Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

GA1, Me-TMS


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-12671.Emery, Pearce, et al., 2001He; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(0.1min) => 20C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 300C
CapillaryHP-52660.Morvan-Bertrand, Ernstsen, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-52663.Morvan-Bertrand, Ernstsen, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-12665.Koshioka, Miyamoto, et al., 199815. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-302676.Odén, Wang, et al., 199525. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 80C(1min) => (20C/min) => 200C => (4C/min) => 250C
CapillaryDB-12663.Toyomasu, Tsuji, et al., 1993He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.258 mm; Program: 120C(2min) => 16C/min => 216C(5min) => 8C/min => 280C(10min)
PackedNonpolar2686.Poling, 1991Program: not specified
PackedNonpolar2687.Poling, 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-12676.Talón, Hedden, et al., 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 20C/min => 240C => 4C/min => 295C
CapillaryBP-12676.Talón, Hedden, et al., 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 20C/min => 240C => 4C/min => 295C
CapillaryBP-12678.Talón, Hedden, et al., 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 20C/min => 240C => 4C/min => 295C
CapillaryBP-12688.Hedden, Croker, et al., 198925. m/0.32 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 20C/min => 240C => 4C/min => 295C
CapillaryBP-12694.Hedden, Croker, et al., 198925. m/0.32 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 20C/min => 240C => 4C/min => 295C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-12674.Kim, Lee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1min) => 15C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 285C
CapillaryHP-12674.Kim, Lee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1min) => 15C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 285C
CapillaryHP-12676.Pearce, Hutt, et al., 2002Column length: 12. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Program: 60C(0.5min) => 20C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 300C
CapillaryDB-52664.Pearce, Hutt, et al., 2002Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 60C(0.5min) => 20C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 300C
CapillaryDB-52665.Pearce, Hutt, et al., 2002Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 60C(0.5min) => 20C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 300C
CapillaryDB-5MS2669.Gutiérrez-Mañero, Ramos-Solano, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 30C/min => 240C => 10C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-5MS2669.Gutiérrez-Mañero, Ramos-Solano, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 30C/min => 240C => 10C/min => 280C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2708.Taylor, Blake, et al., 2000He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 60C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 220C => 4C/min => 300C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2708.Taylor, Blake, et al., 2000He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 60C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 220C => 4C/min => 300C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2708.Taylor, Blake, et al., 2000, 2He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 60C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 220C => 4C/min => 300C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2708.Taylor, Blake, et al., 2000, 2He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 60C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 220C => 4C/min => 300C
CapillaryCP-Sil5 CB MS2692.Roberts, Blake, et al., 1999He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 90C(1min) => 20C/min => 220C => 4C/min => 290C
CapillaryCP-Sil5 CB MS2693.Roberts, Blake, et al., 1999He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 90C(1min) => 20C/min => 220C => 4C/min => 290C
CapillaryDB-12665.Hisamatsu, Koshioka, et al., 199815. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: 120(2min) => (16C/min) => 216(5min) => (8C/min) => 280C
CapillaryOV-12668.Webb, Appleford, et al., 199825. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(2min) => 10C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 300C
CapillaryBP-12674.Webb, Appleford, et al., 199825. m/0.2 mm/0.1 «mu»m; Program: 60C(2min) => 10C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 300C
CapillaryBP-12676.Webb, Appleford, et al., 199825. m/0.2 mm/0.1 «mu»m; Program: 60C(2min) => 10C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 300C
CapillaryDB-12672.Grünzweig, Rabinowitch, et al., 1997He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 40C (2min) => 10C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 300C
CapillaryDB-12673.Grünzweig, Rabinowitch, et al., 1997He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 40C (2min) => 10C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 300C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2689.Kappers, Jordi, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He; Program: 200C => 25C/min => 250C => 4C/min => 280C(4min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2689.Kappers, Jordi, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He; Program: 200C => 25C/min => 250C => 4C/min => 280C(4min)
CapillaryDB-12679.Rijnders, Yang, et al., 199715. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 80C(1min) => 30C/min => 245C => 5C/min => 300C
CapillaryOV-12672.Kobayashi, Spray, et al., 199625. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(2min) => 10C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 300C
CapillaryBP-12663.MacMillan and Gaskin, 199625. m/0.2 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 10C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 300C(10min)
CapillaryOV-12669.Spray, Kobayashi, et al., 199625. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 10min/C => 150C => 3C/min => 300C
CapillaryDB-12663.Ridoutt, Pharis, et al., 199515. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(1min) => 20C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillaryDB-12664.Ridoutt, Pharis, et al., 199515. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(1min) => 20C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillaryOV-12668.Santes, Hedden, et al., 199525. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(2min) => 10C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 300C
CapillaryOV-12676.Santes, Hedden, et al., 199525. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(2min) => 10C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 300C
CapillaryOV-12676.Talo, Spray, et al., 1995He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 60C(2min) => 13C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 280C(10min)
CapillaryOV-12676.Talo, Spray, et al., 1995He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 60C(2min) => 13C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 280C(10min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2692.Blake and Browning, 1994He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 50C(1min) => 15C/min => 220C => 2C/min => 300C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2693.Blake and Browning, 1994He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 50C(1min) => 15C/min => 220C => 2C/min => 300C
CapillaryBP-12689.Hasan, Ridoutt, et al., 199425. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 30C/min => 240C => 3C/min => 290C
CapillaryBP-12690.Hasan, Ridoutt, et al., 199425. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 30C/min => 240C => 3C/min => 290C
CapillaryOV-12673.Kobayashi, Gaskin, et al., 1994He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 60C(2min) => 13C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 280C(10min)
CapillaryDB-12675.Pearce, Koshioka, et al., 199415. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60(0.1 min)-200 0C at 20 deg/min; 200-300 0C at 5 deg/min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2692.Taylor, Blake, et al., 1994He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 60C(0.3min) => 20C/min => 220C => 4C/min => 300C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2693.Taylor, Blake, et al., 1994He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 60C(0.3min) => 20C/min => 220C => 4C/min => 300C
CapillarySE-522664.Hedden, Hoad, et al., 199325. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 15C/min => 240C => 4C/min => 300C
CapillarySE-522665.Hedden, Hoad, et al., 199325. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 15C/min => 240C => 4C/min => 300C
CapillaryOV-12673.Kobayashi, Gaskin, et al., 199325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(2min) => 10C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 300C
CapillaryOV-12668.Waycott, Smith, et al., 199125. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(2min) => 10C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 310C
CapillarySPB-12684.Poling and Maier, 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 20C/min => 160C => 5C/min => 290C
CapillarySPB-12685.Poling and Maier, 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 20C/min => 160C => 5C/min => 290C
CapillaryOV-12664.Heupel R.C., Phinney B.O., et al., 1985He; Program: 50C(1min) => 15C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillaryOV-12662.Gaskin, Gilmour, et al., 1984He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 60C(2min) => 13C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 280C(10min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane2663.Fujioka, Yamane, et al., 1988200. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryDB-52683.Koshioka, Pharis, et al., 198815. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 25. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-52684.Koshioka, Pharis, et al., 198815. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 25. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-12680.Suzuki, Ishiyama, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-12649.Chung, Kuo, et al., 200315. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60 0C (0.1 min) 20 0C -> 200 0C 5 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryDB-12649.Chung, Kuo, et al., 200315. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60 0C (0.1 min) 20 0C -> 200 0C 5 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryBPX-52678.Stokes, Mander, et al., 200325. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1min) => 20C/min => 220C => 4C/min => 300C
CapillaryBPX-52679.Stokes, Mander, et al., 200325. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1min) => 20C/min => 220C => 4C/min => 300C
CapillaryDB-12673.Yamazaki, Nishijima, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C92min) => 30C/min => 210C => 2C/min => 280C(5min)
CapillaryDB-52665.Chang, Chen, et al., 2001Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-52670.Chang, Chen, et al., 2001Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 60 0C (0.5 min) 25 K/min -> 200 0C 20 K/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryHP-12694.Fos, Nuez, et al., 200025. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (1 min) 20 0C/min -> 240 0C 4 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryHP-12694.Fos, Nuez, et al., 200025. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (1 min) 20 0C/min -> 240 0C 4 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone2698.Martínez-García, Santes, et al., 2000Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone2698.Martínez-García, Santes, et al., 2000Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-12669.Pérez, Viani, et al., 200025. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C (1min) => 20C/min => 240C => 4C/min => 300C
CapillaryHP-12670.Ross, MacKenzie-Hose, et al., 1999 
CapillaryHP-12672.Ross, MacKenzie-Hose, et al., 1999Program: 60 0C 30 K/min -> 230 0C 3 K/min -> 265 0C 30 K/min -> 290 0C
CapillarySE-302670.Wang, Little, et al., 199625. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60 (2min) => 20C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-302678.Wang, Little, et al., 199625. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60 (2min) => 20C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-302678.Wang, Little, et al., 199625. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60 (2min) => 20C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-302678.Wang, Little, et al., 199625. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60 (2min) => 20C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillaryDB-12682.Kawaide, Sassa, et al., 1995He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 80C(1min) => 30C/min => 245C => 5C/min => 300C
CapillaryDB-12664.Koshioka, Nishijama, et al., 199515. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-12680.Lange, Hedden, et al., 199325. m/0.32 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 20C/min => 240C => 4C/min => 295C
CapillaryBP-12693.Lange, Hedden, et al., 1993, 225. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(1min) => 20C/min => 240C => 4C/min => 300C
CapillaryDB-12647.Nishijima, Murakami, et al., 199315; Column diameter: 0.257 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryUltra 22629.Talon, Zacarias, et al., 199222. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-12672.Beall, Morgan, et al., 199112. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(1min) => 15C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 270C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone2682.Garcia-Martinez, Santes, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone2683.Garcia-Martinez, Santes, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone2683.Garcia-Martinez, Santes, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-12667.Matheussen, Morgan, et al., 199112. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(1min) => 15C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 270C
CapillaryHP-12679.Matheussen, Morgan, et al., 199112. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(1min) => 15C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 270C
CapillaryHP-12682.Matheussen, Morgan, et al., 199112. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(1min) => 15C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 270C
CapillaryHP-12682.Matheussen, Morgan, et al., 199112. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(1min) => 15C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 270C
CapillaryDB-12664.Nakayama, Yamane, et al., 1990Helium; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.258 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-12661.Yamane, Fujioka, et al., 198825. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Emery, Pearce, et al., 2001
Emery, R.J.N.; Pearce, D.W.; Pharis, R.P.; Reid, D.M.; Chinnappa, C.C., Stem elongation and gibberellins in alpine and prairie ecotypes of Stellaria longipes, Plant Growth Regul., 2001, 35, 1, 17-29, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1013823517189 . [all data]

Morvan-Bertrand, Ernstsen, et al., 2001
Morvan-Bertrand, A.; Ernstsen, A.; Lindgård, B.; Koshioka, M.; le Saos, J.; Boucaud, J.; Prud'homme, M.-P.; Junttila, O., Endogenous gibberellins in Lolium perenne and influence of defoliation on their contents in elongating leaf bases and in leaf sheaths, Physiol. Plant., 2001, 111, 2, 225-231, https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.2001.1110214.x . [all data]

Koshioka, Miyamoto, et al., 1998
Koshioka, M.; Miyamoto, K.; Horio, T.; Namura, S.; Hisamatsu, T.; Kubota, S.; Ernstsen, A.; Junttila, O.; Mander, L.N., Identification of endogenous gibberellins in stems and leaves in vegetative growth stage of Gentiana triflora, J. Plant Physiol., 1998, 153, 1-2, 230-232, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0176-1617(98)80071-0 . [all data]

Odén, Wang, et al., 1995
Odén, P.C.; Wang, Q.; Högberg, K.-A.; Werner, M., Transport and metabolism of gibberellins in relation to flower bud differentiation in Norway spruce (Picea abies), Tree Physiol., 1995, 15, 7-8, 451-456, https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/15.7-8.451 . [all data]

Toyomasu, Tsuji, et al., 1993
Toyomasu, T.; Tsuji, H.; Yamane, H.; Nakayama, M.; Yamaguchi, I.; Murofushi, N.; Takahashi, N.; Inoue, Y., Light effects on endogenous levels of gibberellins in photoblastic lettuce seeds, J. Plant Growth Regul., 1993, 12, 2, 85-90, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00193238 . [all data]

Poling, 1991
Poling, S.M., Identification of endogenous gibberellins in immature navel orange fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 4, 677-680, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00004a010 . [all data]

Talón, Hedden, et al., 1990
Talón, M.; Hedden, P.; Primo-Millo, E., Gibberellins in Citrus sinensis: a comparison between seeded and seedless varieties, J. Plant Growth Regul., 1990, 9, 4, 201-206, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02041963 . [all data]

Hedden, Croker, et al., 1989
Hedden, P.; Croker, S.J.; Rademacher, W.; Jung, J., Effects of the triazole plant growth retardant BAS 111..W on gibberellin levels in oilseed rape, Brassica napus, Physiol. Plant., 1989, 75, 4, 445-451, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1989.tb05607.x . [all data]

Kim, Lee, et al., 2003
Kim, S.-K.; Lee, S.-C.; Shin, D.-H.; Jang, S.-W.; Nam, J.-W.; Park, T.-S.; Lee, I.-J., Quantification of endogenous gibberellins in leaves and tubers of Chinese yam, Dioscorea opposita Thunb. cv. Tsukune during tuber enlargement, Plant Growth Regul., 2003, 39, 2, 125-130, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022569506883 . [all data]

Pearce, Hutt, et al., 2002
Pearce, D.W.; Hutt, O.E.; Rood, S.B.; Mander, L.N., Gibberellins in shoots and developing capsules of Populus species, Phytochemistry, 2002, 59, 6, 679-687, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00009-2 . [all data]

Gutiérrez-Mañero, Ramos-Solano, et al., 2001
Gutiérrez-Mañero, F.J.; Ramos-Solano, B.; Probanza, A.; Mehouachi, J.; Tadeo, R.; Talon, M., The plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria Bacillus pumilus and Baillus licheniformis produce high amounts of physiologically active gibberellins, Physiol. Plant., 2001, 111, 2, 206-211, https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.2001.1110211.x . [all data]

Taylor, Blake, et al., 2000
Taylor, D.R.; Blake, P.S.; Crisp, C.M., Identification of gibberellins in leaf exudates of strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.), Plant Growth Regul., 2000, 30, 3, 221-223, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006385617161 . [all data]

Taylor, Blake, et al., 2000, 2
Taylor, D.R.; Blake, P.S.; Crisp, C.M., Identification of gibberellins in leaf tissues of day-neutral strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) cultivars, Plant Growth Regul., 2000, 30, 1, 5-7, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006275024517 . [all data]

Roberts, Blake, et al., 1999
Roberts, A.V.; Blake, P.S.; Lewis, R.; Taylor, J.M.; Dunstan, D.I., The effect of gibberellins on flowering in roses, J. Plant Growth Regul., 1999, 18, 3, 113-119, https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00007058 . [all data]

Hisamatsu, Koshioka, et al., 1998
Hisamatsu, T.; Koshioka, M.; Kubota, S.; Nishijima, T.; Yamane, H.; King, R.W.; Mander, L.N., Isolation and identification of GA112 (12«beta»-hydroxy-GA12) in Matthiola incana, Phytochemistry, 1998, 47, 1, 3-6, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(97)00543-8 . [all data]

Webb, Appleford, et al., 1998
Webb, S.E.; Appleford, N.E.J.; Gaskin, P.; Lenton, J.R., Gibberellins in internodes and ears of wheat containing different dwarfing alleles, Phytochemistry, 1998, 47, 5, 671-677, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(97)00684-5 . [all data]

Grünzweig, Rabinowitch, et al., 1997
Grünzweig, J.M.; Rabinowitch, H.D.; Katan, J.; Wodner, M.; Ben-Tal, Y., Endogenous gibberellins in foliage of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), Phytochemistry, 1997, 46, 5, 811-815, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(97)00383-X . [all data]

Kappers, Jordi, et al., 1997
Kappers, I.F.; Jordi, W.; Maas, F.M.; van der Plas, L.H.W., Gibberellins in leaves of Alstroemeria hybrida: identification and quantification in relation to leaf age, J. Plant Growth Regul., 1997, 16, 4, 219-225, https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00007000 . [all data]

Rijnders, Yang, et al., 1997
Rijnders, J.G.H.M.; Yang, Y.-Y.; Kamiya, Y.; Takahashi, N.; Barendse, G.W.M.; Blom, C.W.P.M.; Voesenek, L.A.C.J., Ethylene enhances gibberellin levels and petiole sensitivity in flooding-tolerant Rumex palustris but not in flooding-intolerant R. acetosa, Planta, 1997, 203, 1, 20-25, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00050160 . [all data]

Kobayashi, Spray, et al., 1996
Kobayashi, M.; Spray, C.R.; Phinney, B.O.; Gaskin, P.; MacMillan, J., Gibberellin metabolism in maize. The stepwise conversion of gibberellin A12-aldehyde to gibberellin A20, Plant Physiol., 1996, 110, 413-418. [all data]

MacMillan and Gaskin, 1996
MacMillan, J.; Gaskin, P., Gibberellins in endosperm and embryos of Marah macrocarpus, Phytochemistry, 1996, 42, 5, 1263-1266, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(96)00179-3 . [all data]

Spray, Kobayashi, et al., 1996
Spray, C.R.; Kobayashi, M.; Suzuki, Y.; Phinney, B.O.; Gaskin, P.; MacMillan, J., The dwarf-1 (dl) mutant of Zea mays blocks three steps in the gibberellin-biosynthetic pathway, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 1996, 93, 19, 10515-10518, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.93.19.10515 . [all data]

Ridoutt, Pharis, et al., 1995
Ridoutt, B.G.; Pharis, R.P.; Sands, R., Identification and quantification of cambial region hormones of Eucalyptus globulus, Plant Cell Physiol., 1995, 36, 6, 1143-1147. [all data]

Santes, Hedden, et al., 1995
Santes, C.M.; Hedden, P.; Gaskin, P.; Garcia-Martinez, J.L., Gibberellins and related compounds in young fruits of pea and their relationship to fruit-set, Phytochemistry, 1995, 40, 5, 1347-1355, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(95)00489-T . [all data]

Talo, Spray, et al., 1995
Talo, A.; Spray, C.R.; Somers, D.A.; Donovan, C.M.; Gaskin, P.; Macmillian, J.; Phinney, B.O., Endogenous gibberellins from callus cultures of maize, Phytochemistry, 1995, 40, 1, 11-15, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(95)00000-W . [all data]

Blake and Browning, 1994
Blake, P.S.; Browning, G., Gibberellins in developing fruits of Prunus avium, Phytochemistry, 1994, 35, 6, 1383-1386, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)86860-0 . [all data]

Hasan, Ridoutt, et al., 1994
Hasan, O.; Ridoutt, B.G.; Ross, J.J.; Davies, N.W.; Reid, J.B., Identification and quantification of endogenous gibberellins in apical buds and the cambial region of Eucalyptus, Physiol. Plant., 1994, 90, 3, 475-480, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1994.tb08804.x . [all data]

Kobayashi, Gaskin, et al., 1994
Kobayashi, M.; Gaskin, P.; Spray, C.R.; Phinney, B.O.; MacMillan, J., The metabolism of gibberellin A20 to gibberellin A1 by tall and dwarf mutants of Oryza sativa and Arabidopsis thaliana, Plant Physiol., 1994, 106, 1367-1372. [all data]

Pearce, Koshioka, et al., 1994
Pearce, D.W.; Koshioka, M.; Pharis, R.P., Chromatography of gibberellins, J. Chromatogr. A, 1994, 658, 1, 91-122, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)85210-3 . [all data]

Taylor, Blake, et al., 1994
Taylor, D.R.; Blake, P.S.; Browning, G., Identification of gibberellins in leaf tissues of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) grown under different photoperiods, Plant Growth Regul., 1994, 15, 3, 235-240, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00029896 . [all data]

Hedden, Hoad, et al., 1993
Hedden, P.; Hoad, G.V.; Gaskin, P.; Lewis, M.J.; Green, J.R.; Furber, M.; Mander, L.N., Kaurenoids and gibberellins, including the newly characterized gibberellin A88, in developing apple seeds, Phytochemistry, 1993, 32, 2, 231-237, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)94973-2 . [all data]

Kobayashi, Gaskin, et al., 1993
Kobayashi, M.; Gaskin, P.; Spray, C.R.; Suzuki, Y.; Phinney, B.O.; MacMillan, J., Metabolism and biological activity of Gibberellin A4 in vegetative shoots of Zea mays, Oryza sativa, and Arabidopsis thaliana, Plant Physiol., 1993, 102, 379-386. [all data]

Waycott, Smith, et al., 1991
Waycott, W.; Smith, V.A.; Gaskin, P.; MacMillan, J.; Taiz, L., The endogenous gibberellins of dwarf mutants of lettuce, Plant Physiol., 1991, 95, 4, 1169-1173, https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.95.4.1169 . [all data]

Poling and Maier, 1988
Poling, S.M.; Maier, V.P., Identification of endogenous gibberellins in navel orange shoots, Plant Physiol., 1988, 88, 3, 639-642, https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.88.3.639 . [all data]

Heupel R.C., Phinney B.O., et al., 1985
Heupel R.C.; Phinney B.O.; Spray C.R.; Gaskin P.; MacMillan J.; Hedden P.; Graebe J.E., Native gibberellins and the metabolism of [14C] gibberellin A53 and of [17-C-13,17-3H)] gibberellin A-20 in tassels of Zea-mays, Phytochemistry, 1985, 24, 1, 47-53, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)80805-5 . [all data]

Gaskin, Gilmour, et al., 1984
Gaskin, P.; Gilmour, S.J.; Lenton, J.R.; MacMillan, J.; Sponsel, V.M., Endogenous gibberellins and kauranoids identified from developing and germinating barley grain, J. Plant Growth Regul., 1984, 2, 1-4, 229-242, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02042252 . [all data]

Fujioka, Yamane, et al., 1988
Fujioka, S.; Yamane, H.; Spray, C.R.; Gaskin, P.; Macmillan, J.; Phinney, B.O.; Takahashi, N., Qualitative and quantitative analyses of gibberellins in vegetative shoots of normal, dwarf-1, dwarf-2, dwarf-3, and dwarf-5 seedlings of Zea mays L., Plant Physiol., 1988, 88, 4, 1367-1372, https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.88.4.1367 . [all data]

Koshioka, Pharis, et al., 1988
Koshioka, M.; Pharis, R.P.; Matsuta, N.; Mander, L.N., Metabolism of [3H]gibberellin A5 and [2H]gibberellin A5 in cell suspension cultures of prunus persica, Phytochemistry, 1988, 27, 12, 3799-3805, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(88)83020-6 . [all data]

Suzuki, Ishiyama, et al., 2005
Suzuki, H.; Ishiyama, K.; Kobayashi, M.; Ogawa, T., Specific expression of the gibberellin 3«beta» -hydroxylase gene, HvGA3ox2, in the epithelium is important for Amy1 expression in germinating barley seeds, Plant Biotechnology, 2005, 22, 3, 195-200, https://doi.org/10.5511/plantbiotechnology.22.195 . [all data]

Chung, Kuo, et al., 2003
Chung, J.-D.; Kuo, S.-R.; Chien, C.-T., Identification and quantification of gibberellin transformation and dosage changes in good and poor flowering clones of Calocedrus formosana grafts, Taiwan J. For. Sci., 2003, 18, 4, 387-400. [all data]

Stokes, Mander, et al., 2003
Stokes, T.S.; Mander, L.N.; Croker, S.J.; Twitchin, B.; Hanke, D.E., 3«beta»,13-Dihydroxylated C20 gibberellins from inflorescences of Rumex acetosa L., Phytochemistry, 2003, 62, 2, 165-174, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00442-9 . [all data]

Yamazaki, Nishijima, et al., 2002
Yamazaki, H.; Nishijima, T.; Koshioka, M.; Miura, H., Gibberellins do no act against abscisic acid in the regulation of bulb dormancy of Allium wakegi Araki, Plant Growth Regul., 2002, 36, 3, 223-229, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1016577529378 . [all data]

Chang, Chen, et al., 2001
Chang, S.-T.; Chen, W.-S.; Koshioka, M.; Mander, L.N.; Huang, K.-L.; Du, B.-S., Gibberellins in relation to flowering in Polianthes tuberosa, Physiol. Plant., 2001, 112, 3, 429-432, https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.2001.1120317.x . [all data]

Fos, Nuez, et al., 2000
Fos, M.; Nuez, F.; Garcia-Martinez, J.L., The gene pat-2, which induces natural partenocarpy, alters the gibberellin content in unpollinated tomato ovaries, Plant Physiol., 2000, 122, 2, 471-479, https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.122.2.471 . [all data]

Martínez-García, Santes, et al., 2000
Martínez-García, J.F.; Santes, C.M.; García-Martínez, J.L., The end-of-day far-red irradiation increases gibberellin A1 content in cowpea (Vigna sinensis) epicotyls by reducing its inactivation, Physiol. Plant., 2000, 108, 4, 426-434, https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.2000.t01-1-100413.x . [all data]

Pérez, Viani, et al., 2000
Pérez, F.J.; Viani, C.; Retamales, J., Bioactive gibberellins in seeded and seedless grapes: identification and changes in content during berry development, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 2000, 51, 4, 315-318. [all data]

Ross, MacKenzie-Hose, et al., 1999
Ross, J.J.; MacKenzie-Hose, A.K.; Davies, P.J.; Lester, D.R.; Twitchin, B.; Reid, J.B., Further evidence for feedback regulation of gibberellin biosynthesis in pea, Physiol. Plant., 1999, 105, 3, 532-538, https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.1999.105319.x . [all data]

Wang, Little, et al., 1996
Wang, Q.; Little, C.H.A.; Moritz, T.; Odén, P.C., Identification of endogenous gibberellins, and metabolism of tritiated and deuterated GA4, GA9, and GA20, in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) shoots, Physiol. Plant., 1996, 97, 4, 764-771, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1996.tb00542.x . [all data]

Kawaide, Sassa, et al., 1995
Kawaide, H.; Sassa, T.; Kamiya, Y., Plant-like biosynthesis of gibberellin A1 in the fungus Phaeosphaeria Sp. L487, Phytochemistry, 1995, 39, 2, 305-310, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(95)00006-S . [all data]

Koshioka, Nishijama, et al., 1995
Koshioka, M.; Nishijama, T.; Mander, L.N., Gibberellin metabolism in suspension cultured cells of Raphanus Sativus, Phytochemistry, 1995, 38, 2, 359-363, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(94)00624-3 . [all data]

Lange, Hedden, et al., 1993
Lange, T.; Hedden, P.; Graebe, J.E., Biosynthesis of 12«alpha»- and 13-hydroxylated gibberellins in a cell-free system from Cucurbita maxima endosperm and the identification of new endogenous gibberellins, Planta, 1993, 189, 3, 340-349, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00194430 . [all data]

Lange, Hedden, et al., 1993, 2
Lange, T.; Hedden, P.; Graebe, J.E., Gibberellin biosynthesis in cell-free extracts from developing Cucurbita maxima embryos and the identification of new endogenous gibberellins, Planta, 1993, 189, 3, 350-358, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00194431 . [all data]

Nishijima, Murakami, et al., 1993
Nishijima, T.; Murakami, F.; Koshioka, M.; Yamazaki, H., Endogenous gibberellins in Aralia cordata, Japan Society for Biosci. Biotechnol. Agrochem., 1993, 57, 1, 1953-1954, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb.57.1953 . [all data]

Talon, Zacarias, et al., 1992
Talon, M.; Zacarias, L.; PRimo-Millo, E., Gibberellins and Partenocarpic ability in developing ovaries of seedless mandarins, Plant Physiol., 1992, 99, 4, 1575-1581, https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.99.4.1575 . [all data]

Beall, Morgan, et al., 1991
Beall, F.D.; Morgan, P.W.; Mander, L.N.; Miller, F.R.; Babb, K.H., Genetic regulation of development in Sorghum bicolor. V. The ma3R allele results in gibberellin enrichment, Plant Physiol., 1991, 95, 1, 116-125, https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.95.1.116 . [all data]

Garcia-Martinez, Santes, et al., 1991
Garcia-Martinez, J.L.; Santes, C.; Croker, S.J.; Hedden, P., Identification, quantitation and distribution of gibberellins in fruits of Pisum sativum L. cv. Alaska during pod development, Planta, 1991, 184, 1, 53-60, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00208236 . [all data]

Matheussen, Morgan, et al., 1991
Matheussen, A.-M.; Morgan, P.W.; Frederiksen, R.A., Implication of gibberellins in head smut (Sporisorium reilianum) of Sorghum bicolor, Plant Physiol., 1991, 96, 2, 537-544, https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.96.2.537 . [all data]

Nakayama, Yamane, et al., 1990
Nakayama, M.; Yamane, H.; Yokota, T.; Yamaguchi, I.; Murofushi, N.; Takahashi, N.; Nishijima, T.; Katsura, N.; Nonaka, M.; Gaskin, P.; MacMillan, J.; Mander, L.N.; Chu, A., Endogenous gibberellins in mature seed of Raphanus sativus L. cv. Taibyo-sobutori, Agric. Biol. Chem., 1990, 54, 3, 837-840, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb1961.54.837 . [all data]

Yamane, Fujioka, et al., 1988
Yamane, H.; Fujioka, S.; Spray, C.R.; Phinney, B.O.; MacMillan, J.; Gaskin, P.; Takahashi, N., Endogenous Gibberellines from Sporophytes of Two Tree Ferns, Cibotium glaucum and Dicksonia antarctica, Plant Phisiol., 1988, 86, 3, 857-862, https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.86.3.857 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References