Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

3-Pentanone

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1333.676.4Hu, Lu, et al., 2006 
CapillaryHP-1110.676.91Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-130.675.75Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-150.675.42Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-170.675.52Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-190.675.84Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-10160.677.74Garay, 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryHP-1110.677.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-150.675.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-170.676.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-190.676.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySE-30100.682.Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-30110.681.Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-3080.682.Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-3090.682.Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
PackedSqualane80.640.Fernández-Sánchez, García-Domínguez, et al., 1987H2
PackedApiezon L120.658.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.665.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L130.651.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
CapillarySqualane60.638.Ryba, 1976Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane60.647.Ryba, 1976Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedApiezon L130.651.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m
PackedApiezon L70.647.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-1672.Bartley and Schwede, 1989He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax110.1011.3Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax50.996.9Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax70.1001.5Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax90.1006.3Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax974.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax976.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M958.Nishimura, Yamaguchi, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS700.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryBP-1651.Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 200350. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-1651.Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 200350. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-1670.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-1659.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryBP-1651.Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 200150. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB703.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryBPX-5707.Aaslyng, Elmore, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5694.Madruga and Mottram, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS703.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-20983.Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 200350. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-20983.Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 200350. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-20983.Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 200150. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax978.Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-160.675.Amboni, Junkes, et al., 2002 
PackedApieson L120.665.Kurdina, Markovich, et al., 1969not specified, not specified
PackedApieson L120.672.Kurdina, Markovich, et al., 1969not specified, not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS689.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryOV-101697.Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5687.Mildner-Szkudlarz and Jelen, 200810. m/0.10 mm/0.40 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillarySPB-5697.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-1675.Berlioz, Cordella, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5700.Isidorov, Purzynska, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5701.3Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryHP-1671.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-1669.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-1669.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-1675.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone669.92Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1701.Tai and Ho, 199860. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-101681.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1669.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS688.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5685.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/1.00 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone651.Chen and Feng, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone676.Feng and Mu, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS650.Mallia, Escher, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone677.Blunden, Aneja, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
CapillaryBPX-5705.Duflos, Moine, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 5C/min => 100C => 20C/min => 280C (5min)
CapillaryHP-1675.Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30681.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5688.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane675.Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone676.Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1678.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillarySPB-1678.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1683.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1666.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1669.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillarySF96+Igepal685.Flath, Altieri, et al., 1984Column length: 152. m; Column diameter: 0.76 mm; Program: 25C(1min) => 5C/min => 50C (4min) => 1.25C/min => 180C
CapillaryOV-1683.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30643.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Program: -10C (8min) => 12C/min => 26C => 3C/min => 170C (30min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTR-WAX977.Tena N., Lazzez A., et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryPEG-20M970.Narain, Almeida, et al., 200450. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax956.Dregus and Engel, 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillarySupelcowax-10979.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10979.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10970.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10981.Girard and Durance, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax975.Umano, Nakahara, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryPEG-20M964.Kubota, Matsujage, et al., 199650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M980.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryDB-Wax971.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax969.Gyawali and Kim, 201260. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1002.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10983.Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M980.Dhifi, Angerosa, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2; Program: 25C(7min) => 0.8C/min => 33C => 2.4C/min => 80C => 3.7C/min => 155C (20min)
CapillaryInnowax997.Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M980.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax986.Piveteau, le Guen, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(6min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 240C (15min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB965.Luning, de Rijk, et al., 199450. m/0.32 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax977.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.981.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M965.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hu, Lu, et al., 2006
Hu, X.-F.; Lu, C.-H.; Yin, C.-S., Modeling Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Oxygen-containing Compounds by Novel Atom-type Topological Indices, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 2006, 19, 3, 243-247, https://doi.org/10.1360/cjcp2006.19(3).243.5 . [all data]

Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 2002
Héberger, K.; Görgényi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kováts indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 973, 1-2, 135-142, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01198-6 . [all data]

Garay, 2000
Garay, F., Application of a flow-tunable, serially coupled gas chromatographic capillary column system for the analysis of complex mixtures, Chromatographia Sup., 2000, 51, 1, s108-s120, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02492792 . [all data]

Héberger and Görgényi, 1999
Héberger, K.; Görgényi, M., Principal component analysis of Kováts indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1999, 845, 1-2, 21-31, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00323-4 . [all data]

Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 1997
Golovnya, R.V.; Syomina, L.A.; Samusenko, A.L., Temperature changes of sorption parameters of di-n-alkylketones and methylcyclohexanones in capillary gas chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 1997, 46, 2, 314-318, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02494370 . [all data]

Fernández-Sánchez, García-Domínguez, et al., 1987
Fernández-Sánchez, E.; García-Domínguez, J.A.; García-Muñoz, J.; Menéndez, V.; Molera, M.J., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention indices on binary mixed stationary phases, An. Quim., 1987, 83, 56-58. [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Ryba, 1976
Ryba, M., Unlösliche Restfilme er stationären Flüssigkeit in gas-chromatographischen Glaskapillaren, Chromatographia, 1976, 9, 3, 105-112, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02330376 . [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]

Bartley and Schwede, 1989
Bartley, J.P.; Schwede, A.M., Production of volatile componds in ripening kiwi fruit (Actinidia chinensis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 4, 1023-1025, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00088a046 . [all data]

Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 1990
Tatsuka, K.; Suekane, S.; Sakai, Y.; Sumitani, H., Volatile constituents of kiwi fruit flowers: simultaneous distillation and extraction versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 12, 2176-2180, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00102a015 . [all data]

Nishimura, Yamaguchi, et al., 1989
Nishimura, O.; Yamaguchi, K.; Mihara, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile Constituents of Guava Fruits (Psidium guajava L.) and Canned Puree, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 1, 139-142, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00085a033 . [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 2003
Bianchini, A.; Tomi, P.; Bernardini, A.F.; Morelli, I.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Usai, M.; Marchetti, M., A comparative study of volatile constituents of two Helichrysum italicum (Roth) Guss. Don Fil subspecies growing in Corsica (France), Tuscany and Sardinia (Italy), Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 487-491, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1231 . [all data]

Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 2003
Cavalli, J.-F.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M., Comparison of static headspace, headspace solid phase microextraction, headspace sorptive extraction, and direct thermal desorption techniques on chemical composition of French olive oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 26, 7709-7716, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034834n . [all data]

Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 2001
Bianchini, A.; Tomi, P.; Costa, J.; Bernardini, A.F., Composition of Helichrysum italicum (Roth) G. Don fil. subsp. italicum essential oils from Corsica (France), Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 1, 30-34, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200101/02)16:1<30::AID-FFJ941>3.0.CO;2-F . [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Hierro, E., Two-fibre solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of volatile aroma compounds in cooked pork, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 905, 1-2, 233-240, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00990-0 . [all data]

Aaslyng, Elmore, et al., 1998
Aaslyng, M.D.; Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S., Comparison of the aroma characteristics of acid-hydrolyzed and enzyme-hydrolyzed vegetable proteins produced from soy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 12, 5225-5231, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9806816 . [all data]

Madruga and Mottram, 1998
Madruga, M.S.; Mottram, D.S., The effect of pH on the formation of volatile compounds produced by heating a model system containing 5'-imp and cysteine, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 1998, 9, 3, 261-271, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50531998000300010 . [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000, 2
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., The effects of diet and breed on the volatile compounds of cooked lamb, Meat Sci., 2000, 55, 2, 149-159, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(99)00137-0 . [all data]

Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994
Sumitani, H.; Suekane, S.; Nakatani, A.; Tatsuka, K., Changes in composition of volatile compounds in high pressure treated peach, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 3, 785-790, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00039a037 . [all data]

Amboni, Junkes, et al., 2002
Amboni, R.D.DeM.C.; Junkes, B. daS.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Quantitative structure-property relationships study of chromatographic retention indices and normal boiling points for oxo compounds using the semi-empirical topological method, J. Mol. Struct. (Theochem), 2002, 586, 1-3, 71-80, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0166-1280(02)00062-3 . [all data]

Kurdina, Markovich, et al., 1969
Kurdina, Z.G.; Markovich, V.E.; Sakharov, V.M., Gas chromatography of cyclic O-containing compounds in Gas chromatography, Issue # 10, NIITEKhim, Moscow, 1969, 128-133. [all data]

Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 2012
Kotowska, U.; Zalikowski, M.; Isidorov, V.A., HS-SPME/GC-MS analysis of volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds emitted from municipal sewage sludge, Environ. Monit. Asses., 2012, 184, 5, 2893-2907, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2158-8 . [all data]

Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 2011
Zenkevich, I.G.; Eliseenkov, E.V.; Kasatochkin, A.N.; Zhakovskaya, Z.A.; Khoroshko, L.O., Gas chromatographic identification of chlorination products of aliphatic ketones, J. Chromatogr., 2011, 1218, 21, 3291-3299, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2010.12.056 . [all data]

Mildner-Szkudlarz and Jelen, 2008
Mildner-Szkudlarz, S.; Jelen, H.H., The potential of different techniques for volatile compounds analysis coupled with PCA for the detection of the adulteration of olive oil with hazelnut oil, Food Chem., 2008, 110, 3, 751-761, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.02.053 . [all data]

Vasta, Ratel, et al., 2007
Vasta, V.; Ratel, J.; Engel, E., Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Volatile Compounds in Raw Meat for the Authentication of the Feeding Background of Farm Animals, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 12, 4630-4639, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf063432n . [all data]

Berlioz, Cordella, et al., 2006
Berlioz, B.; Cordella, C.; Cavalli, J.-F.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Fernandez, X., Comparison of the amounts of volatile compounds in French protected designation of origin virgin olive oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 26, 10092-10101, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061796+ . [all data]

Isidorov, Purzynska, et al., 2006
Isidorov, V.; Purzynska, A.; Modzelewska, A.; Serowiecka, M., Distribution coefficients of aliphatic alcohols, carbonyl compounds and esters between air and Carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane fiber coating, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2006, 560, 1-2, 103-109, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2005.12.043 . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 2004
Cavalli, J.-F.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cievelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M., Characterization of volatile compounds of French and Spanish virgin olive oil by HS-SPME: identification of quality-freshness markers, Food Chem., 2004, 88, 1, 151-157, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.04.003 . [all data]

Vichi, Castellote, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 983, 1-2, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01691-6 . [all data]

Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: modifications induced by oxidation and suitable markers of oxidative status, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6564-6571, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030268k . [all data]

Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003, 2
Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: characterization of virgin olive oils from two distinct geographical areas of Northern Italy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6572-6577, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030269c . [all data]

Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 1999
Baraldi, R.; Rapparini, F.; Rossi, F.; Latella, A.; Ciccioli, P., Volatile organic compound emissions from flowers of the most occurring and economically important species of fruit trees, Phys. Chem. Earth, 1999, 24, 6, 729-732, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1464-1909(99)00073-8 . [all data]

Tai and Ho, 1998
Tai, C.-Y.; Ho, C.-T., Influence of glutathione oxidation and pH on thermal formation of Maillard-type volatile compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 6, 2260-2265, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf971111t . [all data]

Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990
Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 1990, 62, 24, 2676-2684, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00223a006 . [all data]

Binder, Turner, et al., 1990
Binder, R.G.; Turner, C.E.; Flath, R.A., Volatile components of purple starthistle, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 4, 1053-1055, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00094a030 . [all data]

Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 2011
Miyazaki, T.; Plotto, A.; Goodner, K.; Gmitter F.G., Distribution of aroma volatile compounds in tangerine hybrids and proposed inheritance, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2011, 91, 3, 449-460, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4205 . [all data]

Chen and Feng, 2007
Chen, Y.; Feng, C., QSPR study on gas chromatography retention index of some organic pollutants, Comput. Appl. Chem. (China), 2007, 24, 10, 1404-1408. [all data]

Feng and Mu, 2007
Feng, H.; Mu, L.-L., Quantitative structure-retention relationships for alkane and its derivatives based on electrotopological state index and molecular shape index, Chem. Ind. Engineering (Chinese), 2007, 24, 2, 161-168. [all data]

Mallia, Escher, et al., 2007
Mallia, S.; Escher, F.; Rehberger, B.; Schlichtherle-Cerny, H., Aroma-active secondary oxidation products of butter, 3rd QLIF Congress, Hohenheim, Germany, March 20-23, 2007, 2007, retrieved from http://orgprints.org/view/projects/intconfqlif2007.html; http://orgprints.org/9734/. [all data]

Blunden, Aneja, et al., 2005
Blunden, J.; Aneja, V.P.; Lonneman, W.A., Characterization of non-methane volatile organic compounds at swine facilities in eastern North Carolina, Atm. Environ., 2005, 39, 36, 6707-6718, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.03.053 . [all data]

Duflos, Moine, et al., 2005
Duflos, G.; Moine, F.; Coin, V.M.; Malle, P., Determination of volatile compounds in whiting (Merlangius merlangus) using headspace-solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 2005, 43, 6, 304-312, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/43.6.304 . [all data]

Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004
Junkes, B.S.; Amboni, R.D.M.C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Application of the semi-empirical topological index in quantitative structure-chromatographic retention relationship (QSRR) studies of aliphatic ketones and aldehydes on stationary phases of different polarity, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2004, 15, 2, 183-189, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532004000200005 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 2003
Begnaud, F.; Pérès, C.; Berdagué, J.-L., Characterization of volatile effluents of livestock buildings by solid-phase microextraction, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 2003, 83, 10, 837-849, https://doi.org/10.1080/03067310310001603349 . [all data]

Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003
Junkes, B.S.; Castanho, R.D.M.; Amboni, C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Semiempirical Topological Index: A Novel Molecular Descriptor for Quantitative Structure-Retention Relationship Studies, Internet Electronic Journal of Molecular Design, 2003, 2, 1, 33-49. [all data]

Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999
Estrada, E.; Gutierrez, Y., Modeling chromatographic parameters by a novel graph theoretical sub-structural approach, J. Chromatogr. A, 1999, 858, 2, 187-199, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00808-0 . [all data]

Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997
Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56, retrieved from http://www.odccp.org/pdf/technicalseries1997-01-011.pdf. [all data]

Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992
Strete, P.J.; Ruprah, M.; Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and identification of volatile substances by headspace capillary gas chromatography to aid the diagnosis of acute poisoning, Analyst, 1992, 117, 7, 1111-1127, https://doi.org/10.1039/an9921701111 . [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Güntert, M.; Jennings, W., Nectarine volatiles: vacuum steam distillation versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1988, 36, 3, 553-560, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00081a037 . [all data]

Flath, Altieri, et al., 1984
Flath, R.A.; Altieri, M.A.; Mon, T.R., Volatile constituents of Amaranthus retroflexus L., J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 1, 92-94, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00121a024 . [all data]

Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982
Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 240, 2, 423-444, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99622-5 . [all data]

Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981
Heydanek, M.G.; McGorrin, R.J., Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy investigations on the flavor chemistry of oat groats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 5, 950-954, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00107a016 . [all data]

Tena N., Lazzez A., et al., 2007
Tena N.; Lazzez A.; Aparicio-Ruiz R.; Garcia-Gonzalez D.L., Volatile compounds characterizing tunisian chemiali and chetoui virgin olive oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 19, 7852-7858, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf071030p . [all data]

Narain, Almeida, et al., 2004
Narain, N.; Almeida, J.N.; Galvão, M.S.; Madruga, M.S.; de Brito, E.S., Volatile compounds in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis forma Flavicarpa) and yellow mombin (Spondias mombin L.) fruits obtained by dynamic headspace technique, Cienc. Tecnol. Aliment. Campinas, 2004, 24, 2, 212-216, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612004000200009 . [all data]

Dregus and Engel, 2003
Dregus, M.; Engel, K.-H., Volatile constituents of uncooked Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum L.) stalks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6530-6536, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030399l . [all data]

Girard and Durance, 2000
Girard, B.; Durance, T., Headspace volatiles of sockeye and pink salmon as affected by retort process, Food Chem. Toxicol., 2000, 65, 1, 34-39. [all data]

Umano, Nakahara, et al., 1999
Umano, K.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Aroma chemicals isolated and identified from leaves of aloe arborescens Mill. Var. natalensis Berger, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 9, 3702-3705, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990116i . [all data]

Kubota, Matsujage, et al., 1996
Kubota, K.; Matsujage, Y.; Sekiwa, Y.; Kobayashi, A., Identification of the characteristic volatile flavor compounds formed by cooking squid (Todarodes pacificus Steenstrup), Food Sci. Technol., 1996, 2, 3, 163-166. [all data]

Gyawali and Kim, 2012
Gyawali, R.; Kim, K.-S., Bioactive volatile compounds of three medicinal plants from Nepal, Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci., Engineering and Technol., 2012, 8, 1, 51-62. [all data]

Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 2007
Vichi, S.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; López-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Analytical, Nutritional, and Clinical Methods. Comparative study of different extraction techniques for the analysis of virgin olive oil aroma, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 3, 1171-1178, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.02.018 . [all data]

Dhifi, Angerosa, et al., 2005
Dhifi, W.; Angerosa, F.; Serraiocco, A.; Oumar, I.; Hamrouni, I.; Marzouk, B., Virgin olive oil aroma: Characterization of some Tunisian cultivars, Food Chem., 2005, 93, 4, 697-701, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.12.036 . [all data]

Piveteau, le Guen, et al., 2000
Piveteau, F.; le Guen, S.; Gandemer, G.; Baud, J.-P.; Demaimay, M., Aroma of fresh oysters Crassostrea gigas: composition and aroma notes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 10, 4851-4857, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf991394k . [all data]

Luning, de Rijk, et al., 1994
Luning, P.A.; de Rijk, T.; Wichers, H.J.; Roozen, J.P., Gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, and sniffing port analyses of volatile compounds of fresh bell peppers (Capsicum annuum) at different ripening stages, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 4, 977-983, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00040a027 . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References