Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

NOTICE: Due to scheduled maintenance at our Gaithersburg campus, this site will not be available from 5:00 pm EDT (21:00 UTC) on Friday October 25 until 5:00 pm (21:00 UTC) on Sunday October 27. We apologize for any inconvenience this outage may cause.

«gamma»-HIMACHALENE


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin B. Derendyaev, Novosibirsk Institute of Organic Chemistry
NIST MS number 140080

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1515.Tepe, Askin Akpulat, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1480.Schwob, Bessiere, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51470.Marongiu, Piras, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySE-541476.Adams, 200030. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M150.1723.Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977Column length: 7.3 m
PackedCarbowax 20M150.1725.Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977Column length: 7.3 m
PackedCarbowax 20M165.1737.Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977Column length: 7.3 m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1468.Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryZB-51474.Simoniatto, Bonani, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryRTX-11479.Cavalli, Tomi, et al., 200660. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 45. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51483.Su, Ho, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51479.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51477.Maia, de Paula, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51477.Maia, de Paula, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51477.Maia, de Paula, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51477.Maia, de Paula, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBPX-51500.Cardeal, da Silva, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(5min) => 3C/min => 210C => 40C/min => 240C (4min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-Wax1696.Cavalli, Tomi, et al., 200660. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 45. min; Tstart: 60. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1483.Forero, Quijano, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-51479.Isidorov, Lech, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-5 MS1482.Noudogbessi, Yedomonhan, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51476.Smelcerovic, Spiteller, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min, 320. C @ 4. min; Tstart: 60. C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1449.Marongiu, Piras, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51479.Pintore G., Chessa M., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySPB-51522.Cornu, Kondjoyan, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-51470.Ferraz, Limberger, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1447.Marongiu, Piras, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 30. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11461.Pala-Paul, Perez-Alonso, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51476.Simoes-Pires C.A., Debenedetti S., et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1458.Marongiu, Piras, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51475.Stashenko, Jaramillo, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 15. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51480.Bos, Koulman, et al., 200230. m/0.249 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1469.Juteau, Masotti, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11480.Koulman, 199925. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-51475.Abreu and Noronha, 1997He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51476.Isidorov, Lech, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1524.Agabriel, Cornu, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11468.Figueiredo, Sim-Sim, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C (10min)
CapillarySE-301499.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11468.Santos, Figueiredo, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C(10min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1700.Stashenko, Jaramillo, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1692.Paniandy, Chane-Ming, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1721.Abreu and Noronha, 1997He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1705.Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1705.Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1723.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1711.Bagci, Baser, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C

References

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tepe, Askin Akpulat, et al., 2006
Tepe, B.; Askin Akpulat, H.; Sokmen, M.; Daferera, D.; Yumrutas, O.; Aydin, E.; Polissiou, M.; Sokmen, A., Screening of the antioxidative and antimicrobial properties of the essential oils of Pimpinella anisetum and Pimpinella flabellifolia from Turkey, Food Chem., 2006, 97, 4, 719-724, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.05.045 . [all data]

Schwob, Bessiere, et al., 2004
Schwob, I.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Masotti, V.; Viano, J., Changes in essential oil composition in Saint John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) aerial parts during its phenological cycle, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2004, 32, 8, 735-745, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2003.12.005 . [all data]

Marongiu, Piras, et al., 2003
Marongiu, B.; Piras, A.; Pani, F.; Porcedda, S.; Ballero, M., Extraction, separation and isolation of essential oils from natural matrices by supercritical CO2, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 505-509, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1258 . [all data]

Adams, 2000
Adams, R.P., Systematics of the one seeded Juniperus of the eastern hemisphere based on leaf essential oils and random amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 6, 529-543, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00096-4 . [all data]

Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977
Andersen, N.H.; Bissonette, P.; Liu, C.-B.; Shunk, B.; Ohta, Y.; Tseng, C.-L.W.; Moore, A.; Huneck, S., Sesquiterpenes of nine European liverworts from the genera, Anastrepta, Bazzania, Jungermannia, Lepidozia, and Scapania, Phytochemistry, 1977, 16, 11, 1731-1751, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(71)85081-1 . [all data]

Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 2007
Benkaci-Ali, F.; Baaliouamer, A.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Chemical composition of seed essential oils from Algerian Nigella sativa extracted by microwave and hydrodistillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 148-153, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1773 . [all data]

Simoniatto, Bonani, et al., 2007
Simoniatto, E.; Bonani, V.F.L.; Morel, A.F.; Poppi, N.R.; Raposo, J.L., Jr.; Stuker, C.Z.; Peruzzo, G.M.; Peres, M.T.L.P.; Hess, S.C., Chemical composition and evaluation of antibacterial and antioxidant activities of the essential oil of Croton urucurana Baillon (Euphorbiaceae) stem bark, J. Braz. Chem., 2007, 18, 5, 879-885, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532007000500002 . [all data]

Cavalli, Tomi, et al., 2006
Cavalli, J.-F.; Tomi, F.; Bernardini, A.-F.; Casanova, J., Chemical variability of the essential oil of Helichrysum faradifani Sc. Ell. from Madagascar, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 1, 111-114, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1531 . [all data]

Su, Ho, et al., 2006
Su, Y.C.; Ho, C.L.; Wang, E.I.C., Analysis of leaf essential oils from the indigenous five conifers of Taiwan, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 447-452, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1685 . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2003
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Variability of the essential oil of Viola etrusca, Ann. Bot. Rome, 2003, 91, 4, 493-497, https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcg039 . [all data]

Maia, de Paula, et al., 2000
Maia, B.H.L.N.S.; de Paula, J.R.; Sant'Ana, J.; da Silva, M.F.G.F.; Fernandes, J.B.; Vieira, P.C.; Costa, M.S.S.; Ohashi, O.S.; Silva, J.N.M., Essential oils of Toona and Cedrela species (Meliaceae): Taxonomic and ecological implications, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2000, 11, 6, 629-639, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532000000600012 . [all data]

Cardeal, da Silva, et al., 2006
Cardeal, Z.L.; da Silva, M.D.R.G.; Marriott, P.J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/mass spectrometric analysis of pepper volatiles, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 2006, 20, 19, 2823-2836, https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.2665 . [all data]

Forero, Quijano, et al., 2008
Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 1, 25-30, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1913 . [all data]

Isidorov, Lech, et al., 2008
Isidorov, V.A.; Lech, P.; Zolciak, A.; Rusak, N.; Szczepaniak, L., Gas Chromatographic - nass spectrometric investigation of metabolites from the needles and roots of pine seedlings at early stages of pathogenic fungi Armillaria ostoyae attack, Trees, 2008, 22, 4, 531-542, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-008-0213-z . [all data]

Noudogbessi, Yedomonhan, et al., 2008
Noudogbessi, J.-P.; Yedomonhan, P.; Sohounhloue, D.C.K.; Chalchat, J.-C.; Figueredo, G., Chemical composition of essential oil of syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. var. guineense (Myrtaceae) from Benin, Rec. Nat. Prod., 2008, 33-38. [all data]

Smelcerovic, Spiteller, et al., 2007
Smelcerovic, A.; Spiteller, M.; Ligon, A.P.; Smelcerovic, Z.; Raabe, N., Essential oil composition of Hypericum L. species from Southeastern Serbia and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2007, 35, 2, 99-113, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2006.09.012 . [all data]

Marongiu, Piras, et al., 2006
Marongiu, B.; Piras, A.; Porcedda, S.; Tuveri, E.; Maxia, A., Isolation of Seseli bocconi Guss. volatile oil by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, Natural Product Research, 2006, 20, 9, 820-826, https://doi.org/10.1080/14786410500364684 . [all data]

Pintore G., Chessa M., et al., 2006
Pintore G.; Chessa M.; Manconi P.; Zanetti S.; Deriu A.; Tirillini B., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of essential oil of stachys glutinosa L. from Sardinia, Natural Product Communications, 2006, 1, 12, 1133-1136. [all data]

Cornu, Kondjoyan, et al., 2005
Cornu, A.; Kondjoyan, N.; Martin, B.; Verdier-Metz, I.; Pradel, P.; Berdague, J.-L.; Coulon, J.-B., Terpene profiles in Cantal and Saint-Nectairetype cheese made from raw or pasteurised milk, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2005, 85, 12, 2040-2046, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2214 . [all data]

Ferraz, Limberger, et al., 2005
Ferraz, A.B.F.; Limberger, R.P.; Bordignon, S.A.L.; von Poser, G.L.; Henriques, A.T., Essential oil composition of six Hypericum species from southern Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 3, 335-339, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1435 . [all data]

Marongiu, Piras, et al., 2005
Marongiu, B.; Piras, A.; Porcedda, S.; Scorciapino, A., Chemical composition of the essential oil and supercritical CO2 extract of Commiphora myrrha (Nees) Engl. and of Acorus calamus L., J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7939-7943, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051100x . [all data]

Pala-Paul, Perez-Alonso, et al., 2005
Pala-Paul, J.; Perez-Alonso, M.J.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Vadare, J.; Villa, A.M.; Sanz, J.; Brophy, J.J., Essential oil composition of the different parts of Eryngium bourgatii Gouan from Spain, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1074, 1-2, 235-239, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.03.036 . [all data]

Simoes-Pires C.A., Debenedetti S., et al., 2005
Simoes-Pires C.A.; Debenedetti S.; Spegazzini E.; Mentz L.A.; Matzenbacher N.I.; Limberger R.P.; Henriques A.T., Investigation of the essential oil from eight species of Baccharis belonging to sect. Caulopterae (Asteraceae, Astereae): a taxonomic approach, Plant Systematics and Evolution, 2005, 253, 1-4, 23-32, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-005-0296-6 . [all data]

Marongiu, Piras, et al., 2004
Marongiu, B.; Piras, A.; Porcedda, S., Comparative analysis of the oil and supercritical CO2 extract of Elettaria cardamomum (L.) maton, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 20, 6278-6282, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034819i . [all data]

Stashenko, Jaramillo, et al., 2003
Stashenko, E.E.; Jaramillo, B.E.; Martínez, J.R., Comparación de la composición química y de la actividad antioxidante in vitro de los metabolitos secundarios volátiles de plantas de la familia verbenaceae, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exactas Fis. Nat., 2003, 27, 105, 579-597. [all data]

Bos, Koulman, et al., 2002
Bos, R.; Koulman, A.; Woerdenbag, H.J.; Quax, W.J.; Pras, N., Volatile components from Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm., J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 966, 1-2, 233-238, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00704-5 . [all data]

Juteau, Masotti, et al., 2002
Juteau, F.; Masotti, V.; Bessière, J.-M., Compositional characteristics of the essential oil of Artemisia campestris var. glutinosa, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2002, 30, 11, 1065-1070, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(02)00052-2 . [all data]

Koulman, 1999
Koulman, A., Podophyllotoxin: a study of biosynthesis, evolution, function, and use of podophyllotoxin and related lignans, University Library Groningen, Nederlands, 1999, 188, retrieved from http://www.ub.rug.nl/eldoc/dis/science/a.koulman/. [all data]

Abreu and Noronha, 1997
Abreu, P.M.; Noronha, R.G., Volatile constituents of the rhizomes of Aframomum alboviolaceum (Ridley) K. Schum. from Guinea-Bissau, Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 2, 79-83, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199703)12:2<79::AID-FFJ617>3.0.CO;2-7 . [all data]

Agabriel, Cornu, et al., 2007
Agabriel, C.; Cornu, A.; Journal, C.; Sibra, C.; Groller, C.; MArtin, B., Tanker milk variability according to farm feeding practices: vitamins A and E, carotenoids, color, and terpenoids, J. Dairy Sci., 2007, 90, 10, 4884-4896, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2007-0171 . [all data]

Figueiredo, Sim-Sim, et al., 2005
Figueiredo, A.C.; Sim-Sim, M.; Costa, M.M.; Barroso, J.G.; Pedro, L.G.; Esquível, M.G.; Gutierres, F.; Lobo, C.; Fontinha, S., Comparison of the essential oil composition of four Plagiochila species: P. bifaria, P. maderensis, P. retrorsa and P. stricta, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 703-709, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1627 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Santos, Figueiredo, et al., 1999
Santos, P.A.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Barroso, J.G.; Pedro, L.G.; Scheffer, J.J.C., Composition of the essential oil of Hypericum foliosum Aiton from five Azorean islands, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 5, 283-286, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199909/10)14:5<283::AID-FFJ826>3.0.CO;2-2 . [all data]

Paniandy, Chane-Ming, et al., 2000
Paniandy, J.-C.; Chane-Ming, J.; Pierbattesti, J.-C., Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction of the Guava Fruit (Psidium guajava L.), J. Essent. Oil Res., 2000, 12, 153-158. [all data]

Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 2006
Tabanca, N.; Demirci, B.; Ozek, T.; Kirimer, N.; Can Baser, K.H.; Bedir, E.; Khan, I.A.; Wedge, D.E., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of essential oils from Pimpinella species gathered from Central and Northern Turkey, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1117, 2, 194-205, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.03.075 . [all data]

Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 2005
Tabanca, N.; Demirci, B.; Kirimer, N.; Baser, K.H.C.; Bedir, E.; Khand, I.A.; Wedge, D.E., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of essential oils from Pimpinella aurea, Pimpinella corymbosa, Pimpinella peregrina and Pimpinella puberula gathered from Eastern and Southern Turkey, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1097, 1-2, 192-198, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.10.047 . [all data]

Bagci, Baser, et al., 1999
Bagci, E.; Baser, K.H.C.; Kürkcüoglu, M.; Babac, T.; Celik, S., Study of the essential oil composition of two subspecies of Abies cilicica (Ant. et Kotschy) Carr. from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 1, 47-49, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199901/02)14:1<47::AID-FFJ782>3.0.CO;2-R . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References