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Carveol


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-11209.MacLeod, MacLeod, et al., 1988Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11188.Dob T., Berramdane T., et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 3. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-11201.Guilliard, Delgado, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51217.Guilliard, Delgado, et al., 200150. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1222.Píry, Príbela, et al., 199525. m/0.2 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-11196.De Pooter, Omar, et al., 198530. m/0.5 mm/0.8 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-11202.De Pooter, Omar, et al., 198530. m/0.5 mm/0.8 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-11208.De Pooter, Omar, et al., 198530. m/0.5 mm/0.8 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-11217.De Pooter, Omar, et al., 198530. m/0.5 mm/0.8 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1816.Píry, Príbela, et al., 199550. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 170. C @ 20. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1225.Kim, Abd El-Aty, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51246.Chagonda and Chalchat, 200550. m/0.3 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11207.Choi, 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryRSL-2001197.Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryRSL-2001217.Jirovetz, Smith, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillarySE-301203.Prikhod'ko, Klyuev, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-51219.Doneanu and Anitescu, 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51220.Poiana, Sicari, et al., 199825. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 8. min, 3. K/min, 290. C @ 20. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5 MS1200.Purushothaman and Ravi, 201330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 70 0C 5 0C/min -> 120 0C 10 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)
CapillaryHP-51252.Jordan, Martinez, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(4min) => 1C/min => 64C => 2.5C/min => 155C => 5C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-301201.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51252.Jordán, Martínez, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (4min) => 1C/min => 64C => 2.5C/min => 155C => 5C/min => 250C
CapillaryOV-1011209.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
PackedOV-1011200.Swigar and Silverstein, 1981N2, Chromosorb G 60-80mesh DMCS; Column length: 2.5 m; Program: not specified
PackedOV-1011215.Swigar and Silverstein, 1981N2, Chromosorb G 60-80mesh DMCS; Column length: 2.5 m; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTC-FFAP1845.Kurose, Okamura, et al., 2007He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1846.Andersen J.F., Mikolajczak K.L., et al., 1987Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1804.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1790.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

MacLeod, MacLeod, et al., 1988
MacLeod, A.J.; MacLeod, G.; Subramanian, G., Volatile aroma constituents of orange, Phytochemistry, 1988, 27, 7, 2185-2188, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(88)80123-7 . [all data]

Dob T., Berramdane T., et al., 2005
Dob T.; Berramdane T.; Chelghoum C., Analysis of essential oil from the needles of Pinus pinaster growing in Algeria, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2005, 41, 5, 545-548, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-005-0202-z . [all data]

Guilliard, Delgado, et al., 2001
Guilliard, M.; Delgado, W.; Martínez, J.R.; Stashenko, E., Determination of the enantiomeric purity of carvone, main component of Colombian Lippia alba (Mill) oil by means of bidimensional gas chromatography (23rd International Symposium on Capillary Chromatography), 2001, retrieved from http://www.richrom.com/assets/CD23PDF/i01.pdf. [all data]

Píry, Príbela, et al., 1995
Píry, J.; Príbela, A.; Durcanská, J.; Farkas, P., Fractionation of volatiles from blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.) by different extractive methods, Food Chem., 1995, 54, 1, 73-77, https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(95)92665-7 . [all data]

De Pooter, Omar, et al., 1985
De Pooter, H.L.; Omar, M.N.; Coolsaet, B.A.; Schamp, N.M., The Essential Oil of Greater Galanga (Alpinia Galanga) from Malaysia, Phytochemistry, 1985, 24, 1, 93-96, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)80814-6 . [all data]

Kim, Abd El-Aty, et al., 2006
Kim, M.R.; Abd El-Aty, A.M.; Kim, I.S.; Shim, J.H., Determination of volatile flavor components in danggui cultivars by solvent free injection and hydrodistillation followed by gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1116, 1-2, 259-264, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.03.060 . [all data]

Chagonda and Chalchat, 2005
Chagonda, L.S.; Chalchat, J.-C., The essential oil of wild and cultivated Hoslundia opposita Vahl. from Zimbabwe, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 2, 193-195, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1402 . [all data]

Choi, 2003
Choi, H.-S., Characterization of citrus unshiu (C. unshiu Marcov. forma Miyagawa-wase) blossom aroma by solid-phase microextraction in conjunction with an electronic nose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 2, 418-423, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0114280 . [all data]

Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2002
Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Ngassoum, M.B.; Geissler, M., Aroma compound analysis of Piper nigrum and Piper guineense essential oils from Cameroon using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography, solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and olfactometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 976, 1-2, 265-275, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00376-X . [all data]

Jirovetz, Smith, et al., 2002
Jirovetz, L.; Smith, D.; Buchbauer, G., Aroma compound analysis of Eruca sativa (Brassicaceae) SPME headspace leaf samples using GC, GC-MS, and olfactometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 16, 4643-4646, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020129n . [all data]

Prikhod'ko, Klyuev, et al., 1999
Prikhod'ko, A.B.; Klyuev, N.A.; Volkovich, S.V.; Emets, T.I.; Petrenko, V.V.; Dolya, E.V., Component composition od the essential oil of Thymus dimorphus, Chem. Nat. Comp., 1999, 35, 1, 46-51, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02238208 . [all data]

Doneanu and Anitescu, 1998
Doneanu, C.; Anitescu, G., Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of Angelica archangelica L. root oil, J. Supercrit. Fluids, 1998, 12, 1, 59-67, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0896-8446(97)00040-5 . [all data]

Poiana, Sicari, et al., 1998
Poiana, M.; Sicari, V.; Mincione, B., Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) extraction of grapefruit flavedo, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 2, 125-130, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199803/04)13:2<125::AID-FFJ708>3.0.CO;2-# . [all data]

Purushothaman and Ravi, 2013
Purushothaman, D.N.; Ravi, S., GC-MS analusis of essential oil obtained from Heracleum candolleanum (Wight et Arn), J. Pharmacy Res., 2013, 6, 1, 155-157, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jopr.2012.11.032 . [all data]

Jordan, Martinez, et al., 2006
Jordan, M.J.; Martinez, R.M.; Goodner, K.L.; Baldwin, E.A.; Sotomayor, J.A., Seasonal variation of Thymus hyemalis Lange and Spanish Thymus vulgaris L. essential oils composition, Ind. Crops Prod., 2006, 24, 3, 253-263, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2006.06.011 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Jordán, Martínez, et al., 2003
Jordán, M.J.; Martínez, R.M.; Cases, M.A.; Sotomayor. J.A., Watering level effect on Thymus hyemalis lange essential oil yield and composition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 18, 5420-5427, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034335m . [all data]

Shibamoto, 1987
Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s)., Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274. [all data]

Swigar and Silverstein, 1981
Swigar, A.A.; Silverstein, R.M., Monoterpenes, Aldrich Chemical Company, Milwaukee, WI, USA, 1981, 130. [all data]

Kurose, Okamura, et al., 2007
Kurose, K.; Okamura, D.; Yatagai, M., Composition of the essential oils from the leaves of nine Pinus species and the cones of three of Pinus species, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 1, 10-20, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1609 . [all data]

Andersen J.F., Mikolajczak K.L., et al., 1987
Andersen J.F.; Mikolajczak K.L.; Reed D.K., Analysis of peach bark volatiles and their electroantennogram activity with lesser pechtree borer, Synanthedon pictipes (Grote and Robinson), J. Chem. Ecol., 1987, 13, 11, 2103-2114, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01012874 . [all data]


Notes

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