Benzene, tert-butyl-

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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.68 ± 0.03eVN/AN/AL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.69PIDomnin, Lakshin, et al., 1985LBLHLM
8.25PEBaidin, Misharev, et al., 1985LBLHLM
8.63 ± 0.01PIVanderGreef, 1980LLK
8.69EIMcLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1979LLK
8.725 ± 0.008EQLias and Ausloos, 1978LLK
8.64CTSPitt, 1973LLK
8.68 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
8.68 ± 0.01PIPrice, Bralsford, et al., 1959RDSH
8.81PEBaidin, Misharev, et al., 1985Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.65PEHowell, Goncalves, et al., 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.74 ± 0.05PENagy-Felsobuki and Peel, 1979Vertical value; LLK
8.83PEBischof, Dewar, et al., 1974Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C9H11+9.66CH3PIDomnin, Lakshin, et al., 1985LBLHLM
C9H11+9.73 ± 0.02CH3PIPECOBrand and Baer, 1983T = 298K; LBLHLM
C9H11+9.93 ± 0.03CH3PIPECOBrand and Baer, 1983T = 0K; LBLHLM
C9H11+10.26CH3EIHowe and Williams, 1969RDSH


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Domnin, Lakshin, et al., 1985
Domnin, I.N.; Lakshin, A.M.; Misharev, A.D.; Orlov, V.M.; Takhistov, V.V., Thermochemical investigation of some hydrocarbon ions generated by photoionization, J. Org. Chem. USSR, 1985, 21, 1149. [all data]

Baidin, Misharev, et al., 1985
Baidin, V.N.; Misharev, A.D.; Takhistov, V.V., Effect of alkyl substituents on the ionization potentials of halogenobenzenes, Zh. Org. Khim., 1985, 21, 817. [all data]

VanderGreef, 1980
VanderGreef, J., [Title unavailable], Thesis, Amsterdam, 1980. [all data]

McLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1979
McLoughlin, R.G.; Morrison, J.D.; Traeger, J.C., Photoionization of the C-1 - C-4 monosubstituted alkyl benzenes: Thermochemistry of [C7H7]+ and [C8H9]+ formation, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1979, 14, 104. [all data]

Lias and Ausloos, 1978
Lias, S.G.; Ausloos, P.J., eIonization energies of organic compounds by equilibrium measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1978, 100, 6027. [all data]

Pitt, 1973
Pitt, C.G., Hyperconjugation and its role in group IV chemistry, J. Organomet. Chem., 1973, 61, 49. [all data]

Watanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962
Watanabe, K.; Nakayama, T.; Mottl, J., Ionization potentials of some molecules, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer, 1962, 2, 369. [all data]

Price, Bralsford, et al., 1959
Price, W.C.; Bralsford, R.; Harris, P.V.; Ridley, R.G., Ultra-violet spectra and ionization potentials of hydrocarbon molecules, Spectrochim. Acta, 1959, 14, 45. [all data]

Howell, Goncalves, et al., 1984
Howell, J.O.; Goncalves, J.M.; Amatore, C.; Klasinc, L.; Wightman, R.M.; Kochi, J.K., Electron transfer from aromatic hydrocarbons and their π-complexes with metals. Comparison of the standard oxidation potentials and vertical ionization potentials, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 3968. [all data]

Nagy-Felsobuki and Peel, 1979
Nagy-Felsobuki, E.; Peel, J.B., Photoelectron spectroscopic studies of the butylbenzenes, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1979, 16, 397. [all data]

Bischof, Dewar, et al., 1974
Bischof, P.K.; Dewar, M.J.S.; Goodman, D.W.; Jones, T.B., Photoelectron spectra of molecules. VI. Hyperconjugation versus pπ-dπ bonding in group IVb compounds, J. Organomet. Chem., 1974, 82, 89. [all data]

Brand and Baer, 1983
Brand, W.A.; Baer, T., Unimolecular dissociation of energy-selected t-butylbenzene ions and effect of thermal energy on data analysis, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1983, 49, 103. [all data]

Howe and Williams, 1969
Howe, I.; Williams, D.H., Calculation and qualitative predictions of mass spectra. Mono- and paradisubstituted benzenes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1969, 91, 7137. [all data]


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