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Propanoic acid, 2-methyl-, 2-methylpropyl ester

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-542.9 ± 1.7kJ/molCcbVerevkin, Beckhaus, et al., 1996 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-587.4 ± 1.6kJ/molCcbVerevkin, Beckhaus, et al., 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-4847.4 ± 1.6kJ/molCcbVerevkin, Beckhaus, et al., 1996Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -587.3 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil421. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus192.50KN/ATimmermans, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc601.89KN/ABrown, 1906Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 6. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap48.5kJ/molGSVerevkin and Emel'yanenko, 2008Based on data from 274. - 319. K.; AC
Deltavap44.49 ± 0.39kJ/molVVerevkin, Beckhaus, et al., 1996ALS
Deltavap44.5kJ/molN/AVerevkin, Beckhaus, et al., 1996DRB
Deltavap44.5 ± 0.1kJ/molGSVerevkin, Beckhaus, et al., 1996Based on data from 278. - 313. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
46.9292.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 277. - 421. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
277.3 - 420.74.760331806.356-40.698Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

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Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW- 905
NIST MS number 228838

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1333.900.Hu, Lu, et al., 2006 
PackedSE-30150.899.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30100.896.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedOV-1150.900.Ashes and Haken, 1971 
PackedSE-30150.900.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5895.Bouzouita, Kachouri, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101902.Menut, Molangui, et al., 1995N2, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1901.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1902.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30899.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1092.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1095.Umano, Shoji, et al., 1986N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1081.Toda, Yamaguchi, et al., 19822. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1083.Toda, Yamaguchi, et al., 19822. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1925.Omidbaigi, Sefidkon, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-1900.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-1899.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH906.3Censullo, Jones, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
PackedSE-30901.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS913.8Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillaryDB-5MS906.Boulanger and Crouzet, 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 K/min -> 220 0C 5 K/min -> 250 0C (15 min)
CapillaryDB-1899.Eri, Khoo, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: -20C (5min) => 10C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 200C => 10C/min => 280C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1094.Kourkoutas, Elmore, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCarbowax1103.5Censullo, Jones, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
PackedCarbowax 20M1090.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite 545, 4.6 K/min; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101085.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-3070.905.Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5 MS914.Chalchat, Figueredo, et al., 201025. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryZB-1909.Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-1904.Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5892.Yadegarinia, Gachkar, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryZB-1909.Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryOV-101900.Camciuc, Bessière, et al., 199850. m/0.22 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 100. C @ 1. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5913.Larsen and Frisvad, 199535. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101900.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-30938.Dirinck, de Pooter, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Tstart: 20. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups906.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups916.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS909.Nance and Setzer, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 3 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillarySE-30899.Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52925.Tognolini, Barocelli, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySE-30900.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone900.Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1091.Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1089.Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.32 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-Wax1092.Umano, Hagi, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1084.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1090.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1091.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1090.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1091.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1084.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Verevkin, Beckhaus, et al., 1996
Verevkin, S.P.; Beckhaus, H.-D.; Belen'kaja, R.S.; Rakus, K.; Ruchardt, C., Geminal substituent effects Part 9. Standard enthalpies of formation and strain free increments of branched esters and ethers, Thermochim. Acta, 1996, 279, 47-64. [all data]

Timmermans, 1922
Timmermans, J., Investigation of the Freezing Point of Organic Substances VII, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1922, 31, 389. [all data]

Brown, 1906
Brown, J.C., The critical temperature and value of ml/theta of some carbon compounds, J. Chem. Soc., Trans., 1906, 89, 311. [all data]

Verevkin and Emel'yanenko, 2008
Verevkin, Sergey P.; Emel'yanenko, Vladimir N., Transpiration method: Vapor pressures and enthalpies of vaporization of some low-boiling esters, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 2008, 266, 1-2, 64-75, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fluid.2008.02.001 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Hu, Lu, et al., 2006
Hu, X.-F.; Lu, C.-H.; Yin, C.-S., Modeling Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Oxygen-containing Compounds by Novel Atom-type Topological Indices, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 2006, 19, 3, 243-247, https://doi.org/10.1360/cjcp2006.19(3).243.5 . [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974
Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques saturés. Relations rétention-structure et prévision de la rétention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1974, 9/10,Pt.1, 1852-1856. [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1971
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part V. Retention of aliphatic esters on non-polar, donar and acceptor stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1971, 60, 33-44, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95527-4 . [all data]

Germaine and Haken, 1969
Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1969, 43, 33-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99162-3 . [all data]

Bouzouita, Kachouri, et al., 2003
Bouzouita, N.; Kachouri, F.; Hamdi, M.; Chaabouni, M.M., Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from Tunisian aromatic plants, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 5, 380-383, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1200 . [all data]

Menut, Molangui, et al., 1995
Menut, C.; Molangui, T.; Lamaty, G.E.; Bessière, J.-M.; Habimana, J.-B. Menut.; Molangui, T.; Lamaty, G.E.; Bessière, J.-M.; Habimana, J.-B., Aromatic plants of tropical Central Africa. 23. Chemical composition of leaf essential oils of Eucalyptus goniocalyx F. Muell. and Eucalyptus patens Benth. grown in Rwanda, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 5, 1267-1271, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00053a026 . [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1990
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 2, 471-477, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00092a031 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1978
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 158, 43-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)89954-9 . [all data]

Umano, Shoji, et al., 1986
Umano, K.; Shoji, A.; Hagi, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of peel of quince fruit, Cydonia oblonga Miller, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1986, 34, 4, 593-596, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00070a003 . [all data]

Toda, Yamaguchi, et al., 1982
Toda, H.; Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of banana-like aroma from banana shrub (Michellia figo Spreng), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1982, 30, 1, 81-84, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00109a017 . [all data]

Omidbaigi, Sefidkon, et al., 2004
Omidbaigi, R.; Sefidkon, F.; Kazemi, F., Influence of drying methods on the essential oil content and composition of Roman chamomile, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 3, 196-198, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1340 . [all data]

Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 2003
Cavalli, J.-F.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M., Comparison of static headspace, headspace solid phase microextraction, headspace sorptive extraction, and direct thermal desorption techniques on chemical composition of French olive oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 26, 7709-7716, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034834n . [all data]

Censullo, Jones, et al., 2003
Censullo, A.C.; Jones, D.R.; Wills, M.T., Speciation of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in solventborne aerosol coatings by solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography, J. Coat. Technol., 2003, 75, 936, 47-53, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02697922 . [all data]

van den Dool and Kratz, 1963
van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1963, 11, 463-471, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)80947-X . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Boulanger and Crouzet, 2000
Boulanger, R.; Crouzet, J., Free and bound flavour components of Amazonian fruits: 2. cupuacu volatile compounds, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 4, 251-257, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200007/08)15:4<251::AID-FFJ905>3.0.CO;2-2 . [all data]

Eri, Khoo, et al., 2000
Eri, S.; Khoo, B.K.; Lech, J.; Hartman, T.G., Direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry profiling of hop (Humulus lupulus L.) essential oils in support of varietal characterization, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1140-1149, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9911850 . [all data]

Kourkoutas, Elmore, et al., 2006
Kourkoutas, D.; Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S., Comparison of the volatile compositions and flavour properties of cantaloupe, Galia and honeydew muskmelons, Food Chem., 2006, 97, 1, 95-102, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.03.026 . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977
Yabumoto, K.; Jennings, W.G.; Yamaguchi, M., Gas chromatographic retention as identification criteria, Anal. Biochem., 1977, 78, 1, 244-251, https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(77)90029-X . [all data]

Chalchat, Figueredo, et al., 2010
Chalchat, J.-C.; Figueredo, G.; Ozcan, M.M.; Unver, A., Effect of hydrodistillation and microwave distillation extraction methods on chemical composition of essential oil of pickling herb and myrtle plants, South Western J. of Agriculture, 2010, 1, 2, 133-141. [all data]

Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 2008
Mierendorff, H.-G.; Stahl-Biskup, E.; Posthumus, M.A.; van Beek, T.A., Composition of commercial Cape chamomile oil (Eriocephalus punctuatus / Eriocephalus tenuifolius), 2008, retrieved from http://www.chemische-analysen-hamburg.de/Publikationen?CapeChamomileOil/. [all data]

Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007
Audino, P.G.; Alzogaray, R.A.; Vassena, C.; Masuh, H.; Fontán, A.; Gatti, P.; Martínez, A.; Camps, F.; Cork, A.; Zerba, E., Volatile compounds secreted by Brindley's glands of adult Triatoma infestans: identification and biological activity of previously unidentified compounds, Journal of Vector Ecology, 2007, 32, 1, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.3376/1081-1710(2007)32[75:VCSBBO]2.0.CO;2 . [all data]

Yadegarinia, Gachkar, et al., 2006
Yadegarinia, D.; Gachkar, L.; Rezaei, M.B.; Taghizadeh, M.; Astaneh, S.A.; Rasooli, I., Biochemical activities of Iranian Mentha piperita L. and Myrtus communis L. essential oils, Phytochemistry, 2006, 67, 12, 1249-1255, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2006.04.025 . [all data]

Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 2003
Mierendorff, H.-G.; Stahl-Biskup, E.; Posthumus, M.A.; van Beek, T.A., Composition of commercial Cape chamomile oil (Eriocephalus punctulatus), Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 510-514, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1259 . [all data]

Camciuc, Bessière, et al., 1998
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Notes

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