Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

1-Butene

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Phase change data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil266.8 ± 0.5KAVGN/AAverage of 15 out of 17 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple87.800KN/ATakeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.005 K; TRC
Ttriple87.82KN/AChao, Hall, et al., 1983Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Ttriple87.8KN/AAston, Finke, et al., 1946Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Ttriple87.83KN/AAston, Finke, et al., 1946Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc419.5 ± 0.5KN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Tc419.6KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tc417.15KN/ACoffin and Maass, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc40.2 ± 0.5barN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.2408l/molN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc4.15 ± 0.05mol/lN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap20.88kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap20.1kJ/molN/AReid, 1972AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
21.866266.91N/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946P = 101.325 kPa; DH
22.07266.9N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
23.3259.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 200. - 274. K.; AC
28.3177.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 126. - 192. K.; AC
22.8282.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 267. - 345. K.; AC
22.0357.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 342. - 411. K.; AC
22.5282.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 267. - 411. K.; AC
23.701202.CAston, Fink, et al., 1946ALS
25.3202.N/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946AC
24.5219.N/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946AC
23.3242.N/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946AC
21.9267.N/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946AC
23.2258.N/ALamb and Roper, 1940Based on data from 216. - 273. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-αTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) 203. - 378.
A (kJ/mol) 32.51
alpha 0.0052
beta 0.38
Tc (K) 419.6
ReferenceMajer and Svoboda, 1985

Entropy of vaporization

DeltavapS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
81.92266.91Aston, Fink, et al., 1946P; DH

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
195.7 - 269.44.246961099.207-8.256Coffin and Maass, 1928, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
3.958687.81Takeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991, 2DH
3.84887.82Chao, Hall, et al., 1983, 2DH
3.84987.82Aston, Fink, et al., 1946DH
3.8587.8Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
45.0987.81Takeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991, 2DH
43.887.82Chao, Hall, et al., 1983, 2DH
43.8387.82Aston, Fink, et al., 1946DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Takeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991
Takeda, K.; Yamamuro, O.; Suga, H., Thermodynamic study of 1-butene. Exothermic and endothermic enthalpy relaxations near the glass transition, J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 1991, 52, 607. [all data]

Chao, Hall, et al., 1983
Chao, J.; Hall, K.R.; Yao, J.M., Thermodynamic Properties of Simple Alkenes, Thermochim. Acta, 1983, 64, 285. [all data]

Aston, Finke, et al., 1946
Aston, J.G.; Finke, H.L.; Bestul, A.B.; Pace, E.L.; Szasz, G.J., The Heat Capacity and Entropy, Heats of Fusion and Vaporization and the Vapor Pressure of Butene-1. The Zero Point Entropy of the Glass. The Entropy of the Gas from Molecular Data, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1946, 68, 52. [all data]

Tsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996
Tsonopoulos, C.; Ambrose, D., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 6. Unsaturated Aliphatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1996, 41, 645-656. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Coffin and Maass, 1928
Coffin, C.C.; Maass, O., The Preparation and Physical Properties of «alpha»-,«beta»- and «gamma»-Butylene and Normal and Isobutane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1928, 50, 1427-37. [all data]

Reid, 1972
Reid, Robert C., Handbook on vapor pressure and heats of vaporization of hydrocarbons and related compounds, R. C. Wilhort and B. J. Zwolinski, Texas A Research Foundation. College Station, Texas(1971). 329 pages.$10.00, AIChE J., 1972, 18, 6, 1278-1278, https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.690180637 . [all data]

Aston, Fink, et al., 1946
Aston, J.G.; Fink, H.L.; Bestul, A.B.; Pace, E.L.; Szasz, G.J., The heat capacity and entropy, heats of fusion and vaporization and the vapor pressure of butene-1. The zero point entropy of the glass. The entropy of the gas from molecular data, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1946, 68, 52-57. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Lamb and Roper, 1940
Lamb, Arthur B.; Roper, Edwin E., The Vapor Pressures of Certain Unsaturated Hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1940, 62, 4, 806-814, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01861a032 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Coffin and Maass, 1928, 2
Coffin, C.C.; Maass, O., The Preparation and Physical Properties of «alpha», «beta»- and «gamma»-Butylene and Normal and Isobutane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1928, 50, 5, 1427-1437, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01392a028 . [all data]

Takeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991, 2
Takeda, K.; Yamamuro, O.; Suga, H., Thermodynamic study of 1-butene. Exothermic and endothermic enthalpy relaxations near the glass transition, J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 1991, 22, 607-615. [all data]

Chao, Hall, et al., 1983, 2
Chao, J.; Hall, K.R.; Yao, J.M., Thermodynamic properties of simple alkenes, Thermochim. Acta, 1983, 64(3), 285-303. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, References