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Butanal, 2-methyl-

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Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxHP-InnowaxSOLGel-WaxSOLGel-WaxHP-Innowax
Column length (m) 60.60.30.30.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0Cnot specified40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)not specified40 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)
I 891.911.914.914.920.
ReferenceGyawali and Kim, 2012Feng, Zhuang, et al., 2011Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011Xiao, Dai, et al., 2011
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxFFAPSupelcowax 10Supelcowax 10
Column length (m) 30.30. 50.50.
Carrier gas Hydrogen HeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.32 0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.500.50 0.250.25
Program 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (40 min)not specified45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
I 908.908.900.897.897.
ReferenceSan-Juan, Petka, et al., 2010Ferreira, Juan, et al., 2009Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 2008Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2008Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10HP-FFAPDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHe HydrogenHydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)35 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 150 0C 20 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)44 0C 3 0C/min -> 170 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0Cnot specified
I 914.916.905.913.910.
ReferenceBerard, Bianchi, et al., 2007Berard, Bianchi, et al., 2007Carrapiso and Garsia, 2007Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 2007Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-FFAPHP-InnowaxHP-InnowaxHP-InnowaxHP-Innowax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.60.
Carrier gas  HeHeHeHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C(10min)30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
I 912.903.906.903.907.
ReferenceLasekan, Buettner, et al., 2007Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007Viegas and Bassoli, 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxSupelcowax-10TC-WaxInnowax FSCDB-FFAP
Column length (m) 60.60. 60.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHe HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.32 0.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25 0.250.25
Program not specified35C(3min) => 5C/min => 110C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)not specified60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)
I 903.886.922.925.913.
ReferenceViegas and Bassoli, 2007Kourkoutas, Bosnea, et al., 2006Kraft and Switt, 2005Baser, Özek, et al., 2004Buettner, 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase InnowaxDB-WaxTC-WaxCarbowax 20MHP-Innowax FSC
Column length (m)  60.  60.
Carrier gas  Helium  He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.25  0.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.25  0.25
Program not specified60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0Cnot specifiednot specified60C (10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
I 931.915.922.960.925.
ReferenceJunkes, Amboni, et al., 2004Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 2004Tachihara, Ishizaki, et al., 2004Vinogradov, 2004Demirci, Baser, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase FFAPCP-Wax 52CBCP-Wax 52CBFFAPFFAP
Column length (m) 30.50.50.25.25.
Carrier gas He He He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.20.20.30.25
Program 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)40C(10min) => 3C/min => 190C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)30C (1.5min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 220C (3.5min)35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C(1min) => 6C/min => 230C35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 230C
I 913.921.963.913.936.
ReferenceBuettner and Schieberle, 2001Muresan, Eillebrecht, et al., 2000Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 1998Reiners and Grosch, 1998Zehentbauer and Grosch, 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax 10Supelcowax 10
Column length (m) 60.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHelium
Substrate   
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25
Program 60 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (30 min)not specified
I 913.916.
ReferenceCastioni and Kapetanidis, 1996Castioni and Kapetanidis, 1996
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Gyawali and Kim, 2012
Gyawali, R.; Kim, K.-S., Bioactive volatile compounds of three medicinal plants from Nepal, Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci., Engineering and Technol., 2012, 8, 1, 51-62. [all data]

Feng, Zhuang, et al., 2011
Feng, T.; Zhuang, H.; Ye, R.; Jin, Z.; Xu, X.; Xie, Z., Analysis of volatile compounds of Mesona Blumes gum/rice extrudates via GC-MS and electronic nose, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 2011, 160, 1, 964-973, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2011.09.013 . [all data]

Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011
Johanningsmeier, S.D.; McFeeters, R.F., Detection of volatile spoilage metabolites in fermented cucumbers using nontargeted, comprehensive 2-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGCxTOFMS), J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 1, c168-c177, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01918.x . [all data]

Xiao, Dai, et al., 2011
Xiao, Z.; Dai, S.; Niu, Y.; Yu, H.; Zhu, J.; Tian, H.; Gu, Y., Discrimination of Chinese vinegars based on headspace solid-phase microextraction - gas chromatography mass spectrometry of volatile compounds and multivariate analysis, J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 8, c1125-c1135, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02356.x . [all data]

San-Juan, Petka, et al., 2010
San-Juan, F.; Petka, J.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V.; Escudero, A., Producing headspace extracts for the gas chromatography - olphactometric evaluation of wine aroma, Food Chemistry, 2010, 123, 1, 188-195, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.03.129 . [all data]

Ferreira, Juan, et al., 2009
Ferreira, V.; Juan, F.S.; Escudero, A.; Cullere, L.; Fernandez-Zurbano, P.; Saenz-Navajas, M.P.; Cacho, J., Modeling quality of premium Spanish red wines from gas chromatography-olfactometry data, J. Agr. Food. Chem., 2009, 57, 16, 7490-7498, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9006483 . [all data]

Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 2008
Frauendorfer, F.; Schieberle, P., Changes in key aroma compounds of criollo cocoa beans during roasting, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2008, 56, 21, 10244-10251, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf802098f . [all data]

Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2008
Soria, A.C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanz, J., Some aspects of dynamic headspace analysis of volatile components in honey, Foog Res. International, 2008, 41, 8, 838-848, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2008.07.010 . [all data]

Berard, Bianchi, et al., 2007
Berard, J.; Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Chatel, A.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Characterization of the volatile fraction and of free fatty acids of Fontina Valle d'Aosta, a protected designation of origin Italian cheese, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 293-300, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.11.041 . [all data]

Carrapiso and Garsia, 2007
Carrapiso, A.I.; Garsia, C., Effect of sampling conditions on the odour-active compounds of iberian ham, Cienc. Technol. Aliment., 2007, 5, 4, 287-290, https://doi.org/10.1080/11358120709487703 . [all data]

Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 2007
Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of ecological post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition Analysis, 2007, 20, 3-4, 297-307, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2006.12.004 . [all data]

Lasekan, Buettner, et al., 2007
Lasekan, O.; Buettner, A.; Christlbauer, M., Investigation of important odorants of palm wine (Elaeis guineensis), Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 15-23, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.12.052 . [all data]

Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007
Narain, N.; Galvao, M.S.; Madruga, M.S., Volatile compounds captured through purge and trap technique in caja-umbu (Spondias sp.) fruits during maturation, Food Chem., 2007, 102, 3, 726-731, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.06.003 . [all data]

Viegas and Bassoli, 2007
Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 2007, 30, 8, 2031-2034, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422007000800040 . [all data]

Kourkoutas, Bosnea, et al., 2006
Kourkoutas, Y.; Bosnea, L.; Taboukos, S.; Baras, C.; Lambrou, D.; Kanellaki, M., Probiotic Cheese Production Using Lactobacillus casei Cells Immobilized on Fruit Pieces, J. Dairy Sci., 2006, 89, 5, 1439-1451, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72212-3 . [all data]

Kraft and Switt, 2005
Kraft, P.; Switt, K.A.D. (Eds), Perspectives in Flavor and Fragrance Research, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2005, 251. [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2004
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, T.; Kirimer, N.; Deliorman, D.; Ergun, F., Composition of the essential oils of Galium aparine L. and Galium odoratum (L.) Scop. from Turkey, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 305-307, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698728 . [all data]

Buettner, 2004
Buettner, A., Investigation of potent odorants and afterodor development in two chardonnay wines using the Buccal Odor Screening System (BOSS), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 8, 2339-2346, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf035322b . [all data]

Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004
Junkes, B.S.; Amboni, R.D.M.C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Application of the semi-empirical topological index in quantitative structure-chromatographic retention relationship (QSRR) studies of aliphatic ketones and aldehydes on stationary phases of different polarity, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2004, 15, 2, 183-189, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532004000200005 . [all data]

Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 2004
Kim. J.H.; Ahn, H.J.; Yook, H.S.; Kim, K.S.; Rhee, M.S.; Ryu, G.H.; Byun, M.W., Color, flavor, and sensory characteristics of gamma-irradiated salted and fermented anchovy sauce, Radiation Phys. Chem., 2004, 69, 2, 179-187, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0969-806X(03)00400-6 . [all data]

Tachihara, Ishizaki, et al., 2004
Tachihara, T.; Ishizaki, S.; Ishikawa, M.; Kitahara, T., Studies on the volatile compounds of roasted spotted shrimp, Chemistry Biodiversity, 2004, 1, 12, 2024-2033, https://doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.200490155 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Demirci, Baser, et al., 2003
Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Yildiz, B.; Bahcecioglu, Z., Composition of the essential oils of six endemic Salvia spp. from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 116-121, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1173 . [all data]

Buettner and Schieberle, 2001
Buettner, A.; Schieberle, P., Application of a comparative aroma extract dilution analysis to monitor changes in orange juice aroma compounds during processing, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 2001, 782, 33-45. [all data]

Muresan, Eillebrecht, et al., 2000
Muresan, S.; Eillebrecht, M.A.J.L.; de Rijk, T.C.; de Jonge, H.G.; Leguijt, T.; Nijhuis, H.H., Aroma profile development of intermediate chocolate products. I. Volatile constituents of block-milk, Food Chem., 2000, 68, 2, 167-174, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(99)00171-5 . [all data]

Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 1998
Jakobsen, H.B.; Hansen, M.; Christensen, M.R.; Brockhoff, P.B.; Olsen, C.E., Aroma volatiles of blanched green peas (Pisum sativum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 9, 3727-3734, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980026y . [all data]

Reiners and Grosch, 1998
Reiners, J.; Grosch, W., Odorants of virgin olive oils with different flavor profiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 7, 2754-2763, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970940b . [all data]

Zehentbauer and Grosch, 1998
Zehentbauer, G.; Grosch, W., Crust aroma of baguettes. I. Key odorants of baguettes prepared in two different ways, J. Cereal Science, 1998, 28, 1, 81-92, https://doi.org/10.1006/jcrs.1998.0184 . [all data]

Castioni and Kapetanidis, 1996
Castioni, P.; Kapetanidis, I., Volatile constituents from Brunfelsia grandiflora ssp. grandiflora: qualitative analysis by GC-MS, Scientia Pharmaceutica, 1996, 64, 83-91. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, References