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Furfural

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil434.7 ± 0.4KAVGN/AAverage of 11 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus234.5KN/ATimmermans, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple235.1KN/AMiller, 1936Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc670.KN/AN/AUncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc55.10barN/AN/AUncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.9806 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap50.7 ± 0.2kJ/molGSEmel'yanenko, Dabrowska, et al., 2007Based on data from 277. - 323. K.; AC
Deltavap50.7 ± 0.2kJ/molEBHauschild, Wu, et al., 1987Based on data from 366. - 394. K. See also Emel'yanenko, Dabrowska, et al., 2007.; AC
Deltavap50.63 ± 0.42kJ/molVMathews, 1926Reanalyzed by Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986, Original value = 43.22 ± 0.88 kJ/mol; ALS
Deltavap50.6 ± 0.4kJ/molEBMathews, 1926Based on data from 329. - 434. K. See also Emel'yanenko, Dabrowska, et al., 2007.; AC

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (bar) Reference Comment
363.20.087Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
44.7372.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 357. - 435. K.; AC
48.2344.N/AMatthews, Sumner, et al., 1950Based on data from 329. - 433. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
47.6380.N/AEvans and Aylesworth, 1926Based on data from 365. - 443. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
329.02 - 433.904.093551430.133-84.449Matthews, Sumner, et al., 1950, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
14.37235.1Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
14.368235.1Miller, 1935DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
61.1235.1Miller, 1935DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Timmermans, 1922
Timmermans, J., Investigation of the Freezing Point of Organic Substances VII, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1922, 31, 389. [all data]

Miller, 1936
Miller, P., The Free Energy of Furfural and Some of Its Derivatives, Iowa State Coll. J. Sci., 1936, 10, 91-3. [all data]

Emel'yanenko, Dabrowska, et al., 2007
Emel'yanenko, Vladimir N.; Dabrowska, Aldona; Hertel, Marcus O.; Scheuren, Hans; Sommer, Karl, Vapor Pressures, Enthalpies of Vaporization, and Limiting Activity Coefficients in Water at 100 °C of 2-Furanaldehyde, Benzaldehyde, Phenylethanal, and 2-Phenylethanol, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2007, 52, 2, 468-471, https://doi.org/10.1021/je060406c . [all data]

Hauschild, Wu, et al., 1987
Hauschild, Torsten; Wu, Huey S.; Sandler, Stanley I., Vapor-liquid equilibrium of the mixtures 2-furaldehyde/1-butanol and 2-furaldehyde/4-methyl-2-pentanone, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1987, 32, 2, 226-229, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00048a028 . [all data]

Mathews, 1926
Mathews, J.H., The accurate measurement of heats of vaporization of liquids, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 562-576. [all data]

Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986
Pedley, J.B.; Naylor, R.D.; Kirby, S.P., Thermochemical Data of Organic Compounds, Chapman and Hall, New York, 1986, 1-792. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Matthews, Sumner, et al., 1950
Matthews, J.B.; Sumner, J.F.; Moelwyn-Hughes, E.A., The vapour pressures of certain liquids, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1950, 46, 797, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9504600797 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Evans and Aylesworth, 1926
Evans, W.V.; Aylesworth, M.B., Some critical constants of furfural, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1926, 18, 1, 24-27, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50193a013 . [all data]

Matthews, Sumner, et al., 1950, 2
Matthews, J.B.; Sumner, J.F.; Moelwyn-Hughes, E.A., The Vapour Pressures of Certain Liquids, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1950, 46, 797-803, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9504600797 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Miller, 1935
Miller, P., The free energy of furfural and some of its derivatives, Iowa State Coll. J. Sci., 1935, 10, 91-93. [all data]


Notes

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