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Propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, ethyl ester

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101803.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101806.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1309.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1312.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1340.Rezende and Fraga, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 5C/min => 150C => 8C/min => 240C(25min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1352.Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1353.Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB787.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB787.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB787.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-1797.Lee, DeMilo, et al., 199760. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1798.Lee, DeMilo, et al., 199760. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1799.Lee, DeMilo, et al., 199760. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
PackedSE-30801.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-52813.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax1342.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 1.8 K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1329.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1333.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1333.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP1345.Charles, Martin, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101347.Chung, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101347.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1325.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1341.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1339.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1992He, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1316.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1317.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1353.Selli, Canbas, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C(3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 3C/min => 245C (20min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1353.Selli, Canbas, et al., 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C(3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 3C/min => 245C(20min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101347.Howard, Mike, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 3C/min => 134C => 20C/min => 250C(3.2min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1331.Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1353.Selli, Cabaroglu, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C(3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 3C/min => 245C (20min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1353.Boido, Lloret, et al., 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C (8min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C
CapillarySupelcowax-101339.da Porto, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m; Program: 60C(8min) => 8C/min => 170C => 13C/min => 240C(20min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1353.Nurgel, Erten, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C (3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 3C/min => 245C (20min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1372.Radovic, Careri, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 30C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5815.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5815.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-5826.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-5815.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5789.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5836.Georgilopoulos and Gallois, 198830. m/0.35 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 2. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5764.da Fonseca, Bizerra, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 35 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 17 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5821.Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (2 min) 2 0Cmin -> 60 0C 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 20 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5832.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5815.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1797.Borse, Rao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (2 min) 1 0C/min -> 90 0C 3 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillarySPB-1821.Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 2C/min => 200C(1min) => 2C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySE-30798.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5788.Jordán, Goodner, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5798.Jordán, Goodner, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS813.Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.801.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.803.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-FFAP1356.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 999925. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-FFAP1362.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 999925. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryVF-Wax MS1338.Duarte, Dias, et al., 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1334.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1334.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1334.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1349.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr1371.Perestrelo, Fernandes, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1349.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1349.Alves and Franco, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-FFAP1356.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-FFAP1362.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1331.Wei, Mura, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101337.Korány, Mednyánszky, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1312.Hwan and Chou, 199950. m/0.32 mm/0.22 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 190. C @ 21. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101367.Campeanu, Burcea, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1355.Wada and Shibamoto, 1997He, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1341.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 230. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1334.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1339.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1353.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1354.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1353.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax1356.Xiao, Dai, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)
CapillaryStabilwax1348.Chinnici, Guerrero, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 5 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1363.Li, Tao, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 160 0C 7 0C/min -> 220 0C (8 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1353.Tao, Wenlai, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 20 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1363.Yongsheng, Hua, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 3 0C/min -> 50 0C 5 0C/min -> 120 0C 7 0C/min -> 175 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C (8 min)
CapillaryPEG 20M1348.Zhang, Zhang, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillarySupelcowax-101348.Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 2C/min => 200C(1min) => 2C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP1321.Lasekan, Buettner, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1363.Li, Tao, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 160C => 7C/min => 230C (8min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1341.Selli, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 220 0C 3 0C/min -> 245 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1349.Tian, Zhang, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1364.Weldegergis B.T., Tredoux A.G.J., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(2min) => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryPEG-20M1348.Zhang C., Zhang H., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 5C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101334.Riu-Aumatell, Bosch-Fuste´, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1338.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1353.Selli, Cabaroglu, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 2C/min => 220C => 3C/min => 245C(20min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1338.Escalona, Birkmyre, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(5min) => 7C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C(10min)
CapillaryTRWAX1371.Torrens, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1339.Escalona, Birkmyre, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(5min) => 7C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C(10min)
CapillaryNukol1330.López and Dufour, 2001N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 45C(5min) => 20C/min => 100C(1min) => 3C/min => 190C(40min)
CapillaryPEG1356.Vas, Gal, et al., 199840. m/0.182 mm/0.30 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 100 0C 3 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 20 0C/min -> 240 0C (2 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101358.Miranda-Lopez, Libbey, et al., 199230. m/0.53 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 80C(5min) => 5C/min => 155C => 4C/min => 240C(30min)
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.1312.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981
Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 1, 57-63, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00103a015 . [all data]

Rezende and Fraga, 2003
Rezende, C.M.; Fraga, S.R.G., Chemical and aroma determination of the pulp and seeds of murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L.), J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2003, 14, 3, 425-428, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532003000300014 . [all data]

Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980
Brander, C.F.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Identification of Some Volatile Compounds of Wine of Vitis Vinifera Cultivar Pinot Noir, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 1980, 31, 1, 69-75. [all data]

Pino, Almora, et al., 2003
Pino, J.; Almora, K.; Marbot, R., Volatile components of papaya (Carica papaya L., maradol variety) fruit, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 492-496, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1248 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Characterization of volatile in Cosa Rican Guava [Psidium friedrichsthalianum (Berg) Niedenzu] fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 21, 6023-6026, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011456i . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2001
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 12, 5883-5887, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010414r . [all data]

Lee, DeMilo, et al., 1997
Lee, C.-J.; DeMilo, A.B.; Moreno, D.S.; Mangan, R.L., Identification of the volatile components of E802 Mazoferm steepwater, a condensed fermented corn extractive highly attractive to the Mexican fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 6, 2327-2331, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960632y . [all data]

van den Dool and Kratz, 1963
van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1963, 11, 463-471, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)80947-X . [all data]

Mondello, Dugo, et al., 1995
Mondello, L.; Dugo, P.; Basile, A.; Dugo, G., Interactive use of linear retention indices, on polar and apolar columns, with a MS-library for reliable identification of complex mixtures, J. Microcolumn Sep., 1995, 7, 6, 581-591, https://doi.org/10.1002/mcs.1220070605 . [all data]

Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004
Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5124-5134, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040052y . [all data]

Charles, Martin, et al., 2000
Charles, M.; Martin, B.; Ginies, C.; Etievant, P.; Coste, G.; Guichard, E., Potent aroma compounds of two red wine vinegars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 1, 70-77, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9905424 . [all data]

Chung, 2000
Chung, H.Y., Volatile flavor components in red fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 5, 1803-1809, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf991272s . [all data]

Chung, 1999
Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 7, 2690-2696, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981166a . [all data]

Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1993
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Notes

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