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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5135.1418.Cool, Power, et al., 1991He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
PackedSF-96170.1432.5Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977Column length: 7.3 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51398.Morteza-Semnani, Azadbakht, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1398.Schwob, Bessiere, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M135.1599.Cool, Power, et al., 1991He; Column length: 43. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M150.1614.Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977Column length: 7.3 m
PackedCarbowax 20M165.1626.Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977Column length: 7.3 m
PackedCarbowax 20M150.1612.Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977Column length: 7.3 m
PackedCarbowax 20M150.1614.Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977Column length: 7.3 m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-11390.Radulovic, Lazarevic, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1398.Radulovic, Lazarevic, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51401.Su, Ho, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySPB-11430.Boskovic, Radulovic, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-51412.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2005He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-51405.Reis, Pansarim, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-51398.Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1398.Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51394.Maia, de Paula, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51396.Maia, de Paula, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-521400.Lorenzo, Paz, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.43 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C(8min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillarySE-521410.Lorenzo, Paz, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.42 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C(8min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 250C(10min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1600.Lorenzo, Paz, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C(8min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C(10min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1402.Retta, Gattuso, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 225. C @ 3. min; Tstart: 90. C
CapillaryHP-51398.Lago, Romoff, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 100. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51399.Pontes, de Olivera, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1403.2Zizovic, Stamenic, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1380.Maronigiu, Piras, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1386.Marongiu, Piras, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51403.Morteza-Semnani, Saeedi, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1405.Adio, 2005H2, 3. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-51403.Chaverri and Cicció, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1400.Slavkovska, Couladis, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51400.Utsunomia, Kawata, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-11381.Velasco-Negueruela, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS1403.Profitt, Schatz, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C(3 min) 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 2.7 0C/min -> 140 0C 2.4 0C/min -> 180 0C 6 0C/min -> 260 0C
CapillaryDB-51398.Pontes, de Olivera, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Sil1403.Proffit, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (3 min) 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 2.7 0C/min -> 140 0C 2.4 0C/min -> 180 0C 6 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1401.Judzentiene and Buzelyte, 200650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 5C/min => 160C(1min) => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillarySE-521401.Tognolini, Barocelli, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySE-301432.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1432.Zenkevich, 1996Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1612.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Cool, Power, et al., 1991
Cool, L.G.; Power, A.B.; Zavarin, E., Variability of foliage terpenes of Fitzroya cupressoides, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 1991, 19, 5, 421-432, https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-1978(91)90059-9 . [all data]

Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977
Andersen, N.H.; Bissonette, P.; Liu, C.-B.; Shunk, B.; Ohta, Y.; Tseng, C.-L.W.; Moore, A.; Huneck, S., Sesquiterpenes of nine European liverworts from the genera, Anastrepta, Bazzania, Jungermannia, Lepidozia, and Scapania, Phytochemistry, 1977, 16, 11, 1731-1751, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(71)85081-1 . [all data]

Morteza-Semnani, Azadbakht, et al., 2004
Morteza-Semnani, K.; Azadbakht, M.; Goodarzi, A., The essential oils composition of Phlomis herba-venti L. leaves and flowers of Iranian origin, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 1, 29-31, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1268 . [all data]

Schwob, Bessiere, et al., 2004
Schwob, I.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Masotti, V.; Viano, J., Changes in essential oil composition in Saint John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) aerial parts during its phenological cycle, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2004, 32, 8, 735-745, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2003.12.005 . [all data]

Radulovic, Lazarevic, et al., 2007
Radulovic, N.; Lazarevic, J.; Ristic, N.; Palic, R., Chemotaxonomic significance of the volatiles in the genus Stachys (Lamiaceae): Essential oil composition of four Balkan Stachys species, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2007, 35, 4, 196-208, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2006.10.010 . [all data]

Su, Ho, et al., 2006
Su, Y.C.; Ho, C.L.; Wang, E.I.C., Analysis of leaf essential oils from the indigenous five conifers of Taiwan, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 447-452, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1685 . [all data]

Boskovic, Radulovic, et al., 2005
Boskovic, Z.; Radulovic, N.; Stojanovic, G., Essential oil composition of four Achillea species from the balkans and its chemotaxonomic significance, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2005, 41, 6, 674-678, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-006-0009-6 . [all data]

Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2005
Javidnia, K.; Miri, R.; Jamalian, A., Composition of the essential oil of Salvia macrosiphon Boiss. from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 5, 542-543, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1468 . [all data]

Reis, Pansarim, et al., 2004
Reis, M.G.; Pansarim, E.R.; da Silva, U.F.; Estanislau do Amaral, M.C.; Marsaioli, A.J., Pollinator attraction devices (floral fragrances) of some Brazilian orchids, Arkivoc, 2004, 6, 89-97. [all data]

Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 2003
Skaltsa, H.D.; Demetzos, C.; Lazari, D.; Sokovic, M., Essential oil analysis and antimicrobial activity of eight Stachys species from Greece, Phytochemistry, 2003, 64, 3, 743-752, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(03)00386-8 . [all data]

Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 2001
Skaltsa, H.D.; Mavrommati, A.; Constantinidis, T., A chemotaxonomic investigation of volatile constituents in Stachys subsect. Swainsonianeae (Labiatae), Phytochemistry, 2001, 57, 2, 235-244, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(01)00003-6 . [all data]

Maia, de Paula, et al., 2000
Maia, B.H.L.N.S.; de Paula, J.R.; Sant'Ana, J.; da Silva, M.F.G.F.; Fernandes, J.B.; Vieira, P.C.; Costa, M.S.S.; Ohashi, O.S.; Silva, J.N.M., Essential oils of Toona and Cedrela species (Meliaceae): Taxonomic and ecological implications, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2000, 11, 6, 629-639, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532000000600012 . [all data]

Lorenzo, Paz, et al., 2005
Lorenzo, D.; Paz, D.; Davies, P.; Villamil, J.; Vila, R.; Canigueral, S.; Dellacassa, E., Application of Multidimensional Gas Chromatography to the Enantioselective Characterisation of the Essential Oil of Eupatorium buniifolium Hooker et Arnott, Phytochem. Anal., 2005, 16, 1, 39-44, https://doi.org/10.1002/pca.808 . [all data]

Lorenzo, Paz, et al., 2002
Lorenzo, D.; Paz, D.; Dellacassa, E.; Davies, P.; Vila, R.; Cañigueral, S., Essential oils of Mentha pulegium and Mentha rotundifolia from Uruguay, Braz. Arch. Biol. Technol., 2002, 45, 4, 519-524, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132002000600016 . [all data]

Retta, Gattuso, et al., 2009
Retta, D.; Gattuso, M.; Gattuso, S.; Lira, P. Di Leo; van Baren, C.; Ferraro, G.; Bandoni A., Essential oil composition of Achyrocline flaccida (Weinm.) DC. (Asteraceae) from different locations of Argentina, Biochem. Systematics Ecol., 2009, 36, 12, 877-881, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2008.11.001 . [all data]

Lago, Romoff, et al., 2008
Lago, J.H.G.; Romoff, P.; Favero, O.A.; Souza, F.O.; Soares, M.G.; Baraldi, P.T.; Correa, A.G., Chemical composition of male and female Baccharis trimera (Less.) DC. (Asteraceae) essential oils, Biochem. Systematics Ecol., 2008, 36, 9, 737-740, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2008.05.009 . [all data]

Pontes, de Olivera, et al., 2007
Pontes, W.J.T.; de Olivera, J.C.G.; da Camara, C.A.G.; Lopes, A.C.H.R.; Gondim Jr.; de Olivera, J.V.; Barros, R.; Schwartz, M.O.E., Chemical composition and acaridical activity of the leaf and fruit essential oils of Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand (Burseraceae), Acta Amazonica, 2007, 37, 1, 103-110, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672007000100012 . [all data]

Zizovic, Stamenic, et al., 2007
Zizovic, I.; Stamenic, M.; Ivanovic, J.; Orlovic, A.; Ristic, M.; Djordjevic, S.; Petrovic, S.D.; Skala, D., Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of sesquiterpenes from valerian root, J. Supercrit. Fluids, 2007, 43, 2, 249-258, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.supflu.2007.05.007 . [all data]

Maronigiu, Piras, et al., 2006
Maronigiu, B.; Piras, A.; Porcedda, S.; Tuveri, E., Extraction of Santalum album and Boswellia carterii Birdw. volatile oil by supercritical carbon dioxide: influence of some process parameters, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 718-724, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1718 . [all data]

Marongiu, Piras, et al., 2006
Marongiu, B.; Piras, A.; Porcedda, S.; Tuveri, E.; Maxia, A., Isolation of Seseli bocconi Guss. volatile oil by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, Natural Product Research, 2006, 20, 9, 820-826, https://doi.org/10.1080/14786410500364684 . [all data]

Morteza-Semnani, Saeedi, et al., 2006
Morteza-Semnani, K.; Saeedi, M.; Akbarsadeh, M.; Moshiri, K., The essential oil composition of Onosma microcarpum DC., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 314-316, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1597 . [all data]

Adio, 2005
Adio, A.M., Isolation and structure elucidation of sesquiterpenoids from the essential oils of some liverworths (Hepaticae), Dissertation, Hamburg University, 2005, 265. [all data]

Chaverri and Cicció, 2005
Chaverri, C.; Cicció, J.F., Essential oil of trees of the genus Ocotea (Lauraceae) in Costa Rica. I. Ocotea brenesii, Rev. Biol. Trop., 2005, 53, 3-4, 431-436, https://doi.org/10.15517/rbt.v53i3-4.14611 . [all data]

Slavkovska, Couladis, et al., 2005
Slavkovska, V.; Couladis, M.; Bojovic, S.; Tzakou, O.; Pavlovic, M.; Lakusic, B.; Jancic, R., Essential oil and its systematic significance in species of Micromeria Bentham from Serbia Montenegro, Plant Systematics and Evolution, 2005, 255, 1-2, 1-15, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-005-0303-y . [all data]

Utsunomia, Kawata, et al., 2005
Utsunomia, H.; Kawata, J.; Chanoki, W.; Shirakawa, N.; Miyazawa, M., Components of Essential Oil from Woods of Prunus mume Sieb. at Zucc., J. Oleo Sci., 2005, 54, 11, 609-612, https://doi.org/10.5650/jos.54.609 . [all data]

Velasco-Negueruela, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 2005
Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Pérez-Alonso, M.J.; Palá-Paúl, J.; Iñigo, A.; López, G., The volatile oil composition of the berries of Juniperus macrocarpa Sibth. and Sm., gathered in Spain, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2005, 17, 1, 61-63, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2005.9698831 . [all data]

Profitt, Schatz, et al., 2008
Profitt, M.; Schatz, B.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Chen, C.; Soler, C.; Hossaert-McKey, M., Signalling receptivity: comparison of the emission of volatile compounds by figs of Ficus hispida before, during and after the phase of receptivity to pollinators, Symbiosis, 2008, 45, 1-10. [all data]

Proffit, 2007
Proffit, M., Mediation chimique et structuration des communautes d'hymenopteres parasites du mutualisme figuier / pollinisateur (These pour obtenir le grade de Docteur de l'Universite Montpellier II) (Dissertation), 2007. [all data]

Judzentiene and Buzelyte, 2006
Judzentiene, A.; Buzelyte, J., Chemical composition of essential oils of Artemisia vulgaris L. (mugwort) from North Lithuania, Chemija, 2006, 17, 1, 12-15. [all data]

Tognolini, Barocelli, et al., 2006
Tognolini, M.; Barocelli, E.; Ballabeni, V.; Bruni, R.; Bianchi, A.; Chiavarini, M.; Impicciatore, M., Comparative screening of plant essential oils: Phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity, Life Sciences, 2006, 78, 13, 1419-1432, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2005.07.020 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Zenkevich, 1996
Zenkevich, I.G., Analytical Parameters of Components of Essential Oils for their Chromatographic and Chromato-Mass Spectral Identification. Mono- and Sesquiterpenes, Rastitelnye Resursy (Plant resources), 1996, 34, 1-2, 48-58. [all data]


Notes

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