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Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-FFAPHP-FFAPHP-FFAPHP-InnowaxFFAP
Column length (m) 25.25.25.15.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumNitrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.500.500.500.500.50
Tstart (C) 45.45.45.40.35.
Tend (C) 220.220.220.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 15.15.15.3.4.
Initial hold (min)     5.
Final hold (min)     45.
I 1487.1492.1494.1455.1483.
ReferenceWanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 9999Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 9999Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 9999Puvipirom and Chaisei, 2012Budryn, Nebesny, et al., 2011
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase AT-WaxFFAPVF-Wax MSDB-WaxCP-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.500.25
Tstart (C) 60.45.60.40.50.
Tend (C) 280.220.220.210.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.5.3.2.6.
Initial hold (min)  1.5.5.2.
Final hold (min)  5.25.70.15.
I 1441.1456.1469.1427.1452.
ReferenceKiss, Csoka, et al., 2011Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 2011Duarte, Dias, et al., 2010Moon and Shibamoto, 2010Mo, Fan, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxHP-FFAPInnowax
Column length (m) 60.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHelium 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.500.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.60.40.40.
Tend (C) 210.230.250.120.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.3.10.3.10.
Initial hold (min) 5.2.2.3.5.
Final hold (min) 70.5.10.5.15.
I 1482.1460.1443.1473.1470.
ReferenceMoon and Shibamoto, 2009Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009Guo, Wu, et al., 2008Guzman-Geronimo, Lopez, et al., 2008Kaypak and Avsar, 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase ZB-WaxHP-InnowaxCarbowax 20MFFAPDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.50.25.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumN2Helium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.200.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.500.200.400.50.25
Tstart (C) 40.45.60.35.40.
Tend (C) 220.190.260.320.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.5.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 5.2. 5. 
Final hold (min) 5.50.40.45.20.
I 1503.1477.1479.1483.1433.
ReferenceMarin, Pozrl, et al., 2008Soria, Sanz, et al., 2008Kafkas and Paydas, 2007Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 2007Berlinet, Brat, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax Etr
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.30.
Carrier gas HeHeN2HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.50.40.
Tend (C) 230.230.230.200.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.6.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.2. 1.
Final hold (min) 15.15.15.90.10.
I 1456.1456.1466.1423.1494.
ReferenceFan and Qian, 2006Fan and Qian, 2006Fan and Qian, 2006, 2Fujioka and Shibamoto, 2006Perestrelo, Fernandes, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax-PEGDB-WaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 30.30.60.30.50.
Carrier gas   HeliumN2Helium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.200.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.60.40.40.
Tend (C) 200.200.250.230.190.
Heat rate (K/min) 8.8.2.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 3.3.8.2.2.
Final hold (min) 20.20.15.5.30.
I 1468.1468.1430.1467.1467.
ReferenceSchirack, Drake, et al., 2006Schirack, Drake, et al., 2006Tigrine-Kordiani, Meklati, et al., 2006Fan and Qian, 2005de la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxCP-WaxZB-WaxPEG-20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHelium  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.25 0.5
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.60.35.
Tend (C) 240.180.250.180.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.5.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.2.2.10.5.
Final hold (min) 15. 5.30.10.
I 1473.1454.1448.1472.1472.
ReferenceIsogai, Utsunomiya, et al., 2005Ka, Choi, et al., 2005N/AYao, Guo, et al., 2005Chida, Sone, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxTC-WaxDB-WaxHP-FFAPPEG-20M
Column length (m) 30.60.60.30.50.
Carrier gas H2HeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.20
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.50.250.250.20
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 200.230.220.120.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.3.5.3.
Initial hold (min) 5.8.5.5.5.
Final hold (min)    3.30.
I 1485.1485.1470.1483.1461.
ReferenceCulleré, Escudero, et al., 2004Ishikawa, Ito, et al., 2004López, Ezpeleta, et al., 2004López, Guzmán, et al., 2004Narain, Almeida, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxTC-Wax
Column length (m) 50.30.30.30.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.20.250.250.25 
Tstart (C) 45.50.40.50.80.
Tend (C) 190.180.185.230.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.4.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 2. 4.2. 
Final hold (min) 50.40.20.20.30.
I 1483.1469.1458.1458.1485.
ReferenceSoria, Gonzalez, et al., 2004Yanagimoto, Ochi, et al., 2004Lee and Noble, 2003Lin, Cai, et al., 2003Miyazawa and Okuno, 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase TC-WaxCarbowax 20MHP-InnowaxCarbowax 20MHP-FFAP
Column length (m) 60.50.50.50.25.
Carrier gas  HeliumHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.700.20.250.32
Phase thickness (mum)   0.20.250.5
Tstart (C) 80.50.45.45.45.
Tend (C) 240.280.190.190.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.4.4.15.
Initial hold (min)  2.2.2. 
Final hold (min)   50.50. 
I 1471.1447.1478.1478.1487.
ReferenceMiyazawa, Yamafuji, et al., 2003Saura, LAencina, et al., 2003Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2003Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2003Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-FFAPHP-FFAPTC-WAX FFSHP-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 25.25.60.60.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.5 0.50.5
Tstart (C) 45.45.60.40.40.
Tend (C) 220.220.240.190.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 15.15.3.3.4.
Initial hold (min)    6.5.
Final hold (min)     60.
I 1494.1492.1481.1490.1474.
ReferenceWanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 2003Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 2003Miyazawa, Maehara, et al., 2002Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 2002Aznar, López, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase FFAPDB-WaxHP-WaxHP-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.60.60.60.
Carrier gas H2H2HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.50.50.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 240.200.190.190.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.3.3.2.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.6.6. 
Final hold (min)  60.   
I 1465.1474.1490.1490.1445.
ReferenceDucruet, Fournier, et al., 2001Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 2001Maeztu, Sanz, et al., 2001Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 2001Wei, Mura, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxCarbowax 20MDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.60.60.30.
Carrier gas HeHeNitrogen  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.320.53
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.5   
Tstart (C) 50.40.40.30.60.
Tend (C) 210.190.200.170.210.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.5.10.4. 
Final hold (min)    60. 
I 1496.1489.1471.1455.1465.
ReferenceEbeler, Terrien, et al., 2000Escudero, Cacho, et al., 2000Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Buttery, Orts, et al., 1999Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MDB-WaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 60.60.50.60.60.
Carrier gas He HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.5 0.250.50.5
Tstart (C) 40.30.35.40.40.
Tend (C) 190.170.230.190.190.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.3.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 5.4. 5.5.
Final hold (min)  30.30.  
I 1475.1456.1465.1475.1475.
ReferenceLopez, Ferreira, et al., 1999Buttery and Ling, 1998Chatonnet and Dubourdieu, 1998Ferreira, Ardanuy, et al., 1998Ferreira, Lopez, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxCP-Wax 52CBDB-WaxDB-WaxTC-Wax
Column length (m) 25.50.60.60.60.
Carrier gas  HeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.25   
Tstart (C) 35.50.60.50.80.
Tend (C) 250.210.180.200.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.1.52.3.3.
Initial hold (min)  5.  5.
Final hold (min)  10. 40. 
I 1410.1471.1462.1451.1473.
ReferenceOng, Acree, et al., 1998Chyau, Lin, et al., 1997Sekiwa, Kubota, et al., 1997Wada and Shibamoto, 1997Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 1996
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PEG-20MPEG-20MDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 50.50.60.60.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHe H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.32 
Phase thickness (mum) 0.150.15 0.50.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.40.50.60.
Tend (C) 180.180.200.225.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.2.8.
Initial hold (min) 4.4.2. 5.
Final hold (min)     10.
I 1426.1427.1461.1452.1469.
ReferenceTogari, Kobayashi, et al., 1995Togari, Kobayashi, et al., 1995Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995Sagrero-Nieves, Bartley, et al., 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas H2HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 230.230.230.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 8.8.8.8.8.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.5.5.5.
Final hold (min) 10.10.10.10.10.
I 1475.1469.1469.1469.1470.
ReferenceSteullet and Guerin, 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MDB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 80.50.60.30.50.
Carrier gas  HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)   0.25  
Tstart (C) 70.60.50.60.60.
Tend (C) 170.180.230.240.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.3.2.
Initial hold (min)  4.4.10.4.
Final hold (min)      
I 1449.1427.1457.1429.1427.
ReferenceEgolf and Jurs, 1993Kawakami, Kobayashi, et al., 1993Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 1993Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxFFAPCarbowax 20M
Column length (m)  60.60.50.50.
Carrier gas 30 HeHeHydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.3220.280.20
Phase thickness (mum)   0.25  
Tstart (C) 30.50.50.60.50.
Tend (C) 240.250.230.240.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 50.4.4.2.1.
Initial hold (min) 10.0.1 5. 
Final hold (min)  5.  35.
I 1427.1454.1454.1450.1449.
ReferencePfannhauser, 1990Binder and Flath, 1989Engel, Flath, et al., 1988Vernin, Metzger, et al., 1988Wu, Liou, et al., 1987
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillary
Active phase BP-20Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 25.150.50.3.31.
Carrier gas    HeHelium
Substrate    Chromosorb G AW DMCS 
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.640.32 0.50
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 70.50.70.60.40.
Tend (C) 180.170.180.180.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.1.2.4.10.
Initial hold (min) 5.30.   
Final hold (min)  60.   
I 1449.1450.1441.1465.1471.
ReferenceMacLeod and Snyder, 1985Buttery, Ling, et al., 1983Engel and Tressl, 1983Schieberle and Grosch, 1983Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 150.100.100.100.100.
Carrier gas    N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.640.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 50.70.70.70.70.
Tend (C) 170.170.170.170.170.
Heat rate (K/min) 1.1.1.1.1.
Initial hold (min) 30.    
Final hold (min)      
I 1450.1452.1452.1450.1452.
ReferenceButtery, Parker, et al., 1981Shibamoto and Russell, 1977Shibamoto and Russell, 1977Shibamoto and Russell, 1976Shibamoto and Russell, 1976
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 9999
Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Analytical, Nutritional and Clinical Methods, 9999, 1-11. [all data]

Puvipirom and Chaisei, 2012
Puvipirom, J.; Chaisei, S., Contribution of roasted grains and seeds in aroma of oleang (Thai coffee drink), Int. Food Res. J., 2012, 19, 2, 583-588. [all data]

Budryn, Nebesny, et al., 2011
Budryn, G.; Nebesny, E.; Kula, J.; Majda, T.; Krysiak, W., HS-SPME/GC/MS Profiles of convectively and microwave roasted Ivory Coast Robusta coffee brews, Czech. J. Food Sci., 2011, 29, 2, 151-160. [all data]

Kiss, Csoka, et al., 2011
Kiss, M.; Csoka, M.; Gyorfi, J.; Korany, K., Comparison of the fragrance constituents of Tuber aestivium and Tuber Brumale gathered in Hungary, J. Appl. Botany Food Quality, 2011, 84, 102-110. [all data]

Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 2011
Piyachaiseth, T.; Jirapakkul, W.; Chaiseri, S., Aroma compounds of flash-fried rice, Kasetsart J. (Nat. Sci.), 2011, 45, 717-729. [all data]

Duarte, Dias, et al., 2010
Duarte, W.F.; Dias, D.R.; Oliveira, J.M.; Teixeira, J.A.; de Almeida e Silva, J.B.; Schwan, R.F., Characterization of different fruit wines made from cacao,cupuassu, gabiroba, jaboticaba and umbu, Food Sci. Technol., 2010, 43, 1564-1572. [all data]

Moon and Shibamoto, 2010
Moon, J.-K.; Shibamoto, T., Formation of volatile chemicals from thermal degradation of less volatile cofee components: quinic acid, caffeic acid, and chlorogenic acid, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2010, 58, 9, 5465-5470, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf1005148 . [all data]

Mo, Fan, et al., 2009
Mo, X.; Fan, W.; Xu, Y., Changes in volatile compounds of Chinese rice wine wheat qu during fermentation and storage, J. of the Institute of Brewing, 2009, 115, 4, 300-307, https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2050-0416.2009.tb00385.x . [all data]

Moon and Shibamoto, 2009
Moon, J.-K.; Shibamoto, T., Role of roasting conditions in the profile of volatile flavor chemicals formed from coffee beans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 13, 5823-5831, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf901136e . [all data]

Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 2009, 74, 2, c90-c99, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.01029.x . [all data]

Guo, Wu, et al., 2008
Guo, L.; Wu, J.-Z.; Han, T.; Cao, T.; Rahman, K.; Qin, L.-P., Chemical composition, antifungal and antitumor properties of ether extracts of Scapania verrucosa Heeg. and its endophytic fungus Chaetomium fusiforme, Molecules, 2008, 13, 9, 2114-2125, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules13092114 . [all data]

Guzman-Geronimo, Lopez, et al., 2008
Guzman-Geronimo, R.; Lopez, M.G.; Dorantes-Alvarez, L., Microwave processing of avocado: volatile flavor profiling and olfactometry, Innvative Food Sci. Eng. Technol., 2008, 9, 501-506. [all data]

Kaypak and Avsar, 2008
Kaypak, D.; Avsar, Y.K., Volatile and odor-active compounds of tuzlu yoghurt, Asian J. Chem., 2008, 20, 5, 3641-3648. [all data]

Marin, Pozrl, et al., 2008
Marin, K.; Pozrl, T.; Zlatic, E.; Plestenjak, A., A new aroma index to determine the aroma quality of roasted and ground coffee during storage, Food Technol. Biotechnol., 2008, 46, 4, 442-447. [all data]

Soria, Sanz, et al., 2008
Soria, A.C.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., SPME followed by GC-MS: a powerful technique for qualitative analysis of honey volatiles, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2008, 1-12. [all data]

Kafkas and Paydas, 2007
Kafkas, E.; Paydas, S., Evaluation and identification of volatile compounds of some promising strawberry genotypes using HS-SPME technique by GC-MS, World J. Agric. Sci., 2007, 3, 2, 191-195. [all data]

Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 2007
Nebesny, E.; Budryn, G.; Kula, J.; Majda, T., The effect of roasting method on headspace composition of robusta coffee bean aroma, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2007, 225, 1, 9-19, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-006-0375-0 . [all data]

Berlinet, Brat, et al., 2006
Berlinet, C.; Brat, P.; Brillouet, J.-M.; Ducruet, V., Ascorbic acid, aroma compounds and browning of orange juices related to PET packaging materials and pH, J. of the Sci., Food and Agriculture, 2006, 86, 13, 2206-2212, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2597 . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese Wuliangye and Jiannanchun Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 7, 2695-2704, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052635t . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006, 2
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese 'Yanghe Daqu' liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 333-342, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1621 . [all data]

Fujioka and Shibamoto, 2006
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Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, References