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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1116.Adegoke, Rao, et al., 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51117.Frizzo, Serafini, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60 0C (8 min) 3 K/min -> 180 0C 20 K/min (20 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-51120.Simoniatto, Bonani, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51119.Aligiannis, Kalpoutzakis, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11127.Combariza, Tirado, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min, 250. C @ 15. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBPX-51137.Cardeal, da Silva, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(5min) => 3C/min => 210C => 40C/min => 240C (4min)
CapillarySE-521133.Frizzo, Lorenzo, et al., 200425. m/0.32 mm/0.43 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C(8min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 250C(10min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryUltra 21115.Byun and Shin, 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.11 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min
CapillaryAT-51142.Borges, Rojas, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-11108.Filippi, Lanfranchi, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1122.Sajjadi S.E. and Eskandari B., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1124.Sajjadi and Ghannadi, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1137.Tepe B., Sokmen M., et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51120.JAvidnia, Mojab, et al., 200425. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1109.Li and Jiang, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillarySE-301116.Kambouche and El-Abed, 200312. m/0.22 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1112.Cherchi, Deidda, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1124.Yu, Huang, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 6C/min => 160C => 10C/min => 300C (10min)
CapillaryHP-51117.Usubillaga, Aparicio, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C 3 K/min -> 200 0C 8 K/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryDB-51121.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryAT-Wax1605.Borges, Rojas, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1563.Jiang and Kubota, 2004He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1563.Jiang and Kubota, 2004He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1563.Umano, Hagi, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Adegoke, Rao, et al., 1998
Adegoke, G.O.; Rao, L.J.M.; Shankaracharya, N.B., A comparison of the essential oils of Aframomum daniellii (Hook. f.) K. Schum. and Amomum subulatum Roxb, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 5, 349-352, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(1998090)13:5<349::AID-FFJ758>3.0.CO;2-O . [all data]

Frizzo, Serafini, et al., 2001
Frizzo, C.D.; Serafini, L.A.; Dellacassa, E.; Lorenzo, D.; Moyna, P., Essential oil of Baccharis uncinella DC. from Southern Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 4, 286-288, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.998 . [all data]

Simoniatto, Bonani, et al., 2007
Simoniatto, E.; Bonani, V.F.L.; Morel, A.F.; Poppi, N.R.; Raposo, J.L., Jr.; Stuker, C.Z.; Peruzzo, G.M.; Peres, M.T.L.P.; Hess, S.C., Chemical composition and evaluation of antibacterial and antioxidant activities of the essential oil of Croton urucurana Baillon (Euphorbiaceae) stem bark, J. Braz. Chem., 2007, 18, 5, 879-885, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532007000500002 . [all data]

Aligiannis, Kalpoutzakis, et al., 2001
Aligiannis, N.; Kalpoutzakis, E.; Mitaku, S.; Chinou, I.B., Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of two Origanum species, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 9, 4168-4170, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001494m . [all data]

Combariza, Tirado, et al., 1994
Combariza, M.Y.; Tirado, C.B.; Stashenko, E.; Shibamoto, T., Limonene concentration in lemon (Citrus volkameriana) peel oil as a function of ripeness, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1994, 17, 9, 643-646, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240170905 . [all data]

Cardeal, da Silva, et al., 2006
Cardeal, Z.L.; da Silva, M.D.R.G.; Marriott, P.J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/mass spectrometric analysis of pepper volatiles, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 2006, 20, 19, 2823-2836, https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.2665 . [all data]

Frizzo, Lorenzo, et al., 2004
Frizzo, C.D.; Lorenzo, D.; Dellacassa, E., Composition and seasonal variation of the essential oils from two mandarin cultivars of Southern Brazil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 10, 3036-3041, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030685x . [all data]

Byun and Shin, 2008
Byun, Y.; Shin, S., Analysis of compounds and activity of essential oil from Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. latilobum and C. indicum agaunst antibiotic-resistant pathogenic bacteria, Nat. Prod. Sci., 2008, 14, 2, 138-142. [all data]

Borges, Rojas, et al., 2006
Borges, R.; Rojas, L.B.; Cegarra, J.A.; Usubillaga, A., Study of the essential oils from the leaves and flowers of Lepechinia conferta (Benth) Epl., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 1, 155-157, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1550 . [all data]

Filippi, Lanfranchi, et al., 2006
Filippi, J.-J.; Lanfranchi, D.-A.; Prado, S.; Baldovini, N.; Meierhenrich, U.J., Composition, Enantiomeric Distribution, and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil of Achillea ligustica All. from Corsica, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 17, 6308-6313, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf060752y . [all data]

Sajjadi S.E. and Eskandari B., 2005
Sajjadi S.E.; Eskandari B., Chemical constituents of the essential oil of Nepeta oxyodonta, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2005, 41, 2, 175-177, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-005-0106-y . [all data]

Sajjadi and Ghannadi, 2005
Sajjadi, S.-E.; Ghannadi, A., Essential oil of the Persian sage, Salvia rhytidea Benth., Acta Pharm. Sin., 2005, 55, 321-326. [all data]

Tepe B., Sokmen M., et al., 2005
Tepe B.; Sokmen M.; Akpulat H.A.; Daferera D.; Polissiou M.; Sokmen A., Antioxidative activity of the essential oils of Thymus sipyleus subsp sipyleus var. sipyleus and Thymus sipyleus subsp sipyleus var. rosulans, J. Food Eng., 2005, 66, 4, 447-454, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2004.04.015 . [all data]

JAvidnia, Mojab, et al., 2004
JAvidnia, K.; Mojab, F.; Mojahedi, S.A., Chemical constituents of the essential oil of Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl from Iran, Iranian J. Pharm. Res., 2004, 3, 61-63. [all data]

Li and Jiang, 2004
Li, R.; Jiang, Z.-T., Chemical composition of the essential oil of Cuminum cyminum L. from China, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 4, 311-313, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1302 . [all data]

Kambouche and El-Abed, 2003
Kambouche, N.; El-Abed, D., Composition of the volatile oil from the aerial parts of Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague from Oran (Algeria), J. Essent. Oil Res., 2003, 15, 1, 39-40, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2003.9712259 . [all data]

Cherchi, Deidda, et al., 2001
Cherchi, G.; Deidda, D.; de Gioannis, B.; Marongiu, B.; Pompei, R.; Porcedda, S., Extraction of Santolina insularis essential oil by supercritical carbon dioxide: influence of some process parameters and biological activity, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 1, 35-43, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200101/02)16:1<35::AID-FFJ942>3.0.CO;2-Y . [all data]

Yu, Huang, et al., 2007
Yu, Y.; Huang, T.; Yang, B.; Liu, X.; Duan, G., Development of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with microwave distillation and simultaneous solid-phase microextraction for rapid determination of volatile constituents in ginger, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., 2007, 43, 1, 24-31, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2006.06.037 . [all data]

Usubillaga, Aparicio, et al., 2001
Usubillaga, A.; Aparicio, R.; Romero, M.; Rojas, L.B.; Khouri, N., Volatile constituents from the leaves of four Libanothamus species from the Venezuelan Andes, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 3, 209-211, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.981 . [all data]

Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 1996
Mateo, J.; Zumalacárregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in chorizo and their changes during ripening, Meat Sci., 1996, 44, 4, 255-273, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(96)00028-9 . [all data]

Jiang and Kubota, 2004
Jiang, L.; Kubota, K., Differences in the volatile components and their odor characteristics of green and ripe fruits and dried pericarp of Japanese pepper (Xanthoxylum piperitum DC.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 13, 4197-4203, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030663a . [all data]

Umano, Hagi, et al., 2000
Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps Pamp.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 8, 3463-3469, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0001738 . [all data]


Notes

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