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Ethanol

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-234. ± 2.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacgas-1366.3 ± 0.4kJ/molCmRossini, 1932Flame Calorimetry; Corresponding «DELTA»fgas = -278.20 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
37.1250.Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997p=1 bar. Recommended entropies and heat capacities are in close agreement with other statistically calculated values [ Zhuravlev E.Z., 1959, Chermin H.A.G., 1961, Green J.H.S., 1961, Green J.H.S., 1961, 2, Chao J., 1986, Gurvich, Veyts, et al., 1989]. Please also see Chao J., 1986, 2.; GT
41.70100.
46.94150.
52.02200.
61.46273.15
65.21 ± 0.14298.15
65.49300.
81.22400.
95.78500.
108.24600.
118.83700.
127.92800.
135.81900.
142.681000.
148.681100.
153.921200.
158.491300.
162.501400.
166.011500.
173.01750.
178.22000.
182.02250.
184.92500.
187.2750.
189.3000.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
51.38 ± 0.50200.Stromsoe E., 1970Experimental data [ Bennewitz K., 1938, Eucken A., 1948, Barrow G.M., 1952, Sinke G.C., 1953, Halford J.O., 1957] are collected in ref. [ Green J.H.S., 1961]. Ideal gas heat capacities are given by [ Stromsoe E., 1970] as a linear function Cp=f1*(a+bT). This expression approximates the experimental values with the average deviation of 1.09 J/mol*K. The accuracy of the experimental heat capacities [ Stromsoe E., 1970] is estimated as less than 0.3%. Please also see Green J.H.S., 1961, Counsell J.F., 1970.; GT
62.30 ± 0.54279.
62.09 ± 0.42280.
73.15350.01
75.7 ± 1.1356.55
74.57360.00
76.4 ± 1.1361.75
75.52367.9
76.00370.01
77.7 ± 1.1371.85
77.46380.00
79.8 ± 1.1387.25
80.0 ± 1.1388.85
80.40400.08
82.01410.16
83.39422.
84.10425.09
85.9 ± 1.1433.25
87.99437.
87.3 ± 1.1443.35
87.65450.08
91.11475.12
91.21476.
92.2 ± 1.1480.45
99.4 ± 1.1534.35
101.3 ± 1.1548.75
104.5 ± 1.1572.25
107.0 ± 1.1591.25

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-276. ± 2.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-1367.6 ± 0.3kJ/molCcbChao and Rossini, 1965see Rossini, 1934; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -276.9 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-1367.0 ± 0.42kJ/molCcbGreen, 1960Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -277.6 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-1370.9kJ/molCcbParks, 1925Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -273.6 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-1368.34kJ/molCcbRichards and Davis, 1920At 291 K; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -276.17 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-1368.6kJ/molCcbEmery and Benedict, 1911Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -275.9 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid159.86J/mol*KN/AHaida, Suga, et al., 1977DH
liquid161.21J/mol*KN/AGreen J.H.S., 1961DH
liquid160.7J/mol*KN/AKelley, 1929DH
liquid177.0J/mol*KN/AParks, 1925Extrapolation below 90 K, 55.19 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
112.4298.15Petrov, Peshekhodov, et al., 1989T = 258.15, 278.15, 298.15, 318.15 K.; DH
111.53298.15Andreoli-Ball, Patterson, et al., 1988DH
112.36298.15Ogawa and Murakami, 1986DH
112.68298.15Tanaka, Toyama, et al., 1986DH
110.51298.15Ogawa and Murakami, 1985DH
115.9298.15Stephens and Olson, 1984T = 266 to 318 K. Cp given as 0.6011 cal/g*K.; DH
112.67298.15Zegers and Somsen, 1984DH
108.07288.15Benson and D'Arcy, 1982DH
113.75298.15Villamanan, Casanova, et al., 1982DH
112.15298.15Brown and Ziegler, 1979T = 159 to 306 K. Results as equation only.; DH
112.30298.15Vesely, Zabransky, et al., 1979DH
112.5298.15Haida, Suga, et al., 1977T = 14 to 300 K. Also glass, supercooled liquid, metastable crystal.; DH
112.30298.15Vesely, Svoboda, et al., 1977T = 298 to 318 K.; DH
112.33298.15Fortier, Benson, et al., 1976DH
112.094298.15Fortier and Benson, 1976DH
111.81298.15Pedersen, Kay, et al., 1975T = 298 to 348 K. Cp(liq) = 98.39 + 0.5368(T/K-273.25) J/mol*K (298 to 348 K).; DH
118.4313.2Paz Andrade, Paz, et al., 1970DH
97.53250.Nikolaev, Rabinovich, et al., 1967T = 80 to 250 K.; DH
112.056297.359Hwa and Ziegler, 1966T = 165 to 304 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
112.26298.Rabinovich and Nikolaev, 1962T = 15 to 55°C.; DH
111.96298.15Green J.H.S., 1961T = 16 to 350 K.; DH
118.8316.Swietoslawski and Zielenkiewicz, 1960Mean value 21 to 66°C.; DH
114.7297.8Mazur, 1940T = 174 to 298 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum. Cp(liq) = 0.5437 + 0.001858t + 0.0000098t2 cal/g*K. Cp(298.15 K) = 114.9 J/mol*K, calculated from equation.; DH
111.7298.Bykov, 1939DH
103.3298.Ernst, Watkins, et al., 1936DH
118.72313.15Fiock, Ginnings, et al., 1931T = 40 to 110°C.; DH
109.87294.31Kelley, 1929T = 16 to 298 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
106.3270.Mitsukuri and Hara, 1929T = 190 to 270 K.; DH
160.7298.1Parks, Kelley, et al., 1929Extrapolation below 90 K, 38.9 J/mol*K. Revision of previous data.; DH
113.4298.0Parks, 1925T = 87 to 298 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
115.1303.Willams and Daniels, 1924T = 303 to 333 K. Equation only.; DH
102.4271.4Gibson, Parks, et al., 1920T = 85 to 271.4 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum. Data also given for the glassy state from 85.9 to 96.3 K.; DH
112.1298.von Reis, 1881T = 288 to 346 K.; DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
CAL - James S. Chickos, William E. Acree, Jr., Joel F. Liebman, Students of Chem 202 (Introduction to the Literature of Chemistry), University of Missouri -- St. Louis

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil351.5 ± 0.2KAVGN/AAverage of 139 out of 149 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus158.8 ± 0.7KAVGN/AAverage of 11 out of 12 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple150. ± 20.KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc514. ± 7.KAVGN/AAverage of 37 out of 38 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc63. ± 4.barAVGN/AAverage of 18 out of 19 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.168l/molN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc6.0 ± 0.2mol/lAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap42.3 ± 0.4kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 12 out of 13 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
38.56351.5N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
41.7326.N/AMejia, Segura, et al., 2010Based on data from 311. - 351. K.; AC
39.3338.N/AAucejo, Loras, et al., 1999Based on data from 323. - 357. K.; AC
40.7321.EBDiogo, Santos, et al., 1995Based on data from 309. - 343. K.; AC
40.5357.N/AOrtega, Susial, et al., 1990Based on data from 342. - 357. K.; AC
35.2393.CVine and Wormald, 1989AC
30.6423.CVine and Wormald, 1989AC
25.7453.CVine and Wormald, 1989AC
21.8473.CVine and Wormald, 1989AC
17.3493.CVine and Wormald, 1989AC
14.2503.CVine and Wormald, 1989AC
40.9320.CDong, Lin, et al., 1988AC
40.4328.CDong, Lin, et al., 1988AC
40.2335.CDong, Lin, et al., 1988AC
39.4344.CDong, Lin, et al., 1988AC
38.8351.CDong, Lin, et al., 1988AC
41.3335.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 320. - 359. K.; AC
45.6256.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 210. - 271. K.; AC
44.208.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 193. - 223. K.; AC
41.3335.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 320. - 359. K.; AC
40.1361.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 349. - 374. K.; AC
39.1385.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 370. - 464. K.; AC
36.1474.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 459. - 514. K.; AC
42.5307.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 292. - 353. K.; AC
42.5308.A,EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 293. - 366. K. See also Ambrose, Counsell, et al., 1970.; AC
42.9286.N/AWilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973Based on data from 271. - 373. K.; AC
41.0 ± 0.1320.CCounsell, Fenwick, et al., 1970AC
40.0 ± 0.1335.CCounsell, Fenwick, et al., 1970AC
38.7 ± 0.1351.CCounsell, Fenwick, et al., 1970AC
42.4303.N/AVan Ness, Soczek, et al., 1967Based on data from 288. - 348. K.; AC
42.2313.N/AKretschmer and Wiebe, 1949Based on data from 298. - 351. K.; AC
40.0351.N/AOguri, Anjo, et al., 1934AC
54.1301.N/AKahlbaum, 1883Based on data from 286. - 351. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-αTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) 298. - 469.
A (kJ/mol) 50.43
alpha -0.4475
beta 0.4989
Tc (K) 513.9
ReferenceMajer and Svoboda, 1985

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
364.8 - 513.914.925311432.526-61.819Ambrose, Sprake, et al., 1975Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
292.77 - 366.635.246771598.673-46.424Ambrose and Sprake, 1970Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
273. - 351.705.372291670.409-40.191Kretschmer and Wiebe, 1949Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
4.973159.Yoshida, 1944DH
5.021158.5Kelley, 1929DH
4.626156.2Gibson, Parks, et al., 1920DH
4.64158.8Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
4.962158.7Parks, 1925DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
31.3159.Yoshida, 1944DH
31.68158.5Kelley, 1929DH
21.22158.7Parks, 1925DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
28.16111.4Domalski and Hearing, 1996CAL
29.25158.8
5.2127.5
31.0159.

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.659127.5crystaline, IIliquidHaida, Suga, et al., 1977DH
4.931159.00crystaline, IliquidHaida, Suga, et al., 1977DH
3.138111.4crystaline, IIcrystaline, INikolaev, Rabinovich, et al., 1967DH
4.644158.8crystaline, IliquidNikolaev, Rabinovich, et al., 1967DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
5.19127.5crystaline, IIliquidHaida, Suga, et al., 1977DH
31.01159.00crystaline, IliquidHaida, Suga, et al., 1977DH
28.17111.4crystaline, IIcrystaline, INikolaev, Rabinovich, et al., 1967DH
29.24158.8crystaline, IliquidNikolaev, Rabinovich, et al., 1967DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess
MS - José A. Martinho Simões
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 1 to 50

C2H7O+ + Ethanol = (C2H7O+ bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C2H7O+ + C2H6O = (C2H7O+ bullet C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar134.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Deltar135.kJ/molICRBomse and Beauchamp, 1981gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar119.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Deltar119.J/mol*KN/ABomse and Beauchamp, 1981gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar98.3kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Deltar99.2kJ/molICRBomse and Beauchamp, 1981gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M

C2H5O- + Ethanol = (C2H5O- bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C2H5O- + C2H6O = (C2H5O- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar115. ± 4.2kJ/molTDEqMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Deltar118. ± 10.kJ/molN/ACaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar112.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Deltar123.J/mol*KN/ACaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; switching reaction(CH3O-)CH3OH; Entropy change calculated or estimated; re-evaluated using Meot-Ner(Mautner), 1986 and Paul and Kebarle, 1990; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.0 ± 6.7kJ/molTDEqMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B
Deltar79.5 ± 6.7kJ/molIMRECaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B,M
Deltar84.1kJ/molICRMcIver, Scott, et al., 1973gas phase; switching reaction(CH3O-)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M

C2H5NaO (cr) + 0.5(Sulfuric Acid bullet 1100Water) (solution) = Ethanol (solution) + 0.5sodium sulphate (solution)

By formula: C2H5NaO (cr) + 0.5(H2O4S bullet 1100H2O) (solution) = C2H6O (solution) + 0.5Na2O4S (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-118.4 ± 3.8kJ/molRSCBlanchard, Joly, et al., 1974solvent: Sulphuric acid aqueous solution; The reaction enthalpy relies on -10.6 kJ/mol for the enthalpy of solution of EtOH(l) and on 9.97±0.04 for the enthalpy of solution of Na2SO4(cr) Blanchard, Joly, et al., 1974. A value of -490.8 ± 5.9 kJ/mol was derived in Blanchard, Joly, et al., 1974 for the enthalpy of formation. However, this value is affected by a calculation error. Also, the authors have not accounted for the acid dilution (this correction could not be made in the present database, due to lack of information). These problems were also noted in the data compilations Tel'noi and Rabinovich, 1980 and Wagman, Evans W.H., et al., 1982, where the values quoted for the enthalpy of formation, which rely on the experimental data reported in Blanchard, Joly, et al., 1974, are -410.0 ± 4.2 kJ/mol and -413.8 kJ/mol, respectively. See also comments in Liebman, Martinho Simões, et al., 1995; MS

Chlorine anion + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet Ethanol)

By formula: Cl- + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.9 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar73.6 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, 1987gas phase; B,B,M
Deltar72.4 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar99.2J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar96.7J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.56kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar43.9 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar43.9 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar43.5 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
41.8295.ICRRiveros, 1974gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CH3OH; Riveros, Breda, et al., 1973; M

C2H5O- + Hydrogen cation = Ethanol

By formula: C2H5O- + H+ = C2H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1587. ± 4.2kJ/molD-EARamond, Davico, et al., 2000gas phase; B
Deltar1582. ± 8.4kJ/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1579. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1586.2 ± 0.42kJ/molCIDTDeTuri and Ervin, 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1559. ± 4.6kJ/molH-TSRamond, Davico, et al., 2000gas phase; B
Deltar1554. ± 8.8kJ/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1551. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

C2H5O+ + Ethanol = (C2H5O+ bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C2H5O+ + C2H6O = (C2H5O+ bullet C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar123.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.8kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

C3H9O+ + Ethanol = (C3H9O+ bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C3H9O+ + C2H6O = (C3H9O+ bullet C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar128.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.0kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

C4H9O- + Ethanol = (C4H9O- bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C4H9O- + C2H6O = (C4H9O- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar111. ± 12.kJ/molN/ACaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar123.J/mol*KN/ACaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; switching reaction(CH3O-)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; re-evaluated using Meot-Ner(Mautner), 1986 and Paul and Kebarle, 1990; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.9 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B,M

C3H7O- + Ethanol = (C3H7O- bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C3H7O- + C2H6O = (C3H7O- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar115. ± 12.kJ/molN/ACaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar123.J/mol*KN/ACaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; switching reaction(CH3O-)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; re-evaluated using Meot-Ner(Mautner), 1986 and Paul and Kebarle, 1990; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar78.2 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B,M

C3H9O+ + Ethanol = (C3H9O+ bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C3H9O+ + C2H6O = (C3H9O+ bullet C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar133.kJ/molICRBomse and Beauchamp, 1981gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar118.J/mol*KN/ABomse and Beauchamp, 1981gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar98.3kJ/molICRBomse and Beauchamp, 1981gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M

Fluorine anion + Ethanol = (Fluorine anion bullet Ethanol)

By formula: F- + C2H6O = (F- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar135.6 ± 2.9kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar132. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; B,M
Deltar136. ± 9.2kJ/molCIDTDeTuri and Ervin, 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar104.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; switching reaction(F-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar103.5kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar101. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; B,M

CN- + Ethanol = (CN- bullet Ethanol)

By formula: CN- + C2H6O = (CN- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.8 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Deltar73. ± 15.kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar94.1J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Deltar103.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1987gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(CN-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Payzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.8 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B
Deltar41.8 ± 9.6kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1987gas phase; B,M

Iodide + Ethanol = (Iodide bullet Ethanol)

By formula: I- + C2H6O = (I- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar54.39 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar50.6 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar79.1J/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.6kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar27. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; B
Deltar25. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRETanabe, Morgon, et al., 1996gas phase; Anchored to H2O..I- of Caldwell and Kebarle, 1984; B

C3H9Si+ + Ethanol = (C3H9Si+ bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C2H6O = (C3H9Si+ bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar176.kJ/molPHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(CH3)3Si+))H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar127.J/mol*KN/AWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(CH3)3Si+))H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
117.468.PHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(CH3)3Si+))H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

HS- + Ethanol = (HS- bullet Ethanol)

By formula: HS- + C2H6O = (HS- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar68.20 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B,M
Deltar67.8 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar79.5J/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Deltar82.8J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.4 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B
Deltar43.1 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

C3H9Sn+ + Ethanol = (C3H9Sn+ bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C3H9Sn+ + C2H6O = (C3H9Sn+ bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar146.kJ/molPHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar135.J/mol*KN/AStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
74.9525.PHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C5H11O- + Ethanol = (C5H11O- bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C5H11O- + C2H6O = (C5H11O- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110. ± 12.kJ/molN/ACaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar73.6 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 3C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.2 ± 2.9kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar53.6 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar108.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.6kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar21. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 2C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar64.02 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar67.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar108.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.7kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar35. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 9Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 10Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 9C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 10C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 8Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 9Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 8C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 9C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.3 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B

CH6N+ + Ethanol = (CH6N+ bullet Ethanol)

By formula: CH6N+ + C2H6O = (CH6N+ bullet C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type NH+-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar89.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
37.496.PHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Sodium ion (1+) + Ethanol = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Ethanol)

By formula: Na+ + C2H6O = (Na+ bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110. ± 5.4kJ/molCIDCAmicangelo and Armentrout, 2001Anchor NH3=24.41; RCD
Deltar102. ± 4.kJ/molCIDTArmentrout and Rodgers, 2000RCD
Deltar102. ± 4.kJ/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 1999RCD

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
79.5298.IMREMcMahon and Ohanessian, 2000Anchor alanine=39.89; RCD
0.00.CIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 1999RCD

(Sodium ion (1+) bullet Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 2Ethanol)

By formula: (Na+ bullet C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Na+ bullet 2C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar99.2 ± 6.7kJ/molCIDCAmicangelo and Armentrout, 2001Anchor NH3=24.41; RCD
Deltar96.7 ± 4.6kJ/molCIDCAmicangelo and Armentrout, 2001Anchor NH3=24.41; RCD
Deltar99.2 ± 6.7kJ/molCIDCAmicangelo and Armentrout, 2001Anchor NH3=24.41; RCD
Deltar97.5 ± 5.9kJ/molCIDCAmicangelo and Armentrout, 2001Anchor NH3=24.41; RCD

C2H5LiO (cr) + 0.5(Sulfuric Acid bullet 1100Water) (solution) = 0.5Li2O4S (solution) + Ethanol (solution)

By formula: C2H5LiO (cr) + 0.5(H2O4S bullet 1100H2O) (solution) = 0.5Li2O4S (solution) + C2H6O (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-113.6 ± 1.3kJ/molRSCBlanchard, Joly, et al., 1974solvent: Sulphuric acid aqueous solution; The reaction enthalpy relies on -10.6 kJ/mol for the enthalpy of solution of EtOH(l) and on -17.5±0.3 for the enthalpy of solution of Li2SO4(cr) Blanchard, Joly, et al., 1974.; MS

C2H5KO (cr) + 0.5(Sulfuric Acid bullet 1100Water) (solution) = Ethanol (solution) + 0.5K2O4S (solution)

By formula: C2H5KO (cr) + 0.5(H2O4S bullet 1100H2O) (solution) = C2H6O (solution) + 0.5K2O4S (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-132.3 ± 2.9kJ/molRSCBlanchard, Joly, et al., 1974solvent: Sulphuric acid aqueous solution; The reaction enthalpy relies on -10.6 kJ/mol for the enthalpy of solution of EtOH(l) and on 35.1±0.1 for the enthalpy of solution of K2SO4(cr) Blanchard, Joly, et al., 1974.; MS

Bromine anion + Ethanol = C2H6BrO-

By formula: Br- + C2H6O = C2H6BrO-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.99 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34.3kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar37. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRETanabe, Morgon, et al., 1996gas phase; Anchored to H2O..Br- of Hiraoka, Mizure, et al., 19882; B

Hydrogen + Acetaldehyde = Ethanol

By formula: H2 + C2H4O = C2H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-81.3 ± 1.4kJ/molChydWiberg, Crocker, et al., 1991liquid phase; solvent: Triglyme; ALS
Deltar-69.08 ± 0.42kJ/molChydDolliver, Gresham, et al., 1938gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -70.1 ± 0.4 kJ/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

(Chlorine anion bullet 3Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 4Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 3C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 4C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.2 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar123.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 4Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 5Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 4C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 5C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.1 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar128.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.6 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 5Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 6Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 5C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 6C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar130.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 6Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 7Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 6C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 7C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar113.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.1 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 7Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 8Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 7C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 8C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.7 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

MeCO2 anion + Ethanol = (MeCO2 anion bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C2H3O2- + C2H6O = (C2H3O2- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar86.6 ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar122.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar49.8 ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

1-Propene, 2-methyl- + Ethanol = Propane, 2-ethoxy-2-methyl-

By formula: C4H8 + C2H6O = C6H14O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-32.0kJ/molCmSola, Pericas, et al., 1995liquid phase; ALS
Deltar-32.0kJ/molKinSola, Pericas, et al., 1995liquid phase; ALS
Deltar-62. ± 2.kJ/molEqkIborra, Izquierdo, et al., 1989gas phase; GC; ALS

C2H4NO2- + Ethanol = C4H10NO3-

By formula: C2H4NO2- + C2H6O = C4H10NO3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar73.5 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsNieckarz, Atkins, et al., 2008gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsNieckarz, Atkins, et al., 2008gas phase; B

Iodide + 2Ethanol = C4H12IO2-

By formula: I- + 2C2H6O = C4H12IO2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.93 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.5kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B

Bromine anion + 2Ethanol = C4H12BrO2-

By formula: Br- + 2C2H6O = C4H12BrO2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.1 ± 2.5kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.9kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B

Iodide + 3Ethanol = C6H18IO3-

By formula: I- + 3C2H6O = C6H18IO3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar35.1 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.7kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B

Bromine anion + 3Ethanol = C6H18BrO3-

By formula: Br- + 3C2H6O = C6H18BrO3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar39.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.3kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B

C2H6FO- + 2Ethanol = C4H12FO2-

By formula: C2H6FO- + 2C2H6O = C4H12FO2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar86.2 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.63kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B

Ethanol + Propanoic acid = Propanoic acid, ethyl ester + Water

By formula: C2H6O + C3H6O2 = C5H10O2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-22.6 ± 0.42kJ/molEqkEssex and Sandholzer, 1938liquid phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -23.54 kJ/mol; ALS

C4H12FO2- + 3Ethanol = C6H18FO3-

By formula: C4H12FO2- + 3C2H6O = C6H18FO3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65.27 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34.0kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B

phenoxide anion + Ethanol = C8H11O2-

By formula: C6H5O- + C2H6O = C8H11O2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar80.8 ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.9 ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

phenoxide anion + Ethanol = (phenoxide anion bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C6H5O- + C2H6O = (C6H5O- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar80.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar113.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M

4Ethanol (l) + Titanium tetrachloride (l) = titanium(4+) ethanolate (l) + 4(Hydrogen chloride bullet 51.3Water) (solution)

By formula: 4C2H6O (l) + Cl4Ti (l) = C8H20O4Ti (l) + 4(HCl bullet 51.3H2O) (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-205.4 ± 4.2kJ/molRSCBradley and Hillyer, 1966Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977.; MS

Fluorine anion + Ethanol = C2H5D6FO-

By formula: F- + C2H6O = C2H5D6FO-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar99.2 ± 8.4kJ/molIMREWilkinson, Szulejko, et al., 1992gas phase; Reported relative to ROH..F-, 0.5 kcal/mol weaker.; B

Magnesium ion (1+) + Ethanol = (Magnesium ion (1+) bullet Ethanol)

By formula: Mg+ + C2H6O = (Mg+ bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar260. ± 20.kJ/molICROperti, Tews, et al., 1988gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Mg+)CH3OH; M

3Sodium hydroxide + Carbonochloridic acid, ethyl ester = CNa2O3 + Ethanol + sodium chloride + Water

By formula: 3HNaO + C3H5ClO2 = CNa2O3 + C2H6O + ClNa + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-323.3 ± 1.7kJ/molCmDavies, Finch, et al., 1980liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

Acetylimidazole diethyl acetal + Water = Ethyl Acetate + 1H-Imidazole + Ethanol

By formula: C9H16N2O2 + H2O = C4H8O2 + C3H4N2 + C2H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-44.69 ± 0.67kJ/molCmGuthrie and Pike, 1987liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
120. QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
200. XN/A 
190.6600.MN/A 
200. XN/AValue given here as quoted by missing citation.
230. MN/A 
150.6400.XN/A 
220. MN/A 
160. M,XTimmermans, 1960Value given here as quoted by missing citation.
190. MButler, Ramchandani, et al., 1935 

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
MM - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner)
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C2H6O+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)10.48 ± 0.07eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)776.4kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity746.kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Proton affinity at 298K

Proton affinity (kJ/mol) Reference Comment
779.4 ± 0.8Tabrizchi and Shooshtari, 2003T = 403-453K; Authors report only relative PAs. Absolute values are referenced here to PA(CH3COOC2H5) = 835.7 kJ/mol as listed in Hunter and Lias, 1998, although average PA(CH3COOC2H5) from the literature sources in Hunter and Lias, 1998 is 831.0 kJ/mol; MM

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.41 ± 0.05EIHolmes and Lossing, 1991LL
10.4PEOhno, Imai, et al., 1985LBLHLM
10.47 ± 0.07EIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM
10.3PEOhno, Imai, et al., 1983LBLHLM
10.5EIMishchanchuk, Pokrovskii, et al., 1982LBLHLM
10.7PEVon Niessen, Bieri, et al., 1980LLK
10.49 ± 0.01PIPotapov and Sorokin, 1972LLK
10.46 ± 0.02PECocksey, Eland, et al., 1971LLK
10.65PEBaker, Betteridge, et al., 1971LLK
10.46PEDewar and Worley, 1969RDSH
10.47 ± 0.02PIRefaey and Chupka, 1968RDSH
10.48 ± 0.05PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
10.64PEOhno, Imai, et al., 1985Vertical value; LBLHLM
10.64PEUtsunomiya, Kobayashi, et al., 1980Vertical value; LLK
10.65PEHoppilliard and Solgadi, 1980Vertical value; LLK
10.61PEBenoit and Harrison, 1977Vertical value; LLK
10.65 ± 0.03PEPeel and Willett, 1975Vertical value; LLK
10.59PEVovna, Lopatin, et al., 1974Vertical value; LLK
10.04PESchweig and Thiel, 1974Vertical value; LLK
10.62PERobin and Kuebler, 1973Vertical value; LLK
10.64PEKatsumata, Iwai, et al., 1973Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C+22.9 ± 0.5H2+H+CH2OHEIStepanov, Perov, et al., 1988LL
CH2O+11.70CH4PIRefaey and Chupka, 1968RDSH
CH3+14.70 ± 0.10?EIHaney and Franklin, 1969RDSH
CH3O+11.25 ± 0.09CH3EIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM
CH3O+11.40 ± 0.06CH3EISelim and Helal, 1981LLK
CH3O+11.30CH3EILossing, 1977LLK
CH3O+11.20 ± 0.05CH3PIPotapov and Sorokin, 1972LLK
CH3O+11.25CH3PIRefaey and Chupka, 1968RDSH
C2H3+14.7?EIFriedman, Long, et al., 1957RDSH
C2H3O+14.5H2+HEIFriedman, Long, et al., 1957RDSH
C2H4+12.0 ± 0.9H2OEIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM
C2H4+12.0H2OPIRefaey and Chupka, 1968RDSH
C2H4O+~10.45H2EIHolmes, Terlouw, et al., 1976LLK
C2H5+12.7OHPIRefaey and Chupka, 1968RDSH
C2H5O+10.78 ± 0.09HEIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM
C2H5O+10.6HEIMishchanchuk, Pokrovskii, et al., 1982LBLHLM
C2H5O+10.67HEILossing, 1977LLK
C2H5O+10.75 ± 0.03HEISolka and Russell, 1974LLK
C2H5O+10.80 ± 0.05HPIPotapov and Sorokin, 1972LLK
C2H5O+10.78 ± 0.02HPIRefaey and Chupka, 1968RDSH
C2H5O+[CH3CHOH+]10.801 ± 0.005HPIRuscic and Berkowitz, 1994T = 0K; LL
H+21.0 ± 0.5CH2+CH2OHEIStepanov, Perov, et al., 1988LL
H2O+13.06C2H4EILewis and Hamill, 1970RDSH
H3O+13.8H2+C2H3PIPECONiwa, Nishimura, et al., 1982LBLHLM
H3O+14.30 ± 0.02?EIHaney and Franklin, 1969, 2RDSH
O+21.7 ± 0.52CH3EIStepanov, Perov, et al., 1988LL

De-protonation reactions

C2H5O- + Hydrogen cation = Ethanol

By formula: C2H5O- + H+ = C2H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1587. ± 4.2kJ/molD-EARamond, Davico, et al., 2000gas phase; B
Deltar1582. ± 8.4kJ/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1579. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1586.2 ± 0.42kJ/molCIDTDeTuri and Ervin, 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1559. ± 4.6kJ/molH-TSRamond, Davico, et al., 2000gas phase; B
Deltar1554. ± 8.8kJ/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1551. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Anion protonation reactions

C2H5O- + Hydrogen cation = Ethanol

By formula: C2H5O- + H+ = C2H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1587. ± 4.2kJ/molD-EARamond, Davico, et al., 2000gas phase; B
Deltar1582. ± 8.4kJ/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1579. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1586.2 ± 0.42kJ/molCIDTDeTuri and Ervin, 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1559. ± 4.6kJ/molH-TSRamond, Davico, et al., 2000gas phase; B
Deltar1554. ± 8.8kJ/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1551. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Bromine anion + Ethanol = C2H6BrO-

By formula: Br- + C2H6O = C2H6BrO-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.99 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34.3kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar37. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRETanabe, Morgon, et al., 1996gas phase; Anchored to H2O..Br- of Hiraoka, Mizure, et al., 19882; B

Bromine anion + 2Ethanol = C4H12BrO2-

By formula: Br- + 2C2H6O = C4H12BrO2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.1 ± 2.5kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.9kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B

Bromine anion + 3Ethanol = C6H18BrO3-

By formula: Br- + 3C2H6O = C6H18BrO3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar39.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.3kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B

CH6N+ + Ethanol = (CH6N+ bullet Ethanol)

By formula: CH6N+ + C2H6O = (CH6N+ bullet C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type NH+-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar89.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
37.496.PHPMSMeot-Ner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

CN- + Ethanol = (CN- bullet Ethanol)

By formula: CN- + C2H6O = (CN- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.8 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Deltar73. ± 15.kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar94.1J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Deltar103.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1987gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(CN-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Payzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.8 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B
Deltar41.8 ± 9.6kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1987gas phase; B,M

MeCO2 anion + Ethanol = (MeCO2 anion bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C2H3O2- + C2H6O = (C2H3O2- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar86.6 ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar122.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar49.8 ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

C2H4NO2- + Ethanol = C4H10NO3-

By formula: C2H4NO2- + C2H6O = C4H10NO3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar73.5 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsNieckarz, Atkins, et al., 2008gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsNieckarz, Atkins, et al., 2008gas phase; B

C2H5O+ + Ethanol = (C2H5O+ bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C2H5O+ + C2H6O = (C2H5O+ bullet C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar123.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.8kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

C2H5O- + Ethanol = (C2H5O- bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C2H5O- + C2H6O = (C2H5O- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar115. ± 4.2kJ/molTDEqMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B,M
Deltar118. ± 10.kJ/molN/ACaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar112.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Deltar123.J/mol*KN/ACaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; switching reaction(CH3O-)CH3OH; Entropy change calculated or estimated; re-evaluated using Meot-Ner(Mautner), 1986 and Paul and Kebarle, 1990; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.0 ± 6.7kJ/molTDEqMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B
Deltar79.5 ± 6.7kJ/molIMRECaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B,M
Deltar84.1kJ/molICRMcIver, Scott, et al., 1973gas phase; switching reaction(CH3O-)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992; M

C2H6FO- + 2Ethanol = C4H12FO2-

By formula: C2H6FO- + 2C2H6O = C4H12FO2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar86.2 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.63kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B

C2H7O+ + Ethanol = (C2H7O+ bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C2H7O+ + C2H6O = (C2H7O+ bullet C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar134.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Deltar135.kJ/molICRBomse and Beauchamp, 1981gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar119.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Deltar119.J/mol*KN/ABomse and Beauchamp, 1981gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar98.3kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Deltar99.2kJ/molICRBomse and Beauchamp, 1981gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M

C3H7O- + Ethanol = (C3H7O- bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C3H7O- + C2H6O = (C3H7O- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar115. ± 12.kJ/molN/ACaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar123.J/mol*KN/ACaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; switching reaction(CH3O-)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; re-evaluated using Meot-Ner(Mautner), 1986 and Paul and Kebarle, 1990; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar78.2 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B,M

C3H9O+ + Ethanol = (C3H9O+ bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C3H9O+ + C2H6O = (C3H9O+ bullet C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar128.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.0kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

C3H9O+ + Ethanol = (C3H9O+ bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C3H9O+ + C2H6O = (C3H9O+ bullet C2H6O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar133.kJ/molICRBomse and Beauchamp, 1981gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar118.J/mol*KN/ABomse and Beauchamp, 1981gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar98.3kJ/molICRBomse and Beauchamp, 1981gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M

C3H9Si+ + Ethanol = (C3H9Si+ bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C2H6O = (C3H9Si+ bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar176.kJ/molPHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(CH3)3Si+))H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar127.J/mol*KN/AWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(CH3)3Si+))H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
117.468.PHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(CH3)3Si+))H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C3H9Sn+ + Ethanol = (C3H9Sn+ bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C3H9Sn+ + C2H6O = (C3H9Sn+ bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar146.kJ/molPHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar135.J/mol*KN/AStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
74.9525.PHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C4H9O- + Ethanol = (C4H9O- bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C4H9O- + C2H6O = (C4H9O- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar111. ± 12.kJ/molN/ACaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar123.J/mol*KN/ACaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; switching reaction(CH3O-)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; re-evaluated using Meot-Ner(Mautner), 1986 and Paul and Kebarle, 1990; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.9 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B,M

C4H12FO2- + 3Ethanol = C6H18FO3-

By formula: C4H12FO2- + 3C2H6O = C6H18FO3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65.27 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34.0kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B

C5H11O- + Ethanol = (C5H11O- bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C5H11O- + C2H6O = (C5H11O- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110. ± 12.kJ/molN/ACaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar73.6 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECaldwell, Rozeboom, et al., 1984gas phase; Reanchored to average data from Paul and Kebarle, 1990 and Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986.; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

phenoxide anion + Ethanol = (phenoxide anion bullet Ethanol)

By formula: C6H5O- + C2H6O = (C6H5O- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar80.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar113.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; M

phenoxide anion + Ethanol = C8H11O2-

By formula: C6H5O- + C2H6O = C8H11O2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar80.8 ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.9 ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet Ethanol)

By formula: Cl- + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.9 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar73.6 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, 1987gas phase; B,B,M
Deltar72.4 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar99.2J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar96.7J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.56kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar43.9 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar43.9 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar43.5 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
41.8295.ICRRiveros, 1974gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CH3OH; Riveros, Breda, et al., 1973; M

(Chlorine anion bullet Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 2C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar64.02 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar67.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar108.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.7kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar35. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 3C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.2 ± 2.9kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar53.6 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar108.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.6kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar21. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 3Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 4Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 3C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 4C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.2 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar123.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 4Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 5Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 4C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 5C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.1 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar128.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.6 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 5Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 6Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 5C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 6C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar130.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 6Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 7Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 6C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 7C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar113.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.1 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 7Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 8Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 7C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 8C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.7 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 8Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 9Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 8C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 9C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.3 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 9Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 10Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 9C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 10C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B

Fluorine anion + Ethanol = C2H5D6FO-

By formula: F- + C2H6O = C2H5D6FO-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar99.2 ± 8.4kJ/molIMREWilkinson, Szulejko, et al., 1992gas phase; Reported relative to ROH..F-, 0.5 kcal/mol weaker.; B

Fluorine anion + Ethanol = (Fluorine anion bullet Ethanol)

By formula: F- + C2H6O = (F- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar135.6 ± 2.9kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar132. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; B,M
Deltar136. ± 9.2kJ/molCIDTDeTuri and Ervin, 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar104.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; switching reaction(F-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar103.5kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar101. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; B,M

HS- + Ethanol = (HS- bullet Ethanol)

By formula: HS- + C2H6O = (HS- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar68.20 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B,M
Deltar67.8 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar79.5J/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Deltar82.8J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.4 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B
Deltar43.1 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

Iodide + Ethanol = (Iodide bullet Ethanol)

By formula: I- + C2H6O = (I- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar54.39 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar50.6 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar79.1J/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.6kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar27. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; B
Deltar25. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRETanabe, Morgon, et al., 1996gas phase; Anchored to H2O..I- of Caldwell and Kebarle, 1984; B

Iodide + 2Ethanol = C4H12IO2-

By formula: I- + 2C2H6O = C4H12IO2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.93 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.5kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B

Iodide + 3Ethanol = C6H18IO3-

By formula: I- + 3C2H6O = C6H18IO3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar35.1 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.7kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B

Lithium ion (1+) + Ethanol = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Ethanol)

By formula: Li+ + C2H6O = (Li+ bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar164. ± 7.9kJ/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

Magnesium ion (1+) + Ethanol = (Magnesium ion (1+) bullet Ethanol)

By formula: Mg+ + C2H6O = (Mg+ bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar260. ± 20.kJ/molICROperti, Tews, et al., 1988gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Mg+)CH3OH; M

Sodium ion (1+) + Ethanol = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Ethanol)

By formula: Na+ + C2H6O = (Na+ bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110. ± 5.4kJ/molCIDCAmicangelo and Armentrout, 2001Anchor NH3=24.41; RCD
Deltar102. ± 4.kJ/molCIDTArmentrout and Rodgers, 2000RCD
Deltar102. ± 4.kJ/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 1999RCD

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
79.5298.IMREMcMahon and Ohanessian, 2000Anchor alanine=39.89; RCD
0.00.CIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 1999RCD

(Sodium ion (1+) bullet Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 2Ethanol)

By formula: (Na+ bullet C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Na+ bullet 2C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar99.2 ± 6.7kJ/molCIDCAmicangelo and Armentrout, 2001Anchor NH3=24.41; RCD
Deltar96.7 ± 4.6kJ/molCIDCAmicangelo and Armentrout, 2001Anchor NH3=24.41; RCD
Deltar99.2 ± 6.7kJ/molCIDCAmicangelo and Armentrout, 2001Anchor NH3=24.41; RCD
Deltar97.5 ± 5.9kJ/molCIDCAmicangelo and Armentrout, 2001Anchor NH3=24.41; RCD

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: Tanya L. Myers, Russell G. Tonkyn, Ashley M. Oeck, Tyler O. Danby, John S. Loring, Matthew S. Taubman, Stephen W. Sharpe, Jerome C. Birnbaum, and Timothy J. Johnson

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Data compiled by: Pamela M. Chu, Franklin R. Guenther, George C. Rhoderick, and Walter J. Lafferty


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 118507

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References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Rossini, 1932
Rossini, F.D., The heats of combustion of methyl and ethyl alcohols, J. Res. NBS, 1932, 8, 119-139. [all data]

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Chermin H.A.G., Thermo data for petrochemicals. Part 28. Gaseous normal alcohols. The important thermo properties are presented for all the gaseous normal alcohols from methanol through n-decanol, Petrol. Refiner, 1961, 40 (4), 127-130. [all data]

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Green J.H.S., 1961, 2
Green J.H.S., Thermodynamic properties of the normal alcohols C1-C12, J. Appl. Chem., 1961, 11, 397-404. [all data]

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Sinke G.C., The heat capacity of organic vapors. VIII. Data for some aliphatic alcohols using an improved flow calorimeter requiring only 25 ml of sample, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1953, 75, 1815-1818. [all data]

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Halford J.O., Standard heat capacities of gaseous methanol, ethanol, methane and ethane at 279 K by thermal conductivity, J. Phys. Chem., 1957, 61, 1536-1539. [all data]

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Counsell J.F., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. 24. Vapor heat capacities and enthalpies of vaporization of ethanol, 2-methyl-1-propanol, and 1-pentanol, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1970, 2, 367-372. [all data]

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Kelley, 1929
Kelley, K.K., The heat capacities of ethyl and hexyl alcohols from 16°K to 298°K and the corresponding entropies and free energies, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1929, 51, 779-786. [all data]

Petrov, Peshekhodov, et al., 1989
Petrov, A.N.; Peshekhodov, P.B.; Al'per, G.A., Heat capacity of non-aqueous solutions of non-electrolyts with N,N-dimethylformamide as a base, Sbornik Nauch. Trud., Termodin. Rast. neelect., Ivanovo, Inst. nevod. rast., 1989, Akad. [all data]

Andreoli-Ball, Patterson, et al., 1988
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Ogawa and Murakami, 1986
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Tanaka, Toyama, et al., 1986
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Pedersen, Kay, et al., 1975
Pedersen, M.J.; Kay, W.B.; Hershey, H.C., Excess enthalpies, heat capacities, and excess heat capacities as a function of temperature in liquid mixtures of ethanol + toluene, ethanol + hexamethyldisiloxane, and hexamethyldisiloxane + toluene, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1975, 7, 1107-1118. [all data]

Paz Andrade, Paz, et al., 1970
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Hwa and Ziegler, 1966
Hwa, S.C.P.; Ziegler, W.T., Temperature dependence of excess thermodynamic properties of ethanol-methylcyclohexane and ethanol-toluene systems, J. Phys. Chem., 1966, 70(8), 2572-2593. [all data]

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Mazur, V.J., On the specific heat of ethyl alcohol, Acta Phys. Polon., 1940, 8, 6-11. [all data]

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Ernst, R.C.; Watkins, C.H.; Ruwe, H.H., The physical properties of the ternary system ethyl alcohol-glycerin-water, J. Phys. Chem., 1936, 40, 627-635. [all data]

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Fiock, E.F.; Ginnings, D.C.; Holton, W.B., Calorimetric determinations of thermal properties of methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol, and benzene, J. Res., 1931, NBS 6, 881-900. [all data]

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von Reis, M.A., Die specifische Wärme flüssiger organischer Verbindungen und ihre Beziehung zu deren Moleculargewicht, Ann. Physik [3], 1881, 13, 447-464. [all data]

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Haney and Franklin, 1969
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Selim and Helal, 1981
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Lossing, 1977
Lossing, F.P., Heats of formation of some isomeric [CnH2n+1]+ ions. Substitutional effects on ion stability, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 7526. [all data]

Friedman, Long, et al., 1957
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Holmes, Terlouw, et al., 1976
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Solka and Russell, 1974
Solka, B.H.; Russell, M.E., Energetics of formation of some structural isomers of gaseous C2H5O+ C2H6N+ ions, J. Phys. Chem., 1974, 78, 1268. [all data]

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Ruscic, B.; Berkowitz, J., The heats of formation of some C2H5O+ isomers, relevant bond energies in ethanol and PA(CH3CHO), J. Chem. Phys., 1994, 101, 10936. [all data]

Lewis and Hamill, 1970
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Haney and Franklin, 1969, 2
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Rodgers and Armentrout, 2000
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Notes

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