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Pyridine

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas140.2kJ/molCcbHubbard, Frow, et al., 1961ALS
Deltafgas140.6 ± 1.5kJ/molCmAndon, Cox, et al., 1957ALS
Deltafgas140.7 ± 1.5kJ/molCcbCox, Challoner, et al., 1954ALS
Deltafgas110.1kJ/molN/AConstam and White, 1903Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of 69.9 kj/mol from Constam and White, 1903 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 40.2 kj/mol from Hubbard, Frow, et al., 1961.; DRB

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid99.96 ± 0.50kJ/molCcbHubbard, Frow, et al., 1961ALS
Deltafliquid100.2 ± 1.5kJ/molCcbCox, Challoner, et al., 1954ALS
Deltafliquid69.9kJ/molCcbConstam and White, 1903ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-2725.kJ/molCcbStrepikheev, Baranov, et al., 1962ALS
Deltacliquid-2782.2 ± 0.42kJ/molCcbHubbard, Frow, et al., 1961ALS
Deltacliquid-2782.4 ± 1.5kJ/molCcbCox, Challoner, et al., 1954ALS
Deltacliquid-2758.kJ/molCcbConstam and White, 1903ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid177.90J/mol*KN/AMcCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957DH
liquid179.1J/mol*KN/AParks, Todd, et al., 1936Extrapolation below 90 K, 50.04 J/mol*K.; DH
liquid210.41J/mol*KN/APearce and Bakke, 1936Extrapolation below 90 K, 89.33 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
193.4293.Rastorguev and Ganiev, 1967T = 293 to 353 K.; DH
133.298.15Hubbard, Frow, et al., 1961DH
146.9332.Swietoslawski and Zielenkiewicz, 1958Mean value 22 to 96°C.; DH
132.72298.15McCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957T = 10 to 350 K.; DH
134.93298.1Parks, Todd, et al., 1936T = 90 to 300 K.; DH
133.30298.1Pearce and Bakke, 1936T = 90 to 298 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
129.3289.Radulescu and Jula, 1934DH
135.35273.4Swietoslawski, Tybicka, et al., 1931DH
135.6290.Swietoslawski, Tybicka, et al., 1931, 2DH
129.33294.Mathews, Krause, et al., 1917DH
130.5283.Bramley, 1916Mean value, 0 to 20°C.; DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil388.5 ± 0.6KAVGN/AAverage of 80 out of 84 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus232. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 26 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple231.48KN/AHelm, Lanum, et al., 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.03 K; measured in calorimeter at USBM, Bartlesville, OK; TRC
Ttriple231.480KN/AMcCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; by extrapolation of 1/f to zero; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc619. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc56.60barN/ABrunner, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.0565 bar; Visual, optical cell 30cm high. P transducer cal. vs PB.; TRC
Pc56.40barN/AKobe, Ravicz, et al., 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.034 bar; TRC
Pc60.795barN/AHerz and Neukirch, 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.8106 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.253l/molN/AKobe, Ravicz, et al., 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.005 l/mol; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap40.3 ± 0.3kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 10 out of 11 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
35.09388.4N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
39.3324.N/AUkraintseva, Soldatov, et al., 1997Based on data from 289. - 358. K.; AC
37.6354.N/ABlanco, Beltran, et al., 1994Based on data from 346. - 362. K.; AC
39.9310.EBLencka, 1990Based on data from 295. - 388. K.; AC
39.7311.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 296. - 353. K.; AC
37.3363.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 348. - 434. K.; AC
35.0446.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 431. - 558. K.; AC
34.0567.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 552. - 620. K.; AC
37.6355.EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 340. - 426. K. See also McCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957.; AC
39.6313.CMichou-Saucet, Jose, et al., 1986Based on data from 298. - 333. K.; AC
39.4313.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC
38.5328.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC
37.7343.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC
36.3368.N/AMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC
37.5 ± 0.1346.CMcCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957AC
36.4 ± 0.1366.CMcCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957AC
35.1 ± 0.1388.CMcCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957AC
38.4335.MGHerington and Martin, 1953Based on data from 320. - 388. K.; AC
44.4273.N/AMeulen and Mann, 1931Based on data from 258. - 389. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kJ/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
298. - 388.55.430.2536620.Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
340.5 - 426.044.162721371.358-58.496McCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
8.2785231.49McCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957Includes energy of anomaly at about 210 K.; DH
8.28231.5Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
8.272231.1Parks, Todd, et al., 1936DH
3.100230.38Pearce and Bakke, 1936DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
35.76231.49McCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957Includes; DH
35.79231.1Parks, Todd, et al., 1936DH
13.46230.38Pearce and Bakke, 1936DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C5H4N- + Hydrogen cation = Pyridine

By formula: C5H4N- + H+ = C5H5N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1631. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRESchafman and Wenthold, 2007gas phase; B
Deltar1636. ± 10.kJ/molTDEqMeot-ner and Kafafi, 1988gas phase; anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 acidity scale". The Kiefer, Zhang, et al., 1997 BDE is for ortho.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1601. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqMeot-ner and Kafafi, 1988gas phase; anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 acidity scale". The Kiefer, Zhang, et al., 1997 BDE is for ortho.; B
Deltar1607. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBDePuy, Kass, et al., 1988gas phase; Comparable to water in acidity; B
Deltar<1574. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRBBruins, Ferrer-Correia, et al., 1978gas phase; O- deprotonates; B

C5H6N+ + Pyridine = (C5H6N+ bullet Pyridine)

By formula: C5H6N+ + C5H5N = (C5H6N+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1992gas phase; M
Deltar103.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; M
Deltar110.kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Deltar99.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1979gas phase; M
Deltar99.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1979gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar124.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1992gas phase; M
Deltar118.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; M
Deltar134.J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Deltar120.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1979gas phase; M
Deltar120.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1979gas phase; M

Pyridine + 3Hydrogen = Piperidine

By formula: C5H5N + 3H2 = C5H11N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-193.8 ± 0.75kJ/molEqkHales and Herington, 1957gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -202.2 ± 0.75 kJ/mol; At 400-550 K; ALS
Deltar-193.0 ± 2.1kJ/molEqkBurrows and King, 1935liquid phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -188.3 kJ/mol; At 423-443 K; ALS

Chlorine anion + Pyridine = (Chlorine anion bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Cl- + C5H5N = (Cl- bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar53.1 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.4J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28. ± 11.kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B

(C5H6N+ bullet 2Pyridine) + Pyridine = (C5H6N+ bullet 3Pyridine)

By formula: (C5H6N+ bullet 2C5H5N) + C5H5N = (C5H6N+ bullet 3C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar56.9kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar159.J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M

Lithium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Li+ + C5H5N = (Li+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar181. ± 15.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2000RCD
Deltar180.kJ/molICRStaley and Beauchamp, 1975gas phase; switching reaction(Li+)H2O, from graph; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970 extrapolated; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: K+ + C5H5N = (K+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90. ± 4.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2000RCD
Deltar86.6kJ/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77.8J/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M

(Silver ion (1+) bullet 2Pyridine) + Pyridine = (Silver ion (1+) bullet 3Pyridine)

By formula: (Ag+ bullet 2C5H5N) + C5H5N = (Ag+ bullet 3C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69.9kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar117.J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(Silver ion (1+) bullet 3Pyridine) + Pyridine = (Silver ion (1+) bullet 4Pyridine)

By formula: (Ag+ bullet 3C5H5N) + C5H5N = (Ag+ bullet 4C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.9kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar169.J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(Chlorine anion bullet Pyridine) + Pyridine = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Pyridine)

By formula: (Cl- bullet C5H5N) + C5H5N = (Cl- bullet 2C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar49.0kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar94.6J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M

(C5H6N+ bullet Pyridine) + Pyridine = (C5H6N+ bullet 2Pyridine)

By formula: (C5H6N+ bullet C5H5N) + C5H5N = (C5H6N+ bullet 2C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.7kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar124.J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

H2O3- + Pyridine + Water = C5H7NO3-

By formula: H2O3- + C5H5N + H2O = C5H7NO3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar137. ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

Oxygen anion + Pyridine = C5H5NO2-

By formula: O2- + C5H5N = C5H5NO2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.8 ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

Nitric oxide anion + Pyridine = C5H5N2O-

By formula: NO- + C5H5N = C5H5N2O-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar56.9 ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

3Pyridine, 1-oxide + potassium chloride = 3Pyridine + KClO3

By formula: 3C5H5NO + ClK = 3C5H5N + KClO3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar315. ± 10.kJ/molCmShaofeng and Pilcher, 1988solid phase; ALS

3Pyridine, 1-oxide + potassium bromide = 3Pyridine + KBrO3

By formula: 3C5H5NO + BrK = 3C5H5N + KBrO3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar313.6 ± 9.6kJ/molCmShaofeng and Pilcher, 1988solid phase; ALS

Iron ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Iron ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Fe+ + C5H5N = (Fe+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar223. ± 9.2kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Cr+ + C5H5N = (Cr+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar197. ± 12.kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Titanium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Titanium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Ti+ + C5H5N = (Ti+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar217. ± 9.6kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Manganese ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Manganese ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Mn+ + C5H5N = (Mn+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar182. ± 8.8kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Scandium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Scandium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Sc+ + C5H5N = (Sc+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar231. ± 10.kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Magnesium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Magnesium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Mg+ + C5H5N = (Mg+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar200. ± 6.7kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Vanadium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Vanadium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: V+ + C5H5N = (V+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar218. ± 13.kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Nickel ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Nickel ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Ni+ + C5H5N = (Ni+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar255. ± 15.kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Aluminum ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Al+ + C5H5N = (Al+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar190. ± 10.kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Zinc ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Zinc ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Zn+ + C5H5N = (Zn+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar247. ± 7.1kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Cobalt ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Co+ + C5H5N = (Co+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar247. ± 13.kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Copper ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Copper ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Cu+ + C5H5N = (Cu+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar246. ± 10.kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Sodium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Na+ + C5H5N = (Na+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar127. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2000RCD

Henry's Law data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
89. QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
110.5900.MN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
MM - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner)
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.26 ± 0.01eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)930.kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity898.1kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Proton affinity at 298K

Proton affinity (kJ/mol) Reference Comment
936.5 ± 8.5Wind, Papp, et al., 2005T = 298K; MM

Protonation entropy at 298K

Protonation entropy (J/mol*K) Reference Comment
-1. ± 10.Wind, Papp, et al., 2005T = 298K; MM

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.34 ± 0.03EIArimura and Yoshikawa, 1984LBLHLM
9.25TRPILifshitz, 1982LBLHLM
9.60PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981LLK
9.26PEUtsunomiya, Kobayashi, et al., 1978LLK
9.25PIEland, Berkowitz, et al., 1978LLK
9.74 ± 0.05EIZaretskii, Oren, et al., 1976LLK
~9.5EIVan Veen and Plantenga, 1975LLK
9.9 ± 0.1EIStefanovic and Grutzmacher, 1974LLK
9.263PEKing, Murrell, et al., 1972LLK
9.66 ± 0.03EIJohnstone and Mellon, 1972LLK
9.70 ± 0.05EIDistefano, Foffani, et al., 1971LLK
9.70EIDistefano, Foffani, et al., 1971, 2LLK
9.30 ± 0.01PIPotapov and Sorokin, 1970RDSH
9.10PEGoffart, Momigny, et al., 1969RDSH
9.10 ± 0.01PIGoffart, Momigny, et al., 1969RDSH
9.31PEDewar and Worley, 1969RDSH
9.28PEAl-Joboury and Turner, 1964RDSH
9.20 ± 0.05PIAkopyan and Vilesov, 1964RDSH
9.4PITerenin, 1961RDSH
9.266SEl-Sayed, Kaaba, et al., 1961RDSH
9.23 ± 0.03PIWatanabe, 1957RDSH
9.8 ± 0.2EIHustrulid, Kusch, et al., 1938RDSH
9.51PEKlasinc, Novak, et al., 1978Vertical value; LLK
9.66PEKobayashi and Nagakura, 1974Vertical value; LLK
9.7PEBatich, Heilbronner, et al., 1973Vertical value; LLK
9.6 ± 0.5PEHeilbronner, Hornung, et al., 1972Vertical value; LLK
9.59PEGleiter, Heilbronner, et al., 1970Vertical value; RDSH

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C3H3+14.00 ± 0.10?EIMomigny, Urbain, et al., 1965RDSH
C3H3N+13.84 ± 0.10C2H2EIMomigny, Urbain, et al., 1965RDSH
C4H2+16.17 ± 0.10HCN+H2EIMomigny, Urbain, et al., 1965RDSH
C4H3+16.61 ± 0.10HCN+HEIMomigny, Urbain, et al., 1965RDSH
C4H4+11.84 ± 0.05HCNTRPILifshitz and Malinovich, 1984LBLHLM
C4H4+12.6 ± 0.1HCNEIBurgers and Holmes, 1984LBLHLM
C4H4+12.34 ± 0.05HCNEIBurgers and Holmes, 1984LBLHLM
C4H4+12.0 ± 0.2HCNTRPILifshitz, 1982LBLHLM
C4H4+12.15 ± 0.02HCNPIPECORosenstock, Stockbauer, et al., 1981LLK
C4H4+11.8HCNPIEland, Berkowitz, et al., 1978LLK
C4H4+12.3 ± 0.1HCNEIRosenstock, McCulloh, et al., 1977LLK
C4H4+13.41 ± 0.05HCNEIZaretskii, Oren, et al., 1976LLK
C4H4+13.28HCNEIBeynon, Hopkinson, et al., 1969RDSH
C5H3N+12.42 ± 0.10H2EIMomigny, Urbain, et al., 1965RDSH
C5H4N+14.00 ± 0.10HEIMomigny, Urbain, et al., 1965RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C5H4N- + Hydrogen cation = Pyridine

By formula: C5H4N- + H+ = C5H5N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1631. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRESchafman and Wenthold, 2007gas phase; B
Deltar1636. ± 10.kJ/molTDEqMeot-ner and Kafafi, 1988gas phase; anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 acidity scale". The Kiefer, Zhang, et al., 1997 BDE is for ortho.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1601. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqMeot-ner and Kafafi, 1988gas phase; anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 acidity scale". The Kiefer, Zhang, et al., 1997 BDE is for ortho.; B
Deltar1607. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBDePuy, Kass, et al., 1988gas phase; Comparable to water in acidity; B
Deltar<1574. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRBBruins, Ferrer-Correia, et al., 1978gas phase; O- deprotonates; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar
B - John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

(Silver ion (1+) bullet 2Pyridine) + Pyridine = (Silver ion (1+) bullet 3Pyridine)

By formula: (Ag+ bullet 2C5H5N) + C5H5N = (Ag+ bullet 3C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69.9kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar117.J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(Silver ion (1+) bullet 3Pyridine) + Pyridine = (Silver ion (1+) bullet 4Pyridine)

By formula: (Ag+ bullet 3C5H5N) + C5H5N = (Ag+ bullet 4C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.9kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar169.J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

Aluminum ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Al+ + C5H5N = (Al+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar190. ± 10.kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

C5H6N+ + Pyridine = (C5H6N+ bullet Pyridine)

By formula: C5H6N+ + C5H5N = (C5H6N+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1992gas phase; M
Deltar103.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; M
Deltar110.kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Deltar99.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1979gas phase; M
Deltar99.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1979gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar124.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1992gas phase; M
Deltar118.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; M
Deltar134.J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Deltar120.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1979gas phase; M
Deltar120.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1979gas phase; M

(C5H6N+ bullet Pyridine) + Pyridine = (C5H6N+ bullet 2Pyridine)

By formula: (C5H6N+ bullet C5H5N) + C5H5N = (C5H6N+ bullet 2C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.7kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar124.J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(C5H6N+ bullet 2Pyridine) + Pyridine = (C5H6N+ bullet 3Pyridine)

By formula: (C5H6N+ bullet 2C5H5N) + C5H5N = (C5H6N+ bullet 3C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar56.9kJ/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar159.J/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M

Chlorine anion + Pyridine = (Chlorine anion bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Cl- + C5H5N = (Cl- bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar53.1 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.4J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28. ± 11.kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Pyridine) + Pyridine = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Pyridine)

By formula: (Cl- bullet C5H5N) + C5H5N = (Cl- bullet 2C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar49.0kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar94.6J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M

Cobalt ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Co+ + C5H5N = (Co+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar247. ± 13.kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Cr+ + C5H5N = (Cr+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar197. ± 12.kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Copper ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Copper ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Cu+ + C5H5N = (Cu+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar246. ± 10.kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Iron ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Iron ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Fe+ + C5H5N = (Fe+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar223. ± 9.2kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

H2O3- + Pyridine + Water = C5H7NO3-

By formula: H2O3- + C5H5N + H2O = C5H7NO3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar137. ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

Potassium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: K+ + C5H5N = (K+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90. ± 4.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2000RCD
Deltar86.6kJ/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77.8J/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M

Lithium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Li+ + C5H5N = (Li+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar181. ± 15.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2000RCD
Deltar180.kJ/molICRStaley and Beauchamp, 1975gas phase; switching reaction(Li+)H2O, from graph; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970 extrapolated; M

Magnesium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Magnesium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Mg+ + C5H5N = (Mg+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar200. ± 6.7kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Manganese ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Manganese ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Mn+ + C5H5N = (Mn+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar182. ± 8.8kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Nitric oxide anion + Pyridine = C5H5N2O-

By formula: NO- + C5H5N = C5H5N2O-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar56.9 ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

Sodium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Na+ + C5H5N = (Na+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar127. ± 3.kJ/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2000RCD

Nickel ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Nickel ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Ni+ + C5H5N = (Ni+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar255. ± 15.kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Oxygen anion + Pyridine = C5H5NO2-

By formula: O2- + C5H5N = C5H5NO2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.8 ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

Scandium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Scandium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Sc+ + C5H5N = (Sc+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar231. ± 10.kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Titanium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Titanium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Ti+ + C5H5N = (Ti+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar217. ± 9.6kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Vanadium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Vanadium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: V+ + C5H5N = (V+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar218. ± 13.kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Zinc ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Zinc ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Zn+ + C5H5N = (Zn+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar247. ± 7.1kJ/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: Tanya L. Myers, Russell G. Tonkyn, Ashley M. Oeck, Tyler O. Danby, John S. Loring, Matthew S. Taubman, Stephen W. Sharpe, Jerome C. Birnbaum, and Timothy J. Johnson

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW- 79
NIST MS number 227742

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source missing citation
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 1112
Instrument Zeiss PMQII
Melting point -41.6
Boiling point 115.2

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedPMS-100090.726.Arutyunov, Kudryashov, et al., 2004N2, Chromaton N-AW-DMCS; Column length: 2. m
PackedApiezon L160.749.Kurbatova, Finkelstein, et al., 2004Chromaton N-AW; Column length: 1. m; Large deviations from similar measurements
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.724.4Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000He; Column length: 3.3 m
CapillaryHP-10160.727.87Garay, 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryOV-101110.748.Golovnya, Kuz'menko, et al., 2000He; Phase thickness: 0.4 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-101110.738.Zhuravleva, 200050. m/0.3 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane200.740.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1999 
CapillaryOV-101110.739.Golovnya, Kuz'menko, et al., 199950. m/0.3 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101110.756.Terenina, Zhuravieva, et al., 199750. m/0.3 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He
CapillarySPB-160.706.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
PackedPorapack Q200.728.Gawdzik and Matynia, 1994H2; Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30120.738.Kowalski, 1992He, Gas Chrom Q (100-120 mesh); Column length: 0.25 m
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.723.4Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 3.3 m
CapillaryHP-160.729.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.738.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
PackedApolane130.726.Dutoit, 1991Column length: 3.7 m
CapillarySE-30110.738.Samusenko and Golovnya, 198825. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-3080.732.Samusenko and Golovnya, 198825. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
PackedOV-1120.737.Betts, 1986N2; Column length: 1.5 m
PackedSE-30120.743.Betts, 1986N2; Column length: 1. m
PackedSP-2100120.746.Betts, 1986N2; Column length: 1. m
CapillaryOV-101150.745.Morishita, Morimoto, et al., 1986N2; Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillaryOV-10180.732.Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 198625. m/0.25 mm/0.156 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-10180.732.Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 198635. m/0.25 mm/0.125 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-10180.735.Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 198635. m/0.25 mm/0.125 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-10180.735.Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 198635. m/0.25 mm/0.125 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-10180.733.Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 198650. m/0.25 mm/0.125 «mu»m, He
PackedOV-101130.692.Osmialowski, Halkiewicz, et al., 1985Ar, Chromosorb W HP; Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30120.741.Stolyarov and Kartsova, 1984N2; Column length: 200. m
PackedOV-1120.741.Valko, Papp, et al., 1984Gas Chrom Q; Column length: 2. m
PackedApolane100.719.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane100.707.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane120.699.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane125.711.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane200.740.Castello and D'Amato, 1983He, Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30100.743.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
PackedPorapack Q200.690.Goebel, 1982N2
PackedTriacontane80.735.Castello and D'Amato, 1979He, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane80.751.Castello and D'Amato, 1979He, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane100.721.6Gröbler and Bálizs, 1979Column length: 1. m
CapillaryApiezon M120.739.Golovnya and Misharina, 1977 
PackedApiezon L130.751.Shatts, Avots, et al., 1977He, Chromosorb W AW-DMCS; Column length: 2.4 m
PackedApolane70.705.9Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976He, Chromosorb; Column length: 2.4 m
PackedApiezon L100.734.Zhuravleva, Kapustin, et al., 1976N2 or He, Chromosorb G, AW; Column length: 2.7 m
PackedSE-30150.750.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedApiezon L110.728.Bark and Wheatstone, 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Column length: 2. m
PackedApiezon L130.736.Bark and Wheatstone, 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Column length: 2. m
PackedApiezon L150.748.Bark and Wheatstone, 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Column length: 2. m
PackedPMS-100130.720.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPMS-100150.725.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPMS-100180.730.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedDC-200120.730.Reymond, Mueggler-Chavan, et al., 1966Celite; Column length: 4. m
PackedSE-30120.725.Viani, Müggler-Chavan, et al., 1965He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1717.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1719.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-101733.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101736.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101695.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1979N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101696.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1979N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-1722.SGE, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-5746.SGE, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-5750.SGE, 2005Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1731.5Castello, Timossi, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified
PackedSE-30740.Moffat, Stead, et al., 1974Chromosrb G; Column length: 2. m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPEG-40M150.1195.Terenina, Zhuravieva, et al., 199750. m/0.3 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He
CapillarySupelcowax-1060.1187.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryPEG-40M110.1195.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1987He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryPEG-40M80.1180.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1987He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M80.1177.Kersten and Poole, 1987N2, Chromosorb W-AW; Column length: 3.5 m
PackedPEG-20M120.1180.Betts, 1986Column length: 1. m
PackedPEG-20M120.1216.Stolyarov and Kartsova, 1984N2, Chromaton N AW HMDS; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M75.1224.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1190.Bark and Wheatstone, 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M110.1193.Bark and Wheatstone, 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M90.1185.Bark and Wheatstone, 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Column length: 2. m
PackedPEG-2000150.1233.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000152.1227.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000180.1233.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1193.Shimoda and Shibamoto, 1990He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1185.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1187.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryBP-201180.MacLeod and Pieris, 1983H2, 65. C @ 3. min, 12. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1180.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1181.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-201185.SGE, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryPEG-20M1181.Slizhov and Gavrilenko, 2001He; Column length: 10. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-101190.1Castello, Timossi, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5747.Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 10. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane769.Estevez, Ventanas, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5MS753.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS751.Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5753.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB695.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillarySPB-5752.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5735.6Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5736.7Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5739.1Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillarySPB-5752.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryBPX-5741.Ames, Guy, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1717.Kim, 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBPX-5756.Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-5756.Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-5756.Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-5757.Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1726.Bartelt, 199730. m/0.32 mm/5. «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryOV-1715.5Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5735.6Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5736.7Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5739.1Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryOV-101737.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1988He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryOV-101734.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1988He, 8. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryOV-101736.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1988He, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C
PackedSE-30731.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988He, Supelcoport and Chromosorb, 40. C @ 4. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Column length: 3.05 m
CapillaryDB-5736.Premecz and Ford, 1987He, 60. C @ 10. min, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 3. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-1719.Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1976N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 183. m; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 230. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB761.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS749.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1196.Lopez-Galilea I., Fournier N., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1170.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryStabilwax1168.Cros S., Lignot B., et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryStabilwax1170.Cros, Lignot, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryStabilwax1170.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1164.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101179.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101179.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1179.Kim, 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101179.Chung, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1202.Le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101180.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101179.Chung, 1999, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1195.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1994He, 60. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1183.Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101174.Chung and Cadwallader, 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1182.Baltes and Mevissen, 1988He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryPEG-40M1194.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.80 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryPEG-40M1191.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.80 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryPEG-40M1192.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.80 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryPEG-40M1189.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.80 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1209.Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 198860. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1209.Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1211.Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCAM1182.744Premecz and Ford, 1987He, 60. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 21. min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP1218.Ranau, Kleeberg, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(3min) => 3C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 220C(13.5min)
CapillaryFFAP1218.Ranau and Steinhart, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(3min) => 3C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 220C (13.5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1176.Cantergiani, Brevard, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 20C(30s) => fast => 60C => 4C/min => 220C (20min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101173.Baek and Cadwallader, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C => (6C/min) => 80C(6min) => (15C/min) => 200C(10min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101183.Sing, Smadja, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C(0.5min) => 60C => 4C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane105.732.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane75.725.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane90.729.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane120.736.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane120.736.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane120.738.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone100.732.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.736.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone140.742.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone80.726.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.736.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.738.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.739.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryOV-101130.692.Qi, Yang, et al., 2000 
PackedSynachrom150.699.Dufka, Malinsky, et al., 1971Helium, Synachrom (60-80 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS736.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS753.Lazarevic, Radulovic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS739.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5743.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 5. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS769.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryZB-5742.Harrison and Priest, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 9. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS740.Kim and Chung, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 30. min
CapillaryVF-5740.Li and Zhao, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-5748.Sivadier, Ratel, et al., 200960. m/0.32 mm/1.00 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillarySLB-5MS762.Risticevic, Carasek, et al., 200810. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1.5 min, 10. K/min; Tend: 295. C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane751.Ramirez R. and Cava R., 200730. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5732.Fadel, Mageed, et al., 2006He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5727.Fadel, Mageed, et al., 2006, 2He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5752.5Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryMDN-5746.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryMDN-5745.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5752.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane751.Ramírez, Estévez, et al., 20040. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5752.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2003, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillaryHP-1712.Valette, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-5752.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-5743.Poligné, Collignan, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1728.Chen and Ho, 199860. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-1728.Chen, Wang, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-1738.Tai and Ho, 199860. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-1733.Lu, Yu, et al., 199760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-1712.Buttery, Stern, et al., 1994He, 30. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-101695.Egolf and Jurs, 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5741.Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5744.Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1694.Ishihara, Tsuneya, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1702.Ishihara, Tsuneya, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5751.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryDB-5750.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991, 2He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryOV-101744.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5712.Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990H2, 16. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5739.Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990H2, 16. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-30718.Heydanek and McGorrin, 198140. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-30720.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981, 2He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS753.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS772.Rodrigues, Hanson, et al., 201230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C (15 min) 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (5 min)
CapillaryRTX-5 MS753.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5748.Pugliese, Sirtori, et al., 200950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5MS726.Risticevic, Carasek, et al., 200810. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-1716.Barra, Baldovini, et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 2C/min => 200C => 15C/min => 250C (30min)
CapillaryHP-5755.Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007He; Program: 50C => 3C/min => 200C(10min) => 10C/min => 290C(10min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups753.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005, 2Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5749.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5749.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillarySPB-5738.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB724.Counet, Callemien, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C=3C/min => 250C(30min)
CapillaryApiezon L749.Finkelstein, Kurbatova, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB712.Guyot-Declerck, Renson, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillaryMethyl phenyl siloxane (not specified)743.Poligne, Collignan, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB756.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS759.Luo and Agnew, 200130. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30756.Li, Gao, et al., 2000Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB711.Guyot, Bouseta, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C => 55C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillarySPB-1725.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryDB-5750.Mateo, Aguirrezábal, et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5749.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5750.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillarySPB-1725.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1725.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1714.Kawai, Ishida, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1718.Kawai, Ishida, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB745.Weller and Wolf, 198940. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 120 0C
CapillaryDB-1695.MacLeod and Snyder, 1988Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1732.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.692.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.743.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1695.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1174.Puvipirom and Chaisei, 201215. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1204.Shimadzu, 201230. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryFFAP1199.Budryn, Nebesny, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 45. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1204.Moon and Shibamoto, 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 70. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1202.Moon and Shibamoto, 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 70. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1203.Rochat, Egger, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 9.5 min
CapillaryZB-Wax1213.Marin, Pozrl, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1186.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryStabilwax1170.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryFFAP1199.Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 320. C @ 45. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1169.Fujioka and Shibamoto, 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 90. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryTC-Wax1200.Ishizaki, Tachihara, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryTC-Wax1200.Ishikawa, Ito, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1209.Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1193.Yanagimoto, Ochi, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryStabilwax1170.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1204.Shimadzu Corporation, 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1188.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1190.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryTC-Wax1170.Fukami, Ishiyama, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1203.Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1203.Maeztu, Sanz, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1203.Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1190.Lee and Shibamoto, 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1156.Xue, Ye, et al., 2000He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 190. C @ 20. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1181.Buttery, Orts, et al., 199930. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 170. C @ 60. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1193.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1220.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1181.Buttery and Ling, 199830. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 170. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1176.Horiuchi, Umano, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1186.Kubec, Drhová, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1187.Sekiwa, Kubota, et al., 1997He, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1159.Kubota, Matsujage, et al., 199650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1183.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1180.Egolf and Jurs, 19932. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1160.Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1168.Kubota, Nakamoto, et al., 1991N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1176.Liardon and Ledermann, 1980H2, 2. K/min; Column length: 39. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1181.Gyawali and Kim, 201260. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1209.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1193.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1198.Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 44 0C 3 0C/min -> 170 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1180.Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax1182.Viegas and Bassoli, 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1181.Viegas and Bassoli, 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryTC-Wax1200.Kraft and Switt, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1180.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryTC-Wax1200.Tachihara, Ishizaki, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1180.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1157.Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1191.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1172.Baltes and Bochmann, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1172.Baltes and Bochmann, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1173.Baltes and Bochmann, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1173.Baltes and Bochmann, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1173.Baltes and Bochmann, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1173.Baltes and Bochmann, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1174.Baltes and Bochmann, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.1224.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1181.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified
CapillaryPolyethylene Glycol1180.MacLeod and Pieris, 1981Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5104.4Wang, Hou, et al., 200730. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-5MS108.15Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5MS121.47Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hubbard, Frow, et al., 1961
Hubbard, W.N.; Frow, F.R.; Waddington, G., The heats of combustion and formation of pyridine and hippuric acid, J. Phys. Chem., 1961, 65, 1326-1328. [all data]

Andon, Cox, et al., 1957
Andon, R.J.L.; Cox, J.D.; Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F., The second virial coefficients of pyridine and benzene, and certain of their methyl homologues, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1957, 53, 1074. [all data]

Cox, Challoner, et al., 1954
Cox, J.D.; Challoner, A.R.; Meetham, A.R., The heats of combustion of pyridine and certain of its derivatives, J. Chem. Soc., 1954, 265-271. [all data]

Constam and White, 1903
Constam, E.J.; White, J., Physico-chemical investigations in the pyridine series, Am. Chem. J., 1903, 29, 1-49. [all data]

Strepikheev, Baranov, et al., 1962
Strepikheev, Yu.A.; Baranov, Yu.I.; Burmistrova, O.A., Determination of the heats of combustion and the heat capacities of several mono- and di-isocyanates, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Khim. Khim. Tekhnol., 1962, 5, 387-390. [all data]

McCullough, Douslin, et al., 1957
McCullough, J.P.; Douslin, D.R.; Messerly, J.F.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Kincheloe, T.C.; Waddington, G., Pyridine: experimental and calculated chemical thermodynamic properties between 0 and 1500 K., a revised vibrational assignment, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1957, 79, 4289-4295. [all data]

Parks, Todd, et al., 1936
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Swietoslawski, Tybicka, et al., 1931, 2
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Mathews, Krause, et al., 1917
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Helm, Lanum, et al., 1958
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Brunner, 1987
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Notes

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