Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

NOTICE: Due to scheduled maintenance at our Gaithersburg campus, this site will not be available from 5:00 pm EDT (21:00 UTC) on Friday October 25 until 5:00 pm (21:00 UTC) on Sunday October 27. We apologize for any inconvenience this outage may cause.

Furfural

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxSupelco CO Wax-10Supelco CO Wax-10DB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C35 0C (6 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 25 0C/min -> 250 0C (6 min)not specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 1458.1477.1486.1460.1465.
ReferenceGyawali and Kim, 2012Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 2012Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 2012Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxSOLGel-WaxSOLGel-WaxSOLGel-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program not specified40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)not specified35 0C (9 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 1 0C/min -> 100 0C 16 0C/min -> 210 0C (20 min)
I 1465.1464.1464.1474.1451.
ReferenceWelke, Manfroi, et al., 2012Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011Sampaio, Garruti, et al., 2011
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxDB-WaxSupelko CO WaxSupelko CO WaxStabilwax
Column length (m) 60.30.60.60.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHydrogenHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.500.250.250.25
Program 40 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)not specified35 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 5 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
I 1482.1467.1486.1486.1469.
ReferenceXiao, Dai, et al., 2011San-Juan, Petka, et al., 2010Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010Chinnici, Guerrero, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxSupelcowax-10Supelcowax-10DB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.30.50.30.
Carrier gas  HeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.500.250.250.250.25
Program 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (40 min)40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)45 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 270 0C (21 min)45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)not specified
I 1467.1464.1444.1477.1462.
ReferenceFerreira, Juan, et al., 2009Gyawali and Kim, 2009de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 2009Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2009Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax 10Supelcowax 10DB-WaxPEG 20MSupelcowax-10
Column length (m) 50.50.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)50 0C 20 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C40 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C40C(10min) => 2C/min => 200C(1min) => 2C/min => 250C (10min)
I 1477.1477.1452.1483.1459.
ReferenceSoria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2008Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2008Tao, Wenlai, et al., 2008Zhang, Zhang, et al., 2008Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax EtrHP-InnowaxBP-20
Column length (m) 30.30.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HydrogenHydrogenHeHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.250.25
Program 44 0C 3 0C/min -> 170 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0Cnot specified40C(3min) => 10C/min => 90C => 2C/min => 230C (37min)30 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 1 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 195 0C (45 min)50C(1min) => 2.5C/min => 100C => 2C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 220C
I 1461.1449.1426.1455.1466.
ReferenceGonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 2007Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 2007Loskos, Hernandez-Orte, et al., 2007Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007Pontes, Marques, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BP-20DB-WaxDB-WaxHP-InnowaxHP-Innowax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHydrogenHeHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.500.250.250.25
Program 50C(1min) => 2.5C/min => 100C => 2C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 220C60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 220 0C 3 0C/min -> 245 0C (20 min)50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min)40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)not specified
I 1466.1456.1459.1478.1466.
ReferencePontes, Marques, et al., 2007Selli, 2007Tian, Zhang, et al., 2007Viegas and Bassoli, 2007Viegas and Bassoli, 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxPEG-20MDB-WaxSupelcowax-10Supelcowax-10
Column length (m) 30.30.60.60.60.
Carrier gas He HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.20.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.250.250.250.25
Program 30C(2min) => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)40C(3min) => 5C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)40C(3min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 220C(20min) => 5C/min => 230C35C(3min) => 5C/min => 110C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)35C(3min) => 5C/min => 110C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)
I 1495.1483.1436.1410.1410.
ReferenceWeldegergis B.T., Tredoux A.G.J., et al., 2007Zhang C., Zhang H., et al., 2007Gyawalia, Seo, et al., 2006Kourkoutas, Bosnea, et al., 2006Kourkoutas, Kandylis, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.30.  60.
Carrier gas NitrogenHe  He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25  0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25  0.25
Program 50 0C (4 min) -> 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0Cnot specifiednot specifiednot specified35C(5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C (5min)
I 1445.1433.1447.1450.1471.
ReferenceQuijano and Pino, 2006Berlinet, Ducruet, et al., 2005Editorial paper, 2005Editorial paper, 2005Mattheis, Fan, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Innowax FSCHP-Innowax FSCDB-WaxInnowaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 60.60.60.60. 
Carrier gas HeHeHeliumHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.25 
Program 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C50C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240Cnot specified
I 1479.1479.1460.1479.1482.
ReferenceBaser, Özek, et al., 2004Demirci, Paper, et al., 2004Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 2004Selli, Kürkçüoglu, et al., 2004Vinogradov, 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxSupelcowax-10NukolDB-WaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 30. 25.30.50.
Carrier gas He N2HeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.32 0.250.250.2
Phase thickness (mum) 0.5  0.250.2
Program 50C(4min) => 10C/min => 230C(10min) => 10C/min => 250Cnot specified45C(5min) => 20C/min => 100C(1min) => 3C/min => 190C(40min)25 0C (0.5 min) 50 K/min -> 50 0C 3.5 K/min -> 150 0C 7.5 K/min -> 240 0C60C => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 220C
I 1474.1445.1468.1449.1452.
ReferencePiasenzotto, Gracco, et al., 2003Jung, Kim, et al., 2001López and Dufour, 2001Miranda, Nogueira, et al., 2001Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Wax 52CBFFAPSupelcowax-10CP-Wax 52CBDB-Wax
Column length (m) 50.30.30.50.30.
Carrier gas   He He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.20.250.251.5 
Program 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 190C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)not specified50C(2min) => 7C/min => 140C => 17.5C/min => 230C40C => 2C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250Cnot specified
I 1483.1460.1449.1441.1421.
ReferenceMuresan, Eillebrecht, et al., 2000Lambert, Demazeau, et al., 1999Chang, Seitz, et al., 1995Luning, de Rijk, et al., 1994Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20MSuperox 0.6; Carbowax 20M
Column length (m)   60. 50.
Carrier gas     Hydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)   0.32 0.32
Phase thickness (mum)      
Program not specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 1447.1456.1456.1449.1446.
ReferencePeng, Yang, et al., 1991Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Binder and Flath, 1989Shibamoto, 1987Waggott and Davies, 1984
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Superox 0.6; Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.60.60.
Carrier gas HydrogenHeHe
Substrate    
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)    
Program not specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 1457.1441.1462.
ReferenceWaggott and Davies, 1984Fagan, Kepner, et al., 1982Fagan, Kepner, et al., 1982
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Gyawali and Kim, 2012
Gyawali, R.; Kim, K.-S., Bioactive volatile compounds of three medicinal plants from Nepal, Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci., Engineering and Technol., 2012, 8, 1, 51-62. [all data]

Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 2012
Prompona, K.-D.; Kandylis, P.; Tsakiris, A.; Kanellaki, M.; Kourkoutas, Y., Application of alternative technologies for elimination of artificial colorings in alcoholic beverages produced by Citrus medica and potential impact on human health, Food Nutrition Sci., 2012, 3, 07, 959-969, https://doi.org/10.4236/fns.2012.37127 . [all data]

Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012
Welke, J.E.; Manfroi, V.; Zanus, M.; Lazarotto, M.; Zini, C.A., Characterization of the volatile profile of Brazilian merlot wines through comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2012, 1226, 124-139, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.01.002 . [all data]

Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011
Johanningsmeier, S.D.; McFeeters, R.F., Detection of volatile spoilage metabolites in fermented cucumbers using nontargeted, comprehensive 2-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGCxTOFMS), J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 1, c168-c177, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01918.x . [all data]

Sampaio, Garruti, et al., 2011
Sampaio, K.S.; Garruti, D.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Janzantti, N.S.; Da Silva, M.A.AP., Aroma volatiles recovered in the water phase of cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale L.) juice during concentration, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2011, 91, 10, 1801-1809, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4385 . [all data]

Xiao, Dai, et al., 2011
Xiao, Z.; Dai, S.; Niu, Y.; Yu, H.; Zhu, J.; Tian, H.; Gu, Y., Discrimination of Chinese vinegars based on headspace solid-phase microextraction - gas chromatography mass spectrometry of volatile compounds and multivariate analysis, J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 8, c1125-c1135, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02356.x . [all data]

San-Juan, Petka, et al., 2010
San-Juan, F.; Petka, J.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V.; Escudero, A., Producing headspace extracts for the gas chromatography - olphactometric evaluation of wine aroma, Food Chemistry, 2010, 123, 1, 188-195, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.03.129 . [all data]

Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010
Vekiari, S.A.; Orepoulou, V.; Kourkoutas, Y.; Kamoun, N.; Msallem, M.; Psimouli, V.; Arapoglou, D., Characterization and seasonal variations of the quality of virgin olive oil of the Thoumbolia and Koroneiki varieties from Southern Greece, Grasas y Aceites, 2010, 61, 3, 221-231, https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.108709 . [all data]

Chinnici, Guerrero, et al., 2009
Chinnici, F.; Guerrero, E.D.; Sonni, F.; Natali, N.; Marin, R.N.; Riponi, C., Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) characterization of volatile compounds in quality vinegars with protected Europian geographical indication, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 11, 4784-4792, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf804005w . [all data]

Ferreira, Juan, et al., 2009
Ferreira, V.; Juan, F.S.; Escudero, A.; Cullere, L.; Fernandez-Zurbano, P.; Saenz-Navajas, M.P.; Cacho, J., Modeling quality of premium Spanish red wines from gas chromatography-olfactometry data, J. Agr. Food. Chem., 2009, 57, 16, 7490-7498, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9006483 . [all data]

Gyawali and Kim, 2009
Gyawali, R.; Kim, K.-S., Volatile organic compounds of medicinal values from Nepalese Acorus calamus L., Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci. Eng. Technol., 2009, 5, II, 51-65. [all data]

de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 2009
de Simon, B.F.; Estruelas, E.; Munoz, A.M.; Cadahia, E.; Sanz, M., Volatile compounds in acacia, chestnut, cherry, ash, and oak woods, with a view to their use in cooperage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 8, 3217-3227, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf803463h . [all data]

Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2009
Soria, A.C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanz, J., Study of the precision in the purge-and-trap-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry analysis of volatile compounds in honey, J. Chromatogr. A., 2009, 1216, 15, 3300-3304, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.01.065 . [all data]

Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 2009, 74, 2, c90-c99, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.01029.x . [all data]

Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2008
Soria, A.C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanz, J., Some aspects of dynamic headspace analysis of volatile components in honey, Foog Res. International, 2008, 41, 8, 838-848, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2008.07.010 . [all data]

Tao, Wenlai, et al., 2008
Tao, L.; Wenlai, F.; Yan, X., Characterization of volatile and semi-volatile compounds in Chinese rica wines by headspace solid phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, J. Inst. Brew., 2008, 114, 2, 172-179, https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2050-0416.2008.tb00323.x . [all data]

Zhang, Zhang, et al., 2008
Zhang, C.; Zhang, H.; Wang, L.; Guo, X., Effect of carrot (Daucus carota) antifreeze proteins on texture preperties of frozen dough and volatile compounds of crumb, Food. Sci. Technol. (Lebesmittel-Wissenschaft und Technologie), 2008, 41, 6, 1029-1036, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2007.07.010 . [all data]

Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2007
Bosch-Fuste, J.; Riu-Aumatell, M.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Volatile profiles of sparkling wines obtained by three extraction methods and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 428-435, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.12.053 . [all data]

Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 2007
Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of ecological post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition Analysis, 2007, 20, 3-4, 297-307, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2006.12.004 . [all data]

Loskos, Hernandez-Orte, et al., 2007
Loskos, N.; Hernandez-Orte, P.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Release and formation of varietal aroma compounds during alcoholic fermentation from nonfloral grape odorless flavor precursors fractions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 16, 6674-6684, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0702343 . [all data]

Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007
Narain, N.; Galvao, M. deS.; Ferreira, D.DaS.; Navarro, D.M.A.F., Flavor biogeneration in Mangaba (Hancornia speciosa Gomes) fruit, BioEng. Campinas, 2007, 1, 1, 25-31. [all data]

Pontes, Marques, et al., 2007
Pontes, M.; Marques, J.C.; Camara, J.S., Screening of volatile composition from Portuguese multifloral honeys using headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-quadrupole mass spectrometry, Talanta, 2007, 74, 1, 91-103, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.05.037 . [all data]

Selli, 2007
Selli, S., Volatile constituents of orange obtained from moro oranges (Citrus Sinensis L. Osbeck), J. Food Quality, 2007, 30, 3, 330-341, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4557.2007.00124.x . [all data]

Tian, Zhang, et al., 2007
Tian, Y.; Zhang, X.; Huang, T.; Zou, K.; Zhou, J., Research advances on the essential oils from leaves of Eucalyptus, Food Fermentation Ind. (Chinese), 2007, 33, 10, 143-147. [all data]

Viegas and Bassoli, 2007
Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 2007, 30, 8, 2031-2034, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422007000800040 . [all data]

Weldegergis B.T., Tredoux A.G.J., et al., 2007
Weldegergis B.T.; Tredoux A.G.J.; Crouch A.M., Application of a headspace sorptive extraction method for the analysis of volatile components in South African wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 21, 8696-8702, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf071554p . [all data]

Zhang C., Zhang H., et al., 2007
Zhang C.; Zhang H.; Wang L.; Gao H.; Guo X.N.; Yao H.Y., Improvement of texture properties and flavor of frozen dough by carrot (Daucus carota) antifreeze protein supplementation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 23, 9620-9626, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0717034 . [all data]

Gyawalia, Seo, et al., 2006
Gyawalia, R.; Seo, H.-Y.; Lee, H.-J.; Song, H.-P.; Kim, D.-H.; Byun, M.-W.; Kim, K.-S., Effect of «gamma»-irradiation on volatile compounds of dried Welsh onion (Allium fistulosum L.), Radiat. Phys. Chem., 2006, 75, 2, 322-328, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2005.07.001 . [all data]

Kourkoutas, Bosnea, et al., 2006
Kourkoutas, Y.; Bosnea, L.; Taboukos, S.; Baras, C.; Lambrou, D.; Kanellaki, M., Probiotic Cheese Production Using Lactobacillus casei Cells Immobilized on Fruit Pieces, J. Dairy Sci., 2006, 89, 5, 1439-1451, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72212-3 . [all data]

Kourkoutas, Kandylis, et al., 2006
Kourkoutas, Y.; Kandylis, P.; Panas, P.; Dooley, J.S.G.; Nigam, P.; Koutinas, A.A., Evaluation of freeze-dried kefir coculture as starter in feta-type cheese production, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2006, 72, 9, 6124-6135, https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.03078-05 . [all data]

Quijano and Pino, 2006
Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Changes in volatile constituents during the ripening of cocona (Solanum sessiliflorum Dunal) fruit, Revista CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 2006, 37, 3, 133-136. [all data]

Berlinet, Ducruet, et al., 2005
Berlinet, C.; Ducruet, V.; Brillouet, J.-M.; Reynes, M.; Brat, P., Evolution of aroma compounds from orange juice stored in polyethylene terephthalate (PET), Food Addit. Contam., 2005, 22, 2, 185-195, https://doi.org/10.1080/02652030500037860 . [all data]

Editorial paper, 2005
Editorial paper, Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) Application Guide, The Reporter Europe (Supelco), 2005, 16, 5, 12-12. [all data]

Mattheis, Fan, et al., 2005
Mattheis, J.P.; Fan, X.; Argenta, L.C., Interactive Responses of Gala Apple Fruit Volatile Production to Controlled Atmosphere Storage and Chemical Inhibition of Ethylene Action, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 11, 4510-4516, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf050121o . [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2004
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, T.; Kirimer, N.; Deliorman, D.; Ergun, F., Composition of the essential oils of Galium aparine L. and Galium odoratum (L.) Scop. from Turkey, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 305-307, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698728 . [all data]

Demirci, Paper, et al., 2004
Demirci, F.; Paper, D.H.; Franz, G.; Hüsnü Can Baser, K., Investigation of the origanum onites L. essential oil using the Chorioallantoic Membrane (CAM) assay, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 2, 251-254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034850k . [all data]

Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 2004
Kim. J.H.; Ahn, H.J.; Yook, H.S.; Kim, K.S.; Rhee, M.S.; Ryu, G.H.; Byun, M.W., Color, flavor, and sensory characteristics of gamma-irradiated salted and fermented anchovy sauce, Radiation Phys. Chem., 2004, 69, 2, 179-187, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0969-806X(03)00400-6 . [all data]

Selli, Kürkçüoglu, et al., 2004
Selli, S.; Kürkçüoglu, M.; Kafkas, E.; Cabaroglu, T.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Canbas, A., Volatile flavour components of mandarin wine obtained from clementines (Citrus reticula Blanco) extracted by solid-phase microextraction, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 5, 413-416, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1323 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Piasenzotto, Gracco, et al., 2003
Piasenzotto, L.; Gracco, L.; Conte, L., Solid phase microextraction (SPME) applied to honey quality control, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2003, 83, 10, 1037-1044, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1502 . [all data]

Jung, Kim, et al., 2001
Jung, E.-J.; Kim, J.-P.; Cho, J.-E.; Lee, J.-W.; Lee, Y.-B.; Kim, W.-J., effect of extraction solvent on volatile compounds of garlic oleoresin, J. Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr., 2001, 30, 6, 1033-1037. [all data]

López and Dufour, 2001
López, M.G.; Dufour, J.P., Chapter 6. Tequilas: charm analysis of Blanco, Teposado, and Anejo tequilas, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 2001, 782, 62-72. [all data]

Miranda, Nogueira, et al., 2001
Miranda, E.J.F.; Nogueira, R.I.; Pontes, S.M.; Rezende, C.M., Odour-active compounds of banana passa identified by aroma extract dilution analysis, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 4, 281-285, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.997 . [all data]

Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 2001
Teai, T.; Claude-Lafontaine, A.; Schippa, C.; Cozzolino, F., Volatile compounds in fresh pulp of pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) from French Polynesia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2001, 13, 5, 314-318, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2001.9712222 . [all data]

Muresan, Eillebrecht, et al., 2000
Muresan, S.; Eillebrecht, M.A.J.L.; de Rijk, T.C.; de Jonge, H.G.; Leguijt, T.; Nijhuis, H.H., Aroma profile development of intermediate chocolate products. I. Volatile constituents of block-milk, Food Chem., 2000, 68, 2, 167-174, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(99)00171-5 . [all data]

Lambert, Demazeau, et al., 1999
Lambert, Y.; Demazeau, G.; Largeteau, A.; Bouvier, J.-M., Changes in aromatic volatile composition of strawberry after high pressure treatment, Food Chem., 1999, 67, 1, 7-16, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(99)00084-9 . [all data]

Chang, Seitz, et al., 1995
Chang, C.-Y.; Seitz, L.M.; Chambers, E., IV, Volatile Flavor Components of Breads Made from Hard Red Winter Wheat and Hard White Winter Wheat, Cereal Chem., 1995, 72, 3, 237-242. [all data]

Luning, de Rijk, et al., 1994
Luning, P.A.; de Rijk, T.; Wichers, H.J.; Roozen, J.P., Gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, and sniffing port analyses of volatile compounds of fresh bell peppers (Capsicum annuum) at different ripening stages, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 4, 977-983, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00040a027 . [all data]

Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992
Hatsuko, S.; Kazuko, H.; Masayoshi, K.; Yoshiaki, I., Improvement of quality of likorine extract by heat treatment, J. Food Sci. Technol., 1992, 39, 11, 976-983, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.39.976 . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]

Binder and Flath, 1989
Binder, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile components of pineapple guava, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 734-736, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a034 . [all data]

Shibamoto, 1987
Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s)., Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274. [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Fagan, Kepner, et al., 1982
Fagan, G.L.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Additional volatile components of Palomino film sherry, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 1982, 33, 1, 47-50. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, References