Benzene, 1,3-dinitro-

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δfliquid-36.kJ/molCcbSwarts, 1914See 14SWA2; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δcliquid-2908.kJ/molCcbSwarts, 1914See 14SWA2; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δfsolid-27. ± 0.4kJ/molCcbLebedeva, Ryadnenko, et al., 1971See Lebedeva, Rjadnenko, et al., 1969; ALS
Δfsolid-19.2kJ/molCcbRinkenbach, 1930Author hf298_condensed[kcal/mol]=-6.86; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δcsolid-2905. ± 0.4kJ/molCcbLebedeva, Ryadnenko, et al., 1971See Lebedeva, Rjadnenko, et al., 1969; ALS
Δcsolid-2896.2 ± 2.9kJ/molCcbBadoche, 1939Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -2900.2 kJ/mol; ALS
Δcsolid-2911.6kJ/molCcbBurlot, 1939ALS
Δcsolid-2913.49kJ/molCcbRinkenbach, 1930Author hf298_condensed[kcal/mol]=-6.86; ALS
Δcsolid-2931.kJ/molCcbGarner and Abernethy, 1921ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
197.5298.15Ueberreiter and Orthmann, 1950T = 293 to 368 K. Equation only.; DH
180.3298.Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926T = 22 to 245°C.; DH
188.3297.9Andrews, 1926T = 110 to 332 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil570.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus363. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δsub87.0 ± 0.8kJ/molTEFerro, Piacente, et al., 1976Based on data from 332. - 383. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
96.7351.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 336. - 379. K.; AC

Enthalpy of sublimation

ΔsubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
76.1345.5N/AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 335. - 356. K.; AC
83. ± 2.323.VWolf and Weghofer, 1938ALS
81.1 ± 1.7323.N/ATrieschmann, 1935Based on data from 315. - 329. K. See also Wolf and Weghofer, 1938, 2 and Jones, 1960.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

ΔfusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
19.68360.4Musuc, Razus, et al., 2002AC
17.36363.2Acree, 1991AC
17.350363.23Booss and Hauschildt, 1972DH
17.360363.2Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926DH

Entropy of fusion

ΔfusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
47.8363.23Booss and Hauschildt, 1972DH
47.8363.2Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Bromine anion + Benzene, 1,3-dinitro- = (Bromine anion • Benzene, 1,3-dinitro-)

By formula: Br- + C6H4N2O4 = (Br- • C6H4N2O4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr84.9 ± 7.5kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; ΔGaff at 423 K, ΔSaff taken as that of mCF3-nitrobenzene..Br-; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr92.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr45.6 ± 4.2kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; ΔGaff at 423 K, ΔSaff taken as that of mCF3-nitrobenzene..Br-; B

Free energy of reaction

ΔrG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
45.6423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Nitrogen oxide anion + Benzene, 1,3-dinitro- = (Nitrogen oxide anion • Benzene, 1,3-dinitro-)

By formula: NO2- + C6H4N2O4 = (NO2- • C6H4N2O4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr88.7 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsGrimsrud, Chowdhury, et al., 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr94.6J/mol*KPHPMSGrimsrud, Chowdhury, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δr60.2 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsGrimsrud, Chowdhury, et al., 1986gas phase; B

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 118570

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References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Swarts, 1914
Swarts, F., Sur la chaleur de combustion de quelques derives nitres aromatlques, Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 1914, 33, 281-298. [all data]

Lebedeva, Ryadnenko, et al., 1971
Lebedeva, N.D.; Ryadnenko, V.L.; Kuznetsova, I.N., Heats of combustion and enthalpies of formation of certain aromatic nitro-derivatives, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1971, 45, 549. [all data]

Lebedeva, Rjadnenko, et al., 1969
Lebedeva, N.D.; Rjadnenko, B.L.; Gutner, N.M., Heats of formation of some N-containing organic compounds, Int. Conf. Calorim. Therm. (Warsaw, Poland), 1969, 1-8. [all data]

Rinkenbach, 1930
Rinkenbach, W.H., The heats of combustion and formation of aromatic nitro compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1930, 52, 115-120. [all data]

Badoche, 1939
Badoche, M.M., Determinations des chaleurs de combustion de derives nitres de la serie benzenique, Bull. Soc. Chim. France, 1939, 6, 570-579. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Burlot, 1939
Burlot, E., Etude relative a la calorimetrie des explosifs, Mem. Poudres, 1939, 29, 226-260. [all data]

Garner and Abernethy, 1921
Garner, W.E.; Abernethy, C.L., Heats of combustion and formation of nitro-compounds. Part I. - Benzene, toluene, phenol and methylaniline series, Proc. Roy. Soc. London A, 1921, 213-235. [all data]

Ueberreiter and Orthmann, 1950
Ueberreiter, K.; Orthmann, H.-J., Specifische Wärme, spezifisches Volumen, Temperatur- und Wärme-leittähigkeit einiger disubstituierter Benzole und polycyclischer Systeme, Z. Natursforsch. 5a, 1950, 101-108. [all data]

Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926
Andrews, D.H.; Lynn, G.; Johnston, J., The heat capacities and heat of crystallization of some isomeric aromatic compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 1274-1287. [all data]

Andrews, 1926
Andrews, D.H., The specific heats of some isomers of the type ortho, meta and para C6H4XY from 110 to 340K, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 1287-1298. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Ferro, Piacente, et al., 1976
Ferro, D.; Piacente, V.; Gigli, R.; D'Ascenzo, G., Determination of the vapour pressures of o-, m-, and p-dinitrobenzene by the torsion-effusion method, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1976, 8, 12, 1137-1143, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(76)90120-8 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Wolf and Weghofer, 1938
Wolf, K.L.; Weghofer, H., Uber sublimationswarmen, Z. Phys. Chem., 1938, 39, 194-208. [all data]

Trieschmann, 1935
Trieschmann, H.G., , Ph.D. Dissertation, Inst. Fur Phys. Chem. and Electrochem. der Universitat Kiel, Germany, 1935. [all data]

Wolf and Weghofer, 1938, 2
Wolf, K.L.; Weghofer, H.Z., Z. Phys. Chem. Abt. B, 1938, 39, 194. [all data]

Jones, 1960
Jones, A.H., Sublimation Pressure Data for Organic Compounds., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1960, 5, 2, 196-200, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60006a019 . [all data]

Musuc, Razus, et al., 2002
Musuc, A.M.; Razus, D.; Oancea, D., Analele Universitatii Bucuresti Chimie, 2002, 11, 2, 147. [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Booss and Hauschildt, 1972
Booss, H.J.; Hauschildt, K.R., Die Schmelzenthalpie des Benzils und 4-Nitrophenols, Z. Anal. Chem., 1972, 261(1), 32. [all data]

Paul and Kebarle, 1991
Paul, G.J.C.; Kebarle, P., Stabilities of Complexes of Br- with Substituted Benzenes (SB) Based on Determinations of the Gas-Phase Equilibria Br- + SB = (BrSB)-, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 4, 1148, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00004a014 . [all data]

Grimsrud, Chowdhury, et al., 1986
Grimsrud, E.P.; Chowdhury, S.; Kebarle, P., Gas Phase Reactions of NO2- with Nitrobenzenes and Quinones. Electron Transfer, Clusters, and Formation of Phenoxide and Quinoxide Negative Ions. Use of NO2 as a NICI Reagent Gas., Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1986, 68, 1-2, 57, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(86)87068-9 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References