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Buckminsterfullerene

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub45. ± 9.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 11 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
36.52 ± 0.02897.GSPankajavalli, Mallika, et al., 1998Based on data from 789. - 907. K.; AC
41.87 ± 0.69860.ME,TEPiacente, Gigil, et al., 1995Based on data from 730. - 990. K.; AC
43.0 ± 2.4634.UVDai, Mac Toth, et al., 1994Based on data from 546. - 722. K.; AC
37.8 ± 0.72700.MEPopovic, Drazic, et al., 1994AC
43.36 ± 0.55700.MSSai Baba, Lakshmi Narasimhan, et al., 1994See also Mathews, Baba, et al., 1992.; AC
37.91773.MEMathews, Baba, et al., 1993AC
38.0 ± 1.0673. - 873.MEAbrefah, Olander, et al., 1992AC
38. ± 1.673.VAbrefah, Olander, et al., 1992, 2crystal phase; High level of uncertainty in the data; ALS
42.1 ± 0.5727.VMathews, Vasudeva Rao, et al., 1991High level of uncertainty in the data; ALS
40.1 ± 1.3707.VPan, Sampson, et al., 1991High level of uncertainty in the data; ALS
40.1 ± 1.3707.ME,MSPan, Sampson, et al., 1991Based on data from 640. - 800. K.; AC
33.1 ± 0.9550.VTokmakoff, Haynes, et al., 1991High level of uncertainty in the data; ALS

Temperature of phase transition

Ttrs (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
230.crystaline, IIcrystaline, IAtake, Tanaka, et al., 1991Anomaly from 160 to 260 K.; DH

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
1.671256.crystaline, IIcrystaline, IJin, Cheng, et al., 1992DH
1.802257.6crystaline, IIcrystaline, IMatsuo, Suga, et al., 1992Excess entropy at 240 and 254 K.; DH
0.5019260.crystalinecrystalineByszewski, Diduszko, et al., 1992He atmosphere; DH
0.143260.crystalinecrystalineByszewski, Diduszko, et al., 1992Ar atmosphere; DH
1.171240.crystalinecrystalineByszewski, Diduszko, et al., 1992He atmosphere; DH
1.267240.crystalinecrystalineByszewski, Diduszko, et al., 1992Ar atmosphere; DH
0.2390265.crystalinecrystalineByszewski, Diduszko, et al., 1992He atmosphere; DH
0.120265.crystalinecrystalineByszewski, Diduszko, et al., 1992Ar atmosphere; DH
1.660257.crystalinecrystalineDworkin, Fabre, et al., 1991DH
0.6477257.2crystaline, IIcrystaline, IDworkin, Szwarc, et al., 1991DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
6.52256.crystaline, IIcrystaline, IJin, Cheng, et al., 1992DH
7.17257.6crystaline, IIcrystaline, IMatsuo, Suga, et al., 1992Excess; DH

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Pankajavalli, Mallika, et al., 1998
Pankajavalli, R.; Mallika, C.; Sreedharan, O.M.; Premila, M.; Gopalan, Padma, Vapour pressure of C60 by a transpiration method using a horizontal thermobalance, Thermochimica Acta, 1998, 316, 1, 101-108, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-6031(98)00304-9 . [all data]

Piacente, Gigil, et al., 1995
Piacente, V.; Gigil, G.; Scandala, P.; Giustini, A., Vapor pressure of C60 buckminsterfullerene, J. Phys. Chem., 1995, 99, 14052-14057. [all data]

Dai, Mac Toth, et al., 1994
Dai, Sheng; Mac Toth, L.; Del Cul, G.D.; Metcalf, David H., Ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrum of C60 vapor and determination of the C60 vaporization enthalpy, J. Chem. Phys., 1994, 101, 5, 4470, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.467433 . [all data]

Popovic, Drazic, et al., 1994
Popovic, Arkadij; Drazic, Goran; Marsel, Joze, Mass spectrometric investigations of fullerenes. I. Vapour pressure over the C60/C70 binary system, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 1994, 8, 12, 985-990, https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.1290081216 . [all data]

Sai Baba, Lakshmi Narasimhan, et al., 1994
Sai Baba, M.; Lakshmi Narasimhan, T.S.; Balasubramanian, R.; Sivaraman, N.; Mathews, C.K., Studies on the thermodynamics of the fullerene C60-C70 binary system, J. Phys. Chem., 1994, 98, 4, 1333-1340, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100055a047 . [all data]

Mathews, Baba, et al., 1992
Mathews, C.K.; Baba, M. Sai; Narasimhan, T.S. Lakshmi; Balasubramanian, R.; Sivaraman, N.; Srinivasan, T.G.; Rao, P.R. Vasudeva, Vaporization studies on buckminsterfullerene, J. Phys. Chem., 1992, 96, 9, 3566-3568, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100188a002 . [all data]

Mathews, Baba, et al., 1993
Mathews, C.K.; Baba, M. Sai; Lakshmi Narasimhan, T.S.; Balasubramanian, R.; Sivaraman, N.; Srinivasan, T.G.; Vasudeva Rao, P.R., Vapour Pressure and Enthalpy of Sublimation of C 70, Fullerene Science and Technology, 1993, 1, 1, 101-109, https://doi.org/10.1080/15363839308015519 . [all data]

Abrefah, Olander, et al., 1992
Abrefah, J.; Olander, D.R.; Balooch, M.; Siekhaus, W.J., Vapor pressure of Buckminsterfullerene, Appl. Phys. Lett., 1992, 60, 11, 1313, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.107327 . [all data]

Abrefah, Olander, et al., 1992, 2
Abrefah, J.; Olander, D.R.; Balooch, M.; Siekhaus, W.J., Vapor pressure of buckminsterfullerene, Appl. Phys. Lett., 1992, 60, 1313-1314. [all data]

Mathews, Vasudeva Rao, et al., 1991
Mathews, C.K.; Vasudeva Rao, P.R.; Srinivasan, T.G.; Ganesan, V.; Sivaraman, N.; Lakshmi Narasimhan, T.S.L.; Kaliappan, I.; Chandran, K.; Dhamodaran, R., Preparation and characterization of buckministerfullerene and measurement of its heat of sublimation, Curr. Sci., 1991, 61, 834-838. [all data]

Pan, Sampson, et al., 1991
Pan, C.; Sampson, M.P.; Chai, Y.; Hauge, R.H.; Margrave, J.L., Heats of sublimation from a polycrystalline mixture of C60 and C70, J. Phys. Chem., 1991, 95, 2944-2946. [all data]

Tokmakoff, Haynes, et al., 1991
Tokmakoff, A.; Haynes, D.R.; George, S.M., Desorption kinetics of C60 multilayers from Al2O3(0001), Chem. Phys. Lett., 1991, 186, 450-455. [all data]

Atake, Tanaka, et al., 1991
Atake, T.; Tanaka, T.; Kawaji, H.; Kikuchi, K.; Saito, K.; Suzuki, S.; Ikemoto, I.; Achiba, Y., Heat capacity measurements and thermodynamic studies of the new compound C60, Physica C (Amsterdam), 1991, 185-189(Pt. 1), 427-428. [all data]

Jin, Cheng, et al., 1992
Jin, Y.; Cheng, J.; Varma-Nair, M.; Liang, G.; Fu, Y.; Wunderlich, B., Xiang, S.-D. Mostovoy, R., and Zettl, A.K., Thermodynamic characterization of CA6A0 by DSC, J. Phys. Chem., 1992, 96(12), 5151-5156. [all data]

Matsuo, Suga, et al., 1992
Matsuo, T.; Suga, H.; David, W.I.F.; Ibberson, R.M.; Bernier, P.; Zahab, A.; Fabre, C.; Rassat, A.; Dworkin, A., The heat capacity of solid C60, Solid State Commun., 1992, 83(9), 711-715. [all data]

Byszewski, Diduszko, et al., 1992
Byszewski, P.; Diduszko, R.; Kowalska, E.; Fink-Fiowicki, J.; Witowski, A., Crystallization and phase transitions in C60, Appl. Phys. Lett., 1992, 61(25), 2981-2983. [all data]

Dworkin, Fabre, et al., 1991
Dworkin, A.; Fabre, C.; Schutz, D.; Kriza, G.; Ceolin, R.; Szwarc, H.; Bernier, P.; Jerome, D.; Leach, S.; Rassat, A.; Hare, J.P.; Dennis, J.; Droto, H.W.; Taylor, R.; Walton, D.R.M., Thermodynamic characterization of the crystallinity of a solid of footballene carbon sixty-atom molecules, C.R. Acad. Sci., Ser., 1991, II 313(9), 1017-1021. [all data]

Dworkin, Szwarc, et al., 1991
Dworkin, A.; Szwarc, H.; Leach, S.; Hare, J.P.; Dennis, T.J.; Kroto, H.W.; Taylor, R.; Walton, D.R.M., Thermodynamic evidence for a phase transition in crystalline fullerene C60, C.R. l'Academie Sci., Ser. II Univers., 1991, 312(9), 979-982. [all data]


Notes

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