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Butanal, 2-ethyl-

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-1110.748.85Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-130.740.26Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-150.742.07Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-170.743.96Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-190.746.25Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-1110.749.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-150.742.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-170.744.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-190.746.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax110.1040.3Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax50.1018.0Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax70.1025.3Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax90.1032.7Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101004.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101007.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 15C/min => 200C (1min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-160.742.Amboni, Junkes, et al., 2002 
CapillarySE-30120.773.Gröbler and Bálizs, 1981 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-1742.Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane742.Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB762.Weller and Wolf, 198940. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 120 0C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax1018.Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004Program: not specified

References

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 2002
Héberger, K.; Görgényi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kováts indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 973, 1-2, 135-142, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01198-6 . [all data]

Héberger and Görgényi, 1999
Héberger, K.; Görgényi, M., Principal component analysis of Kováts indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1999, 845, 1-2, 21-31, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00323-4 . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Amboni, Junkes, et al., 2002
Amboni, R.D.DeM.C.; Junkes, B. daS.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Quantitative structure-property relationships study of chromatographic retention indices and normal boiling points for oxo compounds using the semi-empirical topological method, J. Mol. Struct. (Theochem), 2002, 586, 1-3, 71-80, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0166-1280(02)00062-3 . [all data]

Gröbler and Bálizs, 1981
Gröbler, A.; Bálizs, G., Investigations on mixed gas chromatographic stationary phases. Part 3: A generalized approximation of retention indices for polar-nonpoalar stationary phase mixtures, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1981, 19, 1, 46-51, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/19.1.46 . [all data]

Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004
Junkes, B.S.; Amboni, R.D.M.C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Application of the semi-empirical topological index in quantitative structure-chromatographic retention relationship (QSRR) studies of aliphatic ketones and aldehydes on stationary phases of different polarity, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2004, 15, 2, 183-189, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532004000200005 . [all data]

Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003
Junkes, B.S.; Castanho, R.D.M.; Amboni, C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Semiempirical Topological Index: A Novel Molecular Descriptor for Quantitative Structure-Retention Relationship Studies, Internet Electronic Journal of Molecular Design, 2003, 2, 1, 33-49. [all data]

Weller and Wolf, 1989
Weller, J.-P.; Wolf, M., Massenspektroskopie und Headspace-GC, Beitr. Gerichtl. Med., 1989, 47, 525-532. [all data]


Notes

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