RDSH
CCl2+14. ± 1.Cl2PIBurton, Chan, et al., 1994LL
CCl2+16. ± 1.2ClPIBurton, Chan, et al., 1994LL
CCl2+15.4?EIShapiro and Lossing, 1968RDSH
CCl2+16.0 ± 0.22ClEIBaker and Tate, 1938RDSH
CCl3+11. ± 1.ClPIBurton, Chan, et al., 1994LL
CCl3+11.28 ± 0.03ClPIWerner, Tsai, et al., 1974LLK
CCl3+11.37ClEILossing, 1972LLK
CCl3+11.65 ± 0.10ClEIFox and Curran, 1961RDSH
CCl3+11.90 ± 0.07ClEIReed and Snedden, 1958RDSH
CCl3+11.7 ± 0.1ClEIFarmer, Henderson, et al., 1956RDSH
CCl3+12.2 ± 0.2ClEIBaker and Tate, 1938RDSH
Cl+24. ± 1.C+Cl+Cl2PIBurton, Chan, et al., 1994LL
Cl+19. ± 1.CCl+Cl2PIBurton, Chan, et al., 1994LL
Cl+16.1 ± 0.2CCl3EIFox and Curran, 1961RDSH
Cl+19.1 ± 0.2?EIBaker and Tate, 1938RDSH
Cl2+23. ± 1.C+2ClPIBurton, Chan, et al., 1994LL
Cl2+16.4 ± 0.5?EIBaker and Tate, 1938RDSH
Cl2+23.0 ± 1.0C+2ClEIBaker and Tate, 1938RDSH


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Staneke, Groothuis, et al., 1995
Staneke, P.O.; Groothuis, G.; Ingemann, S.; Nibbering, N.M.M., Formation, stability and structure of radical anions of chloroform, tetrachloromethane and fluorotrichloromethane in the gas phase, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1995, 142, 1-2, 83, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(94)04127-S . [all data]

Lacmann, Maneira, et al., 1983
Lacmann, K.; Maneira, M.J.P.; Moutinho, A.M.C.; Weigman, U., Total and Double Differential Cross Sections of Ion- Pair Formations in Collisions of K Atoms with SnCl4 and CCl4, J. Chem. Phys., 1983, 78, 1767. [all data]

Dispert and Lacmann, 1978
Dispert, H.; Lacmann, K., Negative ion formation in collisions between potassium and fluoro- and chloromethanes: Electron affinities and bond dissociation energies, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1978, 28, 49. [all data]

Gaines, Kay, et al., 1966
Gaines, A.F.; Kay, J.; Page, F.M., Determination of Electron Affinities. Part 8. - CCl4, CHCl3, and CH2Cl2, Trans. Farad. Soc., 1966, 62, 874, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9666200874 . [all data]

Kime, Driscoll, et al., 1987
Kime, Y.J.; Driscoll, D.C.; Dowben, P.A., The stability of the carbon tetrahalide ions, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 2, 1987, 83, 403. [all data]

Von Niessen, Asbrink, et al., 1982
Von Niessen, W.; Asbrink, L.; Bieri, G., 30.4 nm He(II) Photoelectron spectra of organic molecules. Part VI. Halogeno-compounds (C,H,X: X = Cl, Br, I), J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1982, 26, 173. [all data]

Bassett and Lloyd, 1971
Bassett, P.J.; Lloyd, D.R., Photoelectron spectra of halides. Part I. Tetrafluorides and tetrachlorides of group IVB, J. Chem. Soc., 1971, (A), 641. [all data]

Dewar and Worley, 1969
Dewar, M.J.S.; Worley, S.D., Photoelectron spectra of molecules. I. Ionization potentials of some organic molecules and their interpretation, J. Chem. Phys., 1969, 50, 654. [all data]

Watanabe, 1957
Watanabe, K., Ionization potentials of some molecules, J. Chem. Phys., 1957, 26, 542. [all data]

Baker and Tate, 1938
Baker, R.F.; Tate, J.T., Ionization and dissociation by electron impact in CCl2F2 and in CCl4 vapor, Phys. Rev., 1938, 53, 683. [all data]

Kimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981
Kimura, K.; Katsumata, S.; Achiba, Y.; Yamazaki, T.; Iwata, S., Ionization energies, Ab initio assignments, and valence electronic structure for 200 molecules in Handbook of HeI Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds, Japan Scientific Soc. Press, Tokyo, 1981. [all data]

Dixon, Murrell, et al., 1971
Dixon, R.N.; Murrell, J.N.; Narayan, B., The photoelectron spectra of the halomethanes, Mol. Phys., 1971, 20, 611. [all data]

Burton, Chan, et al., 1994
Burton, G.R.; Chan, W.F.; Cooper, G.; Brion, C.E., Valence- and inner-shell (Cl 2p, 2s; C1s) photoabsorption and photoionization of carbon tetrachloride. Absolute oscillator strengths (5-400 eV) and dipole-induced breakdown pathways, Chem. Phys., 1994, 181, 147. [all data]

Reed and Snedden, 1958
Reed, R.I.; Snedden, W., Studies in electron impact methods. Part 2. The latent heat of sublimation of carbon, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1958, 54, 301. [all data]

Blanchard and LeGoff, 1957
Blanchard, L.P.; LeGoff, P., Mass spectrometric study of the species CS, SO, and CCl2 produced in primary heterogeneous reactions, Can. J. Chem., 1957, 35, 89. [all data]

Shapiro and Lossing, 1968
Shapiro, J.S.; Lossing, F.P., Free radicals by mass spectrometry. XXXVII. The ionization potential and heat of formation of dichlorocarbene, J. Phys. Chem., 1968, 72, 1552. [all data]

Werner, Tsai, et al., 1974
Werner, A.S.; Tsai, B.P.; Baer, T., Photoionization study of the ionization potentials fragmentation paths of the chlorinated methanes carbon tetrabromide, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 3650. [all data]

Lossing, 1972
Lossing, F.P., Free radicals by mass spectrometry. XLIV. Ionization potentials bond dissociation energies for chloro-and fluoromethyl radicals, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1972, 81, 125. [all data]

Fox and Curran, 1961
Fox, R.E.; Curran, R.K., Ionization processes in CCl4 and SF6 by electron beams, J. Chem. Phys., 1961, 34, 1595. [all data]

Farmer, Henderson, et al., 1956
Farmer, J.B.; Henderson, I.H.S.; Lossing, F.P.; Marsden, D.G.H., Free radicals by mass spectrometry. IX. Ionization potentials of CF3 and CCl3 radicals and bond dissociation energies in some derivatives, J. Chem. Phys., 1956, 24, 348. [all data]


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