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Benzene, nitro-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas68.53 ± 0.67kJ/molCcbLebedeva, Katin, et al., 1971Reanalyzed by Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986, Original value = 65.77 ± 0.42 kJ/mol

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid12.5 ± 0.54kJ/molCcbLebedeva, Katin, et al., 1971Reanalyzed by Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986, Original value = 9.71 ± 0.42 kJ/mol; ALS
Deltafliquid-16.kJ/molCcbSwarts, 1914See 14SWA2; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-3088.08 ± 0.42kJ/molCcbLebedeva, Katin, et al., 1971ALS
Deltacliquid-3096.kJ/molCcbGarner and Abernethy, 1921ALS
Deltacliquid-3073.8kJ/molCcbSwarts, 1914See 14SWA2; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid224.3J/mol*KN/AParks, Todd, et al., 1936Extrapolation below 90 K, 62.13 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
177.3303.15Reddy, 1986T = 303.15, 313.15 K.; DH
181.13298.15Lainez, Rodrigo, et al., 1985DH
176.303.Pacor, 1967DH
180.2293.Rastorguev and Ganiev, 1967T = 293 to 373 K.; DH
188.7335.5Lutskii and Panova, 1958T = 62 to 141°C. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
179.95293.15Mazur, 1939T = 5 to 20°C.; DH
179.9293.Mazur, 1939, 2T = 5 to 20°C.; DH
186.69298.1Parks, Todd, et al., 1936T = 90 to 300 K.; DH
186.73298.Parks and Todd, 1934T = 273 to 299 K.; DH
177.4303.Willams and Daniels, 1924T = 303 to 358 K. Equation only.; DH
177.8298.von Reis, 1881T = 291 to 486 K.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil484. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 24 out of 25 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus278.9 ± 0.2KAVGN/AAverage of 16 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap54.5kJ/molCGCChickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995Based on data from 313. - 353. K.; AC
Deltavap55.013 ± 0.018kJ/molCKusano and Wadso, 1971ALS
Deltavap55.0kJ/molN/AKusano and Wadsö, 1971AC
Deltavap56.1 ± 1.7kJ/molMELebedeva, Katin, et al., 1971, 2Based on data from 291. - 305. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
54.7287.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 279. - 296. K. See also Dykyj, 1972 and Lynch and Wilke, 1960.; AC
54.3303.N/AZaraiskii, 1985Based on data from 288. - 318. K.; AC
56.1 ± 0.42291.VLebedeva, Katin, et al., 1971ALS
52.5293.MESklyarenko, Markin, et al., 1958Based on data from 283. - 303. K.; AC
48.5422.N/AOliver and Grisard, 1952Based on data from 407. - 483. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
48.9425.N/AToral and Moles, 1933Based on data from 369. - 481. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
407.3 - 483.784.215531727.592-73.438Brown, 1952Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
12.12278.8Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
10.815278.9Pacor, 1967DH
12.121278.8Parks, Todd, et al., 1936DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
38.8278.9Pacor, 1967DH
43.48278.8Parks, Todd, et al., 1936DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Chlorine anion + Benzene, nitro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H5NO2 = (Cl- bullet C6H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar68.2 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B,M
Deltar69.0kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar81.2J/mol*KPHPMSChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.9 ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B
Deltar29.7kJ/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
43.9300.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
32.300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

C6H4NO2- + Hydrogen cation = Benzene, nitro-

By formula: C6H4NO2- + H+ = C6H5NO2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1577. ± 13.kJ/molG+TSCheng and Grabowski, 1989gas phase; between EtOH, iPrOH; B
Deltar1482. ± 13.kJ/molG+TSMeot-ner and Kafafi, 1988gas phase; acidity stronger than all levels of computation by 25 kcal/mol; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1545. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBCheng and Grabowski, 1989gas phase; between EtOH, iPrOH; B
Deltar1450. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBMeot-ner and Kafafi, 1988gas phase; acidity stronger than all levels of computation by 25 kcal/mol; B

Bromine anion + Benzene, nitro- = (Bromine anion bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: Br- + C6H5NO2 = (Br- bullet C6H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar62.8 ± 7.5kJ/molTDAsPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.5J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
27.423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C6H7N+ + Benzene, nitro- = (C6H7N+ bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: C6H7N+ + C6H5NO2 = (C6H7N+ bullet C6H5NO2)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar88.7J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
44.8324.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; M

Nitrogen oxide anion + Benzene, nitro- = (Nitrogen oxide anion bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: NO2- + C6H5NO2 = (NO2- bullet C6H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.4 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsGrimsrud, Chowdhury, et al., 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar73.2J/mol*KPHPMSGrimsrud, Chowdhury, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsGrimsrud, Chowdhury, et al., 1986gas phase; B

C11H10+ + Benzene, nitro- = (C11H10+ bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: C11H10+ + C6H5NO2 = (C11H10+ bullet C6H5NO2)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar54.8kJ/molPHPMSEl-Shall and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.J/mol*KPHPMSEl-Shall and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1987gas phase; M

Nitric oxide anion + Benzene, nitro- = (Nitric oxide anion bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: NO- + C6H5NO2 = (NO- bullet C6H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar164.kJ/molICRReents and Freiser, 1981gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(NO+)C2H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Farid and McMahon, 1978; M

F6S- + Benzene, nitro- = (F6S- bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: F6S- + C6H5NO2 = (F6S- bullet C6H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar62.3 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28. ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B

F6S- + Benzene, nitro- = (F6S- bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: F6S- + C6H5NO2 = (F6S- bullet C6H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar62.3kJ/molPHPMSChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar115.J/mol*KPHPMSChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; M

Perfluoro(methylcyclohexane) anion + Benzene, nitro- = (Perfluoro(methylcyclohexane) anion bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: C7F14- + C6H5NO2 = (C7F14- bullet C6H5NO2)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
28.300.PHPMSChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; M

Perfluoro(methylcyclohexane) anion + Benzene, nitro- = C13H5F14NO2-

By formula: C7F14- + C6H5NO2 = C13H5F14NO2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28. ± 4.2kJ/molIMREChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B

Henry's Law data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
41. XN/A
47.4500.XN/A
43. VN/A

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.94 ± 0.08eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)800.3kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity769.5kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
1.000 ± 0.010LPESDesfrancois, Periquet, et al., 1999B
1.01 ± 0.10TDEqChowdhury, Heinis, et al., 1986«DELTA»Gea(423 K) = -22.8 kcal/mol; «DELTA»Sea = -1.0 eu.; B
1.00 ± 0.060TDAsChen, Wiley, et al., 1994B
1.00 ± 0.020ECDChen, Chen, et al., 1992B
1.019 ± 0.048IMREFukuda and McIver, 1985«DELTA»Gea(355 K) = -23.1 kcal/mol; «DELTA»Sea =-1.0, est. from data in Chowdhury, Heinis, et al., 1986; B
<1.180 ± 0.050PDMock and Grimsrud, 1989B
<1.09997IMRBHenglein and Muccini, 1959EA: < SO2; B
>0.70 ± 0.20EndoLifshitz, Tiernan, et al., 1973B
>0.39999ESCompton, Christophorou, et al., 1966B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
~9.67PEKlasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983LBLHLM
9.8PEKatsumata, Shiromaru, et al., 1982LBLHLM
10.16 ± 0.08EIAllam, Migahed, et al., 1982LBLHLM
9.92PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981LLK
10.16 ± 0.08EIAllam, Migahed, et al., 1981LLK
9.87 ± 0.05PIMatyuk, Potapov, et al., 1979LLK
9.93PEBehan, Johnstone, et al., 1976LLK
9.6EIMcLafferty, Bente, et al., 1973LLK
9.99PEKhalil, Meeks, et al., 1973LLK
9.99 ± 0.01PERabalais, 1972LLK
9.85 ± 0.03PIKotov and Potapov, 1972LLK
9.94 ± 0.025PEJohnstone and Mellon, 1972LLK
9.90EIJohnstone, Mellon, et al., 1971LLK
9.86 ± 0.05PEJohnstone, Mellon, et al., 1970RDSH
9.90 ± 0.03EIJohnstone, Mellon, et al., 1970RDSH
10.16 ± 0.04EIBuchs, 1970RDSH
9.7 ± 0.1EIBrown, 1970RDSH
9.92PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
9.86PEKlasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983Vertical value; LBLHLM
9.9PEKatsumata, Shiromaru, et al., 1982Vertical value; LBLHLM
9.92PEPalmer, Moyes, et al., 1979Vertical value; LLK
9.93PEKobayashi, 1978Vertical value; LLK
10.8PERao, 1975Vertical value; LLK
9.93PEKobayashi and Nagakura, 1974Vertical value; LLK
10.1 ± 0.1SIGol'denfel'd, Korostyshevskii, et al., 1973Vertical value; LLK
9.88 ± 0.015PEKobayashi and Nagakura, 1972Vertical value; LLK
10.26PEBaker, May, et al., 1968Vertical value; RDSH

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C3H3+12.63 ± 0.15C2H2+CO+NOPIPECONishimura, Das, et al., 1986LBLHLM
C4H3+15.66 ± 0.15C2H2+NO2PIPECONishimura, Das, et al., 1986LBLHLM
C4H3+11.40 ± 0.05NO+C2H2OPIPECOPanczel and Baer, 1984T = 298K; LBLHLM
C4H3+11.54 ± 0.05NO+C2H2OPIPECOPanczel and Baer, 1984T = 0K; LBLHLM
C4H3+16.31 ± 0.08?EIAllam, Migahed, et al., 1982LBLHLM
C5H5+11.08 ± 0.16CO+NOPIPECONishimura, Das, et al., 1986LBLHLM
C5H5+11.30 ± 0.05CO+NOPIPECOPanczel and Baer, 1984T = 298K; LBLHLM
C5H5+11.44 ± 0.05CO+NOPIPECOPanczel and Baer, 1984T = 0K; LBLHLM
C6H5+11.51 ± 0.35NO2CADKatritzky, Watson, et al., 1990LL
C6H5+11.08 ± 0.16NO2PIPECONishimura, Das, et al., 1986LBLHLM
C6H5+11.14 ± 0.05NO2PIPECOPanczel and Baer, 1984T = 298K; LBLHLM
C6H5+11.28 ± 0.05NO2PIPECOPanczel and Baer, 1984T = 0K; LBLHLM
C6H5+12.14 ± 0.08NO2EIAllam, Migahed, et al., 1982LBLHLM
C6H5+9.46 ± 0.05NO2PIMatyuk, Potapov, et al., 1979LLK
C6H5+11.9 ± 0.1NO2EIBrown, 1970RDSH
C6H5+12.16?EIHowe and Williams, 1969RDSH
C6H5O+10.68 ± 0.35NOCADKatritzky, Watson, et al., 1990LL
C6H5O+10.89 ± 0.04NOPIPECONishimura, Das, et al., 1986LBLHLM
C6H5O+10.98 ± 0.05NOPIPECOPanczel and Baer, 1984T = 298K; LBLHLM
C6H5O+11.12 ± 0.05NOPIPECOPanczel and Baer, 1984T = 0K; LBLHLM
C6H5O+10.95 ± 0.05NOPIMatyuk, Potapov, et al., 1979LLK
C6H5O+10.4 ± 0.1NOEIBrown, 1970RDSH
NO+10.89 ± 0.04C6H5OPIPECONishimura, Das, et al., 1986LBLHLM
NO+11.18 ± 0.05C6H5OPIPECOPanczel and Baer, 1984T = 0K; LBLHLM
NO+11.04 ± 0.05C6H5OPIPECOPanczel and Baer, 1984T = 298K; LBLHLM

De-protonation reactions

C6H4NO2- + Hydrogen cation = Benzene, nitro-

By formula: C6H4NO2- + H+ = C6H5NO2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1577. ± 13.kJ/molG+TSCheng and Grabowski, 1989gas phase; between EtOH, iPrOH; B
Deltar1482. ± 13.kJ/molG+TSMeot-ner and Kafafi, 1988gas phase; acidity stronger than all levels of computation by 25 kcal/mol; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1545. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBCheng and Grabowski, 1989gas phase; between EtOH, iPrOH; B
Deltar1450. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBMeot-ner and Kafafi, 1988gas phase; acidity stronger than all levels of computation by 25 kcal/mol; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Bromine anion + Benzene, nitro- = (Bromine anion bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: Br- + C6H5NO2 = (Br- bullet C6H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar62.8 ± 7.5kJ/molTDAsPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.5J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
27.423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C6H7N+ + Benzene, nitro- = (C6H7N+ bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: C6H7N+ + C6H5NO2 = (C6H7N+ bullet C6H5NO2)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar88.7J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
44.8324.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; M

Perfluoro(methylcyclohexane) anion + Benzene, nitro- = (Perfluoro(methylcyclohexane) anion bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: C7F14- + C6H5NO2 = (C7F14- bullet C6H5NO2)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
28.300.PHPMSChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; M

Perfluoro(methylcyclohexane) anion + Benzene, nitro- = C13H5F14NO2-

By formula: C7F14- + C6H5NO2 = C13H5F14NO2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28. ± 4.2kJ/molIMREChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B

C11H10+ + Benzene, nitro- = (C11H10+ bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: C11H10+ + C6H5NO2 = (C11H10+ bullet C6H5NO2)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar54.8kJ/molPHPMSEl-Shall and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.J/mol*KPHPMSEl-Shall and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1987gas phase; M

Chlorine anion + Benzene, nitro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H5NO2 = (Cl- bullet C6H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar68.2 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B,M
Deltar69.0kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar81.2J/mol*KPHPMSChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.9 ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B
Deltar29.7kJ/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
43.9300.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
32.300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

F6S- + Benzene, nitro- = (F6S- bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: F6S- + C6H5NO2 = (F6S- bullet C6H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar62.3 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28. ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B

F6S- + Benzene, nitro- = (F6S- bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: F6S- + C6H5NO2 = (F6S- bullet C6H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar62.3kJ/molPHPMSChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar115.J/mol*KPHPMSChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; M

Nitric oxide anion + Benzene, nitro- = (Nitric oxide anion bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: NO- + C6H5NO2 = (NO- bullet C6H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar164.kJ/molICRReents and Freiser, 1981gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(NO+)C2H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Farid and McMahon, 1978; M

Nitrogen oxide anion + Benzene, nitro- = (Nitrogen oxide anion bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: NO2- + C6H5NO2 = (NO2- bullet C6H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.4 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsGrimsrud, Chowdhury, et al., 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar73.2J/mol*KPHPMSGrimsrud, Chowdhury, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsGrimsrud, Chowdhury, et al., 1986gas phase; B

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: Tanya L. Myers, Russell G. Tonkyn, Ashley M. Oeck, Tyler O. Danby, John S. Loring, Matthew S. Taubman, Stephen W. Sharpe, Jerome C. Birnbaum, and Timothy J. Johnson

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-5496
NIST MS number 227768

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Grammaticakis, 1950
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 90
Instrument n.i.g.
Melting point 5.7
Boiling point 210.8

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.1049.4Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000He; Column length: 3.3 m
PackedOV-101100.1058.3Righezza, Hassani, et al., 1996N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
PackedOV-101110.1066.7Righezza, Hassani, et al., 1996N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
PackedOV-10180.1049.2Righezza, Hassani, et al., 1996N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
PackedOV-10190.1057.4Righezza, Hassani, et al., 1996N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
PackedOV-101120.1068.5Hassani and Meklati, 1992N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.1048.2Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 3.3 m
PackedApolane130.1054.Dutoit, 1991Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30180.1103.Oszczapowicz, Osek, et al., 1985N2, Chromosorb A AW; Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30180.1103.Oszczapowicz, Osek, et al., 1984N2, Chromosorb W AW; Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30150.1085.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane100.1075.Evans and Newton, 1976N2, Chromosorb G; Column length: 2. m
PackedSqualane100.1075.Evans and Newton, 1976N2, Chromosorb G; Column length: 2. m
PackedSqualane100.1076.Evans and Newton, 1976N2, Chromosorb G; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30204.1114.Mitchell and Vernon, 1972 
PackedApiezon L100.1071.Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968N2, DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.3 m
PackedApiezon L130.1088.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51100.00Hobbs and Conde, 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51100.00Hobbs and Conde, 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 300. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1088.8Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-3090.1076.Zenkevich and Ivleva, 2011Nitrogen, Inerton N (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m
PackedSE-3090.1081.Zenkevich and Ivleva, 2011Nitrogen, Inerton N (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane105.1059.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane75.1046.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane90.1052.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone100.1056.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.1066.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone140.1076.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone80.1047.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011059.Zenkevich and Tsibulskaya, 1989Helium, 75. C @ 0. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 0. min; Column length: 54. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm
CapillaryOV-1011062.Zenkevich and Tsibulskaya, 1989Helium, 75. C @ 0. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 0. min; Column length: 54. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm
CapillarySE-541084.Harland, Cumming, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-301062.Zenkevich and Ivleva, 2011Nitrogen, Inerton N (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011068.Ebrahimi and Hadjmohammadi, 2006Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1062.Zenkevich and Tsibulskaya, 1997Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-11046.Vezzani, Moretti, et al., 1994Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011057.Zenkevich and Malamakhov, 1987He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-11046.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1046.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySuperox 0.6; Carbowax 20M1683.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.1683.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS180.05Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Lebedeva, Katin, et al., 1971
Lebedeva, N.D.; Katin, Y.A.; Akhmedova, G.Y., Standard enthalpy of formation of nitrobenzene, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1971, 45, 1192-1193. [all data]

Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986
Pedley, J.B.; Naylor, R.D.; Kirby, S.P., Thermochemical Data of Organic Compounds, Chapman and Hall, New York, 1986, 1-792. [all data]

Swarts, 1914
Swarts, F., Sur la chaleur de combustion de quelques derives nitres aromatlques, Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 1914, 33, 281-298. [all data]

Garner and Abernethy, 1921
Garner, W.E.; Abernethy, C.L., Heats of combustion and formation of nitro-compounds. Part I. - Benzene, toluene, phenol and methylaniline series, Proc. Roy. Soc. London A, 1921, 213-235. [all data]

Parks, Todd, et al., 1936
Parks, G.S.; Todd, S.S.; Moore, W.A., Thermal data on organic compounds. XVI. Some heat capacity, entropy and free energy data for typical benzene derivatives and heterocyclic compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 398-401. [all data]

Reddy, 1986
Reddy, K.S., Isentropic compressibilities of binary liquid mixtures at 303.15 and 313.15 K, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1986, 31, 238-240. [all data]

Lainez, Rodrigo, et al., 1985
Lainez, A.; Rodrigo, M.; Roux, A.H.; Grolier, J.-P.E.; Wilhelm, E., Relations between structure and thermodynamic properties. Heat capacities of polar substances (nitrobenzene and benzonitrile) in alkane solutions, Calorim. Anal. Therm., 1985, 16, 153-158. [all data]

Pacor, 1967
Pacor, P., Applicability of the DuPont 900 DTA apparatus in quantitative differential thermal analysis, Anal. Chim. Acta, 1967, 37, 200-208. [all data]

Rastorguev and Ganiev, 1967
Rastorguev, Yu.L.; Ganiev, Yu.A., Study of the heat capacity of selected solvents, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Neft Gaz. 10, 1967, No.1, 79-82. [all data]

Lutskii and Panova, 1958
Lutskii, A.E.; Panova, A.N., Specific heat of liquid nitrobenzene, Zhur. Fiz. Khim., 1958, 32, 2183-2185. [all data]

Mazur, 1939
Mazur, J., Über die spezifische Wärme des Nitrobenzols, Acta Phys. Pol., 1939, 7, 290-304. [all data]

Mazur, 1939, 2
Mazur, J., Über die spezifische Wärme des Äthyläthers, des Nitrobenzols und des Schwefelkohlenstoffs, Z. Physik., 1939, 113, 710-720. [all data]

Parks and Todd, 1934
Parks, G.S.; Todd, S.S., Some heat capacity data for liquid nitrobenzene, no indication of allotropy, J. Chem. Phys., 1934, 2, 440-441. [all data]

Willams and Daniels, 1924
Willams, J.W.; Daniels, F., The specific heats of certain organic liquids at elevated temperatures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1924, 46, 903-917. [all data]

von Reis, 1881
von Reis, M.A., Die specifische Wärme flüssiger organischer Verbindungen und ihre Beziehung zu deren Moleculargewicht, Ann. Physik [3], 1881, 13, 447-464. [all data]

Chickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995
Chickos, James S.; Hosseini, Sarah; Hesse, Donald G., Determination of vaporization enthalpies of simple organic molecules by correlations of changes in gas chromatographic net retention times, Thermochimica Acta, 1995, 249, 41-62, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(95)90670-3 . [all data]

Kusano and Wadso, 1971
Kusano, K.; Wadso, I., Enthalpy of vaporization of some organic substances at 25.0°C and test of calorimeter, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1971, 44, 1705-17. [all data]

Kusano and Wadsö, 1971
Kusano, Kazuhito; Wadsö, Ingemar, Enthalpy of Vaporization of Some Organic Substances at 25.0°C and Test of Calorimeter, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1971, 44, 6, 1705-1707, https://doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.44.1705 . [all data]

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Lebedeva, N.D.; Katin, Y.A.; Akhmedova, G.Y., Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 1971, 45, 8, 1192. [all data]

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Dykyj, J., Petrochemia, 1972, 12, 1, 13. [all data]

Lynch and Wilke, 1960
Lynch, E.J.; Wilke, C.R., Vapor Pressure of Nitrobenzene at Low Temperatures., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1960, 5, 3, 300-300, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60007a018 . [all data]

Zaraiskii, 1985
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Sklyarenko, Markin, et al., 1958
Sklyarenko, S.I.; Markin, B.I.; Belyaeva, L.B., Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1958, 32, 1916. [all data]

Oliver and Grisard, 1952
Oliver, George D.; Grisard, J.W., Thermal Data, Vapor Pressure and Entropy of Bromine Trifluoride 1, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1952, 74, 11, 2705-2707, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01131a003 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Toral and Moles, 1933
Toral, M.T.; Moles, E., An. R. Soc. Esp. Fis. Quim., 1933, 31, 735. [all data]

Brown, 1952
Brown, I., Liquid-Vapour Equilibria. III. The Systems Benzene-n-Heptane, n-Hexane-Chlorobenzene, and cycloHexane-Nitrobenzene, Aust. J. Sci. Res. Ser. A:, 1952, 5, 530-540. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Chowdhury and Kebarle, 1986
Chowdhury, S.; Kebarle, P., Role of Binding Energies in A-.B and A.B- Complexes in the Kinetics of Gas Phase Electron Transfer Reactions:A- + B = A + B- Involving Perfluoro Compounds: SF6, C6F11CF3, J. Chem. Phys., 1986, 85, 9, 4989, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.451687 . [all data]

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Paul, G.J.C.; Kebarle, P., Stabilities of Complexes of Br- with Substituted Benzenes (SB) Based on Determinations of the Gas-Phase Equilibria Br- + SB = (BrSB)-, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 4, 1148, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00004a014 . [all data]

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French, M.A.; Ikuta, S.; Kebarle, P., Hydrogen bonding of O-H and C-H hydrogen donors to Cl-. Results from mass spectrometric measurement of the ion-molecule equilibria RH + Cl- = RHCl-, Can. J. Chem., 1982, 60, 1907. [all data]

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Cheng, X.; Grabowski, J.J., Gas-phase Acidity of Nitrobenzene from Flowing Afterglow Bracketing Studies, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 1989, 3, 2, 34-36, https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.1290030207 . [all data]

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Grimsrud, Chowdhury, et al., 1986
Grimsrud, E.P.; Chowdhury, S.; Kebarle, P., Gas Phase Reactions of NO2- with Nitrobenzenes and Quinones. Electron Transfer, Clusters, and Formation of Phenoxide and Quinoxide Negative Ions. Use of NO2 as a NICI Reagent Gas., Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1986, 68, 1-2, 57, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(86)87068-9 . [all data]

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El-Shall, M.S.; Meot-Ner (Mautner), M., Ionic Charge Transfer Complexes. 3. Delocalised pi Systems as Electron Acceptors and Donors, J. Phys. Chem., 1987, 91, 5, 1088, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100289a017 . [all data]

Reents and Freiser, 1981
Reents, W.D.; Freiser, B.S., Gas-Phase Binding Energies and Spectroscopic Properties of NO+ Charge-Transfer Complexes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1981, 103, 2791. [all data]

Farid and McMahon, 1978
Farid, R.; McMahon, T.B., Gas-Phase Ion-Molecule Reactions of Alkyl Nitrites by Ion Cyclotron Resonance Spectroscopy, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1978, 27, 2, 163, https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-7381(78)80037-0 . [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Desfrancois, Periquet, et al., 1999
Desfrancois, C.; Periquet, V.; Lyapustina, S.A.; Lippa, T.P.; Robinson, D.W.; Bowen, K.H.; Nonaka, H.; Compton, Electron Binding to Valence and Multipole states of Molecules: Nitrobenzene, para- and meta-dinitrobenzenes, J. Chem. Phys., 1999, 111, 10, 4569, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.479218 . [all data]

Chowdhury, Heinis, et al., 1986
Chowdhury, S.; Heinis, T.; Grimsrud, E.P.; Kebarle, P., Entropy Changes and Electron Affinities from Gas-Phase Electron Transfer Equilibria: A- + B = A + B-, J. Phys. Chem., 1986, 90, 12, 2747, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100403a037 . [all data]

Chen, Wiley, et al., 1994
Chen, E.C.M.; Wiley, J.R.; Batten, C.F.; Wentworth, W.E., Determination of the Electron Affinities of Molecules Using Negative Ion Mass Spectrometry, J. Phys. Chem., 1994, 98, 1, 88, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100052a016 . [all data]

Chen, Chen, et al., 1992
Chen, E.C.M.; Chen, E.S.; Milligan, M.S.; Wentworth, W.E.; Wiley, J.R., Experimental Determination of the Electron Affinities of Nitrobenzene, Nitrotoluenes, Pentafluoronitrobenzene, and Isotopic Nitrobenzenes an, J. Phys. Chem., 1992, 96, 5, 2385, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100184a069 . [all data]

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Fukuda, E.K.; McIver, R.T., Jr., Relative electron affinities of substituted benzophenones, nitrobenzenes, and quinones. [Anchored to EA(SO2) from 74CEL/BEN], J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 2291. [all data]

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Mock, R.S.; Grimsrud, E.P., Gas-Phase Electron Photodetachment Spectroscopy of the Molecular Anions of Nitroaromatic Hydrocarbons at Atmospheric Pressure, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 8, 2861, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00190a020 . [all data]

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Compton, R.N.; Christophorou, L.G.; Hurst, G.S.; Reinhardt, P.W., Nondissociative Electron Capture in Complex Molecules and Negative Ion Lifetimes, J. Chem. Phys., 1966, 45, 12, 4634, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1727547 . [all data]

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Klasinc, L.; Kovac, B.; Gusten, H., Photoelectron spectra of acenes. Electronic structure and substituent effects, Pure Appl. Chem., 1983, 55, 289. [all data]

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Allam, S.H.; Migahed, M.D.; El-Khodary, A., Electron impact ionization and dissociation of deuterated and non-deuterated methanol, methyl cyanide, nitromethane and nitrobenzene, Egypt. J. Phys., 1982, 13, 167. [all data]

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Kimura, K.; Katsumata, S.; Achiba, Y.; Yamazaki, T.; Iwata, S., Ionization energies, Ab initio assignments, and valence electronic structure for 200 molecules in Handbook of HeI Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds, Japan Scientific Soc. Press, Tokyo, 1981. [all data]

Allam, Migahed, et al., 1981
Allam, S.H.; Migahed, M.D.; El Khodary, A., Electron impact study of nitrobenzene and nitromethane, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1981, 39, 117. [all data]

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Matyuk, V.M.; Potapov, V.K.; Prokhoda, A.L., Photoexcitation and photoionisation of nitro- derivatives of benzene and toluene, Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 1979, 53, 538. [all data]

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Notes

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