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Ethanone, 1-(4-chlorophenyl)-

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Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil505.2KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus291.55KN/ADreisbach and Martin, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
54.0419.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 404. - 623. K. See also Dykyj, Svoboda, et al., 1999.; AC
50.7410.N/ADreisbach and Shrader, 1949Based on data from 395. - 485. K. See also Dreisbach and Martin, 1949, 2 and Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
395.16 - 485.094.248741722.075-79.206Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)856.6kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity824.8kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
0.585 ± 0.087IMREMishima, Huh, et al., 1995«DELTA»Gea(343 K) = -13.8 kcal/mol. Reanchored to EA(PhNO2), Kebarle and Chowdhury, 1987.; B
0.551 ± 0.087IMREHuh, Kang, et al., 1999«DELTA»G(EA) 343K; anchored to «DELTA»G value. Including anchor «DELTA»S, EA is ca. 0.4 kcal/mol more bound.; B
0.5668 ± 0.0052ECDSteelhammer and Wentworth, 1969B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.63EIHowe and Williams, 1969RDSH
9.6 ± 0.1EIChin and Harrison, 1969RDSH
9.47 ± 0.05EIFoffani, Pignataro, et al., 1964RDSH
9.64 ± 0.15EIBuchs, Rossetti, et al., 1964RDSH
9.25PEGal, Geribaldi, et al., 1985Vertical value; LBLHLM
9.52PEPfister-Guillouzo, Geribaldi, et al., 1982Vertical value; LBLHLM
9.60 ± 0.05PEMcAlduff, 1980Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C7H4OCl+10.34 ± 0.03CH3EIHelal and Zahran, 1978LLK
C7H4OCl+10.69CH3EIHowe and Williams, 1969RDSH
C7H4OCl+10.4 ± 0.1CH3EIChin and Harrison, 1969RDSH
C7H4OCl+10.04CH3EIBuchs, Rossetti, et al., 1964RDSH

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

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Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-3158
NIST MS number 229194

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Dreisbach and Martin, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Martin, R.A., Physical Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 2875-8. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Dykyj, Svoboda, et al., 1999
Dykyj, J.; Svoboda, J.; Wilhoit, R.C.; Frenkel, M.L.; Hall, K.R., Vapor Pressure of Chemicals: Part A. Vapor Pressure and Antoine Constants for Hydrocarbons and Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium and Hydrogen Containing Organic Compounds, Springer, Berlin, 1999, 373. [all data]

Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Shrader, S.A., Vapor Pressure--Temperature Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 12, 2879-2880, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50480a054 . [all data]

Dreisbach and Martin, 1949, 2
Dreisbach, R.R.; Martin, R.A., Physical Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 12, 2875-2878, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50480a053 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Mishima, Huh, et al., 1995
Mishima, M.; Huh, C.; Lee, H.W.; Nakamura, H.; Fujio, M.; Tsuno, Y., Electron affinities of acetophenones and methyl benzoates. Varying resonance demand of aromatic radical anions, Tetrahed. Lett., 1995, 36, 13, 2265, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-4039(95)00267-G . [all data]

Kebarle and Chowdhury, 1987
Kebarle, P.; Chowdhury, S., Electron affinities and electron transfer reactions, Chem. Rev., 1987, 87, 513. [all data]

Huh, Kang, et al., 1999
Huh, C.; Kang, C.H.; Lee, H.W.; Nakamura, H.; Mishima, M.; Tsuno, Y.; Yamataka, H., Thermodynamic stabilities and resonance demand of aromatic radical anions in the gas phase, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 1999, 72, 5, 1083-1091, https://doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.72.1083 . [all data]

Steelhammer and Wentworth, 1969
Steelhammer, J.C.; Wentworth, W.E., Correlation of Electron Beam and Thermal Electron Attachment Studies for Some Chloro, Bromo, Iodo Aromatic Compounds, J. Chem. Phys., 1969, 51, 5, 1802, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1672262 . [all data]

Howe and Williams, 1969
Howe, I.; Williams, D.H., Calculation and qualitative predictions of mass spectra. Mono- and paradisubstituted benzenes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1969, 91, 7137. [all data]

Chin and Harrison, 1969
Chin, M.S.; Harrison, A.G., Substituent effects on ion abundances and energetics in substituted acetophenones, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1969, 2, 1073. [all data]

Foffani, Pignataro, et al., 1964
Foffani, A.; Pignataro, S.; Cantone, B.; Grasso, F., Ionization potentials and substituent effects for aromatic carbonyl compounds, Z. Physik. Chem. (Frankfurt), 1964, 42, 221. [all data]

Buchs, Rossetti, et al., 1964
Buchs, A.; Rossetti, G.P.; Susz, B.P., Etude, en fonction de la constante «sigma»p de Hammett, du spectre de masse d'acetophenones p-substituees, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1964, 47, 1563. [all data]

Gal, Geribaldi, et al., 1985
Gal, J.-F.; Geribaldi, S.; Pfister-Guillouzo, G.; Morris, D.G., Basicity of the carbonyl group. Part 12. Correlations between ionization potentials and lewis basicities in aromatic carbonyl compounds, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, 1985, 103. [all data]

Pfister-Guillouzo, Geribaldi, et al., 1982
Pfister-Guillouzo, G.; Geribaldi, S.; Gal, J.-F., Spectres photoelectroniques de cyclohexene-2-ones-1 diversement substituees en position 3. Correlations avec la reactivite, Can. J. Chem., 1982, 60, 1163. [all data]

McAlduff, 1980
McAlduff, E.J., Photoelectron spectra of substituted acetophenones. Correlations with reactivity, Can. J. Chem., 1980, 58, 622. [all data]

Helal and Zahran, 1978
Helal, A.I.; Zahran, N.F., Kinetic shift in some para-substituted acetophenones, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1978, 13, 549. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References