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Propanoic acid, 2-methyl-, ethyl ester

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Phase change data

Go To: Top, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil383.4 ± 0.7KAVGN/AAverage of 14 out of 16 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus175.4KN/ATimmermans, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc553.6KN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc30.53barN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2.0265 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc2.38mol/lN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap39.88kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap39.8 ± 0.1kJ/molCWadsö, Murto, et al., 1966AC
Deltavap39.8 ± 0.1kJ/molCWadso, 1966ALS
Deltavap35.6 ± 0.04kJ/molVMathews, 1926ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
33.67383.3N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
36.0398.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 383. - 483. K.; AC
44.1264.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 249. - 393. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
248.9 - 383.4.482021536.985-39.904Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
383.3 - 553.4.57001625.753-27.105Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW- 444
NIST MS number 229104

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1333.744.6Hu, Lu, et al., 2006 
PackedSE-30180.737.Oszczapowicz, Ciszkowski, et al., 1986N2, Chromosorb W AW; Column length: 3. m
CapillaryOV-10180.744.Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
PackedSE-30150.732.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30100.746.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedOV-1150.738.Ashes and Haken, 1971 
PackedSE-30150.738.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1751.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1738.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1751.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1750.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1751.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1751.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30732.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M100.961.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-20977.Wyllie and Leach, 199070. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax975.Umano, Shoji, et al., 1986N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M931.Toda, Yamaguchi, et al., 19822. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M934.Toda, Yamaguchi, et al., 19822. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-5756.Engel and Ratel, 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5747.Steinhaus and Schieberle, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5723.Bylaite and Meyer, 200630. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, 50. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5756.Fang and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5MS755.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryZB-5756.Gocmen, Gurbuz, et al., 20040. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS756.Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS774.Bruna, Hierro, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5762.Valim, Rouseff, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryDB-5765.Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 200215. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5763.Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 200215. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB726.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-5755.7Siegmund, Derler, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5.3 K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryDB-1743.Bartelt, 199730. m/0.32 mm/5. «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 270. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS751.Tretyakov, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C
CapillaryBPX-5758.Dharmawan, Kasapis, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 4C/min => 200C => 30C/min => 300C (3min)
CapillarySE-54760.Fritsch and Schieberle, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillarySE-54763.Fritsch and Schieberle, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5754.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5779.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5750.Klesk, Qian, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5753.Klesk and Qian, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryHP-5761.Carrapiso, Ventanas, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 35C(5min) => 10C/min => 150C => 20C/min => 250C(10 min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB747.Fuhrmann and Grosch, 200225. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 5C/min => 170C => 20C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryRTX-5766.Fuhrmann and Grosch, 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5751.Beaulieu and Grimm, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C (1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillaryDB-5759.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C (1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryDB-5757.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C (1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB754.Steinhaus and Schieberle, 2000He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C
CapillarySE-54751.Buettner and Schieberle, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryBPX-5755.Bauchot, Mottram, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He; Program: 0 0C (8 min) -> (1 min) -> 50 0C (2 min) 2.5 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillarySE-54763.Fickert and Schieberle, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C
CapillarySE-54755.Fickert and Schieberle, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C
CapillarySE-54751.Hinterholzer and Schieberie, 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillarySE-54758.Münch, Hofmann, et al., 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (2min) => 240C (10min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax971.Botelho, Caldeira, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 3.5 K/min, 180. C @ 25. min
CapillaryInnowax965.Botelho, Caldeira, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 45. C @ 5. min, 3.5 K/min, 210. C @ 20. min
CapillaryFFAP959.Steinhaus and Schieberle, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax960.Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax965.Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB962.Kourkoutas, Elmore, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryStabilwax971.Fang and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax961.Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2003He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax957.Kim T.H., Kim T.H., et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP967.Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 200215. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP955.Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 200215. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillaryAT-Wax930.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax968.8Siegmund, Derler, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1.1 K/min, 250. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 35. C
PackedCarbowax 20M950.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite 545, 4.6 K/min; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-10962.Bianchi, Cantoni, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 220C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10960.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10969.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10962.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1007.Escudero, Campo, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C(5min) => 4C/min => 100C6C/min => 136C => 3C/min => 220C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP944.Fritsch and Schieberle, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryStabilwax965.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryStabilwax966.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax955.Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 240C
CapillaryStabilwax965.Klesk and Qian, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryHP-FFAP972.Carrapiso, Ventanas, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(5min) => 10C/min => 150C => 20C/min => 250C(10 min)
CapillaryFFAP955.Fuhrmann and Grosch, 200225. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 5C/min => 170C => 20C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP957.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP958.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryFFAP964.Steinhaus and Schieberle, 2000He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C
CapillaryFFAP955.Buettner and Schieberle, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP964.Fickert and Schieberle, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP974.Münch, Hofmann, et al., 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 240C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP952.Yasuhara, 198750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C (5min) => 2C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 210C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-3070.750.Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5 MS757.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS764.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS750.Pino, Marquez, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1735.Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryRTX-5776.Setkova, Risticevic, et al., 200710. m/0.18 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 0.5 min, 50. K/min, 275. C @ 0.5 min
CapillaryDB-5754.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5754.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-5754.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-5758.de Souza, Vásquez, et al., 2006He, 35. C @ 3. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 13.5 m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-5754.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5756.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryRTX-5766.Tokitomo, Steihaus, et al., 200560. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, Helium, 6. K/min; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySE-54779.Tura, Prenzler, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 4. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryOV-101745.Murakami, Goldstein, et al., 200312. m/0.32 mm/0.32 «mu»m, 35. C @ 3. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-5760.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-5742.Lin, Rouseff, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-5744.Lin, Rouseff, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-5757.Kotseridis and Baumes, 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryBP-5770.Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 199950. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-1767.Ong and Acree, 19994. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-1767.Ong and Acree, 19984. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101742.Roberts and Acree, 199635. C @ 3. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 12. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillarySE-54751.Weenen, Koolhaas, et al., 199650. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5755.Larsen and Frisvad, 199535. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5729.Shimoda, Shibamoto, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1741.Peppard, 199230. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1746.Peppard, 199230. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryOV-101746.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-30743.Dirinck, de Pooter, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Tstart: 20. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-1749.Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1979N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 183. m; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 230. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 CB730.Collin, Nizet, et al., 201250. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups756.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups770.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS751.Pino, Marquez, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 CB730.Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 200950. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryHP-5 MS751.Fan, Lu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 3 0C/min -> 160 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (3 min)
CapillaryHP-5775.Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (2 min) 2 0Cmin -> 60 0C 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 20 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (10 min)
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 Cb727.Collin, Nizet, et al., 200850. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 40 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (30 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS752.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS752.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5755.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5754.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5751.Beaulieu and Lancaster, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillaryHP-5761.Carrapiso and Garsia, 200750. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 35 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 150 0C 20 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone732.Chen and Feng, 2007Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30732.Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5755.Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007He; Program: 50C => 3C/min => 200C(10min) => 10C/min => 290C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5751.Beaulieu, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C => 5C/min => 100C => 15C/min => 250C (19C)
CapillaryDB-5752.Tokitomo, Steihaus, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 40 0C/min -> 60 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (5 min)
CapillarySE-54751.Buettner, 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillarySPB-5721.Crook, Boylston, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(3min) => 5C/min => 80C => 4C/min => 95C => 5C/min => 115C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryMFE-73749.Escudero, Gogorza, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30746.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS739.Martí, Mestres, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 210C (30min)
CapillaryMFE-73749.Ferreira, Ortín, et al., 2002H2; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5721.Jordán, Shaw, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-54754.Schieberle and Steinhaus, 2001Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone745.Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5758.Matsui, Guth, et al., 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 230C
CapillarySE-54757.Reiners and Grosch, 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35 0C (2 min) 40 0C/min -> 50 0C (1 min) 6 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryDB-5757.Guth, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySE-54757.Guth, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySE-54763.Lizárraga-Guerra, Guth, et al., 1997He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-54758.Schermann and Schieberle, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-5761.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillarySE-54756.Schieberle, Ofner, et al., 199030. m/0.32 mm/0.20 «mu»m; Program: 2 min at 35 0C; 35-50 0C at 40 deg/min; 5 min at 50 0C; 50 - 220 0C at 4 deg/min;
CapillaryDB-1738.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1742.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1750.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1751.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M100.963.Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 57 CB962.Callejon, Morales, et al., 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 150. C @ 17.5 min
CapillaryDB-Wax961.Caldeira, de Sousa, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 10. min, 3.5 K/min, 180. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax965.Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax961.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax961.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax962.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1004.Kishimoto, Wanikawa, et al., 200615. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax962.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax972.Culleré, Escudero, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax955.Lee and Noble, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 185. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax963.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax964.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax975.Ferreira, Ortín, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax961.Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax965.Lin, Rouseff, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax957.Umano, Hagi, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax965.Aznar, López, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax965.Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax954.Wei, Mura, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax929.Kotseridis and Baumes, 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M955.Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 199960. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax984.Ong and Acree, 19994. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M955.Ferreira, Ardanuy, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M955.Ferreira, Lopez, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax984.Ong and Acree, 19984. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M956.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryDB-Wax962.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax966.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M956.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M968.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M956.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M968.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M956.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M968.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M956.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M968.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryEC-1000935.Delabre and Bendall, 9999Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax955.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax960.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP937.Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 2008Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-10960.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10969.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryHP-FFAP972.Carrapiso and Garsia, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 150 0C 20 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax959.Tian, Zhang, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 58CB973.Tokitomo, Steihaus, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 40 0C/min -> 60 0C (1 min) 6 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP955.Buettner, 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP969.Didzbalis, Ritter, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 60C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-Wax975.Escudero, Gogorza, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M956.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB960.Martí, Mestres, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 100C => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 210C (10min)
CapillaryTRWAX990.Torrens, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP955.Buettner and Schieberle, 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP961.Reiners and Grosch, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C(1min) => 6C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-FFAP950.Guth, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP950.Guth, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP958.Schermann and Schieberle, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.950.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Timmermans, 1922
Timmermans, J., Investigation of the Freezing Point of Organic Substances VII, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1922, 31, 389. [all data]

Nadezhdin, 1887
Nadezhdin, A., Rep. Phys., 1887, 23, 708. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Wadsö, Murto, et al., 1966
Wadsö, Ingemar; Murto, Maija-Leena; Bergson, Göran; Ehrenberg, L.; Brunvoll, J.; Bunnenberg, E.; Djerassi, Carl; Records, Ruth, Heats of Vaporization for a Number of Organic Compounds at 25 degrees C., Acta Chem. Scand., 1966, 20, 544-552, https://doi.org/10.3891/acta.chem.scand.20-0544 . [all data]

Wadso, 1966
Wadso, I., Acta Chem. Scand., 1966, 20, 544. [all data]

Mathews, 1926
Mathews, J.H., The accurate measurement of heats of vaporization of liquids, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 562-576. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Hu, Lu, et al., 2006
Hu, X.-F.; Lu, C.-H.; Yin, C.-S., Modeling Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Oxygen-containing Compounds by Novel Atom-type Topological Indices, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 2006, 19, 3, 243-247, https://doi.org/10.1360/cjcp2006.19(3).243.5 . [all data]

Oszczapowicz, Ciszkowski, et al., 1986
Oszczapowicz, J.; Ciszkowski, K.; Osek, J., Amidines. XXVI. Retention indices of N1,N1-dimethylpropionamidines, isobutyramidines, pivalamidines and phenylacetamidines on a non-polar column, J. Chromatogr., 1986, 362, 383-389, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)86990-9 . [all data]

Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1982
Komárek, K.; Hornová, L.; Churácek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. II. Separation of homologous series of halogenoethyl esters of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 252, 293-296, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88420-X . [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974
Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques saturés. Relations rétention-structure et prévision de la rétention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1974, 9/10,Pt.1, 1852-1856. [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1971
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part V. Retention of aliphatic esters on non-polar, donar and acceptor stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1971, 60, 33-44, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95527-4 . [all data]

Germaine and Haken, 1969
Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1969, 43, 33-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99162-3 . [all data]

Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 1992
Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 10, 1925-1929, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00022a040 . [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1990
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Notes

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