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Benzene, (1-methylethyl)-

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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C9H12+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.73 ± 0.02eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)189.2kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity182.6kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.72EIMcLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1979LLK
8.725 ± 0.008EQLias and Ausloos, 1978LLK
8.69 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, 1957RDSH
~8.76SHammond, Price, et al., 1950RDSH
8.71PEHowell, Goncalves, et al., 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.75PEShudo, Kobayashi, et al., 1977Vertical value; LLK
8.98PEBruckmann and Klessinger, 1974Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C7H7+9.91C2H5EIMcLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1979LLK
C8H9+10.02CH3EIMcLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1979LLK
C8H9+10.65CH3EIHowe and Williams, 1969RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C9H11- + Hydrogen cation = Benzene, (1-methylethyl)-

By formula: C9H11- + H+ = C9H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar378.9 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar372.9 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

McLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1979
McLoughlin, R.G.; Morrison, J.D.; Traeger, J.C., Photoionization of the C-1 - C-4 monosubstituted alkyl benzenes: Thermochemistry of [C7H7]+ and [C8H9]+ formation, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1979, 14, 104. [all data]

Lias and Ausloos, 1978
Lias, S.G.; Ausloos, P.J., eIonization energies of organic compounds by equilibrium measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1978, 100, 6027. [all data]

Watanabe, 1957
Watanabe, K., Ionization potentials of some molecules, J. Chem. Phys., 1957, 26, 542. [all data]

Hammond, Price, et al., 1950
Hammond, V.J.; Price, W.C.; Teegan, J.P.; Walsh, A.D., The absorption spectra of some substituted benzenes and naphthalenes in the vacuum ultra-violet, Faraday Discuss. Chem. Soc., 1950, 9, 53. [all data]

Howell, Goncalves, et al., 1984
Howell, J.O.; Goncalves, J.M.; Amatore, C.; Klasinc, L.; Wightman, R.M.; Kochi, J.K., Electron transfer from aromatic hydrocarbons and their «pi»-complexes with metals. Comparison of the standard oxidation potentials and vertical ionization potentials, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 3968. [all data]

Shudo, Kobayashi, et al., 1977
Shudo, K.; Kobayashi, T.; Utsunomiya, C., Photoelectron spectral studies on the interaction of three-membered rings with aryl groups, Tetrahedron, 1977, 33, 1721. [all data]

Bruckmann and Klessinger, 1974
Bruckmann, P.; Klessinger, M., Photoelektronenspektren organischer verbindungen. V. Wechselwirkung kleiner ringe mit «pi»-systemen, Chem. Ber., 1974, 107, 1108. [all data]

Howe and Williams, 1969
Howe, I.; Williams, D.H., Calculation and qualitative predictions of mass spectra. Mono- and paradisubstituted benzenes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1969, 91, 7137. [all data]

Bartmess, Scott, et al., 1979
Bartmess, J.E.; Scott, J.A.; McIver, R.T., Jr., The gas phase acidity scale from methanol to phenol, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 6047. [all data]


Notes

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