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Benzene, chloro-

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil404.9 ± 0.6KAVGN/AAverage of 53 out of 55 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus228.0 ± 0.4KAVGN/AAverage of 19 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple227.9KN/AStull, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc632.35KN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; disappearance of meniscus; TRC
Tc632.65KN/ALivingston, Morgan, et al., 1908Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 6. K; calculation based on extrap. of density and surface tension; TRC
Tc635.35KN/AAltschul, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; disappearance of meniscus; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc45.191barN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3039 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc3.24mol/lN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.04 mol/l; law of rectilinear diam.; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap41. ± 4.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
35.19404.9N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
48.1258. - 313.GCLiu and Dickhut, 1994AC
35.4420.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 405. - 597. K.; AC
38.8348.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 333. - 405. K. See also Brown, 1952 and Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
37.3278.MEZibberman-Granovskaya, 1940Based on data from 253. - 303. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
335.19 - 404.884.110831435.675-55.124Brown, 1952, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
9.55227.9Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
9.556227.89Stull, 1937, 2DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
41.93227.89Stull, 1937, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Stull, 1937
Stull, D.R., A Semi-micro Calorimeter for Measuring Heat Capacities at Low Temp., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 2726. [all data]

Young, 1910
Young, S., The Internal Heat of Vaporization constants of thirty pure substances, Sci. Proc. R. Dublin Soc., 1910, 12, 374. [all data]

Livingston, Morgan, et al., 1908
Livingston, J.; Morgan, R.; Higgins, E., The Weight of Falling Drops and Tate's Laws. Determination of Molecular Weights and Critical Temp. of Liquids Using Drop Weights: II., Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1908, 64, 170. [all data]

Altschul, 1893
Altschul, M., The critical values of some organic compounds, Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1893, 11, 577. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Liu and Dickhut, 1994
Liu, Kewen; Dickhut, Rebecca M., Saturation vapor pressures and thermodynamic properties of benzene and selected chlorinated benzenes at environmental temperatures, Chemosphere, 1994, 29, 3, 581-589, https://doi.org/10.1016/0045-6535(94)90445-6 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Brown, 1952
Brown, I., Aust. J. Sci. Res., Ser. A, 1952, 5, 530. [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Zibberman-Granovskaya, 1940
Zibberman-Granovskaya, A.A., Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 1940, 14, 759. [all data]

Brown, 1952, 2
Brown, I., Liquid-Vapour Equilibria. III. The Systems Benzene-n-Heptane, n-Hexane-Chlorobenzene, and cycloHexane-Nitrobenzene, Aust. J. Sci. Res. Ser. A:, 1952, 5, 530-540. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Stull, 1937, 2
Stull, D.R., A semi-micro calorimeter for measuring heat capacities at low temperatures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 2726-2733. [all data]


Notes

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