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Furfural

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-149.6kJ/molN/AAvramescu and Isagescu, 1978Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -200.2 kj/mol from Avramescu and Isagescu, 1978 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 50.63±0.42 kj/mol from missing citation.; DRB
Deltafgas-151.04kJ/molCmKudchadker and Kudchadker, 1975ALS
Deltafgas-144.3kJ/molN/AMiller, 1936Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -194.9 kj/mol from Miller, 1936 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 50.63±0.42 kj/mol from missing citation.; DRB
Deltafgas-151.4kJ/molN/ALandrieu, Baylocq, et al., 1929Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -202 kj/mol from Landrieu, Baylocq, et al., 1929 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 50.63±0.42 kj/mol from missing citation.; DRB

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
46.95100.Kudchadker S.A., 1975GT
56.92150.
69.35200.
90.68273.15
98.09298.15
98.63300.
125.94400.
148.11500.
165.50600.
179.15700.
190.02800.
198.79900.
205.971000.
211.911100.
216.871200.
221.041300.
224.581400.
227.601500.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-200.2kJ/molCcbAvramescu and Isagescu, 1978ALS
Deltafliquid-194.9kJ/molCcbMiller, 1936%hf calculated possible error by author; ALS
Deltafliquid-202.kJ/molCcbLandrieu, Baylocq, et al., 1929ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-2339.0 ± 0.08kJ/molCcbAvramescu and Isagescu, 1978Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -200.2 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-2344.kJ/molCcbMiller, 1936%hf calculated possible error by author; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -195. kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-2338.kJ/molCcbLandrieu, Baylocq, et al., 1929Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -202. kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid218.0J/mol*KN/AMiller, 1935Extrapolation below 90 K, 52.38 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
159.5293.Rastorguev and Ganiev, 1967T = 293 to 373 K.; DH
162.8298.15Omel'chenko, 1962T = 288 to 412 K.; DH
158.2298.von Reis, 1881T = 290 to 347 K.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil434.7 ± 0.4KAVGN/AAverage of 11 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus234.5KN/ATimmermans, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple235.1KN/AMiller, 1936, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc670.KN/AN/AUncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc55.10barN/AN/AUncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.9806 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap50.7 ± 0.2kJ/molGSEmel'yanenko, Dabrowska, et al., 2007Based on data from 277. - 323. K.; AC
Deltavap50.7 ± 0.2kJ/molEBHauschild, Wu, et al., 1987Based on data from 366. - 394. K. See also Emel'yanenko, Dabrowska, et al., 2007.; AC
Deltavap50.63 ± 0.42kJ/molVMathews, 1926Reanalyzed by Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986, Original value = 43.22 ± 0.88 kJ/mol; ALS
Deltavap50.6 ± 0.4kJ/molEBMathews, 1926Based on data from 329. - 434. K. See also Emel'yanenko, Dabrowska, et al., 2007.; AC

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (bar) Reference Comment
363.20.087Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
44.7372.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 357. - 435. K.; AC
48.2344.N/AMatthews, Sumner, et al., 1950Based on data from 329. - 433. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
47.6380.N/AEvans and Aylesworth, 1926Based on data from 365. - 443. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
329.02 - 433.904.093551430.133-84.449Matthews, Sumner, et al., 1950, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
14.37235.1Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
14.368235.1Miller, 1935DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
61.1235.1Miller, 1935DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Furaldehyde phenylhydrazone + Water = Hydrazine, phenyl- + Furfural

By formula: C11H10N2O + H2O = C6H8N2 + C5H4O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-61.9kJ/molCmLandrieu, 1905solid phase

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 118785

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Avramescu and Isagescu, 1978
Avramescu, F.; Isagescu, D.A., Heats of combustion of mono- and difurfurylidene acetone, Rev. Roum. Chim., 1978, 23, 655-659. [all data]

Kudchadker and Kudchadker, 1975
Kudchadker, S.A.; Kudchadker, A.P., Thermodynamic properties of oxygen compounds. III. Benzaldehyde and furfural (2-furaldehyde), Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 1975, 12, 432-437. [all data]

Miller, 1936
Miller, P., The free energy of furfural and some of its derivatives, Iowa State Coll. J. Sci., 1936, 10, 91-93. [all data]

Landrieu, Baylocq, et al., 1929
Landrieu, P.; Baylocq, F.; Johnson, J.R., Etude thermochimique dans la serie furanique, Bull. Soc. Chim. France, 1929, 45, 36-49. [all data]

Kudchadker S.A., 1975
Kudchadker S.A., Thermodynamic properties of oxygen compounds. III. Benzaldehyde and furfural (2-furaldehyde), Thermochim. Acta, 1975, 12, 432-437. [all data]

Miller, 1935
Miller, P., The free energy of furfural and some of its derivatives, Iowa State Coll. J. Sci., 1935, 10, 91-93. [all data]

Rastorguev and Ganiev, 1967
Rastorguev, Yu.L.; Ganiev, Yu.A., Study of the heat capacity of selected solvents, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Neft Gaz. 10, 1967, No.1, 79-82. [all data]

Omel'chenko, 1962
Omel'chenko, F.S., Specific heat of furfural, Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved. Pishch. Tekhnol., 1962, No. 2, 151-152. [all data]

von Reis, 1881
von Reis, M.A., Die specifische Wärme flüssiger organischer Verbindungen und ihre Beziehung zu deren Moleculargewicht, Ann. Physik [3], 1881, 13, 447-464. [all data]

Timmermans, 1922
Timmermans, J., Investigation of the Freezing Point of Organic Substances VII, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1922, 31, 389. [all data]

Miller, 1936, 2
Miller, P., The Free Energy of Furfural and Some of Its Derivatives, Iowa State Coll. J. Sci., 1936, 10, 91-3. [all data]

Emel'yanenko, Dabrowska, et al., 2007
Emel'yanenko, Vladimir N.; Dabrowska, Aldona; Hertel, Marcus O.; Scheuren, Hans; Sommer, Karl, Vapor Pressures, Enthalpies of Vaporization, and Limiting Activity Coefficients in Water at 100 °C of 2-Furanaldehyde, Benzaldehyde, Phenylethanal, and 2-Phenylethanol, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2007, 52, 2, 468-471, https://doi.org/10.1021/je060406c . [all data]

Hauschild, Wu, et al., 1987
Hauschild, Torsten; Wu, Huey S.; Sandler, Stanley I., Vapor-liquid equilibrium of the mixtures 2-furaldehyde/1-butanol and 2-furaldehyde/4-methyl-2-pentanone, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1987, 32, 2, 226-229, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00048a028 . [all data]

Mathews, 1926
Mathews, J.H., The accurate measurement of heats of vaporization of liquids, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 562-576. [all data]

Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986
Pedley, J.B.; Naylor, R.D.; Kirby, S.P., Thermochemical Data of Organic Compounds, Chapman and Hall, New York, 1986, 1-792. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Matthews, Sumner, et al., 1950
Matthews, J.B.; Sumner, J.F.; Moelwyn-Hughes, E.A., The vapour pressures of certain liquids, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1950, 46, 797, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9504600797 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Evans and Aylesworth, 1926
Evans, W.V.; Aylesworth, M.B., Some critical constants of furfural, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1926, 18, 1, 24-27, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50193a013 . [all data]

Matthews, Sumner, et al., 1950, 2
Matthews, J.B.; Sumner, J.F.; Moelwyn-Hughes, E.A., The Vapour Pressures of Certain Liquids, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1950, 46, 797-803, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9504600797 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Landrieu, 1905
Landrieu, M.Ph., Thermochimie. - Thermochimie des hydrazones, Compt. Rend., 1905, 141, 358-361. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References