C4H9+ (structure unspecified)

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Reactions leading to C4H9+ (ion structure unspecified)

Precursor AP (eV) Other Products Method Reference Comment
C4H9Br9.85 ± 0.01BrPIMcLoughlin and Traeger, 1979 
C4H9Br10.23BrPITraeger, 1981 
C4H9Cl10.95 ± 0.05ClEIBaldwin, Maccoll, et al., 1966 
C4H9Cl10.51 ± 0.01ClPIMcLoughlin and Traeger, 1979 
C4H9Cl10.80 ± 0.07ClEIBaldwin, Maccoll, et al., 1966 
C4H9Cl11.40ClEIBaldwin, Maccoll, et al., 1966 
C4H9Cl10.73ClPITraeger, 1981 
C4H9Cl10.99 ± 0.05ClEIBaldwin, Maccoll, et al., 1966 
C4H9Cl3Si10.7 ± 0.1SiCl3EIPotzinger, Ritter, et al., 1975 
C4H9Cl3Si10.7 ± 0.1?EISteele, Nichols, et al., 1962 
C4H9I9.180 ± 0.015IPIPECOKeister, Riley, et al., 1993T = 0K
C4H9I9.54IPITraeger, 1981 
C4H9I8.98 ± 0.01IPIMcLoughlin and Traeger, 1979 
C4H9NO8.9 ± 0.1?EICarmichael, Gowenlock, et al., 1972 
C4H9NO210.6?EITsuda and Hamill, 1966 
C4H1010.9 ± 0.1H-PIChupka and Berkowitz, 1967 
C4H1011.7 ± 0.1HPIChupka and Berkowitz, 1967 
C4H1010.68 ± 0.02HPIMead, Donchi, et al., 1980 
C4H1010.68 ± 0.03HPIMcLoughlin and Traeger, 1979 
C4H1011.6HEIOmura, 1961 
C4H12Si10.25 ± 0.02?EISteele, Nichols, et al., 1962 
C5H9N12.15CNEIHeerma and deRidder, 1970 
C5H11Cl10.40 ± 0.05CH2ClEIHolmes and Lossing, 1984 
C5H1211.10CH3PITraeger, Hudson, et al., 1996T = 0K
C5H1211.0 ± 0.1CH3EIBurgers and Holmes, 1982 
C5H1210.98 ± 0.05CH3EILossing and Semeluk, 1970 
C5H1211.06 ± 0.07CH3PISteiner, Giese, et al., 1961 
C5H1210.35CH3PIChesnavich, Su, et al., 1978 
C5H1210.56CH3EILossing and Semeluk, 1970 
C5H1210.57 ± 0.02CH3PISteiner, Giese, et al., 1961 
C5H1210.96CH3PITraeger, Hudson, et al., 1996T = 0K
C5H1210.87CH3PITraeger, 1981 
C5H1211.15 ± 0.07CH3PISteiner, Giese, et al., 1961 
C6H11Cl10.56 ± 0.02?PISergeev, Akopyan, et al., 1973 
C6H12O10.78 ± 0.05CH3COEIHolmes and Lossing, 1984 
C6H12O11.92?EIPotzinger and Bunau, 1969 
C6H12O10.02 ± 0.05CH3COEIHolmes and Lossing, 1984 
C6H12O211.31 ± 0.10?EIBrion and Dunning, 1963 
C6H1410.73 ± 0.02C2H5PISteiner, Giese, et al., 1961 
C6H1411.05C2H5EIPotzinger and Bunau, 1969 
C6H1411.03 ± 0.07C2H5PISteiner, Giese, et al., 1961 
C6H1410.60 ± 0.025C2H5PISteiner, Giese, et al., 1961 
C6H1410.95 ± 0.07C2H5PISteiner, Giese, et al., 1961 
C7H1610.72C3H7EIPotzinger and Bunau, 1969 
C7H1610.56 ± 0.05C3H7PIBrehm, 1966 
C7H1611.19 ± 0.07C3H7PISteiner, Giese, et al., 1961 
C7H18Ge10.19 ± 0.27(CH3)3GeEILappert, Pedley, et al., 1971 
C7H18Pb9.45 ± 0.15(CH3)3PbEILappert, Pedley, et al., 1971 
C7H18Si11.88?EIHess, Lampe, et al., 1964 
C7H18Sn10.03 ± 0.23(CH3)3SnEILappert, Pedley, et al., 1971 
C7H18Sn10.03 ± 0.23?EILappert, Simpson, et al., 1969 
C8H1811.12n-C4H9?EIPotzinger and Bunau, 1969 
C8H1811.40 ± 0.07n-C4H9?PISteiner, Giese, et al., 1961 
C8H18Hg10.6 ± 0.1?EIGowenlock, Haynes, et al., 1962 
C8H18O11.8 ± 0.1?EIWilliams and Hamill, 1968 
C9H18O11.82?EIPotzinger and Bunau, 1969 
C9H2011.15?EIPotzinger and Bunau, 1969 
C10H14S10.5 ± 0.1?EIDistefano, Ricci, et al., 1974 
C10H1811.7 ± 0.05?EIPolyakova, Zimina, et al., 1960 
C10H2011.12 ± 0.07?EINatalis and Franklin, 1966 
C10H2011.23 ± 0.05?EINatalis and Franklin, 1966 
C12H2212.0 ± 0.05?EIBerkowitz, Chupka, et al., 1956 
C12H2211.6 ± 0.05?EIPolyakova, Khmel'nitskii, et al., 1963 
C16H36Li411. ± 0.50?PIMcLean, Murray, et al., 1978 


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

McLoughlin and Traeger, 1979
McLoughlin, R.G.; Traeger, J.C., Heat of formation for tert-butyl cation in the gas phase, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 5791. [all data]

Traeger, 1981
Traeger, J.C., Heat of formation of sec-butyl cation in the gas phase, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1981, 16, 193. [all data]

Baldwin, Maccoll, et al., 1966
Baldwin, M.; Maccoll, A.; Miller, S.I., Ionization and appearance potentials from a study of alkyl chlorides, Advan. Mass Spectrom., 1966, 3, 259. [all data]

Potzinger, Ritter, et al., 1975
Potzinger, P.; Ritter, A.; Krause, J., Massenspektrometrische Bestimmung von Bindungsenergien in siliciumorganischen Verbindungen, Z. Naturforsch. A:, 1975, 30, 347. [all data]

Steele, Nichols, et al., 1962
Steele, W.C.; Nichols, L.D.; Stone, F.G.A., The determination of silicon-carbon and silicon-hydrogen bond dissociation energies by electron impact, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1962, 84, 4441. [all data]

Keister, Riley, et al., 1993
Keister, J.W.; Riley, J.S.; Baer, T., The tert-butyl ion heat of formation and the isobutene proton affinity, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1993, 115, 12613. [all data]

Carmichael, Gowenlock, et al., 1972
Carmichael, P.J.; Gowenlock, B.G.; Johnson, C.A.F., Carbon-nitrogen bond dissociation energy values in C-nitrosocompounds, Int. J. Chem. Kinet., 1972, 4, 339. [all data]

Tsuda and Hamill, 1966
Tsuda, S.; Hamill, W.H., Ionization efficiency measurements by the retarding potential difference method, Advan. Mass Spectrom., 1966, 3, 249. [all data]

Chupka and Berkowitz, 1967
Chupka, W.A.; Berkowitz, J., Photoionization of ethane, propane, and n-butane with mass analysis, J. Chem. Phys., 1967, 47, 2921. [all data]

Mead, Donchi, et al., 1980
Mead, P.T.; Donchi, K.F.; Traeger, J.C.; Christie, J.R.; Derrick, P.J., Secondary hydrogen isotope effect in the unimolecular decomposition of 2-methylpropane radical cations, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1980, 102, 3364. [all data]

Omura, 1961
Omura, I., Mass spectra at low ionizing voltage and bond dissociation energies of molecular ions from hydrocarbons, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 1961, 34, 1227. [all data]

Heerma and deRidder, 1970
Heerma, W.; deRidder, J.J., The electron-impact induced fragmentation of some alkyl isocyanides and alpha-branched alkyl cyanides, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1970, 3, 1439. [all data]

Holmes and Lossing, 1984
Holmes, J.L.; Lossing, F.P., Heats of formation of organic radicals from appearance energies, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Processes, 1984, 58, 113. [all data]

Traeger, Hudson, et al., 1996
Traeger, J.C.; Hudson, C.E.; McAdoo, D.J., A photoionization study of the ion-neutral complexes [CH3CH+CH3CH2CH3] and [CH3CH2CH+CH3CH3] in the gas phase: Formation, H-transfer and C-C bond formation between partners, and channeling of energy into dissociation, J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 1996, 7, 73. [all data]

Burgers and Holmes, 1982
Burgers, P.C.; Holmes, J.L., Metastable ion studies. XIII. The measurement of appearance energies of metastable peaks, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1982, 17, 123. [all data]

Lossing and Semeluk, 1970
Lossing, F.P.; Semeluk, G.P., Free radicals by mass spectrometry. XLII.Ionization potentials and ionic heats of formation for C1-C4 alkyl radicals, Can. J. Chem., 1970, 48, 955. [all data]

Steiner, Giese, et al., 1961
Steiner, B.; Giese, C.F.; Inghram, M.G., Photoionization of alkanes. Dissociation of excited molecular ions, J. Chem. Phys., 1961, 34, 189. [all data]

Chesnavich, Su, et al., 1978
Chesnavich, W.J.; Su, T.; Bowers, M.T., Reactions of vibrationally excited ions. A theoretical and experimental analysis of the reaction (C4H9+) + NH3 Ü NH4+ + C4H8, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1978, 100, 4362. [all data]

Sergeev, Akopyan, et al., 1973
Sergeev, Yu.L.; Akopyan, M.E.; Vilesov, F.I.; Chizhov, Yu.V., Photoionization processes in gaseous cyclohexane, and chloro- and bromocyclohexane, High Energy Chem., 1973, 7, 369, In original 418. [all data]

Potzinger and Bunau, 1969
Potzinger, P.; Bunau, G.v., Empirische Beruksichtigung von Uberschussenergien bei der Auftrittspotentialbestimmung, Ber. Bunsen-Ges. Phys. Chem., 1969, 73, 466. [all data]

Brion and Dunning, 1963
Brion, C.E.; Dunning, W.J., Electron impact studies of simple carboxylic esters, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1963, 59, 647. [all data]

Brehm, 1966
Brehm, B., Massenspektrometrische Untersuchung der Photoionisation von Molekulen, Z. Naturforsch., 1966, 21a, 196. [all data]

Lappert, Pedley, et al., 1971
Lappert, M.F.; Pedley, J.B.; Simpson, J.; Spalding, T.R., Bonding studies of compounds of boron and the Group IV elements. VI. Mass spectrometric studies on compounds Me4M and Me3M-M'Me3 (M and M'=C, Si, Ge, Sn, and Pb): thermochemical data, J. Organomet. Chem., 1971, 29, 195. [all data]

Hess, Lampe, et al., 1964
Hess, G.G.; Lampe, F.W.; Sommer, L.H., Bond dissociation energies and ion energetics in organosilicon compounds by electron impact, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1964, 86, 3174. [all data]

Lappert, Simpson, et al., 1969
Lappert, M.F.; Simpson, J.; Spalding, T.R., Bonding studies of compounds of the group IV elements: ionisation potentials of the Me3M radicals, J.Organometal. Chem., 1969, 17, PI. [all data]

Gowenlock, Haynes, et al., 1962
Gowenlock, B.G.; Haynes, R.M.; Majer, J.R., Electron impact measurement on some organomercury compounds, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1962, 58, 1905. [all data]

Williams and Hamill, 1968
Williams, J.M.; Hamill, W.H., Ionization potentials of molecules and free radicals and appearance potentials by electron impact in the mass spectrometer, J. Chem. Phys., 1968, 49, 4467. [all data]

Distefano, Ricci, et al., 1974
Distefano, G.; Ricci, A.; Danieli, R.; Foffani, A.; Innorta, G.; Torroni, S., Mass spectrometric evidence for p π-d π bonding between sulfur and the Group IVB elements, J. Organomet. Chem., 1974, 65, 205. [all data]

Polyakova, Zimina, et al., 1960
Polyakova, A.A.; Zimina, K.I.; Petrov, A.A.; Khmel'nitskii, R.A., Mass spectra and structure of some allenes, Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1960, 30, 2977, In original 2949. [all data]

Natalis and Franklin, 1966
Natalis, P.; Franklin, J.L., Etude du comportement d'isomeres geometriques sous l'impact electronique. VI. Les cis- et trans-1,2-di-terbutyl-ethylenes, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belges, 1966, 75, 328. [all data]

Berkowitz, Chupka, et al., 1956
Berkowitz, J.; Chupka, W.A.; Kistiakowsky, G.B., Mass spectrometric study of the kinetics of nitrogen afterglow, J. Chem. Phys., 1956, 25, 457. [all data]

Polyakova, Khmel'nitskii, et al., 1963
Polyakova, A.A.; Khmel'nitskii, R.A.; Petrov, A.A., Mass spectra and the structure of organic compounds. VIII. Mass spectra of some allene hydrocarbons containing t-butyl groups, Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1963, 33, 2518, In original 2455. [all data]

McLean, Murray, et al., 1978
McLean, W.; Murray, P.T.; Baer, T.; Jarnagin, R.C., Dissociative photoionization of t-butyl-lithium, J. Chem. Phys., 1978, 69, 2715. [all data]


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